Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Little Lion Dog

(Petit Chien Lion)

Little Lion Dog

(Lowchen)

Lowchen


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.03.2004.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.3Bichons and related breeds, Petit chien lion
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Jennifer Mulholland with the collaboration of R. Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In the Amiens Cathedral, the construction of which dates back to the XIII° century, one can see, carved in stone, two Lowchen which perfectly represent the breed. In the XV° century its distinctive silhouette was often depicted in tapestries. The breed was cherished by the ladies of the court of Burgundy. It was especially in the 17th century that the breed was represented in old masterpieces. Buffon describes it very precisely in his “Histoire Naturelle”, stressing its rarity. At the same period the Swedish naturalist, Linné also mentions it. The Lowchen was once called “Bichon Little Lion Dog”. The French Breed Club was founded November 18th, 1947.
UKC
The Lowchen is a very old breed, having been established as far back as the 1500's in Europe, specifically in Spain, France and Germany. The Lowchen was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A small intelligent dog, gay with a lively and alert expression; overall robust with good bone- short and well proportioned body- head carried high – pronounced tuck-up. The movement is proud and determined, accentuated by the floating mane from the lion clip; the unclipped areas should be completely natural and on no account should they be shaped.
The lion clip is obligatory for showing.
KC
Coat clipped in traditional lion clip, tail also clipped, topped with plume, giving appearance of a little lion. Strongly built, active, well balanced and alert.
UKC
The Lowchen is a small, bright, lively dog that originated as a companion breed in pre-Renaissance Europe where ladies of the court groomed it in the likeness of a little lion. The body is approximately square when properly balanced.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The body is square. The length of the body (point of shoulder to point of buttock) is equal to the height at the withers. The length of the muzzle represents approximately 2/3 of the skull.
KC
Gay, happy, lively little dog.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very affectionate and obedient with its masters, attentive and receptive, at ease in all circumstances; capable of being calm and discreet on command. His forthright and tender look tries to understand what is expected of him.
KC
Intelligent, affectionate showing no sign of aggression.
UKC
The Lowchen is alert, intelligent, and affectionate, with the overall qualities of a loving companion dog. It has a lively, outgoing, and inquisitive personality.

HEAD

:
FCI
Relatively short and quite broad from the top of the skull to the muzzle; carried high.
KC
Short, fairly broad. Skull flat between the ears, head carried proud and high. Well defined stop; short, strong muzzle.
UKC
Relatively short and broad, carried high.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Relatively flat as broad as it is long.
UKC
The skull is flat and broad, the same length as width. It joins the muzzle at a moderate stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderately marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black (total pigmentation is obligatory), except for brown coats and derivatives. In the latter case, the nose is dark brown (total pigmentation obligatory). The nose is well in line with the topline of the muzzle.
UKC
The nose is set in line with the topline of the muzzle. It must be fully pigmented and black in color, except in the brown-coated dogs, when it is dark brown.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rather broad, straight.
KC
Jaws strong, with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is about two-thirds the length of the skull. It is fairly broad, and straight, with tight lips that are black, except in the dogs with brown coats, when they are dark brown.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight and black, except for brown coats and derivatives, in which case, the lips are dark brown.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong teeth, complete dentition with scissor bite. Absence of the PM1 is tolerated.
UKC
A full complement of strong, rather large, well spaced, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. Missing first premolars are not to be faulted. Any other missing teeth are serious faults, as are overshot and undershot bites.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set well forward, the eyes are large, very dark, round and well spaced; must be forward looking. The lids are totally pigmented.
KC
Round, dark, relatively large and intelligent. Unbroken pigmentation of eye rims, pigment to be in accordance with coat colour.
UKC
The eyes are set well into the skull. They are large and rather round in shape. They are set well apart and forward-looking. They are dark in color and the eye rims are fully pigmented. The expression is attentive and tender.

Ears

:
FCI
Set low (level with eyes). Moderately long, capable of almost reaching, if pulled, half the length of the muzzle; pendant, well fringed. The fringes can reach, at least, to the end of the nose.
KC
Ears pendant, of moderate length with long fringing.
UKC
The ears are pendant, well fringed, and set on level with the eye. In length, they reach nearly to the middle of the muzzle when pulled forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Of good length, slightly arched, merging smoothly into the shoulders and withers.
KC
Good length, proudly arched.
UKC
The slightly arched neck is of good length and fits smoothly into the shoulders and backline.

BODY

:
KC
Short, strong and well proportioned. Level topline. Ribs well sprung. Strong loin with moderate tuck-up.
UKC
The distance from the prosternum to the end of the pelvis is approximately equal to the distance from the withers to the ground. The backline is level from withers to tailset. The chest is deep to the elbow. The loin is short and strong. There is a well-defined tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad and muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed, down to elbow.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tuck-up: Well defined.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on slightly below the topline. Carried elegantly arched over the back without touching the latter. Only the plume touches the back either when standing or in action.
KC
Medium length, clipped with tuft of hair to resemble a plume. Carried gaily on move.
UKC
The tail is set moderately high. It is carried elegantly over the back, but the tip never touches the back, only the tail plume touches the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright.
KC
Forequarters Shoulders well laid. Forelegs straight with round bone, not too fine.
UKC
The moderately long shoulders are sloping, well muscled, and have free action.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well inclined, mobile, well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are of good length, perfectly straight, and the elbows are held close to the body. The round bone is medium in size, and the pasterns are short and slightly sloping. The dewclaws may be removed.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and straight viewed from front; slightly sloping viewed from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Small, round.
UKC
Small and round, with tight, well-arched toes. A splayed foot is to be penalized.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small and round, toes tight and well arched.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Upright.
KC
Hindlegs well muscled. Good turn of stifle without exaggeration; straight when viewed from the rear.
UKC
The pelvic bone is moderately long, projecting beyond the set of the tail. It is set at an approximate 45-degree angle from a perfectly horizontal line.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well muscled, the tibia is the same length as the femur. The point of buttock is slightly prominent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The well-muscled upper and lower thighs are of approximately equal length, and have medium bone. The hocks are well let down and have normal angulation. The rear pasterns are strong and perpendicular to the ground. Rear dewclaws should be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Relatively strong, the point is at approximately ¼ of the height at the withers, normal angulation.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Robust, perpendicular to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Lively, energetic and with good reach; legs parallel in action, head carried proudly.
KC
Free, parallel movement fore and aft, no hackneyed action.
UKC
Lively, upstanding, with good reach and high head carriage. The legs are parallel in action.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The coat is silky, long, wavy, dense; without undercoat.
KC
Fairly long, wavy, never curly. Single coat of silky texture.
UKC
Silky, long, dense and wavy, without undercoat. TRIM - The Lowchen is customarily shown in the Lion Trim. The coat is clipped to about one-eighth of an inch from the ribs back to, and including, the hindquarters. A ruff, or mane, that just covers to the last rib is left. The front legs are clipped from the elbow to a point just above the knee, which is equal to the same distance from the ground to the hock joint. The hindquarters are clipped to the hock joint. This leaves cuffs of hair on all four legs. The tail is clipped from the base to approximately one-half way from the tip, leaving a plume at the end of the tail. The feet are clipped to the dewclaws. The coat is left at natural length on the head, neck, shoulders, and forward body. These unclipped areas must be completely untrimmed. On no account should the unclipped areas be smoothed, shortened, shaped, or otherwise tidied.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours and combinations of colours are permitted.
KC
Any colour or combination of colours permissible.
UKC
All colors and color combinations are acceptable, with no preference given to any.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers 25-33 cms (10-13 ins).
UKC
The preferred height range is from 10 to 12½ inches, measured at the withers. The approximate weight is 13 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
26 to 32 cm at the withers, with a tolerance of +/- 1 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
6 kgs approximately.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Eyes: Functional abnormalities of the eyelids (entropion, ectropion).
Tail: Ring tail.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Total or partial depigmentation of the nose, lips and eyelids or other colour than black, or other colour than dark brown for brown coats and derivatives.
Turned up nose.
Absence of one or more incisives or canines.
Non consecutive absence of more than two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4).
Consecutive absence of two teeth (PM2, PM3, lower PM4).
Absence of a carnassial tooth (upper PM4, lower M1) or of another molar except for M3.
Overshot or undershot.
Eyes small, almond shaped, protruding, too light or wall.
Entropion, ectropion.
Ears not long enough or without fringe.
Tail curled in a ring.
Coat curly, too short, lack of waves.
Severe anatomical malformation.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Any trimming other than indicated. Any shaping or scissoring of the long coat. Albinism.
Coat: Any trimming other than indicated. Any shaping or scissoring of the long coat.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.