Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Norwegian Buhund

(Norsk Buhund)

Norwegian Buhund

Norwegian Buhund


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Norway.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.08.1999.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watchdog, farmdog and herder of polyvalent use.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 3Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Norsk Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
The Norwegian Buhund is descended from the Spitz-like dogs that traveled with the Vikings on their long land and sea journeys. The modern breed was developed in western Norway, where they herded sheep and guarded farms, and occasionally were used for hunting bear and wolf. Today the breed works with livestock and guards home and family. The Norwegian Buhund was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A typical Spitz, a little under middle size, squarely built with an alert and frank expression. Erect, pointed ears. Tail carried firmly curled over the back.
KC
Lightly built, short compact body, fairly smooth-lying coat, erect pointed ears, curled tail carried over back.
UKC
The Norwegian Buhund is a typical Spitz type herding dog of slightly less than medium size. It has a wedge shaped head, prick ears, a tightly curled tail, and a body that is square in appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Well balanced, medium size, free from exaggeration, and capable of arduous work.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Courageous, energetic and friendly.
KC
Fearless, brave and energetic.
UKC
Courageous, energetic and friendly, the Norwegian Buhund is quick to learn and eager to please.

HEAD

:
FCI
Size in proportion to the body, not too heavy. Wedge-shaped, clean. The male and the female sex characteristics must be clearly defined.
KC
Head – lean, light, rather broad between ears, wedge-shaped, narrowing towards point of nose. Skull and back of head almost flat; marked but not sharp stop; muzzle medium length, tapering evenly from above and side, straight bridge, lips tightly closed. Nose black.
UKC
The head is wedge shaped, clean, and not too heavy. The differences between males and females should be easily identifiable.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Almost flat, parallel with nasal bridge. Well filled out under the eyes.
UKC
Nearly flat. The toplines of the skull and muzzle lie in parallel planes. The stop is well defined, but not abrupt.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined, but not too pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
About the same length as skull. Neither too narrow nor too heavy. Nasal bridge straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition.
UKC
About the same length as the skull, with a straight nasal bridge. The face is well filled under the eyes. The lips are tight and black.

Lips

:
FCI
Tightly closed, black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. Complete dentition.
UKC
The Norwegian Buhund has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval, colour as dark as possible. Black eyerims.
KC
Not protruding, dark brown, lively with fearless expression.
UKC
The eyes are oval in shape, as dark in color as possible, and have black eye rims. Expression is alert and frank.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium size, pointed, carried strongly erect.
KC
Placed high, erect, height greater than base; sharply pointed, very mobile.
UKC
Medium size, pointed in shape and carried strongly erect.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium long, clean, strong with good rise of neck.
KC
Medium length, lean without loose skin, moderately arched.
UKC
Medium long, clean, strong and well arched.

BODY

:
FCI
Back & loin: Short, strong and straight.
KC
Strong, short, but light, chest deep with good ribs; straight line of back, firm loins, short couplings, slightly drawn up.
UKC
Square when measured from top of the withers to the ground and prosternum to buttocks. The chest is deep, and the ribs are well sprung. The back and loin are short, strong and straight, and the croup is nearly flat.

Croup

:
FCI
As little sloping as possible.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep with good spring of ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, firmly curled, carried over the center of the back, not too much to the side.
KC
Set on high, short, thick, and hair longer on underside, tightly curled and carried over back.
UKC
Set high, firmly curled and carried over the center of the back, not too much to the side.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Firm with strong bone.
KC
Legs lean, straight and strong, elbows tightly placed.
UKC
The shoulders are moderately sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well set, turned neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight, with well set elbows and strong but not coarse bone. The pasterns are moderately sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Moderately sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Rather small, oval in shape, toes tightly closed.
UKC
Compact and oval.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval in shape, compact.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Moderate angulation .
KC
Legs strong and moderately angulated, straight when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are moderately angulated.

Thigh

:
FCI
Powerful ; well muscled.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are powerful and well muscled. There is moderate angulation at the stifle and the hock.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Well muscled.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Effortless, parallel with good drive. Firm topline.
KC
Without exaggeration, straight coming and going. From side; light active, with good stride.
UKC
Free and effortless, with good drive and a firm topline.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat Thick, rich and hard, but rather smooth-lying. On head and front of legs comparatively short, on neck, chest, back of thighs and tail longer. Soft and dense undercoat.
KC
Outer coat close, harsh, but smooth; undercoat soft and woolly. On head and front legs, short, close and smooth; longer on chest, neck and shoulders, back of legs and underside of tail.
UKC
Double, with a thick, rich, hard outer coat that is rather close lying. The undercoat is soft and dense. On the head and the front of the legs, the coat is comparatively short, and longer on the neck, chest, back of thighs and tail.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Wheaten (biscuit): Ranging from rather light to yellowish red. With or without dark tipped hairs, but must not influence the main colour. Mask permitted. Clean and bright colour preferred. As little white as possible.
  • Black: Preferably self coloured (without too much bronzing). As little white as possible.
KC
Wheaten, black, red, (red not too dark), wolf-sable. Self-coloured but small symmetrical markings e.g. white on chest and legs, blaze on head and narrow ring on neck, black mask and ears and black tips to tail permissible.
UKC
Any shade of wheaten, from pale cream to bright orange, with or without black tipped hairs. A black mask is acceptable. As little white as possible is preferred. Also solid black, with as little bronzing as possible and small amounts of white markings, the fewer the better.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 45 cms (18 ins); bitches somewhat less. Weight in proportion to size.
UKC
Ideal height for males is 17 to 18.5 inches. For females, it is 16 to 17.5 inches. Weight for males is 31 to 40 pounds for males; 26 to 35 pounds for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 43-47 cm.
Bitches 41-45 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs approximately 14-18 kg.
Bitches approximately 12-16 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • General appearance too fine or too coarse, lack of elegance.
  • Liver or pink coloured nose.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Light eyes; protruding eyes.
  • Poorly curled tail. Hanging tail. Feathering unwanted..
  • Overbuilt hindquarters.
  • Paddling in front. Short, ineffective step.
  • Wavy or too long coat.
  • Nervous dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Even bite.
Nose: Liver colored or Dudley nose.
Eyes: Light eyes. Bulging eyes.
Tail: Poorly curled tail. Hanging tail.
Coat: Coat that is too long or wavy.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressiveness.
  • Over-or undershot mouth.
  • Not erect ears.
  • Any colour but the ones mentioned above.
  • Dogs more than 1 cm under or 2 cm above the height at withers mentioned above.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) More than one half inch under the prescribed heights. More than one inch over the prescribed heights.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Ears that are not erect. Any color other than those described in the standard.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Ears that are not erect.
Color: Any color other than those described in the standard.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.