Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Norwegian Elkhound Grey

(Norsk Elghund Grå)

Norwegian Elkhound

Norwegian Elkhound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Norway.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.08.1999.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Dog for elk-hunting.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
Working trial only for the nordic countries (Sweden, No

KC
Hound
UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Norsk Kennel Klub.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Norwegian Elkhound is one of many breeds of the Spitz family, or, as they are often referred to, the Northern Breeds. Throughout its history this multi-talented breed has been used as a herding dog, sled dog, guardian and hunter. As its name implies, it is from Norway, and it was used (and still is) to hunt elk, as well as other game such as moose, bear and wolf. They are believed to be a very ancient breed, with ancestors known in Viking times. In Norway, only dogs that qualify in the Norwegian Hunting Trials may be awarded the title of breed champion. The gray coat color is usually darker in European members of the breed. Even when used as a hard hunter, they make a wonderful family pet. This breed was first imported into England after World War I, then to Canada in 1928. The Norwegian Elkhound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A typical Spitz. Compact and short body, squarely built. Elastic, good rise of neck. Erect ears. Coat thick and abundant, but not bristling or long. Tail is tightly curled over the back.
KC
Powerful; compact body; square outline and proud carriage; coat close and abundant but not open; upstanding pointed ears; tail tightly curled over back.
UKC
The Norwegian Elkhound is a typical spitz breed, with a square profile and a compact build; medium in size and substance. He has erect ears, a tightly curled tail and a thick, abundant grey coat that is not overly long or bristling.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Squarely built. Length of skull and length of muzzle identical.
KC
A hardy hunting Spitz with a bold energetic disposition.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Fearless, energetic, brave.
KC
Friendly, intelligent and independent without any sign of nervousness.
UKC
Courageous, alert, hardy and strong, the Norwegian Elkhound remains true to its hunting and working heritage. The breed is bold and energetic in temperament and makes an effective, yet friendly guardian and a devoted family pet.

HEAD

:
KC
Wedge-shaped, comparatively broad between ears; stop, not large, forehead and back of head slightly arched; foreface broad at root (not pinched in), evenly tapering whether seen from above or side, never pointed; bridge of nose straight and approximately the length of forehead; tight-fitting skin on head, no wrinkle.
UKC
The head is wedge shaped and lean, with no loose skin.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Wedge-shaped, relatively broad between the ears. Lean.

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly arched.
UKC
Fairly broad between the ears, and slightly arched in profile. The stop is clearly defined but not abrupt.

Stop

:
FCI
Marked, but too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Gradually tapering either seen from above or from the side. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is the same length as the skull, thickest at the base, and tapers evenly when viewed from above or the side without being pointed. The nasal bone is straight. The lips are tightly closed.

Lips

:
FCI
Tightly closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. Complete dentition.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Not prominent, dark brown in colour.
KC
Not prominent, slightly oval, medium size, dark brown, giving frank, fearless and friendly expression.
UKC
The medium sized, oval shaped eyes are dark brown in color. They do not protrude from the skull. The expression is keen and alert, giving the impression that the dog has great courage.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high, firm and upstanding, relatively small. Height slightly greater than their width at the base, pointed and very mobile.
KC
Set high, small, firm and erect, pointed and very mobile; slightly taller than width at base; when alert, outer edge should be vertical.
UKC
Set high, firm and erect, the ears are very mobile. Comparatively small, they are higher than they are wide at the base. The tips are pointed, not rounded. When the dog is listening, the ear orifices are turned forward. When the dog shows affection or is relaxed, the ears go back.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, firm, good rise of neck, abundant ruff without loose skin.
KC
Medium length, powerful, carrying the head high; a rich ruff on close- fitting skin but no dewlap.
UKC
The neck is medium in length, muscular, well set, with a slight arch and no loose skin on throat.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong, short in the couplings.
KC
Powerful; short, strong back; loin short and wide with very little tuck-up; chest deep and broad; well curved ribs; topline straight and level; distance from brisket to ground not less than half the height at withers.
UKC
The body is short, powerful and compact. The chest is deep and moderately broad. Well-sprung ribs account for most of the body length. Highest at the withers, the back is straight and strong to the set on of the tail. The loin is short, broad and muscular, and the croup is broad and strong.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight from the withers to the tail set.

Withers

:
FCI
Well developed.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, muscular and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Well developed.

Croup

:
FCI
Strong and broad.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and deep, good spring of ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Almost straight.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set-on high, strong. Relatively short. Thick coat but not with a flag. Firmly curled over the center line, not carried on either side of the back. The tip cannot be straightened out on the adult dog.
KC
Strong, set on high; thickly coated without plume; tightly curled, preferably over the centre line of back.
UKC
The tail is set high, and is tightly curled and carried over the centerline of the back. The hair is thick and close, without brush. It is always left natural and untrimmed.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and firm, straight.
KC
Legs straight with good, not coarse, bone and strong pasterns; shoulders sloping; elbows closely set in.
UKC
The shoulder blades are sloping. The upper arms are moderately sloping, and the elbows are held close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Sloping.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Moderately sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well set in, turned neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight, strong and firm, set well under the body, and of medium length. Bone is substantial, but not coarse. The pasterns are strong and only slightly bent. Single dewclaws are acceptable on the front legs.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight seen both from the front and from the side.

Pastern

:
FCI
Straight seen from the front, moderately sloping seen from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Comparatively small, slightly oval; tightly closed, well arched toes with protective hair between thick pads; turning neither in nor out. Nails firm and strong.
UKC
The feet are rather small and slightly oval, with thick pads. The toes are tightly closed. The feet turn neither in nor out.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rather small, compact, toes pointing forwards.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Relatively small. Oval in shape, compact, toes pointed forward.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong lean and muscular. Parallel seen from behind. Moderately angulated.
KC
Legs firm, strong and powerful; little but definite bend at stifle and hock; straight when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are moderately angulated.

Thigh

:
FCI
Muscular and broad.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are strong, lean and muscular, with broad upper thighs and a lower thigh of medium length. There is moderate angulation at both the stifle and the hock.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Of medium length.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.

Hock

:
FCI
Must not reach behind the set of tail when standing.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light and effortless. Parallel seen both from the front and behind.
KC
Demonstrates agility and endurance; stride at the trot even and effortless, back remaining level; as speed of trot increases, front and rear legs converge equally in straight lines towards a centre line beneath body.
UKC
The stride is even and effortless at the trot; the back remains level. As speed increases, the dog single tracks. The breed is constructed for agility and endurance, being well balanced in angulation and muscular development; the gait exhibited should reflect these qualities.

SKIN

:
FCI
Firm, without wrinkles on the head.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Of medium length; thick, coarse, abundant outer coat without curls. On head and the front of legs short and smooth; longest on neck, thigh, back of legs and tail. Soft undercoat.
KC
Close, abundant, weather resistant; soft, dense, woolly undercoat and coarse, straight outer coat; short and smooth on head and front of legs, slightly longer on back of front legs, longest on neck, back of thighs and tail; not trimmed.
UKC
The thick, hard, weather-resistant and smooth-lying coat is made up of a coarse, straight outer coat and a soft, dense, woolly undercoat. It is smooth, short, thick and rich on the head and on the front of the legs. The neck, buttocks, chest, hind part of legs and underside of the tail has the longest hair. Altering of the coat by trimming, clipping or artificial means is not allowed. Trimming of the whiskers is optional. Show ring presentation is always natural and unaltered.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Grey, of various shades. The colour is made by the black tips of the hair of the outer coat. Lighter on chest, belly, legs and on the underside of the tail, under the tail set and in the « harness marking ». The harness marking is about a 5 cm broad stripe from the withers to the elbow, where the outer coat lacks black tips. The ears and the front of the muzzle are dark (dark mask). The dark line from the eye to the set on of ears delimits the mask. Light grey undercoat.
KC
Grey of various shades, with black tips to outer coat; lighter on chest, stomach, legs, underside of tail, buttocks and in a harness mark; ears and foreface dark; a dark line from eye to ear desirable; undercoat pure pale grey. Any pronounced variation from the grey colour, sooty colour on lower legs, spectacles or white markings undesirable.
UKC
Grey of various shades. The variations in shade are determined by the quantity of the black tips of the guard hairs. The undercoat is clear, light and silver. The muzzle, ears and tail tip are black. The black of the muzzle shades to lighter gray over the forehead and skull. The coat on the legs, stomach, buttocks, chest, underside of the tail and harness markings is lighter, without black tips.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at shoulder: dogs: 52 cms (201/2 ins); bitches: 49 cms (191/2 ins). Weight approximately 23 kgs (51 lbs) and 20 kgs (44 lbs) respectively.
UKC
Height at the withers: Males 20½ inches, females 19½ inches. Weight: About 55 pounds for males; about 48 pounds for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males Ideal height 52 cm.
Females Ideal height 49 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Round or domed skull.
  • Pointed or short muzzle.
  • Pincer bite, irregular bite.
  • Light eyes.
  • Too big or too broad ears.
  • Tail too short, not firmly curled, tail carried on the side.
  • Flat feet.
  • Too long or too short undercoat.
  • Colour in brown or yellow. Dark undercoat. Sooty colour.
  • White on tail tip. White on chest.
  • Weak or nervous temperament.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Color: Yellow or brown shading. White patches. Indistinct or irregular markings. “Sooty” coloring on the lower legs. Light circles around the eyes.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Over-or undershot bite.
  • Yellow or blue eyes.
  • Ears not erect.
  • Naturally short tail.
  • Dewclaws on hindlegs.
  • Any variety in colour other than grey.
  • Height at withers under 3 cm or over 4 cm from the ideal height.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Any overall color other than gray, as described; such as red, brown, solid black, white or other solid color.
Color: Any overall color other than gray, as described; such as red, brown, solid black, white or other solid color.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.