The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Lancashire Heeler

Lancashire Heeler


PUBLISHED

:
KC
April 2008

CLASSIFICATION

:
KC
Pastoral
UKC
Herding Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
UKC
It is generally accepted that the Lancashire Heeler, which originated in Great Britain, is descended from a cross between the Welsh Corgi and a small black and tan terrier type dog. They were used as a general purpose farm dog, useful for both cattle driving and ratting. Due mainly to the interest and record-keeping of a breeder named Gwen Macintosh, the breed was recognized by The Kennel Club in 1981. Their popularity has spread to a number of other countries, including the U.S. The Lancashire Heeler was recognized by the United Kennel Club November 1, 2009.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
KC
Small, powerful, sturdily built, alert energetic worker.
UKC
A small but sturdy, powerful and energetic working dog, either black and tan or liver and tan, with a weather resistant double coat and a natural tail that is carried in a slight curve.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Works cattle but has terrier instincts when rabbiting and ratting.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Courageous, happy, affectionate to owner.
UKC
Courageous, happy and affectionate, the Lancashire Heeler is very alert and, due to its heritage, has instincts to work as a cattle drover and also as a hunter of rabbits and rats.

HEAD

:
KC
In proportion to body. Skull flat and wide between ears, tapering towards eyes which are set wide apart. Moderate stop equidistant between nose and occiput. Tapering continues towards nose. Skull and muzzle to be on parallel planes.
UKC
The size of the head should be in proportion to the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
UKC
The skull is flat and wide between the ears, tapering in width towards the eyes. There is a moderate stop halfway between the nose and the occiput.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
UKC
Black in the black and tan dogs, and brown in the liver and tan dogs.

Muzzle

:
KC
Lips firm. Scissor bite – jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Under or overshot to be discouraged.
UKC
The muzzle tapers in width from the eyes to the nose. The lips fit closely. The toplines of the skull and muzzle lie in parallel planes.

Jaws/Teeth

:
UKC
The Lancashire Heeler has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
KC
Almond-shaped, medium size, dark colour except in liver where they may be lighter to match coat colour.
UKC
The medium sized, almond shaped eyes are set well apart. They are dark in color except in the liver dogs, which may have lighter hazel colored eyes that matches the coat color.

Ears

:
KC
Showing alert lift, or erect. Drop ears showing no lift undesirable.
UKC
The ears are either fully or partially erect. Partially erect ears should show some lift. Drop ears that have no lift are undesirable.

NECK

:
KC
Moderate length, well laid into shoulders.
UKC
The neck is of moderate length, and set well into the shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Well sprung ribbing, extending well back with close coupling. Firm, level topline, never dipping at withers or falling at croup. Approximately 2.5 cms (1 in) longer than height at withers. (Measured from withers to set on of tail).
UKC
The length of the body, measured from the top of the withers to the set-on of the tail, is approximately one inch greater than the height at the withers. The ribs are well sprung and extend well back in the body to a short loin. The topline is firm and level.

TAIL

:
KC
Set on high, left natural. Carried over back in a slight curve when alert, but not forming a complete ring.
UKC
The natural tail is set on high and carried in a slight curve when the dog is alert.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Well laid shoulder, elbows firm against ribs. Amply boned. Pasterns allow feet to turn slightly outwards, but not enough to cause weakness or affect freedom of movement.
UKC
The shoulder blades are well back, and the upper arms set the elbows firmly against the ribs.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The short forelegs are well boned. The pasterns allow the feet to turn out slightly but not so much as to cause weakness or interfere with correct free movement.

FEET

:
KC
Small, firm and well padded.
UKC
Small and firm, with well padded toes.

HINDQUARTERS

:
KC
Muscular, with well turned stifles, hocks well let down. From rear should be parallel, when moving or standing. Never bandy or cowhocked.
UKC
The hindquarters are muscular.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The stifles are well turned, and the rear pasterns are short. From behind, the rear pasterns should be parallel whether standing or moving.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
KC
Smart and brisk. Natural, free movement.
UKC
Smart and brisk with free, natural movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
KC
Fine undercoat is covered throughout by weather resistant, short, thick, hard, flat topcoat. Topcoat slightly longer on neck. Undercoat should not show through topcoat nor allow any longer hair at the mane to stand off. Long or excessively wavy coat hightly undesirable.
UKC
Dense and double, with a fine undercoat, and a hard, dense topcoat that is short and flat. The topcoat forms a slight mane on the neck. The undercoat should not show through the topcoat nor make the mane stand off the body.

COLOUR

:
KC
Black and tan or liver and tan with pigment to tone with coat colour, with rich tan spots on cheeks and often above eyes. Rich tan on muzzle and chest and from knees downwards, inside hind legs and under tail. A distinct black or liver mark (thumb mark), according to coat colour, immediately above front feet is desirable. Richness of tan may fade with age. White to be discouraged. A small white spot on forechest, although permissible is undesirable.
UKC
Black and tan, or liver and tan, with pigment that coordinates with the color. There are rich tan spots on the cheeks and often above the eyes. Rich tan on the muzzle and cheeks, the chest, from the knees downward and inside the hind legs and under the tail. A distinct thumb mark, according to coat color, directly above the front feet is desirable. Note that richness of the tan color may fade with age. White is to be discouraged, though a small white spot on the forechest is permissible but not desirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at shoulder: dogs: 30 cms (12 ins); bitches: 25 cms (10 ins).
UKC
Ideal height at the shoulder is 12 inches for males, and 10 inches for females.

FAULTS

:
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Hind Legs: Cow hocked or bandy hocked.
Tail: Tail carried in a complete ring.
Coat: Long or excessively wavy coats are highly undesirable.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.