Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Miniature Pinscher

(Zwergpinscher)

Miniature Pinscher

Miniature Pinscher


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
House and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.1Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Pinscher
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Miniature Pinschers were kept in large numbers around the turn of the century already and the Stud Book for 1925 records no less than 1300 entries. Like with the German Pinscher, from the numerous colour variations, only the colours black with lighter markings and solid red to red-brown were thorough-bred.
UKC
Well-known as the “Min-Pin”, the Miniature Pinscher has been bred in Germany for hundreds of years. One theory is that it was developed by breeding the German Pinscher to Dachshunds and Italian Greyhounds to obtain a smaller-sized dog. It was one of the breeds included in the Pinscher-Schnauzer Club formed in Germany in the 1890’s. The Miniature Pinscher was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1936.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Miniature Pinscher is a reduced image of the German Pinscher without the draw-backs of a dwarfed appearance. His elegant square build is clearly visible due to his short smooth coat.
KC
Well balanced, sturdy, compact, elegant, short-coupled, smooth-coated Toy dog. Naturally well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert.
UKC
The Miniature Pinscher is structurally well balanced and sturdy. It is compact and short coupled. The breed is smooth coated and naturally well groomed. Characteristic of the breed is its hackney-like gaiting action.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The ratio from length to height shall make his build appear as square as possible.
The length of the head (measured fom the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Precise hackney gait, fearless animation, complete self-possession and spirited presence.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered. These qualities make him an agreeable family and companion dog.
KC
Fearless and alert.
UKC
In character the Miniature Pinscher is proud, vigorous and alert. It shows fearless animation and complete self-possession, accompanied by a spirited presence.

HEAD

:
KC
More elongated than short and round. Narrow, without conspicuous cheek formation. In proportion to body. Skull flat when viewed from front. Muzzle rather strong and proportionate to skull. Nostrils well formed. Nose black with the exception of chocolate and blue in which it may be self-coloured.
UKC
The narrow, tapering, well-balanced head is in proportion to the body. The length of the muzzle should be equal to the length of the skull. There is a slight stop as the muzzle transitions into the skull. The head shows no indication of coarseness.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, elongated without markedly protruding occiput. The forehead is flat without wrinkles, running parallel to the bridge of nose.
UKC
The skull appears flat and tapers in width toward the muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight, yet clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Noseleather well developed and black.
UKC
The nose is black, except in chocolate-colored, blue and fawn dogs, which have self-colored noses.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is strong, rather than fine and delicate. The top line of the muzzle is parallel to the top line of the skull. The cheeks are smooth and well chiseled. The lips are taut and closely adherent to the muzzle.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaw. Corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strong and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed without pronounced cheeks interfering with the smooth outline.
UKC
Meet in a scissors bite. A full compliment of teeth is preferred, but a few missing teeth are acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, oval, with black pigmented close fitting eyelids.
KC
Fitting well into face. Neither too full nor round, nor too small or slanting. Black or nearly black.
UKC
The full, slightly oval eyes are clear, bright and dark, almost a true black. Black dogs have black eye rims. Chocolate, blue & fawn (Isabella) dogs may have a lighter eye pigment and have self-colored eye rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Prick ears ; drop ears, set high, V-shaped with the inner edges lying close to the cheeks, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
KC
Set on high, as small as possible, erect or dropped.
UKC
The ears may be cropped or uncropped. They are set high and stand erect from the base to the tip.

NECK

:
FCI
Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into the withers without any marked set on. Dry without dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
KC
Strong yet graceful, slightly arched. Well fitted into shoulders. Free from throatiness.
UKC
The slightly arched, clean, muscular, gracefully curved neck blends smoothly into the shoulders. It is in proportion to the head and body.

BODY

:
KC
Square, back line straight, sloping towards rear. Belly moderately tucked up. Ribs well sprung, deep rather than barrelled. Viewed from top slightly wedge-shaped.
UKC
The muscular, compact body is slightly wedge shaped. The ribs are well sprung. The forechest is well developed. The base line of the brisket is level with the point of the elbows. Whether gaiting or standing, the backline is level or slopes slightly. The croup is level with the backline. The loin is short and strong. The belly is moderately tucked up. In proportion, males appear square, measured from the breastbone to the back of the thigh and the top of the withers to the ground. Females may be slightly longer.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a nicely curved line with the underside of the brisket.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Short. Continuation of topline. Carried a little high. Undocked: Continuation of topline. Set and carried a little high. Length to give an overall balanced appearance.
UKC
The tail is set on high and held erect. It is generally docked in proportion to the size of the dog.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Forechest well developed and full, moderately broad; shoulders clean, sloping with moderate angulation. Legs straight, medium bone, elbows close to body.
UKC
The clean, sloping shoulders have moderate angulation, coordinated to permit the hackney-like action.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the ribcage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 100° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs have strong bone development, and small, clean joints. When viewed from the front, they are straight and upstanding. The elbows are close to the body. The pasterns are strong and perpendicular. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight seen from the front and the side.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and firm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and springy. Seen from the front,vertical, seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground.

FEET

:
KC
Cat-like; nails dark.
UKC
The small, catlike feet have strong, well-arched, closely-knit toes. The pads are deep. The nails are thick and blunt.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and strong.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely, when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together seen from the rear.
KC
Parallel and wide enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. Hindquarters well developed, muscular with good sweep of stifle, and hocks turning neither in nor out. Legs straight, medium bone.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Viewed from the rear, the hind legs are straight and parallel. Viewed from the side, they present a well-angulated appearance. The thighs are well muscled. The stifles are well defined. The rear pasterns are short and set well apart. Removal of rear dewclaws is preferred but not mandatory.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Miniature Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and rather steady in movement. The movement is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited with good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a ground covering, relaxed, fluent movement with strong drive and free front extension.
KC
Coordinated to permit a true hackneyed action.
UKC
The fore- and hind legs move parallel, with the feet turning neither in nor out. The hackney-like action is a high-stepping, reaching, free and easy gait in which the front leg moves straight forward and in front of the body, and the foot bends at the wrist. There is a smooth, strong drive from the rear. While gaiting, the head and tail are carried high.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny without bald patches.
KC
Smooth, hard and short. Straight and lustrous. Closely adhering to and uniformly covering body. Hair forming ridge on any part of head, body or legs highly undesirable.
UKC
The short, smooth coat is hard, straight and lustrous. It closely adheres to, and uniformly covers, the body.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Self coloured Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown.
  • Black and Tan Lacquer black with red or brown markings.
The aim is for markings as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible. The markings are distributed as follows Above the eyes, at the underside of the throat, on the pasterns, on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs and under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated triangles on the chest.
KC
Black, blue, chocolate with sharply defined tan markings on cheeks, lips, lower jaw, throat, twin spots above eyes and chest, lower half of forelegs, inside of hindlegs and vent region, lower portion of hocks and feet. All above colours have black pencilling on toes without thumb marks except chocolates which have brown pencilling. Solid red of various shades. Slight white on chest permissible but undesirable.
UKC
Acceptable colors include: ● Solid clear red. ● Stag red, which is red with an intermingling of black hairs. ● Black, with sharply defined rust-red markings on the cheeks, lips, lower jaw, throat, twin spots above the eyes and chest, on the lower half of the forelegs, inside of the hind legs and vent region, on the lower portion of the rear pasterns and on the feet. Black pencil stripes are found on the toes. ● Chocolate, with rust-red markings found as specified for the Black dogs, except that brown pencil stripes are found on the toes. ● Blue with rust-red markings found as specified for the Black dogs, except that blue/gray pencil stripes are found on the toes. ● Fawn (Isabella) with rust-red markings found as specified for the Black dogs, except that fawn pencil stripes are found on the toes. In the Solid Red and Stag Red, a rich, vibrant medium to dark shade is preferred.

SIZE

:
KC
Height from 25-30 cms (10-12 ins) at withers.
UKC
The acceptable height range is from 10 inches to 12½ inches. Weight is in proportion to the build, neither too fat nor too thin.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 25 to 30 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 4 to 6 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Particularly
  • Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Light, too small or too large eyes.
  • Ears set low or very long, unevenly carried.
  • Throatiness.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Hackney gait.
  • Thin coat.
  • Roans; black trace on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Appearance: Structurally lacking in balance.
Forelegs: Weak pasterns.
Coat: Thin, too long, dull coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Light appearance
  • Apple head.
  • Lines of head not parallel.
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Hindlegs standing under the body.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Hocks turning out.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, markedly suspicious, or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faults in mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat or colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Height under 10 inches or over 12½ inches.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Any color other than those listed. A thumb mark, which is a patch of black hair surrounded by rust on the front of the forelegs between the foot and the wrist. On chocolate dogs, the thumb mark is chocolate. On blue dogs, the thumb mark is blue. On fawn dogs, the thumb mark is fawn. White on any part of the dog that exceeds one-half inch in its longest dimension.
Color: Any color other than those listed. A thumb mark, which is a patch of black hair surrounded by rust on the front of the forelegs between the foot and the wrist. On chocolate dogs, the thumb mark is chocolate. On blue dogs, the thumb mark is blue. On fawn dogs, the thumb mark is fawn. White on any part of the dog that exceeds one-half inch in its longest dimension.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.