Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Little Lion Dog

(Petit Chien Lion)

Little Lion Dog

(Lowchen)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.03.2004.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.3Bichons and related breeds, Petit chien lion
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Jennifer Mulholland with the collaboration of R. Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In the Amiens Cathedral, the construction of which dates back to the XIII° century, one can see, carved in stone, two Lowchen which perfectly represent the breed. In the XV° century its distinctive silhouette was often depicted in tapestries. The breed was cherished by the ladies of the court of Burgundy. It was especially in the 17th century that the breed was represented in old masterpieces. Buffon describes it very precisely in his “Histoire Naturelle”, stressing its rarity. At the same period the Swedish naturalist, Linné also mentions it. The Lowchen was once called “Bichon Little Lion Dog”. The French Breed Club was founded November 18th, 1947.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A small intelligent dog, gay with a lively and alert expression; overall robust with good bone- short and well proportioned body- head carried high – pronounced tuck-up. The movement is proud and determined, accentuated by the floating mane from the lion clip; the unclipped areas should be completely natural and on no account should they be shaped.
The lion clip is obligatory for showing.
KC
Coat clipped in traditional lion clip, tail also clipped, topped with plume, giving appearance of a little lion. Strongly built, active, well balanced and alert.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The body is square. The length of the body (point of shoulder to point of buttock) is equal to the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle represents approximately 2/3 of the skull.
KC
Gay, happy, lively little dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very affectionate and obedient with its masters, attentive and receptive, at ease in all circumstances; capable of being calm and discreet on command. His forthright and tender look tries to understand what is expected of him.
KC
Intelligent, affectionate showing no sign of aggression.

HEAD

:
FCI
Relatively short and quite broad from the top of the skull to the muzzle; carried high.
KC
Short, fairly broad. Skull flat between the ears, head carried proud and high. Well defined stop; short, strong muzzle.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Relatively flat as broad as it is long.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderately marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black (total pigmentation is obligatory), except for brown coats and derivatives. In the latter case, the nose is dark brown (total pigmentation obligatory). The nose is well in line with the topline of the muzzle.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rather broad, straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight and black, except for brown coats and derivatives, in which case, the lips are dark brown.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong teeth, complete dentition with scissor bite. Absence of the PM1 is tolerated.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set well forward, the eyes are large, very dark, round and well spaced; must be forward looking. The lids are totally pigmented.
KC
Round, dark, relatively large and intelligent. Unbroken pigmentation of eye rims, pigment to be in accordance with coat colour.

Ears

:
FCI
Set low (level with eyes). Moderately long, capable of almost reaching, if pulled, half the length of the muzzle; pendant, well fringed. The fringes can reach, at least, to the end of the nose.
KC
Ears pendant, of moderate length with long fringing.

NECK

:
FCI
Of good length, slightly arched, merging smoothly into the shoulders and withers.
KC
Good length, proudly arched.

BODY

:
KC
Short, strong and well proportioned. Level topline. Ribs well sprung. Strong loin with moderate tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad and muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed, down to elbow.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tuck-up: Well defined.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on slightly below the topline. Carried elegantly arched over the back without touching the latter. Only the plume touches the back either when standing or in action.
KC
Medium length, clipped with tuft of hair to resemble a plume. Carried gaily on move.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright.
KC
Forequarters Shoulders well laid. Forelegs straight with round bone, not too fine.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well inclined, mobile, well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and straight viewed from front; slightly sloping viewed from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small and round, toes tight and well arched.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright.
KC
Hindlegs well muscled. Good turn of stifle without exaggeration; straight when viewed from the rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well muscled, the tibia is the same length as the femur. The point of buttock is slightly prominent.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Relatively strong, the point is at approximately ¼ of the height at the withers, normal angulation.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Robust, perpendicular to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Lively, energetic and with good reach; legs parallel in action, head carried proudly.
KC
Free, parallel movement fore and aft, no hackneyed action.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat is silky, long, wavy, dense; without undercoat.
KC
Fairly long, wavy, never curly. Single coat of silky texture.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours and combinations of colours are permitted.
KC
Any colour or combination of colours permissible.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers 25-33 cms (10-13 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
26 to 32 cm at the withers, with a tolerance of +/- 1 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
6 kgs approximately.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Total or partial depigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids or other colour than black, or other colour than dark brown for brown coats and derivatives.
Turned up nose.
Absence of one or more incisives or canines.
Non consecutive absence of more than two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4).
Consecutive absence of two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4).
Absence of a carnassial tooth (upper PM4, lower M1) or of another molar except for M3.
Overshot or undershot.
Eyes small, almond shaped, protruding, too light or wall.
Entropion, ectropion.
Ears not long enough or without fringe.
Tail curled in a ring.
Coat curly, too short, lack of waves.
Severe anatomical malformation.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.