Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Miniature Schnauzer

(Zwergschnauzer)

Miniature Schnauzer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
November 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
House and Companion Dog

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.2Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Schnauzer
Without working trial

KC
Utility

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Around the turn of the century a dwarf Schnauzer from the Frankfurt/Main area went on his way, then still described as a rough haired Zwergpinscher (Miniature Pinscher). Due to the different shapes, sizes and types and the muddle of harsh, soft and silky coat textures, it was no easy task to evolve a small dog with the appearance and the characteristic qualities of his bigger brother, the Schnauzer.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small, strong, stocky rather than slim, rough coated, elegant. A reduced image of the Schnauzer without the drawback of a dwarfed appearance.
KC
Sturdily built, robust, sinewy, nearly square, (length of body equal to height at shoulders). Expression keen and attitude alert. Correct conformation is of more importance than colour or other purely ‘beauty’ points.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Square build in which the height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Well balanced, smart, stylish and adaptable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
His nature is similar to that of the Schnauzer and is determined by the temperament and the behaviour of a small dog. Intelligence, fearlessness, endurance and alertness make the Miniature Schnauzer an agreeable house dog as well as a watch and companion dog which can be kept even in a small appartment without problems.
KC
Alert, reliable and intelligent. Primarily a companion dog.

HEAD

:
KC
Head strong and of good length, narrowing from ears to eyes and then gradually forward toward end of nose. Upper part of the head (occiput to the base of forehead) moderately broad between ears. Flat, creaseless forehead; well muscled but not too strongly developed cheeks. Medium stop to accentuate prominent eyebrows. Powerful muzzle ending in a moderately blunt line, with bristly, stubby moustache and chin whiskers. Ridge of nose straight and running almost parallel to extension of forehead. Nose black with wide nostrils. Lips tight but not overlapping.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, long without markedly protruding occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkles and parallel to the bridge of nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Appears well defined due to the brows

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed nose leather, always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smoot and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the reactangular shape of the head (with the beard).

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized, oval, facing foreward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
KC
Medium-sized, dark, oval, set forward, with arched bushy eyebrows.

Ears

:
FCI
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried , turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull..
KC
Neat, V-shaped, set high and dropping forward to temple.

NECK

:
FCI
The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers.
Strongly set on, slim, nobly curved, corresponding to the dog’s force. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
KC
Moderately long, strong and slightly arched; skin close to throat; neck set cleanly on shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Chest moderately broad, deep with visible strong breastbone reaching at least to height of elbow rising slightly backward to loins. Back strong and straight, slightly higher at shoulder than at hindquarters, with short, well developed loins. Ribs well sprung. Length of body equal to height from top of withers to ground.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded and imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on and carried high, customarily docked to three joints. Undocked: Set on and carried high, of moderate length to give general balance to the dog. Thick at root and tapering towards the tip, as straight as possible, carried jauntily.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Shoulders flat and well laid. Forelegs straight viewed from any angle. Muscles smooth and lithe rather than prominent; bone strong, straight and carried well down to feet; elbows close to body and pointing directly backwards.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm

:
FCI
Viewed from all sides, completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.

FEET

:
KC
Short, round, cat-like, compact with closely arched toes, dark nails, firm black pads, feet pointing forward.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round. Toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
KC
Thighs slanting and flat but strongly muscled. Hindlegs (upper and lower thighs) at first vertical to the stifle; from stifle to hock, in line with the extension of the upper neck line; from hock, vertical to ground.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, strong and sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The forelegs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg of the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
KC
Free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach in forequarters and good driving power in hindquarters. Topline remains level in action.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat, lying close to the body. The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking of its texture; it is neither bristly nor wavy. The hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.
KC
Harsh, wiry and short enough for smartness, dense undercoat. Clean on neck and shoulders, ears and skull. Harsh hair on legs. Furnishings fairly thick but not silky.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Pure black with black undercoat.
  • Pepper and Salt.
  • Black/Silver.
  • Pure white with white undercoat.
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour. Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
For the Black/Silver colour, the aim in breeding is a black top coat with black undercoat, white markings over the eyes, on the cheeks, at the beard, at the throat, in two divided triangles at the front of the chest, on the front pasterns, on the feet, on the inside of the hind legs and around the anus. The forehead, the neck and the outer sides of the ears should be black like the top coat.
KC
All pepper and salt colours in even proportions, or pure black, or white, or black and silver. That is, solid black with silver markings on eyebrow, muzzle, chest and brisket and on the forelegs below the point of elbow, on inside of hindlegs below the stifle joint, on vent and under tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 36 cms (14 ins); bitches: 33 cms (13 ins). Too small, toyish appearing dogs are not typical and undesirable.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches between 30 and 35 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches approximately 4 to 8 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Particularly
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Strongly protruding cheeks or cheekbones.
  • Light, too large or round eyes.
  • Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Throatiness.
  • Dewlap, narrow crest or neck.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Tail set inclined towards head.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky coat.
  • Brown undercoat.
  • A black trace on the back or a black saddle.
  • In Black/Silver not clearly separated triangles on the chest.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Inverse sexual type (e.g. doggy bitch).
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Lower thigh too long.
  • Hocks turning inwards.
  • Rear pastern too short.
  • White or spotted coat in black or pepper and salt dogs.
  • Patchy coat in the colours black/silver and white.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspicious or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in construction, coat and colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.