Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Miniature Pinscher

(Zwergpinscher)

Miniature Pinscher


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
House and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.1Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Pinscher
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Miniature Pinschers were kept in large numbers around the turn of the century already and the Stud Book for 1925 records no less than 1300 entries. Like with the German Pinscher, from the numerous colour variations, only the colours black with lighter markings and solid red to red-brown were thorough-bred.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Miniature Pinscher is a reduced image of the German Pinscher without the draw-backs of a dwarfed appearance. His elegant square build is clearly visible due to his short smooth coat.
KC
Well balanced, sturdy, compact, elegant, short-coupled, smooth-coated Toy dog. Naturally well groomed, proud, vigorous and alert.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The ratio from length to height shall make his build appear as square as possible.
The length of the head (measured fom the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Precise hackney gait, fearless animation, complete self-possession and spirited presence.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered. These qualities make him an agreeable family and companion dog.
KC
Fearless and alert.

HEAD

:
KC
More elongated than short and round. Narrow, without conspicuous cheek formation. In proportion to body. Skull flat when viewed from front. Muzzle rather strong and proportionate to skull. Nostrils well formed. Nose black with the exception of chocolate and blue in which it may be self-coloured.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, elongated without markedly protruding occiput. The forehead is flat without wrinkles, running parallel to the bridge of nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight, yet clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Noseleather well developed and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaw. Corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula), is strong and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed without pronounced cheeks interfering with the smooth outline.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, oval, with black pigmented close fitting eyelids.
KC
Fitting well into face. Neither too full nor round, nor too small or slanting. Black or nearly black.

Ears

:
FCI
Prick ears ; drop ears, set high, V-shaped with the inner edges lying close to the cheeks, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
KC
Set on high, as small as possible, erect or dropped.

NECK

:
FCI
Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into the withers without any marked set on. Dry without dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
KC
Strong yet graceful, slightly arched. Well fitted into shoulders. Free from throatiness.

BODY

:
KC
Square, back line straight, sloping towards rear. Belly moderately tucked up. Ribs well sprung, deep rather than barrelled. Viewed from top slightly wedge-shaped.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a nicely curved line with the underside of the brisket.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Short. Continuation of topline. Carried a little high. Undocked: Continuation of topline. Set and carried a little high. Length to give an overall balanced appearance.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Forechest well developed and full, moderately broad; shoulders clean, sloping with moderate angulation. Legs straight, medium bone, elbows close to body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the ribcage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 100° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight seen from the front and the side.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and firm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and springy. Seen from the front,vertical, seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground.

FEET

:
KC
Cat-like; nails dark.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and strong.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Somewhat longer than forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely, when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together seen from the rear.
KC
Parallel and wide enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. Hindquarters well developed, muscular with good sweep of stifle, and hocks turning neither in nor out. Legs straight, medium bone.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The Miniature Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and rather steady in movement. The movement is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited with good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a ground covering, relaxed, fluent movement with strong drive and free front extension.
KC
Coordinated to permit a true hackneyed action.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny without bald patches.
KC
Smooth, hard and short. Straight and lustrous. Closely adhering to and uniformly covering body. Hair forming ridge on any part of head, body or legs highly undesirable.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Self coloured Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown.
  • Black and Tan Lacquer black with red or brown markings.
The aim is for markings as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible. The markings are distributed as follows Above the eyes, at the underside of the throat, on the pasterns, on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs and under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated triangles on the chest.
KC
Black, blue, chocolate with sharply defined tan markings on cheeks, lips, lower jaw, throat, twin spots above eyes and chest, lower half of forelegs, inside of hindlegs and vent region, lower portion of hocks and feet. All above colours have black pencilling on toes without thumb marks except chocolates which have brown pencilling. Solid red of various shades. Slight white on chest permissible but undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height from 25-30 cms (10-12 ins) at withers.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 25 to 30 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 4 to 6 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Particularly
  • Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Light, too small or too large eyes.
  • Ears set low or very long, unevenly carried.
  • Throatiness.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Hackney gait.
  • Thin coat.
  • Roans; black trace on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Light appearance
  • Apple head.
  • Lines of head not parallel.
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Hindlegs standing under the body.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Hocks turning out.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 2 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, markedly suspicious, or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faults in mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat or colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.