Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Norrbottenspitz

(Norrbottenspets)

Norrbottenspetz


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Sweden.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
28.07.2009.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog. Although the breed is mainly used for hunting large forest grouse (caper-caillie and black grouse) it is still capable of hunting fur game as well as baying elk.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
With working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Renée Sporre-Willes in collaboration with Jennifer Mulholland.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Norrbottenspitz (Spitz from the county of North Bothnia) probably originates from small Laika type spitz that were known to live with hunting people in the North Cape area already in prehistoric time. Small hunting spitz have survived for thousands of years through natural selection - the survival of the fittest. In the very harsh areas of the northern parts of the Scandinavian Peninsula, hunting for food and fur was a necessity for survival. Precious furs like sable, marten-skin and ermine were the only valid currency for centuries. When fur prices dropped drastically after World War II, so did the interest for the Norrbottenspitz. The breed vanished and had no registrations for many years; hence the Swedish Kennel Club (SKK) declared it extinct. But only a decade later news came that some true to type specimens had been found living as pets and watch dogs on small homesteads in the inland North Bothnia. Due to the very dedicated work of a few men, this old type hunting spitz was saved. In 1967 the Norrbottenspitz was re-introduced to the Registry and a new standard was drawn up.
UKC
The Norrbottenspetz is a small hunting spitz breed from Sweden that probably developed from the small hunting dogs that lived in ancient times with the hunters of the Nordic region. These dogs lived and survived for centuries under the process of natural selection, where only the strongest and most effective had the chance to grow to maturity and reproduce. Following World War II, the price of furs collapsed and interest in the Norrbottenspetz vanished, and the Swedish Kennel Club declared the breed extinct. Eventually it was proven that the breed had survived, mostly as a farm guard and companion dog, in the Norrbotten region. A group of enthusiastic hunters worked to find dogs that were breed typical, and in 1967 the Swedish Kennel Club again accepted the breed for registration and a new standard was written. Today, the breed is used mostly as a barking bird dog, but it is also effective on small fur bearing animals and can stop Elk for the hunter. The Norrbottenspetz was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small, slightly rectangular spitzdog, well poised, with sinewy and well developed muscles. Alert with head carried high, a fearless attitude and extremely agile. Sexual diphormism should be clearly visible.
UKC
The Norrbottenspetz is a small, compactly built, spitz type dog with dry, powerful muscles. The breed is very well structured and extremely mobile, showing high head carriage and fearlessness. The differences between the sexes are well marked.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
In its capacity as hunting dog the breed should be attentive and bold. It is a keen, lively, self confident dog with a kind disposition.
UKC
An alert and attentive hunting dog, the Norrbottenspetz is active, kind and self confident. The breed must never be nervous, shy or aggressive.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong and clean cut. Seen from above and from sides evenly tapering towards nose.
UKC
The head is strong, dry and wedge shaped.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Relatively broad, forehead is slightly arched, top of skull rather flat.
UKC
Moderately wide and rather flat, with a slightly arched forehead. The superciliary arches should be well marked. The stop is moderate but distinct.

Stop

:
FCI
Evident but only slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Its length is half the length of the head or somewhat shorter. Clearly tapering towards tip of nose, but never snipy.
UKC
The muzzle is moderately long and sharply tapering. It should be approximately one-half the length of the entire head. The nasal bridge is straight and the lips are thin, dry and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin, and tightly fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Well developed jaws and teeth, scissors bite.
UKC
The Norrbottenspetz has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Defined.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized, almond-shaped and obliquely set. Bright with a calm but keen expression. Colour dark brown.
UKC
Medium size, almond shaped, and set slightly obliquely. They are dark brown in color and bright, giving a calm, yet energetic, expression.

Ears

:
FCI
High set, erect, slightly over medium size, with hard leather, tips slightly rounded.
UKC
High set and stiffly erect, with slightly rounded tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderately long, in proportion to body dry and muscular with slight arch and good reach.
UKC
Moderately long, dry and muscular, arched at the crest and carried erect.

BODY

:
UKC
In males, the body is squarish; with females being slightly longer. The depth of the body is about half the height at the withers. The chest is moderately deep and long, with a well developed forechest. Viewed from the side, the forechest should be marked, and the lowest point of the chest should reach just below the elbows. The withers are high, and the back is short, strong, muscular and elastic. The loin is short and broad, and the croup is moderately long and broad and slightly sloping. There is moderate tuck-up.

Withers

:
FCI
Defined.

Back

:
FCI
Short, level, strong, muscular and springy.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and broad.

Croup

:
FCI
Moderately long and broad, slightly sloping and with well developed and hard muscles.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately deep and long. Depth about half the total height at withers and with well developed last ribs. Oval in shape viewed from the front and of normal width. Forechest well developed and well defined.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Viewed from side, the lowest part of the ribcage should be in line with the elbow or just below it and softly merge into the bellyline. Belly only slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Rather high set, carried in a high curve, but loosely curled. Tip of tail touching side of upper thigh. Stretched, the length of the tail should not reach below hock.
UKC
Fairly high set and carried in a high curve, loosely curled with the tip touching the side of the upper thigh. The length should not reach below the hock.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed front on, neither narrow nor broad, with legs straight and parallel.
UKC
The shoulder blade is long, broad and sloping, with well developed muscles. The upper arm is the same length as the shoulder blade, and should form a marked angle with the shoulder blade. The front assembly is closely fitted to the chest, but still allows for free movement.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades long, broad, muscular and with well developed withers. Close fitting to chest and set obliquely.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of the same length as the shoulder-blades, and forming a marked angle. Well developed and lying close to the chest without restricting movement.

Elbow

:
FCI
Neither turning in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight, with lean muscles and strong bone. The elbows point directly backwards. The pasterns are slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, strong bones, lean but flexible muscles.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, slightly sloping, viewed from side.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are small and strong, with well arched, tight toes and solid pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, strong, pointing straight forward with tightly knit, well arched toes. Well developed and hard pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and the upper thigh forms a right angle, matching that of the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Proportionately long, almost forming a right angle with the pelvis. Strong muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Strong with well defined angulations.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are proportionally long and well muscled. The stifle joint is strong and well angulated. The hock is broad and strong, and the rear pasterns are dry and rather long.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Forming a marked angle with the upper thigh.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Dry and elastic and rather long.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Smooth, free and covering lots of ground, keeping firm topline. Limbs parallel, viewed from front and rear.
UKC
Gait is smooth, even and ground covering, with strong drive. The topline must remain firm and the hind legs travel parallel to one another.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat. Undercoat fine and dense, guardhair hard, short and straight. Topcoat rather close laying with different lengths; shortest on nose bridge, top of skull, ears and front of legs. Longest on neck, backside of thighs and under side of tail.
UKC
Hard, short, straight and close fitting, with a dense undercoat. The coat is short on the face, skull, ears and fronts of legs, and longer on the neck, back of thighs and underside of tail.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white, always with well defined and well distributed patches with the ideal colour that is in all nuances of red and yellow. Patches on body should be fairly big. Colour should cover the sides of head and ears. Patches in black, any nuance of fawn or agouti are tolerated but the ideal colours are always to be preferred.
UKC
All colors are permitted, but the preferred color is white with yellow or red/brown markings.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal size for males 45 cm.
Ideal size for females 42 cm.
Tolerance of +/- 2 cm
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 18 inches; for females it is 16.5 inches. There is a tolerance of 1 inch, but dogs clearly oversize are to be faulted.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Clearly over or under shot bite.
Nose: Liver or flesh colored nose.
Eyes: Eyes that are too large, round or protruding. Yellow or amber colored eyes.
Ears: Soft, long or bat like ears. Ears not stiffly erect.
Tail: A tail that is never carried over the back.
Coat: Soft, overly long, wavy or curly coats. Lack of undercoat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

Flesh coloured or liver brown nose.
Missing teeth, except P1.
Tan-markings.
Roaning or ticking.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Stumpy tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Bob tail. Albinism.
Tail: Bob tail.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.