Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Newfoundland

Newfoundland


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Canada.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
FCI.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
29.10.1996.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sledge dog for heavy loads, water dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

KC
Working

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The breed originated in the island of Newfoundland from indigenous dogs and the big black bear dog introduced by the Vikings after the year 1100. With the advent of European fishermen a variety of new breeds helped to shape and reinvigorate the breed, but the essential characteristics remained. When the colonization of the island began in 1610, the Newfoundland Dog was already largely in possession of his proper morphology and natural behaviour. These features allowed him to withstand the rigours of the extreme climate and sea’s adversity while pulling heavy loads on land or serving as water and lifeguard dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Newfoundland is massive, with powerful body, well muscled and well coordinated in his movements.
KC
Well balanced, impresses with strength and great activity. Substantial bone throughout, but not giving heavy inactive appearance. Noble, majestic and powerful.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body from the point of shoulders to the point of buttock is greater than the height at the withers. The body is compact. The body of the bitch may be slightly longer and is less massive than that of the dog. The distance from the withers to the underside of the chest is slightly greater than the distance from the underside of the chest to the ground.
KC
Large draught and water dog, with natural life-saving instinct, and devoted companion.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Newfoundland’s expression reflects benevolence and softness. Dignified, joyful and creative, he is known for his sterling gentleness and serenity.
KC
Exceptionally gentle, docile nature.

HEAD

:
FCI
Massive. The head of the bitch follows the same general conformation as the male’s one, but is less massive.
KC
Head broad and relatively large, occipital bone well developed, no decided stop, muzzle short, clean cut and rather square, covered with short fine hair.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, with slightly arched crown and strongly developed occipital bone.

Stop

:
FCI
Evident, but never abrupt.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large, well pigmented, nostrils well developed. Colour Black on black and white and black dogs, brown on brown dogs.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Definitely square, deep and moderately short, covered with short, fine hair and free from wrinkles. The corners of the mouth are evident, but not excessively pronounced.
KC
Soft and well covered by lips. Scissor bite preferred, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, but pincer tolerated.

Lips

:
FCI
Flews: Soft.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, moderately deep set ; they are wide apart and show no haw. Colour Dark brown in black and white and black dogs, lighter shades permitted in brown dogs.
KC
Relatively small, dark brown, not showing haw, set rather wide apart. Free from obvious eye problems.

Ears

:
FCI
Relatively small, triangular with rounded tips, well set back on the side of the head and close lying. When the ear of the adult dog is brought forward, it reaches to the inner corner of the eye on the same side.
KC
Small, set well back, square with skull, lying close to head, covered with short hair without fringe.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, well set in the shoulders, long enough to permit dignified head carriage. The neck should not show excessive dewlap.
KC
Strong, well set on to shoulders.

BODY

:
FCI
Bone structure is massive throughout. Viewed from the side, the body is deep and vigorous.
KC
Well ribbed, back broad with level topline, strong muscular loins. Chest deep, fairly broad.

Topline

:
FCI
Level and firm from the withers to the croup.

Back

:
FCI
Broad.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong and well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, sloping at an angle of about 30°.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, full and deep, with good spread of ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Almost level and never tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
The tail acts as a rudder when the Newfoundland is swimming ; therefore it is strong and broad at the base. When the dog is standing, the tail hangs down with, possibly, a little curve at the tip ; reaching to or slightly below the hocks. When the dog is in motion or excited, the tail is carried straight out with slight upward curve, but never curled over the back nor curved inward between the legs.
KC
Moderate length, reaching a little below hock. Fair thickness well covered with hair, but not forming a flag. When standing hangs downwards with slight curve at end; when moving, carried slightly up, and when excited, straight out with only a slight curve at end. Tails with a kink or curled over back are most undesirable.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The forelegs are straight and parallel also when the dog is walking or slowly trotting.
KC
Legs perfectly straight, well muscled, elbows fitting close to sides, well let down.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Very well muscled and well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the chest.

FORELEGS

:

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Large, webbed, and well shaped. Splayed or turned out feet most undesirable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Large and proportionate to the body, well rounded and tight, with firm and compact toes. Webbing of toes is present.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Firm and tight. Dewclaws, if present, should have been removed

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Because driving power for pulling loads, swimming or covering ground efficiently is largely dependent upon the hindquarters, the rear structure of the Newfoundland is of prime importance. The pelvis has to be strong, broad and long.
KC
Very well built and strong. Slackness of loins and cow-hocks most undesirable.

Thigh

:
FCI
Wide and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent, but not so as to give a crouching appearance.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Strong and fairly long.

Hock

:
FCI
Relatively short, well let down and well apart, parallel to each other ; they turn neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Newfoundland moves with good reach of the forelegs and strong drive of the hindquarters, giving the impression of effortless power. A slight roll of the back is natural. As the speed increases, the dog tends to single track with the topline remaining level.
KC
Free, slightly rolling gait. When in motion slight toe-ing in at front acceptable.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The Newfoundland has a water resistent double coat. The outer coat is moderately long and straight with no curl. A slight wave is permissible. The undercoat is soft and dense, more dense in winter than in summer, but always found to some extent on the croup and chest. The hair on the head, muzzle and ears is short and fine. The front and rear legs are feathered. The tail is completely covered with long, dense hair, but does not form a flag. Trimming and scissoring are not encouraged.
KC
Double, flat and dense, of coarse texture and oily nature, water-resistant. When brushed wrong way it falls back into place naturally. Forelegs well feathered. Body well covered but chest hair not forming a frill. Hindlegs slightly feathered.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Black, white and black and brown.
  • Black: The traditional colour is black. The colour has to be even as much as possible, but a slight tinge of sunburn is permissible. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible.
  • White and black: This variety is of historical significance for the breed. The preferred pattern of markings is black head with, preferably, a white blaze extending onto the muzzle, black saddle with even markings and black croup and upper tail. The remaining parts are to be white and can show a minimum of ticking.
  • Brown: The brown colour goes from chocolate to bronze. White markings on chest, toes and/or tip of tail are permissible. White and black dogs and brown dogs are to be shown in the same class as blacks.
KC
Only permitted colours are: Black: dull jet black may be tinged with bronze. Splash of white on chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. Brown: can be chocolate or bronze. In all other respects follow black except for colour. Splash of white on chest, toes and tip of tail acceptable. Landseer: white with black markings only. For preference black head with narrow blaze, evenly marked saddle, black rump extending to tail. Beauty in markings to be taken greatly into consideration. Ticking undesirable.

SIZE

:
FCI
Large size is desirable, but is not to be favoured over symmetry, general soundness, power of the structure and correct gait.
KC
Average height at shoulder: dogs: 71 cms (28 ins); bitches: 66 cms (26 ins). Average weight: dogs: 64-69 kgs (141-152 lbs); bitches: 50-54.5 kgs (110-120 lbs). While size and weight are important it is essential that symmetry is maintained.

Height at withers

:
FCI
The average height at the withers is for adult males 71cm (28 inches), for adult bitches 66cm (26 inches).

Weight

:
FCI
The average weight is approximately 68kg for males, approximately 54kg for bitches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • General appearance Legginess, lack of substance.
  • General bone structure Sluggish appearance, fine bone.
  • Character Aggressiveness, shyness.
  • Head Narrow.
  • Muzzle Snipey or long.
  • Flews Pronounced.
  • Eyes Round, protruding, yellow eyes, showing pronounced haw.
  • Back Roached, slack or swayed back.
  • Tail Short, long, kink tail, curled tip.
  • Forequarters Down in pastern, splayed toes, toeing in or out, lack of webbing between toes.
  • Hindquarters Straight stifles, cowhocks , barrel legs, pigeon toes.
  • Gait/Movement Mincing, shuffling, crabbing, too close moving, weaving, crossing over in front, toeing-out or distinctly toeing-in in front, hackney action, pacing.
  • Hair Completely open coat. Lack of undercoat.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Bad temperament.
  • Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth.
  • Short and flat coat.
  • Markings of any other colour than white on a black or brown dog.
  • Any other colour than black or white and black or brown.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.