Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Lhasa Apso

Lhasa Apso

Lhasa Apso


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Tibet.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
18.03.2015.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Toy Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 5Tibetan breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Lhasa Apso comes from Tibet where many live at high altitudes and the climate can be severe. He has to be a hardy little dog to withstand these conditions, and this has had a great influence on his development. His long, hard coat with its dense undercoat acts as insulation during winter, and the fall of hair over his eyes protects them from the wind, dust and glare.
The Apso is one of several Eastern breeds to come to the West. The first Apsos arrived in Britain in the early 1920s and were being shown in London soon after. When they were first seen in Britain they were confused with other shaggy Oriental dogs and all were labelled ‘Lhasa Terriers’. Later a distinction was made, especially between the Apso and the Tibetan Terrier which is thought to have been behind the early Apsos. A breed club for the Lhasa Apso was established in Britain in 1933.
UKC
The Lhasa Apso originated in Tibet, where documentation on the breed exists from as far back as 800 B.C. They were, and still are, valued as a companion and watchdog. Originally, the dogs were kept as good luck talismans and were never sold but given away as gifts to those who the lamas held in high esteem. The Lhasa Apso was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1975.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Well balanced, sturdy, heavily coated, without excess.
KC
Well balanced, sturdy, heavily coated, without excess.
UKC
The Lhasa Apso is a small, well balanced, sturdy and heavily coated breed. It is rectangular in outline.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length from point of shoulders to point of buttocks greater than height at withers.
KC
Gay and assertive.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Gay and assertive. Alert, steady but somewhat aloof with strangers.
KC
Alert, steady but somewhat aloof with strangers.
UKC
The Lhasa Apso is gay and assertive, but cautious of strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
Head furnishings with fall over eyes; but not affecting the dog’s ability to see, good whiskers and beard.
KC
Head furnishings with fall over eyes, but not effecting the dog's ability to see, good whiskers and beard. Skull moderately narrow, falling away behind eyes, not quite flat, but not domed or apple headed. Straight foreface with medium stop. Nose black. Muzzle about 4 cms (11/2 ins), but not square; length from tip of nose roughly one third total length from nose to back of skull.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately narrow, falling away behind eyes, not quite flat, but not domed or apple headed.
UKC
The narrow skull falls away behind the eyes. It is not flat, but on the other hand is not domed nor apple-shaped. It joins the muzzle at a moderate stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Medium.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
About 4cms, but not square; length from tip of nose roughly one third of total length from nose to back of skull. Foreface straight.
KC
Upper incisors close just inside lower i.e. reverse scissor bite. Incisors in a broad and as straight a line as possible. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
The foreface is straight, but not square, and about 1½ inches in length. The length, measured from the tip of the nose to the eyes, is roughly about one-third of the total length of the head, measured from the nose to the back of the skull. The teeth must not show when the mouth is closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Upper incisors close just inside lower i.e. reverse scissor bite. Incisors in a broad and as straight a line as possible. Full dentition desirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a level or slightly undershot bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark. Medium size, frontally placed, oval, neither large nor full, nor small and sunk. No white showing at base or top.
KC
Dark. Medium size, frontally placed, oval, neither large nor full, nor small and sunk. No white showing at base or top.
UKC
Dark in color, medium size, and forward placed in the skull. They are oval in shape, with no white showing.

Ears

:
FCI
Pendant, heavily feathered.
KC
Pendant, heavily feathered.
UKC
The pendant type ears are heavily feathered.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong and well arched.
KC
Strong and well arched.
UKC
Strong, and well-arched.

BODY

:
FCI
Balanced and compact.
KC
Length from point of shoulders to point of buttocks greater than height at withers. Ribs extending well back. Level topline. Strong loin. Balanced and compact.
UKC
Longer than tall, yet well-balanced and compact. The topline is level, and the ribs extend well back in the body to a strong loin.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Ribs extending well back.

TAIL

:
FCI
High set, carried well over back but not like a pot-hook. Often a kink at end. Well feathered.
KC
High-set, carried well over back but not like a pot-hook. Often a kink at end. Well feathered.
UKC
The well-feathered tail is high set and carried over the back. There may be a kink at the end.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders well laid back. Forelegs straight, heavily furnished with hair.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight, and heavily furnished with hair.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs straight, heavily furnished with hair.

FEET

:
KC
Round, cat-like with firm pads. Well feathered.
UKC
The round, cat-like feet have firm pads, and are well feathered.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, cat-like with firm pads. Well feathered.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well developed with good muscle. Good angulations. Heavily furnished with hair.
KC
Well developed with good muscle. Good angulation. Heavily furnished with hair. Hocks when viewed from behind parallel and not too close together.
UKC
Muscular, and well-developed.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Muscular and nicely angulated. Viewed from behind, the rear pasterns are parallel and not too close to one another.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks when viewed from behind parallel and not too close together.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free and jaunty.
KC
Free and jaunty.
UKC
Easy, free, and jaunty.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Top coat long, heavy, straight, hard neither woolly nor silky. Moderate undercoat. Coat never impeding action.
KC
Top coat long, heavy, straight, hard neither woolly nor silky. Moderate undercoat. Coat never impeding action.
UKC
The heavy, very dense, hard topcoat is straight and of good length. There is moderate undercoat. The head furnishings are very heavy, with a good fall over the eyes, good whiskers and a beard. Legs, forequarters, hindquarters and neck are heavily furnished.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Golden, sandy, honey, dark grizzle, slate, smoke, parti-colour, black, white or brownish. All equally acceptable.
KC
Golden, sandy, honey, dark grizzle, slate, smoke, parti-colour, black, white or brown. All equally acceptable.
UKC
All colors are acceptable. Dark tips on the ears and beard may or may not be present.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 25cms (10 ins) at shoulders; bitches slightly smaller.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males 25 cms, females slightly smaller.
UKC
Heights are variable, but the desired height at the withers is about ten inches for males, with females being slightly smaller.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Coat: Woolly coat. Silky coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.