Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Neapolitan Mastiff

(Mastino Napoletano)

Neapolitan Mastiff

Neapolitan Mastiff


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Protection and guard dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.1Molossoid breeds, Mastiff type
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a descendant of the great Roman Mastiff described by Columelle in the first century A.D. in his book “de re rustica”. Widespread all over Europe by the Roman legions, with which he has fought, he is the ancestor of numerous mastiff breeds in the other European countries. Having survived as so many centuries in the countryside at the foot of the Mt.Vesuvius and in general in the region of Naples, he has been re-selected since 1947, thanks to the tenacity and devotion of a group of dog lovers.
UKC
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a direct descendant of the Molussus, the ancient mammoth war dogs of the Middle East (Sumeria, Assyria, Phoenecia, and Babylonia). It is first and foremost a working/utility breed, whose purposes are greatly varied. It has been primarily a farm helper/protector, also serving as a herding dog, flock protector, cattle drover, cart dog, large game hunting dog, and personal protection dog. The Neapolitan Mastiff was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Large, heavy massive and bulky dog, whose length of body exceeds the height at the withers.
KC
Well boned, large, muscular and strongly built. Body slightly longer than height at withers. Majestic bearing with noble expression.
UKC
The Neapolitan Mastiff is a large and massive dog, with loose skin all over his body, wrinkles on his face and neck.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body is 10% more than the height at the withers. The ratio skull-muzzle is of 2 to 1.
KC
Some loose fitting skin over body and head permitted, not to be excessive.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Steady and loyal, not aggressive or biting without reason, guardian of the property and its inhabitants, always vigilant, intelligent, noble and majestic.
KC
Steady, loyal, devoted and vigilant. Slightly aloof.
UKC
The breed is strong and loyal, but not aggressive nor prone to bite without cause. The Neapolitan Mastiff is an alert, intelligent, noble and majestic defender of person and property.

HEAD

:
FCI
Short and massive, with a skull wide at level of zygomatic arches; its length is about 3/10 of the height at the withers. Ample skin with wrinkles and folds of which the most typical and the best marked goes from the outer palpebral angle down to the lip angle. The upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle are parallel.
KC
Head fairly large with broad short skull, broad across cheeks. Head proportion: skull length two thirds, to muzzle one third. Skull flat and parallel to topline of muzzle. Definite stop, nose should not protrude beyond vertical line of muzzle. Nose large with well open nostrils. Lips fleshy and thick. The upper lips form an inverted ‘v’ when viewed from the front. Muzzle deep and square when viewed from the front. Head has loose skin permitted but without excess.
UKC
The head is large in comparison to the size of the body. The planes of the skull and muzzle must be parallel. The head is permitted some wrinkles and folds; one that is typically pronounced begins at the outer corner of the eye and descends to the profile corner of the lips. Disqualifications: Complete absence of wrinkles, folds and dewlap. Convergence or divergence of the parallel lines of the skull and muzzle.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
The skull is wide, flat, particularly between the ears, and, seen from the front, slightly convex in its fore part. The bizygomatic width is more than half the length of the head. The zygomatic arches are very prominent, but with flat muscles. The protuberances of the frontal bones are well developed; the frontal furrow is marked; the occipital crest is hardly visible.

Skull

:
UKC
The broad skull is flat between the ears, and arched at the forehead. The skull width is greater than one-half of the total head length. When viewed from the front, the skull is very developed, with a pronounced frontal furrow and a well developed brow. The occiput is barely apparent. The stop is very pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Set in the prolongation of the muzzle, must not protrude beyond the outer vertical line of the lips; must be voluminous with large, well opened nostrils. Its colour is according to the colour of the coat black for the black subjects, dark grey-brown in dogs of other colours, and chestnut for brown coats.
UKC
Large, with well opened nostrils. The nose must not protrude beyond the vertical line of the lips. Color corresponds to coat color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
It is very wide and deep; its length corresponds to that of the fore-face and must be equal to the third of the length of the head. The lateral sides are parallel (between them), so that, seen from the front, the shape of the muzzle is practically square.
KC
Scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Or level bite. Teeth white and regular. Strong well developed jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is very wide and deep. The muzzle length is one-third of the total head length. The sides of the muzzle are parallel so that when viewed from the front, the muzzle almost seems to form a square. The lips are heavy, thick and abundant. When viewed from the front, the upper lips meet to form an inverted "V". In profile, the upper lip descends beyond the lower line of the jaw, and is on the perpendicular line with the outer corner of the eye. The length of the muzzle is sufficient so that the nostrils remain free from any wrinkles on the face. Eliminating Faults: Topline of the muzzle concave, convex, or very aquiline (Roman nose).

Lips

:
FCI
Fleshy, thick and full; upper lips, seen from the front, form an inverted “V” at their meeting point. The lower lateral profile of the muzzle is shaped by the upper lips; their lowest part is the corner of the lips, with visible mucous membranes, situated on the vertical from the external angle of the eye.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws: Powerful with strong jaw bones and dental arches joining perfectly. Lower jaw must be well developed in its width.
Teeth: White, well developed, regularly aligned and complete in number. Scissor bite, i.e. Upper incisors closely overlapping the lower ones in close contact, set straight to the jaw, or pincer bite, i.e. Upper incisors meet edge to edge with the lower incisors.
UKC
A full complement of strong, well-developed regularly aligned, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite. A reverse scissors bite is acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set on an equal frontal level, well apart one from the other; rather round, slightly deep set. Compared with the coat colour, the colour of the iris is darker. The eye may nevertheless be lighter in coats of diluted shades.
KC
Clean eyes, set forward, well apart, rather rounded. Rims tight without haw. Rim pigmentation to tone with nose colour. Free from obvious eye problems.
UKC
Set fairly deeply and well apart. The color of the iris should be darker than the color of the coat. The expression is intimidating when the dog is alert. Eye rim color corresponds to the color of the nose. Eyes not to be made obscure and should remain free from the burden of excessive wrinkles and loose skin.

Ears

:
FCI
Small in relation to the size of the dog, of triangular shape, set above the zygomatic arch, they are flat and close to the cheeks. When they are cropped, they have the form of an almost equilateral angle.
KC
Small for size of head, set forward, high and well apart. Triangular, hanging flat towards cheeks, but not reaching beyond line of throat.
UKC
Cropped or Uncropped. Set well above the cheekbones. If cropped, they are triangular in shape. If natural, they are small in comparison to the size of the dog, triangular in shape and held close to the sides of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Profile: The upper profile is slightly convex.
Length: Rather short, measures about 2,8/10 of the height of the withers.
Shape: Conical trunk shaped, well muscled. At mid-length the perimeter is equal to about 8/10 of the height of the withers.
Skin: Lower edge of the neck is well endowed with loose skin which forms a double dewlap well separated, but not exaggerated; starts at level of the lower jaw and does not go beyond middle of the neck.
KC
Fairly short, stocky, very muscular.
UKC
The neck is rather short and it is thick and well muscled. There is a double dewlap that is well separated and not exaggerated; it begins at the lower jaw and does not descend to lower than the middle of the neck. Moderation in wrinkle and dewlap is preferred.

BODY

:
FCI
The length of the body exceeds by 10% the height at the withers.
KC
Longer than height at withers. Broad, well muscled chest, ribcage reaching at least to elbow. Ribs long and well sprung. Topline straight, sloping slightly from the withers, line of belly parallel to topline.
UKC
Body length is greater than height by 10% to 15%. The backline is straight. The withers are broad and not very prominent. The chest is broad and deep, nearly half the height at the withers and the ribs are long and well sprung. The tip of the sternum is at the same level as the point of the shoulder. The loin is wide, and the rump is broad and well muscled. The slope of the croup is about 30 degrees. The hipbones are slightly prominent.

Topline

:
FCI
Top line of the back is straight; withers are wide, long and not very prominent.

Back

:
FCI
Broad and of a length about 1/3 of the height at the withers. The lumbar region must be harmoniously united with the back and muscles and well developed in width. The ribcage ample, with long and well sprung ribs. The circumference of the thorax is about ¼ more than the height at the withers.

Croup

:
FCI
Wide, strong and well muscled. Its obliqueness compared with the measured horizontal on that of the hip bone (coxal) is about 30°. Its length is equal to 3/10 of the height at the withers. The hip bones are prominent to the extent of reaching the top lumbar line.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and wide with well developed chest muscles. Its width is in direct relation with that of the ribcage and reaches the 40-45% of the height at the withers. The tip of the sternum is situated at the level of the scapular-humeral joint.

TAIL

:
FCI
Broad, and thick at its root; strong, tapering slightly towards the tip. In length it reaches the articulation of the hock, but usually is docked at about 2/3 of its length. At rest is carried hanging and curved in sabre fashion, in action lifted horizontally or slightly higher than the top line.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Customarily docked by 1/3 of length. Thick at root, set on slightly lower than topline. Tapering towards the tip. Never carried up or over back, but may be carried level with topline when moving. Undocked: Thick at root, set on slightly lower than topline. Tapering towards the tip. Never carried up or over back but may be carried level with topline when moving. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail is wide and thick at the base, and then tapers slightly. It is generally docked to allow two-thirds to remain, but if natural it will reach the point of the hock. At rest, the tail is carried slightly sloping. In action, it is carried level or slightly higher than the topline.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
On the whole, the forequarters, from the ground to the point of the elbow, seen in profile and from the front, are vertical with a strong bone structure in proportion with the size of the dog.
KC
Shoulder long, slightly sloping with well developed and definite muscle. Elbows not too close to body to allow very free action. Pasterns slightly sloping, legs vertical when viewed from front.
UKC
The shoulder blades are covered with long, well developed and defined muscles. The blades form an angle with the upper arm of approximately 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Their length measures about 3/10 of the height at the withers with an obliqueness of 50°-60° on the horizontal. The muscles are well developed, long and well defined. The angle of the scapulo-humeral articulation is of 105°-115°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Measures about 30% of the height at the withers. Its obliqueness is of 55°-60° furnished with significant musculature.

Elbow

:
FCI
Covered with abundant loose skin, they are not too close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forearms are vertical, strong in bone and covered with lean, well developed muscles. The elbows are not held too close to the body. There may be loose skin on the elbows, but the folds should be localized and not extend further down the leg. The pastern joint is broad and lean, and the pasterns are flat and sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Its length is almost the same as that of the (upper) arm. Placed in perfect vertical position, of a strong bone structure, with lean and well developed muscles.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Broad, lean and without nodosity, continues the vertical line of the forearm.
Pastern: Flat, continues the vertical line of the forearm. Its inclination on the horizontal towards the front is about 70° to 75°. Its length is equal to about 1/6 of the length of the limb from the ground up to the elbow.

FEET

:
KC
Oval; close, arched toes. Pads thick, hard and dark coloured. Nails curved, strong and dark. Hindfeet slightly smaller than front.
UKC
The round, voluminous, tight forefeet have well arched toes. The hard, dry pads are well pigmented. The strong nails are darkly pigmented. The hind feet are smaller than the forefeet, with identical attributes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of round shape, large, toes well arched and well-knit. The pads are lean, hard and well pigmented. The nails are strong, curved and of a dark colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Smaller than the forefeet, round with well-knit toes. Pads dry, hard and pigmented. Nails strong, curved and of dark colour.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
On the whole they must be powerful and sturdy, in proportion with the size of the dog and capable of the required propulsion in movement.
KC
Broad loin, well let into backline, slightly rounded with well developed muscle. Croup broad, muscular, with slight slope. Thighs long, broad, moderate stifle, powerful hocks.
UKC
Powerful and strong, in harmony with the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
In length measuring 1/3 of the height at the withers and its obliqueness on the horizontal is about 60°. It is broad with thick, prominent but clearly distinct muscles. The thigh bone and the tip bone (femur and coxal) form an angle of 90°.

Stifle

:
FCI
The femoral-tibial (hip bone-shin bone) angle is about 110°-115°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
In length, the long upper thigh is about one-third of the dog's height. It has an inclination of about 60 degrees, and is wide, with large, clearly-defined muscles. The thighbone joins the hip at a 90-degree angle. The stifle angle is about 110 to 115 degrees. The lower thigh is slightly shorter than the upper thigh. The rear pasterns are long and cylindrical in shape, perfectly straight and powerful. Dewclaws may be removed.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Length slightly inferior to that of the thigh and of an obliqueness of 50°-55°, with strong bone structure and well visible musculature.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Very long in relation to the length of the leg, its length is about 2,5/10 of the height at the withers. The tibial-tarsal articulation forms an angle of 140°-145°;

Hock

:
FCI
Strong and lean, its shape almost cylindrical, perfectly straight and parallel, its length is about ¼ of the height at the withers; eventual dewclaws should be removed.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
This constitutes a typical characteristic of the breed. At the walk, the gait of feline type of lion steps, is slow and resembles that of a bear. The trot is distinguished by a strong thrust of the hindquarters and a good extension of the forequarters. The dog rarely gallops; usual gaits walk and trot. Pacing is tolerated.
KC
Slow, free, bear-like. Slow trot, long steps covering ground well. Rarely gallops.
UKC
A typical characteristic of the breed is its walk, which is slow and resembles that of a bear. The trot has good extension of the front legs, with strong drive from the hindquarters. The preferred gaits are the walk and the trot. The pace is tolerated. The Neapolitan Mastiff rarely gallops but does appear sound and efficient while in motion, not burdened by excess weight or skin.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick, abundant and loose all over the body, particularly on the head where it forms numerous folds and wrinkles, and at the lower part of the neck where it forms a double dewlap.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, rough and hard, dense, of the same length all over, uniformly smooth, fine and measures 1,5 cm maximum. Must not show any trace of fringing.
KC
Short, dense, even, fine, hard texture, with good sheen. No fringe.
UKC
The glossy, dense, fine coat is equal in length and uniformly smooth. The maximum length is about five- eighths of an inch. It must not have any trace of fringe. The thick skin is loose on the head, where it forms noticeable wrinkles and folds. Moderation is preferred. On the underside of the neck it forms a well-divided dewlap.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Preferred colours are grey, leaden grey and black, but also brown, fawn and deep fawn (red deer), with, sometimes, little white patches on the chest and on the tip of the toes. All these coats may be brindled; hazel, dove-grey and Isabella shades are tolerated.
KC
Preferred black, blue, all shades of grey, brown varying from fawn to red. Brindling on either of the latter colours. Small star on chest and white on toes permissible. Pigmentation to tone with coat colours.
UKC
Preferred colors include: gray, lead, black, mahogany, tawny, and tawny stag. Each color may be brindled. There may be small white patches on the chest and on the tips of the toes. The following shades are acceptable, but not preferred: brown, pale gray, and cream.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: 65-75 cms (25½-29½ ins); Weight: 50-70 kgs (110-154 lbs). Some tolerance allowed. Bitches somewhat less.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 65-75 cm.
Females 60-68 cm.
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. The acceptable height range for males is from 25½ to 29½ inches. The acceptable height range for females is from 23½ to 26¾ inches.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 60 - 70 kg.
Females 50 - 60 kg.
UKC
The weight range for males is from 132 to 154 pounds. The weight range for females is from 111 to 132 pounds. To be shown fit, and without excess weight.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Pronounced undershot mouth.
  • Gay tail (trumpet tail).
  • Sizes bigger or smaller than the limits allowed.
UKC

Teeth: Pronounced undershot bite.
Tail: Gay tail.
Height: Heights over or under the tolerated limits.
Weight: Overweight.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
Overshot mouth.
Accentuated convergence or divergence of the facial-cranial axes.
Topline of muzzle concave or convex or very aquiline (Roman nose).
Total depigmentation of nose.
Wall eye; total depigmentation of both rims of eyelids; cross eyed.
Absence of wrinkles, folds and dewlap.
Absence of tail whether congenital or artificial.
Extensive white patches; white markings on the head.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Eyes: Complete lack of eye rim pigment.
Nose: Complete lack of nose pigmentation.
Tail: Complete absence of a tail.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.