Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Lapponian Herder

(Lapinporokoira)

Lapponian Herder

(Lapinporokoira)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
12.03.1999.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Reindeer herder.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 3Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Without working trial

UKC
Herding Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Finnish Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
For hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of the same type as Lapponian Herder as reindeer herders. Acceptance to the breed register was started in the 1950’s. At that time the modern Finnish Lapphund and the Lapponian Herder were still recognized as the same breed. The Lapponian Herder was separated into its own breed 10.12.1966, as it had been noted that two different reindeer herding breeds existed.
UKC
The Lapponian Herder originated in Finland, where for hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of this sort for herding reindeer. Once grouped together as a breed with the Finnish Lapphund, the Lapponian Herder was separated into its own breed in 1966. The Lapponian Herder was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A herding spitz, medium sized, clearly longer than the height at the withers. The bone and muscles are strong. The dog is muscular, however must not give the impression of being heavy. The sex should be clearly stamped. The coat is suitably adapted for the arctic climate.
UKC
A medium-sized, spitz-like breed, clearly longer than tall, with strong but not heavy bone and musculature, and a coat that withstands the arctic climate. The sex of the dog should be readily apparent by visual examination.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body is about 10% longer than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is about half of the height at the withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Docile, calm, friendly, energetic and willing to serve. Barks readily when working.
UKC
Docile, calm, friendly, energetic and willing to work, the Lapponian Herder barks freely when working.

HEAD

:
FCI
Elongated; the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull.
UKC
Typical spitz type head, with the muzzle shorter than the skull and a sloping stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Only slightly convex. The frontal furrow is marked and the superciliary ridges are clearly defined.
UKC
Slightly convex, with a marked frontal furrow and the superciliary ridges clearly defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Gently sloping.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.
UKC
Preferably black but may harmonize with the color of the coat in dogs that are other than black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The nasal bridge is straight. Viewed from above and in profile the muzzle tapers evenly towards the nose.
UKC
Tapers evenly from the eyes to the nose. The nasal bridge is straight and the lips are tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws and teeth are strong. Scissor bite. Normal dentition.
UKC
The Lapponian Herder has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.

Eyes

:
FCI
Preferably dark in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour. Lively and set rather apart. Oval shaped. The expression is keen, in bitches also devoted.
UKC
Set rather well apart, oval in shape and dark in color, harmonizing with coat color. Expression is keen and lively, and in females, devoted.

Ears

:
FCI
Pricked, medium in length, set rather apart, rather broad at set-on. The inside of the ear is covered with profuse hair, particularly at the base.
UKC
Set well apart, broad at the base, tapering to the tips and carried erect. The inside of the ears is furnished with thick hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong and medium in length, set smoothly into the shoulders. Without dewlap.
UKC
Strong, medium length, blending smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
UKC
Longer than tall by 10 percent. The withers are marked, and the chest is deep and spacious, but not broad. The ribs are well sprung. The back is strong and muscular, the loin short and strong, and the croup is rather long and slightly sloping. The underline is gently tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
Marked.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Rather long and slightly oblique.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, long and spacious, not very broad. The ribs are clearly arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Gently tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Medium in length, low set and covered with profuse hair. In repose the tail is hanging; in movement it is held in a loose curve, but may not raise over the back. The tail action may also be circular.
UKC
Medium in length, set low, and profusely coated. In repose, the tail hangs down. In movement, it is carried in a loose curl, but may not be raised over the back. The tail action may be circular.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful, attached to the body with strong muscles, yet free in movement. Muscular and well angulated. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
UKC
Muscular and well angulated.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Oblique and muscular.

Elbow

:
FCI
Turning neither inwards nor outwards, close to the body, pointing straight backwards.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel when viewed from the front. The elbows are close to the body, and the carpus is sinewy and flexible. The pasterns are slightly oblique, allowing for flexible movement. Leg length from elbow to ground is half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Vertical.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Sinewy and flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen in profile slightly oblique, enabling the flexible movement.

FEET

:
UKC
Oval, with well-arched toes and thick pads, and a heavy covering of hair, including on the bottom.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rather oval with all sides, also underneath, covered with dense hair. The toes are well arched, the pads elastic and thick.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As front feet. Preferably without dewclaws.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well angulated. Viewed from behind straight and parallel.
UKC
Well angulated, with rather long and broad thighs and strong muscles.

Thigh

:
FCI
Rather long and broad with well developed muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointed forward, the angulation is clearly marked.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel when viewed from behind. Marked angulation at the stifle and the hock, which is well let down. Rear pasterns are short and vertical.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Set rather low; the angulation is clearly marked.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Rather short, vertical and parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, flexible, effortless and sound. The trot is tireless. At a fast trot tends to single-track.
UKC
Free, flexible and effortless, giving the appearance of being tireless. At faster speed there is a tendency to single track.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The outer coat is of medium length or long, straight, rather erect and harsh. The undercoat is fine and dense. The hair is often more profuse and longer on the neck, chest and on the backside of the thighs.
UKC
Double, with the outer coat fairly long, straight, harsh and erect. The undercoat is fine and dense. The hair is often more profuse on the neck, chest and back of the thighs.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black in different shades, even greyish or dark brown with a lighter shade than the basic colour, greyish or brownish colour markings often on head, the lower parts of the body and legs. White markings on neck, chest and legs are permitted. The undercoat is black, greyish or brownish.
UKC
Black, gray or dark brown, with lighter shadings. White markings on the neck, chest and legs are permitted. The undercoat is black, grayish or brownish.

SIZE

:
UKC
Ideal height for males is 20 inches, for females it is 18 inches. There is an allowable tolerance of 1 inch over or under the ideal.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal height for males 51 cm,
Ideal height for females 46 cm.
With a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Males not masculine and females not feminine.
  • Very light eyes in black dogs.
  • Ears with slack tips (tipped ears).
  • Tail curled or curved over the back.
  • Soft, wavy or flat coat.
  • Without undercoat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Drop ears.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Dropped ears.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Dropped ears.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.