Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Norwegian Lundehund

(Norsk Lundehund)

Lundehund


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Norway.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
10.11.2011.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
By his anatomical peculiarities this dog is predestinated to puffin-hunting on the steep rocks around the fjords and along the shore.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
Without working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Norsk Kennel Club / Original version (En).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Norwegian Lundehund is an ancient breed used for hunting seabirds on the Norwegian coast. The breed name is a combination of the Norwegian words "lunde" (puffin, i.e. Fratercula arctica) and "hund", dog. Although the age of a breed is difficult to establish, there are descriptions of dogs used for hunting puffins which are more than 400 years old. The Lundehund was important for people in coastal Norway. The dog’s unique anatomy with extra, functional toes, a neck that can bend to touch the back, ears that can close and forelimbs that are ultra flexible, enables the dog to climb near vertical screes and enter the narrow, twisting burrows of the puffins nesting cavities and retrieve the birds alive.
Puffin meat was a main part of the diet during winter in costal areas. The down was either used in duvets and pillows or exported. Modern hunting methods and depopulation in northern coastal regions caused a decrease in the Lundehund population.
However, at Måstad on the isolated island of Værøy, people kept the hunting traditions alive, using the Lundehunds. Between the World Wars, some dogs were sent to a Mr.& Mrs Christie in southern Norway and bred from.
Canine distemper nearly wiped out the entire Lundehund population between the World Wars and immediately after WW II, but the Christie’s in cooperation with people of Værøy and some new breeders, managed to save the breed from extinction. Today the puffin is a protected species and the dogs cannot be used for their original purpose. They are however much treasured and part of the Norwegian cultural heritage.
UKC
The Lundehund, also known as the Puffin Dog and the Norwegian Lundehund, is native to Norway, and is believed to be a very ancient breed. The breed is believed to have developed certain unique characteristics so it would be better suited for locating the native Puffin nests on the steep rocks around the fjords and along the shore. These characteristics include: extra toes, a double-jointed neck, and extremely flexible forelegs. The Lundehund was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Spitz type dog, small, rectangular, supple, rather lightly; morphological characteristics different according to sex.
UKC
The Lundehund is a rectangular, small, comparatively light, supple spitz-type dog, with distinct secondary sex characteristics.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Alert, energetic, lively.
UKC
It is alert, energetic, and lively of temperament.

HEAD

:
FCI
Clean-cut, medium width, wedge shaped.
UKC
The head is clean cut, medium width, and wedge shaped.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly rounded with prominent superciliary arches.
UKC
The skull is slightly domed. The occiput is evident and visible. The stop is pronounced, but not sharp.

Stop

:
FCI
Pronounced, but without excess.

FACIAL REGION

:

Muzzle

:
FCI
Wedge shaped of medium length. Nasal bridge slightly convex.
UKC
The muzzle is wedge shaped with a slightly convex nasal bridge.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite preferred, but a pincer bite or a moderate prognathism of the lower jaw is permitted. The absence of premolars on both sides, in each jaw, is accepted.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. A level bite and a moderate undershot bite are acceptable. A lack of premolars on both sides, on both the top and bottom jaw, is quite common.

Eyes

:
FCI
Slightly sloping and not protruding; the iris is yellowish brown; the pupil is encircled by a dark halo.
UKC
The eye openings are slightly slanted. The eyes do not protrude. The iris is yellowish brown, with the pupil surrounded by a dark halo.

Ears

:
FCI
Triangular ears of medium size, broad at the base, carried erect and very mobile.
The cartilage of the ear lobe has the faculty of being able to retract itself so that the ear folds itself and flops in a specific manner, either backwards or in right angle upwards, so as to close the auditory passage.
UKC
The triangular ears are of medium size. They are broad at the base, carried erect, and are very mobile. It is a breed characteristic that the cartilage around the ear opening is able to contract, and the external ear leather is folded and turned up in a peculiar way - backward or at right angles upward so that the ear opening is shut.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean-cut, of medium length, quite strong with a relatively well furnished collar.
UKC
The clean cut, rather strong, medium length neck has a rather rich color. The neck is double-jointed, so that the head can be bent backward, almost touching the back.

BODY

:
FCI
Rectangular.
UKC
The body is rectangular in shape. The back is strong and straight. The croup slopes slightly. The long chest is of medium width; is relatively deep and spacious. There is a slight tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Back

:
FCI
Strong.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Long, of medium width, relatively well let down and spacious, not barrel shaped.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly slightly drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set medium high, medium length, well covered with hair but without flag. Carried either slightly in a ring over the back, or hanging. The tip must not be too much over nor falling to one side.
UKC
The medium-short tail is set on high. It is densely coated, but does not have a flag. The tail is carried ring-shaped, slightly rolled over the backline, or hanging. It is not to be rolled, as those of the Norwegian Buhund and Norwegian Elkhound. The tip of the tail should not be too much over to the side or down the flank.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.
UKC
The forequarters are moderately angulated.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearms are straight. The forelegs are extraordinarily flexible, being able to turn to the side at 90-degree angles.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight.

FEET

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UKC
The oval-shaped forefeet turn slightly outward. There are six toes on the forelegs, and at least five should take part in supporting the dog. The front feet have eight pads each. The inside plexus of the toe consists of one three-joint, and one two-joint toe, with the corresponding tendon and muscle apparatus, giving the paw a strong appearance. The oval-shaped hind feet have at least six toes each, four of which take part in supporting the dog. The hind feet have seven pads, because the large center pad and the one between toes number 0 and 1 have grown into one, the center pad thereby seeming to be prolonged backward. When the dog stands on normally level ground the weight of the body must be evenly distributed on the pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval shaped, turning slightly outwards, with at least six toes – of which five must rest on the ground. Eight pads on each foot. The two inner toes, formed respectively by 3 and 2 phalanges and endowed with a ligamentary and muscular system, make the foot look solid.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval shaped, turned slightly outwards, with at least six toes - four of which must rest on the ground.
Seven pads on each foot, the one in the middle, the most important by its size, being attached to the inner pads corresponding to the two inner toes. When the dog is standing on a flat surface, the weight of the body must be evenly distributed on the pads.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The position of the hindquarters is somewhat close.
UKC
The hindquarters are moderately angulated and strong.

Thigh

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The upper and lower thighs are muscular. The position of the hind legs is somewhat narrow.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light and elastic. An external rotary action of the forelegs and somewhat close action behind is characteristic of the breed.
UKC
Movement is light and elastic. An external rotary action of the forelegs and somewhat close action of the hind legs is characteristic.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Dense and rough, soft undercoat. Short on the head and the front of the legs, more abundant at the level of the neck, rear of the buttocks (thighs) and on the tail, but without flag.
UKC
The breed is double coated. The outer coat is rough and dense. The undercoat is soft. Hair is short on the head and front of the legs. It is richer around the neck and down the back of the thighs. The tail is densely coated, but does not have a flag.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Always combined with white from red to fawn, coat more or less sprinkled with hairs with black tips; white with dark patches. The adult usually has more marked black tips in the coat than the younger dog.
UKC
Acceptable colors include: reddish-brown to fallow, with more or less black hair tips; black; gray; and white with dark patches. Reddish-brown to fallow, black and gray have white markings. A mature dog usually has more distinct black in the outer coat than a young dog.

SIZE

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UKC
The height range for males is from 13¾ to 15 inches. Average weight for males is 15½ pounds. The height range for females is from 12½ to 13¾ inches. Average weight for females is 13¼ pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 35 - 38 cms.
Females 32 - 35 cms.

Weight

:
FCI

Males about 7 kgs.
Females about 6 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC
Body: Barrel-shaped chest.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.