Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Labrador Retriever

Retriever (Labrador)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Retriever.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 1Retrievers
With working trial

KC
Gundog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
It is popularly thought that the Labrador Retriever originated on the coast of Newfoundland where fishermen were seen to use a dog of similar appearance to retrieve fish. An excellent water dog, his weather-resistant coat and unique tail, likened to that of an otter because of its shape, emphasise this trait.
Comparatively speaking, the Labrador is not a very old breed, its breed club having been formed in 1916 and the Yellow Labrador Club having been founded in 1925. It was in field trialling that the Labrador found early fame, having been originally introduced to these shores in the late 1800s by Col Peter Hawker and the Earl of Malmesbury. It was a dog called Malmesbury Tramp which was described by Lorna, Countess Howe as one of the ‘tap roots’ of the modern Labrador.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strongly built, short-coupled, very active; (which precludes excessive body weight or substance) broad in skull; broad and deep through chest and ribs; broad and strong over loins and hindquarters.
KC
Strongly built, short-coupled, very active; broad in skull; broad and deep through chest and ribs; broad and strong over loins and hindquarters.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Good-tempered, very agile (which precludes excessive body weight or excessive substance). Excellent nose, soft mouth; keen love of water. Adaptable, devoted companion.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Good-tempered, very agile. Excellent nose, soft mouth; keen lover of water. Adaptable, devoted companion.
Intelligent, keen and biddable, with a strong will to please. Kindly nature, with no trace of aggression or undue shyness.
KC
Intelligent, keen and biddable, with a strong will to please. Kindly nature, with no trace of aggression or undue shyness.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull broad with defined stop; clean-cut without fleshy cheeks. Jaws of medium length, powerful not snipy. Nose wide, nostrils well developed.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad. Clean-cut without fleshy cheeks.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Wide, nostrils well developed.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Powerful, not snipy.
KC
Jaws and teeth strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws of medium length, jaws and teeth strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper; brown or hazel.
KC
Medium size, expressing intelligence and good temper; brown or hazel.

Ears

:
FCI
Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far back.
KC
Not large or heavy, hanging close to head and set rather far back.

NECK

:
FCI
Clean, strong, powerful, set into well placed shoulders.
KC
Clean, strong, powerful, set into well placed shoulders.

BODY

:
KC
Chest of good width and depth, with well sprung barrel ribs - this effect not to be produced by carrying excessive weight. Level topline. Loins wide, short-coupled and strong.

Topline

:
FCI
Level.

Loin

:
FCI
Wide, short-coupled and strong.

Chest

:
FCI
Of good width and depth, with well sprung barrel ribs­ – this effect not to be produced by carrying excessive weight.

TAIL

:
FCI
Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually tapering towards tip, medium length, free from feathering, but clothed thickly all round with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving “rounded” appearance described as “Otter” tail. May be carried gaily, but should not curl over back.
KC
Distinctive feature, very thick towards base, gradually tapering towards tip, medium length, free from feathering, but clothed thickly all round with short, thick, dense coat, thus giving ‘rounded’ appearance described as ‘Otter’ tail. May be carried gaily but should not curl over back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight from elbow to ground when viewed from either front or side.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping. Forelegs well boned and straight from elbow to ground when viewed from either front or side.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long and sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Forelegs well boned and straight.

FEET

:
KC
Round, compact; well arched toes and well developed pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, compact; well-arched toes and well developed pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well developed hindquarters, not sloping to tail.
KC
Well developed, not sloping to tail; well turned stifle. Hocks well let down, cowhocks highly undesirable.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well turned.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down. Cowhocks highly undesirable.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, covering adequate ground; straight and true in front and rear.
KC
Free, covering adequate ground; straight and true in front and rear.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Distinctive feature, short, dense, without wave or feathering, giving fairly hard feel to the touch; weather-resistant undercoat.
KC
Distinctive feature, short dense without wave or feathering, giving fairly hard feel to the touch; weather-resistant undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Wholly black, yellow or liver/chocolate. Yellows range from light cream to red fox. Small white spot on chest permissible.
KC
Wholly black, yellow or liver/chocolate. Yellows range from light cream to red fox. Small white spot on chest permissible.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers: dogs: 56-57 cms (22-221/2 ins); bitches: 55-56 cms (211/2-22 ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 56 – 57 cms.
Females 54 – 56 cms.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.