Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Leonberger

Leonberger


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.01.1996.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watch, Companion and Family Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C. Seidler, revised by Mrs E.Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
At the end of the thirties, beginning of the forties of the 19th century, Heinrich Essig, town Councillor in Leonberg near Stuttgart, crossed a black and white Newfoundland bitch with a so-called “Barry” male from the monastery hospice Grand St.Bernhard. Later a Pyrenean Mountain Dog was added. This resulted in very large dogs with predominantly long, white coats. Essig’s aim was for a lion-like dog. The lion is the heraldic animal of the city of Leonberg.
The first dogs really called “Leonbergers” were born in 1846. They combined the excellent qualities of the breeds from which they stemmed.
Only a short time later, many of these dogs were sold as status symbols from Leonberg all over the world. At the end of the 19th century, the Leonberger was kept in Baden-Württemberg as the preferred farm dog. His watch and draft abilities were much praised.
In both World Wars and the needy post war times, the numbers of breeding stock reduced dramatically. Today the Leonberger is an excellent family dog which fulfills all the demands of modern life.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
According to his original purpose, the Leonberger is a large, strong, muscular yet elegant dog. He is distinguished by his balanced build and confident calmness, yet with quite lively temperament. Males, in particular, are powerful and strong.
KC
Large, strong, muscular yet elegant. Confident, calm and lively. Males in particular should be powerful and strong.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Height at the withers to length of body 9 to 10. The depth of chest is nearly 50% of the height at withers.
KC
Amenable, intelligent and fearless companion; distinguished by his friendliness.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
As a family dog, the Leonberger is an agreeable partner for present day dwelling and living conditions, who can be taken anywhere without difficulty and is distinguished by his marked friendliness towards children. He is neither shy nor aggressive. As a companion, he is agreeable, obedient and fearless in all situations of life. The following are particular requirements of steady temperament Self assurance and superior composure. Medium temperament (including playfulness). Willing to be submissive. Good capacity for learning and remembering. Insensitive to noise.
KC
Self-assured and playful. Neither timid nor aggressive.

HEAD

:
FCI
On the whole deeper than broad and elongated rather than stocky. Proportion of length of muzzle to length of skull about 1 to 1. Skin close fitting all over, no wrinkles.
KC
Head in balance with body and limbs. Strong but not heavy, elongated rather than stocky. Proportion of muzzle to skull equal. No wrinkles. Skull in profile and seen from the front slightly arched. The back part of the skull not substantially broader than at the eyes. Medium stop. Nose black. Cheeks only moderately developed, muzzle moderately tapered but never snipey. Nasal bridge of even breadth and slightly arched (roman nose).

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
In profile and seen from the front, slightly arched. In balance with body and limbs, it is strong but not heavy. The skull at its back part is not substantially broader than near the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly recognisable but moderately defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Rather long, never running to a point; nasal bridge of even breadth, never dipped, rather slightly arched (roman nose).
KC
Strong jaws with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, level bite tolerated. Teeth evenly placed and vertical in the jaw, with complete dentition. No constriction of the canines in the lower jaw. Lips close fitting, black, corner of lips closed.

Lips

:
FCI
Close fitting, black, corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth without any gap, and teeth set square to the jaw with 42 sound teeth according to the dentition formula (missing M3 tolerated). Pincer bite is accepted; no constriction at the canines in the lower jaw.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Only slightly developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Light brown to as dark brown as possible, medium size, oval, neither deep set, nor protruding, neither too close together nor too wide apart. Eyelids close fitting, not showing any conjunctiva. The white of the eye (the visible part of the sclera) not reddened.
KC
Neither deep set nor protruding, of medium size. Oval in shape with kind expression. Medium to dark brown in colour. Eyelids close fitting, showing no haw.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high and not far back, pendant, of medium size, hanging close to the head, fleshy.
KC
Set on high and not too far back, pendant, medium sized, hanging close to the side of the head, fleshy with rounded tips, well feathered.

NECK

:
FCI
Running in a slight curve without break to the withers. Somewhat long rather than stocky, without throatiness or dewlap.
KC
Strong, flowing into the withers in a slight arch, without throatiness. Moderately long, no dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Height at the withers to length of body in ratio of 9 to 10 (measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock). Depth of chest approximately 50% of height at withers, which should be pronounced, especially in males. Moderate forechest. Chest broad, deep, reaching at least to the elbows. Oval, not barrel chested. Back firm and straight with broad loins, strong and well muscled. Moderately sloping croup with relatively long, broad rump, gently rounded. Rump never higher than withers. Slight tuck up.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced, specially in males.

Back

:
FCI
Firm, straight, broad.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad, strong, well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, relatively long, gently rounded, flowing to merge with tail set on; never overbuilt.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep, reaching at least to the level of the elbows. Not too barrel shaped, more oval.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Only slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Very well furnished; while standing, it hangs down straight; also in movement it is only slightly curved and if at all possible should not be carried above the prolongation of the topline.
KC
Well furnished, straight, reaching at least to hock. On the move, tail slightly curved, not carried above level of back. Never forming a ring.

LIMBS

:
FCI
Very strong, specially in males.

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight, parallel and not too close.
KC
Shoulders well laid, elbows close fitting. Forelegs straight, well boned and not too close. Shoulder and upper arm long, sloping and well muscled. Pasterns strong, firm and straight when seen from front, almost vertical seen from side.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulders - Upper arm: Long, sloping, forming a not too blunt angle, well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, firm; seen from the front, straight; almost vertical, seen from the side.

FEET

:
KC
Tight and rounded with well arched toes. Front feet pointing directly forwards. Pads black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Straight (turning neither in nor out), rounded, tight, toes well arched; black pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Standing straight, only slightly longish. Toes arched, pads black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the rear, position of the hind legs not too close, parallel. Hocks and feet turned neither in nor out.
Pelvis: Slanting.
KC
Legs set not too close together and parallel when seen from rear. Well muscled, long, slanting upper thigh. Moderate bend of stifle. Hocks strong, angle between lower thigh and rear pastern well defined, turned neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Rather long, slanting, strongly muscled. Upper and lower thigh form a distinct angle.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Strong, distinct angle between lower thigh and rear pastern.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Ground covering even movement in all gaits. Extending well in front with good drive from the hindquarters. Seen from front and behind the limbs move in a straight line when walking or trotting.
KC
Ground covering, even movement in all gaits maintaining a level topline. Extending well in front with good drive from hindquarters. Seen from front and behind, legs move in a straight line when walking or trotting.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Medium soft to coarse, profusely long, close fitting, never parted, with the shape of the whole body be visible despite the thick undercoat. Straight, slight wave still permitted; forming a mane on neck and chest, specially in males; distinct feathering on front legs and ample breeches on hind legs.
KC
Double coated, medium soft to harsh, fairly long, close fitting. Never with a parting and not obscuring the outline despite the thick undercoat. Straight or slight wave permitted. Mane on neck and chest, especially in the males. Distinct feathering on front legs and ample breeches on hindlegs.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Lion yellow, red, reddish brown, also sandy (pale yellow, cream coloured) and all combinations in between, always with a black mask. Black hair tips are permitted; however, black must not determine the dog’s basic colour.
Lightening up of the basic colour on the underside of the tail, the mane, the feathering on the front legs and the breeches on the hind legs must not be so pronounced as to interfere with the harmony of the main colour. A small white patch or stripe on the chest and white hairs on the toes are tolerated.
KC
Lion gold, red, reddish brown, sandy (fawn or cream) and all combinations in between, always with a black mask. Black hair tips are permitted. Black must not dominate basic colour. Lighter colour on underside of tail, mane, feathering on front legs and breeches on hindlegs normal, but must not be pronounced. A small white patch or stripe on the chest and white hair on the toes tolerated.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers: Dogs 72-80cms (28¼-31½ ins); Bitches 65-75cms (25½ -29½ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 72 to 80 cm (recommended average 76 cm).
Bitches 65 to 75 cm (recommended average 70 cm).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Shy or aggressive dogs.
Severe anatomical faults (i.e. pronounced cow hocks, pronounced roach back, bad swayback; front feet turning out extremely. Totally insufficient angulation of shoulder, elbow, stifle or hock joints.
Brown nose leather.
Very strong lack of pigment in lips.
Absence of teeth (with the exception of M3). Over- or undershot or other faults in mouth.
Eyes without any brown.
Entropion, ectropion.
Distinct ring tail or too highly curled up tail.
Brown pads.
Cords or strong curls.
Faulty colours (brown with brown nose and brown pads; black and tan; black; silver; wild-coat colour).
Complete lack of mask.
Too much white (reaching from toes onto pasterns), white on chest larger than palm of hand, white in other places).
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.