Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Romagna Water Dog

(Lagotto Romagnolo)

Lagotto Romagnolo

Lagotto Romagnolo

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
July 2006

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Truffle dog. A natural gift for searching and its very good nose has made the breed very efficient in truffle searching.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 3Water Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Antonio Morsiani, Renée Sporre-Willes, Dr. J.-M. Paschoud and Prof. R. Triquet. Revised by ENCI and Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Ancient breed of retrieving water dogs in the lowlands of Comacchio and marshlands of Ravenna. During the centuries, the great marshlands were drained and turned into arable land. Subsequently the Lagotto changed from being a water dog to an excellent dog for searching truffles in the flat open country and in the hills of Romagna.
UKC
The Lagotto Romagnolo is an ancient breed of water retrieving dog. As the great marshes were drained and turned into arable land, the breed changed into an excellent truffle hunting dog in the flat open country and hills of Romagna. The Lagotto Romagnolo was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small to medium-sized dog, well proportioned, powerfully built, of a rustic appearance, with a dense, curly coat of woolly texture.
KC
Squarely built, small to medium sized dog of rustic appearance; sturdy and robust with dense, curly coat of woolly texture. Measurement from ground to elbow greater than from elbow to withers. Noticeable difference between sexes.
UKC
A small to medium sized, well proportioned, powerfully built dog with a dense, curly coat that is wooly in texture.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The length of the head is 4/10 of the height at the withers. The dog is nearly as high as long (square).
The length of the skull should be slightly more than 50 % of the total length of the head.
The length of the muzzle is 2/10 less than that of the skull (44 % to 56 %).
The depth of the chest is less than 50 % (about 44 %) of the height at the withers.
KC
Ancient Italian breed of duck retriever, also used as a truffle hunter. Excellent watch dog and family companion.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The former hunting instinct has been modified by genetic selection; hence his work is not distracted by the scent of game. The Lagotto is tractable, undemanding, keen, affectionate, very attached to his owner and easy to train. He is also a very good companion and an excellent watch-dog.
KC
Lively, intelligent, affectionate.
UKC
A natural gift for searching and a strong nose has made this breed a very good dog for truffle searching. The Lagotto is tractable, keen and easy to train and very attached to his master. He is an excellent companion and watchdog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Viewed from above trapezoidal in shape and moderately broad; the upper longitudinal axes of the skull and the muzzle diverge slightly.
KC
Head moderately broad. When viewed from above the widest point is at the zygomatic arch. When viewed from the side, planes of muzzle and skull diverge slightly. Skull slightly convex, as wide as it is long and flattening at occiput. Length of skull from occiput to stop slightly longer than from stop to nose. Slight but evident stop. Well developed eyebrow arches. Muzzle strong, depth almost equal to length. Nasal bridge straight, with large nose protruding slightly with wide, open nostrils. Jaws wide, large and powerful. Lips tight forming a wide semi-circle when viewed from the front, covered with long, bristly whiskers.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Wide at the level of the zygomatic arches, and as long as wide. Viewed from the side, from occiput to stop, the skull should be longer than the muzzle. It is slightly convex and tends to flatten out at the back skull. Frontal sinuses well developed, superciliary arches marked, medio-frontal furrow pronounced, occipital crest short and not very developed, supraorbital fossae slightly marked.
UKC
Wide at the zygomatic arches, and as long as it is wide. The skull is longer than the muzzle, and it is slightly convex. The stop is not too pronounced.

Stop

:
FCI
Not too pronounced but evident.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large with wide open and mobile nostrils. Median groove strongly pronounced. Viewed in profile, the nose continues on the same level as the muzzle and protrudes very slightly from the front edge of the lips. The colour ranges from light to dark brown, depending on the colour of the coat.
UKC
The nose is large and slightly protruding, light to dark brown in color, depending on the color of the coat.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Fairly broad, a little shorter than the skull (ratio skull 56 %, muzzle 44 %), its depth being only slightly less than the length. It is slightly wedge shaped, giving a rather blunt profile. The nasal bridge has a straight profile.
KC
Well developed teeth, set square to the jaws. Scissor or pincer bite. Complete dentition highly desirable. Reverse scissor bite permissible.
UKC
Fairly broad and slightly wedge shaped, with its depth being only slightly less than its length. The nasal bridge is straight. The lips are not too thick and rather tight, so that the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the underjaw. The lips are covered with a long, bristly moustache, and the edges are brown in color.

Lips

:
FCI
The lips are not too thick; they are rather tight, so that the lower profile of the muzzle is determined by the mandible. They are covered with a long and rather bristly moustache. Viewed from the front, the lips form a wide semi-circle.
The colour of the edges ranges from light to dark brown.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws strong with almost straight branches and a relatively large mandibular body. Complete scissor or pincer bite with white and well developed teeth. Reverse scissors bite acceptable.
UKC
The Lagotto Romagnolo has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors, level or slightly undershot bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Flat.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, but never exaggerated, rounded, filling the socket, set fairly apart. The colour of the iris ranges from ochre to hazel and dark brown depending on the colour of the coat. Close fitting eyelids; the colour of the eye-rims ranges from light to dark brown. Eyelashes very well developed. Look alert, expression keen and lively.
KC
Fairly large, nearly round, not too close together. Close fitting eyelids with rims in various shades of brown. Well developed eyelashes. Eye colour ranges from ochre to dark hazel and brown, depending on coat colour. Attentive, intelligent expression.
UKC
Fairly large and round, set well apart, with tight fitting lids. Color ranges from ochre through hazel to dark brown, depending on coat color. The eyelids are light to dark brown, and the expression is alert, keen and lively.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium-sized in proportion to the head, triangular with rounded tips; their base is rather wide; they are set just above the zygomatic arches.
Hanging at rest or slightly raised when the dog is attentive. If pulled towards the nose they should reach the muzzle at 1/4 of its length. On the ears, the hair tends to show looser curls, but remains very wavy. No short hair on the ears. The inner part of the auricle is also covered with hair.
KC
Moderately large, triangular with slightly rounded tips, rather wide at the base and set slightly above the level of the eye. Hanging at rest, slightly raised when alert.
UKC
Medium sized and triangular in shape, with rounded tips, the ears are set just above the zygomatic arches. The ears hang when the dog is at rest and raise slightly at attention. They are covered with loose curls. There should be no short hair on the ears.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, lean, of oval cross section; well set off from the nape and absolutely free from dewlap, slightly arched. In males the perimeter of the neck can reach the double of its length. The length of the neck is a little less than the total length of the head.
KC
Relatively short, oval in section, slightly arched, muscular and powerful. Without dewlap.
UKC
Strong, muscular and lean, slightly arched and free from dewlap, the neck is slightly shorter than the length of the head.

BODY

:
FCI
Compact and strong; as long as the height at the withers.
KC
Compact and strong. Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock equal to height at the withers, which are set high. Topline falls slightly from withers to croup. Muscular back, loin short, wide, very powerful and slightly arched. Long, wide and slightly sloping, muscular croup. Well developed chest reaches down to the elbows. Chest rather narrow in front, broadening behind the elbows. Slight tuck up. Skin thin, close fitting and without wrinkles.
UKC
Compact, strong and square, with a topline that is straight from withers to croup. The chest is well developed in depth but fairly narrow. The back is straight and muscular, and the loin is short, broad and arched. The croup is long, wide and slightly sloping. There is only slight tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight from the withers to the croup.

Withers

:
FCI
They rise above the level of the croup; the highest points of the shoulder blades are not too close, but quite high set and well laid back.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, very muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Short coupled, very strong, in profile slightly convex. Width is equal or slightly exceeds the length.

Croup

:
FCI
Long, wide, muscular, slightly sloping (coxal inclination ranges from 25° to 30°).

Chest

:
FCI
Well developed, reaching down to the elbows. Although fairly narrow in front, from the sixth rib the chest widens backwards.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Long sternal section in form of a straight line; the following tuck-up is only slight.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on neither too high nor too low tapering towards the end. When hanging, it should barely reach the hocks. It is covered with woolly and rather bristly hair. At rest carried scimitar like; when attentive decidedly raised. When working or excited can be carried over the back, but never curled.
KC
Set on as a continuation of slightly sloping croup, tapering towards the end, just reaching the hock. Hangs in a scimitar position at rest and is markedly raised when alert. When working or excited may be carried over the back but never curled.
UKC
Set on following the line of the croup, and not too long, barely reaching the hocks. At rest it is carried hanging, when the dog is excited it is raised and can be carried over the back, but not curled.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Regular, upright seen from the front and in profile.
KC
Shoulders muscular, moderately well laid back, long in blade and equal in length to upper arm. Elbows large and close fitting. Forearms straight with sturdy, oval bone. Wrist follows vertical line of forearm and is finer boned, robust and mobile. Pasterns sloping, elastic and slender compared to forearm.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and well laid back, forming an angle with the upper arm of approximately 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades long (30 % of the height at withers), well laid back (52 - 55°), muscular, strong and closely attached to the chest, but moving freely. The scapulo-humeral angle ranges from 110° to 115°.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Muscular, of thin bone structure, as long as the shoulder blade; its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 58 - 60°.

Elbow

:
FCI
Well attached to the chest wall, but not too tightly; covered with thin skin; parallel to the median sagittal plane of the body as are the upper arms. The tip of the elbow is located on a vertical line lowered from the back end of the scapula to the ground.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Perfectly vertical with strong, compact oval bone, the forelegs are slightly longer than half the height at the withers. The pasterns are slightly finer and sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Perfectly vertical, long (36 % of the height at withers), with compact, strong bone of oval cross-section).

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Viewed from the front in a vertical line with the forearm; fine, robust and mobile; pisiform bone markedly protruding.

Pastern

:
FCI
Rather less thick and of finer bone compared with the forearm, it’s fine and resilient. Seen in profile, it forms an angle of 75° to 80° with the ground.

FEET

:
KC
Compact with strong, curved nails. Webbing between toes highly desirable. Front feet almost round, toes tight and well arched, turning neither in nor out. Hind feet slightly more oval shaped and toes less arched.
UKC
Slightly rounded and compact, with tight, arched toes and strong nails. The pads are well pigmented.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, compact, with arched and tight toes. Nails strong and curved. Pads well pigmented. Interdigital membranes very well developed.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Slightly more oval-shaped than forefeet and toes slightly less arched.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful, upright seen from the rear, well proportioned to the size of the dog and parallel.
KC
Powerful upper thigh long with well developed musculature. Good bend of stifle; lower thigh longer than upper. Large hocks. Rear pasterns thin and upright. Angulation slightly greater than in forequarters but without exaggeration.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarters matches that of the forequarters.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long (35 % of the height at withers), with clearly defined and visible muscles. The axis of the femur has a distinct inclination of 80° to the horizontal. The coxo-femoral angle ranges from 105° to 110°. The thigh is parallel to the median plane of the body.

Stifle

:
FCI
The angle of the stifle ranges from 130° to 135°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is long and has clearly separated, visible muscles. The lower thigh is slightly longer than the upper thigh, and there is good angulation at the stifle. The hock joint is wide and lean and the rear pasterns are thin and perpendicular to the ground.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Slightly longer than the upper thigh (36 % of the height at withers), well boned and muscled, with marked muscular groove. Its inclination to the horizontal ranges from 50° to 55°. Its direction is parallel to the median plane of body.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Wide, thick, lean, with clear-cut bone; parallel to the medium plane of the body; the tibio-metatarsal angle is ca. 140°.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Thin, cylindrical, perpendicular to the ground. No dewclaws.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Walk regular, trot energetic and brisk, gallop for short periods.
KC
Free, smooth and tireless with plenty of drive.
UKC
Energetic and brisk.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thin, close fitting all over the body, without wrinkles. Pigmentation of the skin connecting with mucous membranes and of pads ranges from light to dark and very dark brown.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Of woolly texture, never twisted to form thin cords, semi-rough on the surface, with tight, ring shaped curls, with visible undercoat. Curls must be evenly distributed all over the body and tail, except on the head, where the curls are not as tight forming abundant eyebrows, whiskers and beard. Even the cheeks are covered with thick hair. The topcoat and specially the undercoat are water-proof.
If not clipped, the hair tends to become felted (as it continuous to grow); therefore a complete clipping must be performed at least once a year. Felted topcoat and undercoat must be removed periodically. The clipped coat must not be thicker than max four centimetres and it should be uniform with the silhouette of the dog. Only on the head the coat can be longer, but not as long as to cover the eyes. The area around the genitals and anus should be clipped short. The coat must not be formed and brushed up in the fashion of the Poodles and Bichon frisé breeds. Coat clipped short preventing it from curling or assessment of texture. Any excessive hair-styling will exclude the dog from being qualified. The correct clip is un-pretentious and contributes to accentuate the natural, rustic look typical of the breed.
KC
Woolly and waterproof, rather rough on the surface forming very thick, ring shaped curls, with visible, waterproof undercoat. Curls evenly distributed all over the body except on the head where the curls are less tight, forming well-furnished eyebrows, whiskers and beard. Cheeks covered with thick hair. On the ears, curls tend to be open but very wavy. The inner ear flap is covered with hair. Tail covered with woolly, bristly hair. The coat should evenly follow the line of the dog. It may be longer on the head but must not obscure the eyes.
UKC
Wooly in texture, forming tight curls that must be evenly distributed all over the body, except on the head where the curls are looser and form eyebrows, whiskers and a beard. There is a waterproof undercoat. If not clipped, the hair tends to become felted, so the coat should be clipped at least once a year.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Off-white solid colour, white with brown or orange patches, brown roan, brown (in different shades) with or without white, orange with or without white. Some dogs have a brown to dark brown mask. Tan markings (in different shades) allowed.
KC
Solid off-white; white with brown or orange markings; brown roan; solid brown (in different shades); solid orange. Brown or dark brown mask acceptable. Pigmentation ranges from light to very dark brown.
UKC
Off white solid color, white with brown or orange patches, brown roan, solid brown of varying shades or solid orange. A brown face mask is acceptable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: males 43-48 cms (17-19 ins), ideal height 46 cms (18 ins). Females 41-46 cms (16-18 ins), ideal height 43 cms (17 ins). More than 1 cm above these heights highly undesirable. Weight: males 13-16 kgs (28½ - 35 lbs); females 11-14 kgs (24-31 lbs).
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 18 inches. For females it is 17 inches. Weight ranges from 28 to 35 pounds for males, from 24 to 30 pounds for females.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 43 - 48 cms (ideal height 46 cms).
Females 41 - 46 cms (ideal height 43 cms).
Tolerance of 1 cm more or less.

Weight

:
FCI
Males 13 - 16 kgs, Females 11 - 14 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Untypical specimen.
  • Axes of the skull and the muzzle converging.
  • Partial and/or total de-pigmentation.
  • Dish-faced.
  • Overshot bite.
  • Pronounced undershot bite.
  • Wall-eye.
  • Tail carried over the back; anury or short tail, whether congenital or artificial.
  • Mono or bilateral rear dewclaws.
  • Docked tail.
  • Coat not curled or clipped too short.
  • Corded coat.
  • Sculptured clip.
  • Black coat, black patches or black pigmentation.
  • Oversize or undersize. (Excluded from breeding)
  • Overshot bite.
  • Chryptorchidism; unilateral.
  • Wall-eye.
  • Black coat, black patches or black pigmentation.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Nose pink, without pigmentation. Overshot bite. Wall eyes. Corded coat..
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Nose: Nose pink, without pigmentation.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Coat: Corded coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.