Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Manchester Terrier

Manchester Terrier

Manchester Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Terrier.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
His name denotes his origin, and it is likely that there is some Whippet in his ancestry. Elegant and graceful, he was bred as a ratter and can still be relied upon to despatch vermin quickly and efficiently.
Rat killing reached its peak in the mid-1800s and what dog shows there were, at that time, were usually held in public houses. In Manchester, especially, these became a weekly feature and soon this terrier had classes of his own, eventually taking the name Manchester Terrier.
UKC
The Manchester Terrier is a direct descendent of the early English Black and Tan Terrier, which was highly prized for its working ability as a "ratting" dog in the industrial areas of the North of England. These early dogs were more rugged than the breed is today, but the Manchester still maintains the physical structure of a working terrier. When first officially classified, all smooth-coated, black and tan terriers (including the smaller, Toy, variety) were called Old English Terriers. The present breed type was said to be influenced by the possible introduction of Whippet blood for refinement, plus the Bull Terrier and White English Terrier. Samuel Handley of Manchester, England, is credited with stabilizing the breed. As a result of his efforts the breed became known as the Manchester. The Manchester Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Compact, elegant and sound with substance.
KC
Compact, elegant and sound with substance.
UKC
The Manchester Terrier is a small, compact, smooth-coated dog, with an elegant appearance. It is always black and tan in color, and it comes in two size varieties, standard and toy. Except for weight and ear cropping options, there are no differences between the two varieties.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Keen, alert, gay and sporting.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Keen, alert, gay and sporting; discerning and devoted.
KC
Discerning and devoted.
UKC
Alert and happy, not aggressive or shy, and agreeable with other dogs since this is not a sparring terrier breed.

HEAD

:
KC
Long skull, flat and narrow, level and wedge-shaped, without showing cheek muscles, well filled up under eyes, with tapering tight-lipped mouth.
UKC
The head is a long, flat and narrow wedge, well filled under the eyes and with no prominence of cheek. There is the impression of a slight stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Long, flat and narrow, level and wedge-shaped, without showing cheek muscles.
UKC
The skull is flat, tight skinned, and has a slight indentation up the forehead.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Jet black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Well filled up under eyes, tapering.
KC
Jaws level, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Tapering in width slightly from the eyes to the nose, with tight lips.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws level, with perfect and regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, dark and sparkling. Almond-shaped, not prominent.
KC
Relatively small, dark and sparkling. Almond-shaped, not prominent.
UKC
The small bright, sparkling eyes are almond in shape, and set moderately close together. In color, they are as near black as possible.

Ears

:
FCI
Small and V-shaped, carried well above top line of head and hanging close to head above eyes.
KC
Small and V-shaped, carried well above top line of head and hanging close to head above eyes.
UKC
Each variety has specific criteria regarding the ears. Toy: The thin, naturally erect ears are set well up on the skull and rather close together. They are moderately narrow at the base and have pointed tips. The small thin ears may be natural or cropped. If natural, they may be erect or button type. They are wider at the base, tapering to a point. If cropped, they come to a point, are long and carried erect. Standard: The small thin ears may be natural or cropped.

NECK

:
FCI
Fairly long and tapering from shoulder to head and slightly arched at crest; free from throatiness.
KC
Fairly long and tapering from shoulder to head and slightly arched at crest; free from throatiness.
UKC
The clean, slim, graceful, slightly arched neck is of moderate length. It gradually becomes larger as it approaches the shoulders, into which it blends smoothly.

BODY

:
FCI
Short.
KC
Short with well sprung ribs, slightly arched over the loin and cut up behind ribs.
UKC
The body is moderately short. Chest is narrow and deep. Ribs are well sprung. There is a slight arch over the loin, and the croup falls slightly to the set on of the tail. Good tuck-up. Faults: Flat loin or roached back.

Loin

:
FCI
Slightly arched over the loin.

Chest

:
FCI
Well sprung ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Cut up behind ribs.

TAIL

:
FCI
Short and set on where arch of back ends, thick where it joins body, tapering to a point, carried not higher than level of back.
KC
Short and set on where arch of back ends, thick where it joins body, tapering to a point, carried not higher than level of back.
UKC
The moderately short tail is thick where it joins the body and tapers to a point. It is set on at the end of the back arch and is not carried higher than the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Front narrow and deep.
KC
Shoulders clean and well sloped. Front narrow and deep. Forelegs quite straight, set on well under dog; and proportionate length to body.
UKC
The shoulders are clean and sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Clean and well-sloped.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and set well back under the body. Their length from elbow to ground is half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs quite straight, set on well under dog; proportionate length to body.

FEET

:
KC
Small, semi-harefooted and strong with well arched toes.
UKC
Small, and oval in shape, with well-arched toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, semi-harefooted and strong with well arched toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and muscular. Hindlegs neither cow-hocked nor with feet turned in.
KC
Strong and muscular, well bent at stifle. Hindlegs neither cow-hocked nor with feet turned in.
UKC
Strong and muscular.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel when viewed from behind. Stifles are well bent.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Straight, free and balanced with good-reaching forequarters and driving power in hindquarters.
KC
Straight, free and balanced with good-reaching forequarters and driving power in hindquarters.
UKC
Straight and free, with good reach and drive.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Close, smooth, short and glossy, of firm texture.
KC
Close, smooth, short and glossy, of firm texture.
UKC
The smooth, short, glossy coat is thick and dense.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Jet black and rich mahogany tan distributed as follows
On head, muzzle tanned to nose, nose and nasal bone jet black. Small tan spot on each cheek and above each eye, under-jaw and throat tanned with distinct tan V. Legs from knee downward tanned with exception of toes which shall be pencilled with black, a distinct black mark (thumbmark) immediately above feet. Inside hindlegs tanned but divided with black at stifle joint. Under tail tanned, vent tanned by marking as narrow as possible so that it is covered by tail. A slight tan mark on each side of chest. Tan outside hindlegs, commonly called breeching, is undesirable.
In all cases black should not run into tan or vice versa, but division between colours clearly defined.
KC
Jet black and rich mahogany tan distributed as follows: on head, muzzle tanned to nose, nose and nasal bone jet black. Small tan spot on each cheek and above each eye, under-jaw and throat tanned with distinct tan V. Legs from knee downward tanned with exception of toes which shall be pencilled with black, a distinct black mark (thumbmark) immediately above feet. Inside hindlegs tanned but divided with black at stifle joint. Under tail tanned, vent tanned by marking as narrow as possible so that it is covered by tail. A slight tan mark on each side of chest. Tan outside hindlegs, commonly called breeching, is undesirable. In all cases black should not run into tan or vice versa, but division between colours clearly defined.
UKC
The only acceptable color is jet black and rich mahogany tan that are clear and distinct from each other, abruptly forming clear, well-defined lines of color division. Tan markings include: a small spot over each eye; a very small spot on each cheek; on the lips of the upper and lower jaws, to extend under the throat and ending in the shape of the letter V; inside of the ears; under the tail; and on the vent. "Rosettes", tan spots on each side of the chest above the front legs, are more pronounced in puppies than in adults. There are black "thumb mark" patches on the front of each foreleg, between the pastern and the knee. There is a distinct black "pencil mark" line running lengthwise on the top of all toes. The rest of the forelegs are tan to the knee. On the hind legs, the tan continues from the feet penciling up the inside of the legs to a little below the stifle joint. The outside of the legs are black.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at shoulders: dogs: 41cms (16 ins); bitches: 38 cms (15 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males 41 cms. Females 38 cms.

Weight

:
UKC
TOY: Weight in the Toy variety is not to exceed twelve (12) pounds (i.e.-up to and including 12 pounds). STANDARD: Weight in the Standard variety includes dogs weighing more than, but not including, twelve (12) pounds up to, and including, twenty-two (22) pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Eyes: Protruding eyes. Eyes that sink in the skull.
Coat: Soft coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Ears: Wide, flaring, blunt-tipped ("bell") ears.
Color: White on any part of the coat.
Weight: Weight over 22 pounds.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any color other than black and tan.
Color: Any color other than black and tan.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.