Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Kuvasz

Hungarian Kuvasz


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.04.2000.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is used as a watch and guard dog for houses, property and other valuables, as well as for people. He has also been used as a hunting and scenting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is a long established, ancient Hungarian Shepherd Dog. His ancestors came into the Carpathian basin at the time of occupation by the Magyars. These dogs were needed to watch and guard their flocks against beasts of prey and thieves. Because of his hunting instinct, the Kuvasz was the preferred hunting dog at the time of King Matthias Corvinus. Since the decline in stock-herding, he has much less been used for his original duties and he has settled in villages and later even in towns.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The dogs of this breed are strong and large and carry a dense, wavy, white coat. Their pleasing appearance radiates nobility and strength. The individual body parts fit together harmoniously, the limbs being neither too short nor too long.
The bone structure is strong but not coarse. The strong muscles are lean, the joints show clear outlines.
Seen from the side, the body forms a prone rectangle, almost a square. Well muscled he shows a strong build, a lively temperament and great agility. His appearance embodies a tireless working ability.
KC
Large, sturdily built, well-balanced dog of power and nobility.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
The deepest point of the brisket is approximately on a level with half of the height at the withers.
The muzzle is slightly shorter than half of the length of the head.
KC
Large, sturdily built, well-balanced dog of power and nobility.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is brave and fearless. He defends the people entrusted to his care and his protection and their property, even with his life. He is self-confident and may become aggressive if ill-treated. He is faithful, dependable and loves his master and his surroundings. He needs plenty of exercise and must be kept busy. He is undemanding. His care is easy and he can stand very severe weather conditions. He appreciates any love and solicitude given to him.
KC
Devoted, gentle and patient but suspicious of strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
The Kuvasz’ head is typically wedge-shaped, in harmony with his body, pleasing, noble, and it shows a considerable strength. The Kuvasz can mainly be distinguished from other breeds by his head shape. The head is characteristically lean and dry. In dogs the head is slightly more massive than in bitches.
KC
Long, medium width, skull slightly rounded, occiput broad and pronounced. Muzzle tapers slightly from base to nose but not too pointed at tip, ridge of nose straight, slight stop. Prominent eyebrows.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, forehead slightly protruding. In the middle of the forehead, there is a distinct furrow.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
Broad, long, well muscled.

Nose

:
FCI
The black noseleather is cut off blunt.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The bridge of nose is straight. The muzzle tapers gradually but is never pointed.
KC
Roof of mouth slate grey; lips black.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, tightly fitting. The corner of the mouth has jagged rims.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Well developed, strong, regular and complete scissor bite, according to the dentition formula.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set in slightly slanting, almond shaped, dark brown. The rim of the eyelids is black and close-fitting to the eyeball.
KC
Dark, brown, almond-shaped. Slightly slanted, set well apart. Eye rims black.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on at medium height. One third of the ears lifts from the base away from the skull in a curve, then dropping, lying close to the head. The leathers are V-shaped with rounded tips. When alert, the ears are slightly raised. Never prick or twisted.
KC
Set high on side of skull; V-shaped and rather thick, slightly rounded tips. Inner edge carried close to cheek.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather short than of medium length and well muscled. Forms an angle of 25 to 30 degrees to the horizontal. Crest of neck is short. Skin on throat taut, no dewlap. In male dogs, collar and mane are significant.
KC
Medium length, strong and muscular. Slightly arched; no dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Seen from the side, the body forms a prone rectangle, only slightly differing from a square.
KC
Pronounced sternum, ribs well sprung; deep brisket. Withers above the level of back. Back level and firm, good tuck up.

Withers

:
FCI
Long, rising markedly above level of back.

Back

:
FCI
Of medium length, straight, broad, well muscled and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, in taut continuation of the back.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, well muscled, broad. The very dense coat gives the croup the appearance of being slightly overbuilt.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest: Because of the strongly developed muscles, the forechest is rounded, the point of the sternum only slightly protruding.
Chest: Deep, long and slightly arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
In continuation of the ribcage, tucked up towards the rear.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on low following the ligthly sloping croup in a staight line. Vertically down with the tip curved slightly upwards, but not crooked. When the dog is alert or roused, it may, at most, be raised to the level of the topline.
KC
Low set in line with croup; tip to reach hock; when relaxed carried low, on the alert carried level with loin, tip slightly curved upwards.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The front legs, supporting the body, are vertical down to the carpal joints. They are parallel and moderately far apart. Seen from the front, the position of the front legs is correct if a vertical line drawn from the shoulder joint runs along the axis of the front legs and meets the feet between the 3rd and 4th toes.
Seen from the side, the position is correct if a vertical line drawn from the elbow joint to the ground, runs through the centre of the legs down to the carpal joints.
KC
Shoulders well muscled. Scapula and humerus of equal length; forelegs straight; pasterns long and slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, sloping, muscled. Close-fitting and tight to the ribcage, but flexible.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of medium length, well muscled. The upper arm and the shoulder blade form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.

Elbow

:
FCI
Dry, close-fitting to the ribcage, turning neither in nor out. Upper and lower arm form an angle of 120 to 130 degrees.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Relatively long, straight, compact with lean muscles. With strong sinews reaching down to the carpal joint.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Well developed, taut, with sinews of steel.

Pastern

:
FCI
Relatively short, lean, sloping slightly (angle to vertical 10 to 15 degrees).

FEET

:
KC
Tight, well arched. Forefeet round, thick pads. Hind feet longer than forefeet. Pads black. Nails slate grey or black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round or slightly oval, taut. Toes are short and highly arched so that their middle part does not touch the ground. Elastic, well knit. Pads are springy, black. Nails are hard, strong, black or slate grey in colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval, otherwise like the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The position of the hind legs seen from the side is correct if the stifle joint is positioned vertically below the iliac crest and the foot under the hip joint. A vertical line from the ischiatic tuberosity touches the heel bone. Seen from the rear, the position of the hind legs is correct if a vertical line from the ischiatic tuberosity runs along the axis of the limbs, being parallel to both sides and meeting the ground moderately wide apart.
KC
Upper thigh of good length, stifles well angulated. Metatarsus short, strong and perpendicular to ground.

Thigh

:
FCI
With long, broad, massive muscles closely connected to the pelvis. Pelvis and upper thigh form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.

Stifle

:
FCI
Voluminous. The angle between upper thigh and lower thigh is 110 to 120 degrees.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
The long massive muscles extend to the hock with strong sinews. Seen from the rear, vertical and parallel on both sides, also to the axis of the body.

Hock

:
FCI
Broad, voluminous, dry, sinewy. Angle of hock 130 to 140 degrees.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Long, vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Wide, slow steps. When trotting, the movement is light footed, springy, ground covering, lively, constant and tireless. Elbows turning neither in nor out.
KC
Walk slow, dignified; at the trot, light rhythmic; at speed legs converge to a centre line often single tracking. Head carried low at speed.

SKIN

:
FCI
Well pigmented, slate grey and tight.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Moderately harsh, wavy, slightly stiff, not tending to mat. Under the coarser topcoat, there is a finer downy undercoat. The head, ears and feet are covered by short (1-2 cm long), dense, smooth hair. The front and sides of the front legs as well as the hind legs below the stifles are covered by equally short (1-2 cm long) straight hair.
There are featherings of 5-8 cm in length on the back of the legs; on the hind legs, they reach to the hocks. The neck has a ruff which extends to a mane reaching to the chest. This is particularly pronounced in male dogs.
On body, upper thigh and upper arm, the coat is of medium length (4-12 cm long), abundantly wavy and it forms crests, ridges and tassels. The tail is covered, along its entire length, by dense, wavy coat which can even reach a length of 10-15 cm at the hip of the tail.
KC
Slight wavy. Double coated; top coat medium coarse; undercoat, fine and woolly. Shorter and smooth on head, muzzle, ears, front of fore and hind leg, below hocks and on feet. Mane on neck thick and long reaching down to brisket. Feathering on back of fore and hind legs 5-7.5 cms (2-3 ins). Medium length on body. Back of thighs and tail profusely coated, hair 10-15 cms (4-6 ins) long.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White, ivory colour is permitted. Noseleather, rim of eyelids and lips are black. Pads are black or slate grey. A dark colour is desired for roof of mouth but pink patches are permissible.
KC
Pure White. Skin highly pigmented with patches of slate grey.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 71-75 cms (28-29½ ins); bitches: 66-70 cms (26-271/2 ins). Weight: dogs: 40-52 kgs (88-115 lbs); bitches: 30-42 kgs (66-93 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 71 – 76 cm
Bitches 66 – 70 cm

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 48 – 62 kg
Bitches 37 – 50 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Pronounced Stop.
Lack of pigment on noseleather, lips, rims of eyelids.
One or more teeth missing (Incisors, Canines, Premolars 2-4, Molars 1-2). More than 2 PM1 missing. The M3 are disregarded.
Under- or overshot, wry mouth. Gap between upper and lower incisors of more than 2 mm.
Entropion, Ectropion.
Prick ears.
Tail which is raised above topline even in repose or curled towards rear.
Coat tending to be shaggy, curly or not wavy or wiry.
Legs covered by long hair.
Any departure from the permitted colour.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.