Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Pyrenean Sheepdog Long-haired

(Chien de Berger des Pyrénées à Poil Long)

Pyrenean Sheepdog (Long Haired)


ORIGIN

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FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
26.03.2009.
KC
February 2014

UTILISATION

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FCI
Sheepdog used in the farms and pastures of the Pyrenees.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
With working trial

KC
Pastoral

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Revised by Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
Coming from humble beginnings, it was practically unknown to the official dog scene until the early 20th century. Its type varies considerably from one valley to the next, its shape, its coat can be very different, but its character and behaviour never vary. The first official standard was drawn up between 1921 and 1925 by Mr. Bernard Sénac-Lagrange. It was first modified under his presidency and then under those of Messrs. Charles Duconte (1954-1986), Guy Mansencal (1986-2000) and Alain Pécoult (since 2000-…) in close collaboration with Raymond Triquet since 2001.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
Dog displaying a maximum of nervous energy in a minimum of size and weight. An ever alert physiognomy, a knowing air combined with great liveliness of movement give this dog a characteristic appearance unlike any other.
KC
Energetic, small sheepdog. Medium to long coated with windswept appearance. Alert and lean with racy outline. Body slightly longer than height at withers.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

Skull is about as long as wide.
Muzzle is shorter than skull in ratio muzzle 2, skull 3.
Length of body is greater than height at withers.
Distance from elbow to ground is greater than half height at withers.
KC
Highly intelligent, strong herding instinct. Tremendous energy and stamina for size.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
It is a courageous, resourceful little dog, showing initiative ant totally devoted to its master. It is headstrong by nature and firm control is usually needed to channel its energy and bring out the best of its intelligence liveliness. It is often wary of strangers.
KC
Alert, lively, mischievous and inquiring, but may be wary of strangers. Neither nervous nor aggressive.

HEAD

:
FCI
Triangular in shape.
KC
Head almost triangular when viewed from above. Ratio of muzzle length to skull length 2:3. Length of skull equal to its widest point, almost flat on top with a slight central furrow and occiput very slightly pronounced. Side of skull slightly rounded, muzzle tapering evenly to nose. Foreface and skull almost parallel with minimal stop. Nose black with open nostrils. Lips and roof of mouth darkly pigmented.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Moderately developed, almost flat, with a scarcely noticeable central furrow, harmoniously rounded on the sides, showing a very slight occipital protuberance. Approximately as long as it is wide. Front section slopes gently to the muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Scarcely discernible.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

:
FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Straight, a little shorter than the skull, tapering like a wedge but without a pointed tip.
KC
Strong teeth, scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Not very thick, covering the lower jaw completely and showing no apparent corners. Edges and palate are black or heavily marked with black.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Complete dentition. Strong canines. Scissor bite (upper incisors covering lower incisors without loss of contact). Pincer bite (edge to edge) is tolerated.

Eyes

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FCI
Expressive, slightly almond-shaped and dark brown. Neither protruding nor sunken. Wall eyes are accepted in dogs having blue with black mottling (harlequin or slate grey) coats of which they are almost always a characteristic.
Eye rims are black whatever the coat colour.
KC
Expressive, almond to oval in shape, wide open, not bulging or sunken. Dark brown, but one or both may be blue or flecked blue in merle coloured dogs. Eye rims black. Eyes never obscured by coat.

Ears

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FCI
They must be rather short, moderately broad at the base and not set too close to each other at the top of the skull, but not set too far apart either. They are triangular, fine and ending in a point; dropped, flat and very mobile. When alert, seen from the front, the top edge notably prolongs the transversal line of the skull. They may also be half-pricked; in which case the lower part must be pricked and mobile, and ideally the top third or half of the ear should fall forward to the front or the side, symmetrically for both ears.
KC
Fairly short, triangular, fine and moderately wide at the base. Placed on top of head but neither too close nor wide apart. Bottom part of the ear erect and mobile with top ideally hanging forward or to the side when alert but laid back in repose.

NECK

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FCI
Rather long and muscled, springing well up from shoulders.
KC
Rather long, muscular, and set well into shoulder.

BODY

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FCI
The bone structure is strong without heaviness, muscle is lean.
KC
Lean, strong and muscular without heaviness. Ribs slightly rounded and extending well back. Brisket reaching to elbow. Length of foreleg greater than depth of body. Loin short, strong and slightly arched.

Topline

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FCI
Well-supported.

Withers

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FCI
Prominent.

Back

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FCI
Rather long and strong.

Loin

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FCI
Short, slightly arched, but seems more so because coat is often thicker on hindquarters and croup.

Croup

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FCI
Fairly short and rather oblique.

Chest

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FCI
Moderately developed, reaching to elbow. The ribs are slightly rounded

Flank

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FCI
Scarcely descending.

TAIL

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FCI
Well fringed, not very long, set rather low and with a hooked tip. When the dog is alert, the tail should, in general, hardly rise above the topline, however it may curve forward. In countries where this practice is not forbidden by law, some dogs are docked. A rudimentary tail is permitted.
KC
Lean, rather flat, oval shape. Dark pads and nails, well furred between pads.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Upright, lean, sinewy, well-fringed.
KC
Forelegs lean, sinewy and straight when seen from front with single dewclaws. From side, pasterns slope gently and are flexible. Shoulders fairly long and well angulated with upper arm well laid back. Withers prominent.

Shoulder

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FCI
Rather long, moderately oblique.

Upper Arm

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FCI
Oblique and moderately long.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight.

Carpus (wrist)

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FCI
Noticeable wrist joint.

Pastern

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FCI
Pasterns (Metacarpus): Slightly oblique seen from the side.

FEET

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KC
Lean, rather flat, oval shape. Dark pads and nails, well furred between pads.

Forefeet

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FCI
Lean, fairly flat, of a definite oval shape. Dark pads. Small hard nails covered by hair which is also found under the foot, between the pads.

Hind feet

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FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Rather closed angulation. Semi-long coated dogs have no fringing on limbs.
KC
Croup short and sloping to fairly low set tail. Thigh strong and well muscled, second thigh well developed and long with well angulated stifle. Hocks low set. May sometimes stand close behind. Single or double dewclaws are acceptable as is their absence.

Thigh

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FCI
Not very long, moderately oblique, strong, well-defined muscle.

Stifle

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FCI
Well-angulated and parallel to the body.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Rather long and oblique.

Hock

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FCI
Lean, set low, well angulated, hocks are sometimes a little close.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Perpendicular to the ground or very slightly oblique from back to front. Single or double dewclaws are acceptable on hind legs as is their absence.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Walking, the Pyrenean Sheepdog has a rather short stride. The trot, preferred pace of the Pyrenean Sheepdog should be free and vigorous. At a gentle trot, the head is carried fairly high, when the speed increases, the head is in line with the back. The feet are never raised high, the movement is flowing, the dog skims over the ground.
KC
Walks with fairly short strides, trots freely with vigour. Smooth gait, feet never raised very high. At a gentle trot, the head is carried fairly high; when speed increases, the head is carried in line with the back. Good angulation ensures effortless gait.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thin, often marbled with dark patches, irrespective of coat-colour.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI

Long, or semi-long, but always dense, almost flat or slightly wavy, thicker and woollier on the croup and thighs, texture somewhere between goat’s hair and sheep’s wool. In some dogs the mixture of coarse and woolly hair can produce sorts of strands or cords called “cadenettes" and sometimes matted or felted hair called “matelotes” which overlap like tiles on the croup. “Cadenettes” can be found on the chest and the forelegs at elbow level. The muzzle has shorter, less dense hair.
On the end of the muzzle, and sometimes along the whole muzzle, it is laid flat and set from front to back. On the sides as well as on the cheeks, the hair is longer and brushed up in a windswept way from front to back. Eyes must be clearly visible and not covered by hair.
KC
Long or semi long. Fairly harsh, dense almost flat or slightly wavy, denser and more woolly on rump and thighs. In some dogs the mixture of coarse and woolly hair can produce cords or felted mats. Hair on muzzle short, longer on face and cheeks, where it grows away from the nose and eyes. Semi long coats have shorter hair with fringing on forelegs and short hair below the hocks.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Fawn, lighter or darker, overlaid with black or not and sometimes with a little white on the chest and on the limbs; grey, lighter or darker, often with some white on the head, chest and limbs; blue with black mottling (harlequin or slate blue).
There are also brindle, black coats and or black with white markings (limited spotting). Solid colours are preferred.
KC
Various shades of fawn may be overlaid with black. There may be a little white on the chest and feet. Light to dark grey, often with white on the head, chest and legs. Blue merle, brindle, black or black and white. Solid colours are preferred. Large areas of white, predominance of white or black and tan undesirable.

SIZE

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KC
Height: Dogs 42 – 48 cms (16.5 – 19 ins); Bitches: 40 – 46 cms (16 – 18 ins). A tolerance of + or – 2cms allowed.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males from 42 cm to 48 cm.
Females from 40 cm to 46 cm.
A tolerance of + or - 2 cm is allowed for perfectly typed specimens.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

General appearance: Heavy dog, not very active. Head: Ogival skull, rounded forehead, stop too much pronounced or non existent.
Muzzle: Square or rectangular, lack of pigmentation on nose or lips.
Eyes: Light or of wild expression. Lack of pigmentation on the eyerims.
Tail: Tail curled on or over the loin; “squirrel tail” (carried horizontally over the back); fused vertebrae.
Coat: Too abundant on the head, especially when it covers the eyes and on the muzzle when it looks like a griffon’s moustache. Poor texture, soft, wiry, curly or frizzy. Coat lacking density or thickness.
Colour: White covering more than one third of the coat. Harlequin coat lacking contrast between grey and black or having fawn glints. Very diluted coat colour. Black coat with tan on head and on limbs (black marked with fawn).

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

Behaviour / Temperament: Aggressive or overly shy.
Nose and eyelids: Any colour other than perfectly black.
Jaws: Over or under-shot, or any malformation of the jaws. Absence of more than 2 teeth (except PM 1). The presence of canines and carnassial teeth (PM4 upper jaw & M1 lower jaw) is obligatory.
Ears: Naturally erect ears.
Eyes: Wall-eyes for any dogs other than blue with black mottling (harlequin or slate-grey). Flesh colour on the eye-rims. Light yellow eyes.
Tail: Limp, hanging vertically.
Coat: Curly.
Colour: White or colour not stipulated in standard; white covering more than 1/3 of coat in black dogs.
Size: Outside the limits.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.