Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Mudi

Mudi


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.11.2004.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Herding dog. Because of his courageous disposition he is very popular with the shepherds for the use of herding large and difficult livestock. He is even used for the battue of wild boar. Excellent guard and companion dog. A dog used for searching out drugs. Watch and alarm dog. Excellent agility dog, lovable house pet. Because of his relatively short coat and his excellent adaptability, it is no problem to keep him in the house.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The breed came into being during the 18th to the 19th century from cross breeding Hungarian herding dogs most probably with various prick eared German herding dogs.
UKC
The Mudi has probably been in existence since the 18th Century, but the exact time is difficult to pinpoint due to the confusion in the different names of the herding dogs that were used in Hungary. While it is commonly believed that the Puli is the oldest of the Hungarian sheep herding breeds, and that the Pumi and the Mudi were derived from that breed, that may not be the case. It is possible that the Mudi, with its many ancient features, is the result of crosses between spitz-type dogs and other naturally occurring herding dogs of the time and region. The breed’s history is not precisely known. The Mudi was only officially recognized as a breed in 1936. The Mudi was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized herding dog with a wedge shaped head. Prick ears. Body topline is distinctly sloping towards the rear. The head and the limbs are covered by short, smooth coat. The other parts of the body have a somewhat longer, very wavy to slightly curly coat. There are different variations of colour.
UKC
The Mudi is a medium-sized herding dog with spitz-like qualities. It has a wedge-shaped head, prick ears, moderate bone and a compact body with a sloping topline. The face and front of the legs are covered with short, smooth hair, while the rest of the coat is somewhat longer and very wavy to curly. The Mudi comes in a variety of different colors.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length is approximately equal to the height at the withers.
The depth of the brisket is slightly less than half of the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half of the total length of the head.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Mudi is extremely able to learn, of lively temperament, courageous, watchful, keen to work, alert and adaptable.
UKC
The Mudi is lively, tractable, intelligent and keen. Very courageous, the Mudi is extremely popular with shepherds and is often used on large and difficult livestock. He makes an exceptional guard, watch and alarm dog, and is an excellent agility dog and all around companion.

HEAD

:
FCI
The most striking part of the Mudi is undoubtedly his head. To the observer it should give the impression of an alert, always energetic, cheerful and intelligent animal without any trace of timidity or aggressiveness. The head is wedge shaped, tapering towards the nose.
UKC
The wedge-shaped head tapers towards the nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Skull and forehead are slightly domed. Occiput not pronounced. Superciliary ridges only slightly developed.
UKC
The skull and forehead are slightly domed. The occiput is inconspicuous and the eyebrows are only moderately developed. There is a barely perceptible stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Narrow, rounded at front with moderately wide nostrils. In the colours black, white, fawn and blue-merle, the nose is always black; in the other colours the nose harmonises with the coat colour; e.g. the nose in a brown dog is brown and blue grey in a blue grey dog. Brown (liver) coloured dogs have brown eyerims. Blue grey dogs have blue grey eyerims.
UKC
The nose is narrow, rounded at the front, and has moderately well-opened nostrils. In the black, white, fawn and blue merle dogs, the nose is always black. In the other colors, it harmonizes with the color of the coat.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Moderately strong. Bridge of nose straight.
UKC
The muzzle is tapering, yet strong. The nasal bone is straight. The length of the muzzle is slightly less than half the length of the head. The lips are clean and tight fitting. The lip pigment corresponds to the color of the nose pigment.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight-fitting to the teeth. Corner of mouth slightly jagged. The lip pigment corresponds with the pigment of the noseleather.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Complete scissor bite according to the dentition formula. Regular teeth of medium size.
UKC
The Mudi has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Narrow, slightly pointed at inner and outer corners, set slightly oblique, thus having a “dare devil“expression. The eyes should be as dark as possible. Only in blue-merle dogs, wall (white or blue) eyes are not faulty. Rims of lids are tight, close-fitting to the eyeball and evenly pigmented.
UKC
Narrow, slightly pointed at the corners and set slightly obliquely, giving the breed a ‘dare-devil’ expression. The eyes should be as dark as possible and have close fitting, pigmented rims. In the dilute coat colors, the eyes may be somewhat lighter. Wall or china eyes are allowable only in the merle dogs.

Ears

:
FCI
High set prick ears which are of a reverse V-shape and covered with abundant hair reaching beyond the edges of the external ears. The response of the ears to stimulation is very lively. The dog can turn the ears independently of each other like a radar screen. Ears are approximately 10 to 15 % longer than their width at the base.
UKC
Prick, V-shaped and well covered with hair that should protrude beyond the edges of the ear. The ears are 10-15 % longer than their width at the base. The ears are capable of independent movement, turning like a radar screen.

NECK

:
FCI
The slightly high set neck forms an angle of 50 to 55 degrees to the horizontal. It is of medium length, barely arched and well muscled. Without dewlap or pronounced neck ruff. In male dogs there can be a barely developed mane; this must, however, never be noticeable.
UKC
The medium length neck is set fairly high and is well muscled. It forms an angle with the horizontal of approximately 55 degrees. The neck is barely arched and is free from throatiness. There should not be a neck ruff, though males may have a slightly perceptible mane.

BODY

:
UKC
The withers are pronounced, and the back is short and straight. The topline slopes towards the croup, which is short and slightly sloping. There is moderate forechest, with the sternum protruding slightly beyond the plane of the point of shoulder. The chest is deep to the level of the elbow and the ribs are somewhat flat. There is moderate tuck-up. In proportion, the Mudi is square. The distance from the top of the withers to the elbow is slightly less than the distance from the elbow to the ground.

Topline

:
FCI
Clearly sloping towards croup.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced, long and muscular.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, short.

Loin

:
FCI
Of medium length. Firmly coupled.

Croup

:
FCI
Short, very slightly sloping, of medium breadth, muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest slightly curved. Ribs somewhat broad and rather flat.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Sligthly tucked-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on at medium height. In repose, hanging, with lower third raised almost to horizontal. When alert and during active movement, the tail is carried in sickle shape, higher than the topline. Docking of tail is undesirable but is not regarded as a fault. If the tail is docked, two or three of the tail vertebrae must be visibly left.
Dogs born without or with a natural stump tail are rare; this is not regarded as a fault. The tail is abundantly coated; the hair on the underside can even be 10 to 12 cm long.
UKC
The tail is set on somewhat low. At rest, the tail hangs, but with the lower third raised almost to the horizontal. When the dog is alert or on the move, the tail is carried in a sickle shape, above the topline. Docking is undesirable but not faulted. Natural bob tails are rare but do occur and are not faulted. The tail is well covered with hair.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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UKC
The shoulder blade is moderately sloping and well muscles. The upper arm is medium long and set at a 45-degree angle to the horizontal.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade is moderately sloping and well muscled. The forechest is curved, the point of the sternum only slightly protruding.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of medium length. At 45° with the horizontal.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close-fitting to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The elbows are held close to the body. The carpal joint is firm and the pasterns are upright. Bone is moderate.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Firm, dry.

Pastern

:
FCI
Steep.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are tight and round, with springy pads and hard, slate colored nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round with well knit toes. Little hair between and under the toes. Pads springy. Nails slate grey and hard.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Like front feet. Dewclaws not desirable.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The hind legs are a little overstretched beyond the rear.
UKC
The hind legs are long and well-muscled. The rear pastern is short and vertical.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, well muscled.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short and steep.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Mudi’s characteristic movement are mincing steps.
UKC
At a trot, the Mudi takes short, quick lively steps. The Mudi should appear to be smooth, firm and agile in action and any clumsiness or rigidity in motion should be faulted.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight, without wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Head and front of limbs are covered by short, straight and smooth hair. On other parts of the body, the coat is uniformly very wavy or slightly curled. It is dense and always shiny, about 3 to 7 cm long.
At some spots, cow-licks and ridges are formed. The coat is longest on the back of the forearms and the upper thighs, where it forms pronounced featherings.
UKC
The hair on the face and the front of the legs is short, straight and smooth. On the rest of the body, the coat is dense and shiny, very wavy or slightly curled, and approximately 1.5 to 3 inches in length. There is pronounced feathering on the back of the front legs and the upper thighs. The coat may form cow-licks or ridges.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Fawn.
  • Black.
  • Blue-merle, i.e. black speckled, estriped, -brindle or -spotted on lighter or darker bluish-grey primary colour.
  • Ash coloured (blue grey).
  • Brown.
Only slightly extensive white markings are tolerated but not desired. A white patch on the chest, less than 5 cm in diameter, and small white markings on the toes are tolerated but not desired.
  • White.
UKC
Solid and self-merle colors: Black, white, fawn (ranging from pale yellow to fox red), brown, gray, gray-brown, blue merle and red merle. Minor white markings on chest and toes are acceptable but not desirable.

SIZE

:
UKC
Ideal height for males is 17-18 inches, with a tolerance of one inch above or below. Ideal height for females is 16-17 inches, with a tolerance of one inch above or below. Weight for males is approximately 24-33 pounds, for females 18-26 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 41 – 47 cm; Ideal height 43 – 45 cm
Bitches 38 – 44 cm; Ideal height 40 – 42 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 11 – 13 kg.
Bitches 8 – 11 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Teeth: Missing teeth.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Flesh coloured, liverbrown or spotted nose in black, white, blue-merle, fawn or ash coloured dogs. Flesh coloured or spotted nose in brown dogs.
  • One or more missing teeth (incisors, canines, premolars 2-4, molars 1-2). More than two missing PM1. The M3 are disregarded.
  • Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth. Gap of more than 2 mm between upper and lower incisors.
  • Yellow eyes in black dogs.
  • Drop ears.
  • Short, smooth, flat coat on the whole body; long hair on the head. Coat tending towards matting.
  • Wolf grey colour, black and tan with yellow to brown markings.
  • Height at the withers below 38 or over 47 cm.
  • Albinism.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Dudley or butterfly nose. Undershot, overshot more than 1/8 inch, wry mouth. Yellow eyes in black or blue merle dogs. Hanging ears. Short, smooth, flat coat on the entire body. Long coat on the face or front of legs where it should be short and smooth. Any color or combination of colors or pattern not specifically listed as acceptable.
Teeth: Undershot, overshot more than 1/8 inch, or wry mouth.
Nose: Dudley or butterfly nose.
Eyes: Yellow eyes in black or blue merle dogs.
Ears: Hanging ears.
Coat: Short, smooth, flat coat on the entire body. Long coat on the face or front of legs where it should be short and smooth.
Color: Any color or combination of colors or pattern not specifically listed as acceptable.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.