Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Kuvasz

Hungarian Kuvasz

Kuvasz


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Hungary.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.04.2000.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is used as a watch and guard dog for houses, property and other valuables, as well as for people. He has also been used as a hunting and scenting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 1Sheepdogs and Cattledogs
Section 1Sheepdogs
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler and Mrs Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is a long established, ancient Hungarian Shepherd Dog. His ancestors came into the Carpathian basin at the time of occupation by the Magyars. These dogs were needed to watch and guard their flocks against beasts of prey and thieves. Because of his hunting instinct, the Kuvasz was the preferred hunting dog at the time of King Matthias Corvinus. Since the decline in stock-herding, he has much less been used for his original duties and he has settled in villages and later even in towns.
UKC
The Kuvasz (plural - Kuvaszok) is a very ancient breed. Its ancestors are believed to have been brought to Hungary, noted as its country of origin, as long ago as the 13th century. The breed is still found in that country. Their historical and present uses are as hunting dogs, flock guards and guard-companions. The first specimens of the breed were brought to the United States in the 1920's. The Kuvasz was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1965.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The dogs of this breed are strong and large and carry a dense, wavy, white coat. Their pleasing appearance radiates nobility and strength. The individual body parts fit together harmoniously, the limbs being neither too short nor too long.
The bone structure is strong but not coarse. The strong muscles are lean, the joints show clear outlines.
Seen from the side, the body forms a prone rectangle, almost a square. Well muscled he shows a strong build, a lively temperament and great agility. His appearance embodies a tireless working ability.
KC
Large, sturdily built, well-balanced dog of power and nobility.
UKC
The Kuvasz is a large, sturdy, well balanced working dog; being neither lanky nor cobby. A lustrous, pure white is the preferred coat color (ivory is sometimes found, but is not preferred). The medium, hard bone is in proportion to the size of the body, never appearing heavy or coarse. They are well muscled, while never appearing bulky nor lethargic. They move freely on strong legs, while impressing the observer with their light-footedness and agility. The hindquarters, in particular, are well developed. The trunk and limbs form a horizontal rectangle that deviates slightly from a square. The croup inclines slightly. The breed standard serves to describe the ideal dog. Any deviation from the ideal is to be penalized according to the degree of deviation. Any tendency towards weakness or a lack of substance is to be faulted.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The body length slightly exceeds the height at the withers.
The deepest point of the brisket is approximately on a level with half of the height at the withers.
The muzzle is slightly shorter than half of the length of the head.
KC
Large, sturdily built, well-balanced dog of power and nobility.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Kuvasz is brave and fearless. He defends the people entrusted to his care and his protection and their property, even with his life. He is self-confident and may become aggressive if ill-treated. He is faithful, dependable and loves his master and his surroundings. He needs plenty of exercise and must be kept busy. He is undemanding. His care is easy and he can stand very severe weather conditions. He appreciates any love and solicitude given to him.
KC
Devoted, gentle and patient but suspicious of strangers.
UKC
The Kuvasz is known to be spirited, with a keen intelligence, and much determination, courage and curiosity. They are very sensitive to both praise and reprimand. They are definitely a one-family dog and are devoted, gentle and patient, without being overly demonstrative, and ready to protect loved ones to the point of self sacrifice, especially children. They are polite to strangers that are noted as acceptable, but are suspicious and discriminating about extending new friendships. The Kuvasz is unexcelled as a guard dog, being agile and able to act on its own initiative. They have the untiring ability to work and cover rough terrain for long periods of time. The breed has a well-developed scenting ability and has been used to hunt game.

HEAD

:
FCI
The Kuvasz’ head is typically wedge-shaped, in harmony with his body, pleasing, noble, and it shows a considerable strength. The Kuvasz can mainly be distinguished from other breeds by his head shape. The head is characteristically lean and dry. In dogs the head is slightly more massive than in bitches.
KC
Long, medium width, skull slightly rounded, occiput broad and pronounced. Muzzle tapers slightly from base to nose but not too pointed at tip, ridge of nose straight, slight stop. Prominent eyebrows.
UKC
The head of the Kuvasz is considered to be the most beautiful part of the dog, and therefore the details of the head are of great importance. The Kuvasz can be mainly distinguished from other breeds by its head, which is characteristically long, wedge-shaped, clean and dry. The head of the male is slightly more massive than the head of the female.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, forehead slightly protruding. In the middle of the forehead, there is a distinct furrow.
UKC
The skull is broad, with a slightly protruding forehead that has a distinct median furrow. The stop is a barely pronounced gentle slope.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:
FCI
Broad, long, well muscled.

Nose

:
FCI
The black noseleather is cut off blunt.
UKC
The large, black nose has well-opened nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The bridge of nose is straight. The muzzle tapers gradually but is never pointed.
KC
Roof of mouth slate grey; lips black.
UKC
Broad, strong and well muscled, the length of the muzzle is slightly less than one-half the length of the entire head. The muzzle tapers gradually, but never to a point. The bridge of the muzzle is straight. The lips fit tightly and are black.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, tightly fitting. The corner of the mouth has jagged rims.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Well developed, strong, regular and complete scissor bite, according to the dentition formula.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Set in slightly slanting, almond shaped, dark brown. The rim of the eyelids is black and close-fitting to the eyeball.
KC
Dark, brown, almond-shaped. Slightly slanted, set well apart. Eye rims black.
UKC
The almond-shaped eyes are dark brown, the darker the better. They are set well apart and somewhat slanted. Rims are black and are tight fitting. Haws do not show.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on at medium height. One third of the ears lifts from the base away from the skull in a curve, then dropping, lying close to the head. The leathers are V-shaped with rounded tips. When alert, the ears are slightly raised. Never prick or twisted.
KC
Set high on side of skull; V-shaped and rather thick, slightly rounded tips. Inner edge carried close to cheek.
UKC
The V-shaped ears have a slightly rounded tip. They are well set back, between the level of the eye and the top of the head. If pulled forward, the ears should cover the eye. When viewed from the front, the widest part of the ear is about level with the eye. The inner edge lies close to the cheek. The outer edge lies slightly away from the head, forming a V. When relaxed, the ears maintain their set and are not cast back. The ears do not protrude above the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather short than of medium length and well muscled. Forms an angle of 25 to 30 degrees to the horizontal. Crest of neck is short. Skin on throat taut, no dewlap. In male dogs, collar and mane are significant.
KC
Medium length, strong and muscular. Slightly arched; no dewlap.
UKC
Rather short and well muscled, without much crest. There should be no dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Seen from the side, the body forms a prone rectangle, only slightly differing from a square.
KC
Pronounced sternum, ribs well sprung; deep brisket. Withers above the level of back. Back level and firm, good tuck up.
UKC
Viewed in profile, the body forms a slightly off-square rectangle. The chest is deep, and due to strongly developed musculature, the forechest is rounded, without a sharp protuberance of the sternum. The withers rise markedly above the line of the back. The back is medium in length, broad, firm and level. The loin is short and taut. The croup is broad, muscular and slightly sloping. Heavy coat on the croup can give the dog the appearance of being high in the rear. The ribs are slightly arched and the underline tucks up towards the flank.

Withers

:
FCI
Long, rising markedly above level of back.

Back

:
FCI
Of medium length, straight, broad, well muscled and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, in taut continuation of the back.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, well muscled, broad. The very dense coat gives the croup the appearance of being slightly overbuilt.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest: Because of the strongly developed muscles, the forechest is rounded, the point of the sternum only slightly protruding.
Chest: Deep, long and slightly arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
In continuation of the ribcage, tucked up towards the rear.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on low following the ligthly sloping croup in a staight line. Vertically down with the tip curved slightly upwards, but not crooked. When the dog is alert or roused, it may, at most, be raised to the level of the topline.
KC
Low set in line with croup; tip to reach hock; when relaxed carried low, on the alert carried level with loin, tip slightly curved upwards.
UKC
The tail is set on low, following the line of the croup. In repose, the tail hangs down with an upward curve, but not a crook, in the tip. When the dog is alert, the tail may be raised to the level of the topline.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The front legs, supporting the body, are vertical down to the carpal joints. They are parallel and moderately far apart. Seen from the front, the position of the front legs is correct if a vertical line drawn from the shoulder joint runs along the axis of the front legs and meets the feet between the 3rd and 4th toes.
Seen from the side, the position is correct if a vertical line drawn from the elbow joint to the ground, runs through the centre of the legs down to the carpal joints.
KC
Shoulders well muscled. Scapula and humerus of equal length; forelegs straight; pasterns long and slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulders are muscular, well fitted to the body, yet flexible. The long scapula and humerus are of equal length, and form an angle of approximately 110 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, sloping, muscled. Close-fitting and tight to the ribcage, but flexible.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of medium length, well muscled. The upper arm and the shoulder blade form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.

Elbow

:
FCI
Dry, close-fitting to the ribcage, turning neither in nor out. Upper and lower arm form an angle of 120 to 130 degrees.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Relatively long and straight, with clean muscles and strong sinews. Bone is strong, but not coarse, and the joints show clear outlines. The elbows fit close to the body. The pastern is short and slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Relatively long, straight, compact with lean muscles. With strong sinews reaching down to the carpal joint.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Well developed, taut, with sinews of steel.

Pastern

:
FCI
Relatively short, lean, sloping slightly (angle to vertical 10 to 15 degrees).

FEET

:
KC
Tight, well arched. Forefeet round, thick pads. Hind feet longer than forefeet. Pads black. Nails slate grey or black.
UKC
The well-padded feet are round or slightly oval. The rear feet are somewhat longer than the fore feet. The pads are springy and black in color. Dark nails are preferred.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round or slightly oval, taut. Toes are short and highly arched so that their middle part does not touch the ground. Elastic, well knit. Pads are springy, black. Nails are hard, strong, black or slate grey in colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval, otherwise like the forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
The position of the hind legs seen from the side is correct if the stifle joint is positioned vertically below the iliac crest and the foot under the hip joint. A vertical line from the ischiatic tuberosity touches the heel bone. Seen from the rear, the position of the hind legs is correct if a vertical line from the ischiatic tuberosity runs along the axis of the limbs, being parallel to both sides and meeting the ground moderately wide apart.
KC
Upper thigh of good length, stifles well angulated. Metatarsus short, strong and perpendicular to ground.
UKC
The angulation of the pelvis and upper thigh matches that of the forequarter. There are long, broad massive muscles attaching the upper thigh to the pelvis.

Thigh

:
FCI
With long, broad, massive muscles closely connected to the pelvis. Pelvis and upper thigh form an angle of 100 to 110 degrees.

Stifle

:
FCI
Voluminous. The angle between upper thigh and lower thigh is 110 to 120 degrees.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The angle at the stifle is 110-120 degrees. The lower thigh has long muscles and strong sinews that extend to the hock. The hock joint is dry and moderately angulated. The rear pastern is long and vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
The long massive muscles extend to the hock with strong sinews. Seen from the rear, vertical and parallel on both sides, also to the axis of the body.

Hock

:
FCI
Broad, voluminous, dry, sinewy. Angle of hock 130 to 140 degrees.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Long, vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Wide, slow steps. When trotting, the movement is light footed, springy, ground covering, lively, constant and tireless. Elbows turning neither in nor out.
KC
Walk slow, dignified; at the trot, light rhythmic; at speed legs converge to a centre line often single tracking. Head carried low at speed.
UKC
Characteristic movement is easy, free and elastic; and cannot be achieved without sufficient angulation and a firm slimness of the body. The head is carried rather low, at shoulder level, unless the dog is excited. When viewed from the front, the front legs travel rather close to each other at the ground, not parallel. When viewed from the rear, the hind legs, from the hip joint down, also move close to each other at the ground. The feet travel close to the ground. As speed increases, the dog tends to single track.

SKIN

:
FCI
Well pigmented, slate grey and tight.
UKC
Slate gray or black pigmentation are the preferred colors of the heavily-pigmented skin.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Moderately harsh, wavy, slightly stiff, not tending to mat. Under the coarser topcoat, there is a finer downy undercoat. The head, ears and feet are covered by short (1-2 cm long), dense, smooth hair. The front and sides of the front legs as well as the hind legs below the stifles are covered by equally short (1-2 cm long) straight hair.
There are featherings of 5-8 cm in length on the back of the legs; on the hind legs, they reach to the hocks. The neck has a ruff which extends to a mane reaching to the chest. This is particularly pronounced in male dogs.
On body, upper thigh and upper arm, the coat is of medium length (4-12 cm long), abundantly wavy and it forms crests, ridges and tassels. The tail is covered, along its entire length, by dense, wavy coat which can even reach a length of 10-15 cm at the hip of the tail.
KC
Slight wavy. Double coated; top coat medium coarse; undercoat, fine and woolly. Shorter and smooth on head, muzzle, ears, front of fore and hind leg, below hocks and on feet. Mane on neck thick and long reaching down to brisket. Feathering on back of fore and hind legs 5-7.5 cms (2-3 ins). Medium length on body. Back of thighs and tail profusely coated, hair 10-15 cms (4-6 ins) long.
UKC
The breed is double coated. The outer guard coat is medium coarse in texture and ranges from being quite wavy to straight. The undercoat is fine, thick and wooly. Regardless of coat type, there is a definite distribution pattern over the body. A short, smooth hair coat covers the head, muzzle, ears, paws, the front of the forelegs up to the elbows, and the hind legs below the thighs. There are two- to three-inch-long feathers on the backs of the forelegs. A medium-length coat covers the body and sides of the thighs. There is four-to-six-inch-long hair found on the back of the thighs and on the entire tail. There is a neck mane that extends to and covers the chest. There may be some hair between the toes, but the less the better. It is normal for the Kuvasz to shed most of their long coat during hot weather; this summer coat is not to be penalized. Depending on the climate, the growth of a full, luxuriant coat is seasonal.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White, ivory colour is permitted. Noseleather, rim of eyelids and lips are black. Pads are black or slate grey. A dark colour is desired for roof of mouth but pink patches are permissible.
KC
Pure White. Skin highly pigmented with patches of slate grey.
UKC
White, with no markings, is the only acceptable color. Ivory does occur, but is not preferred.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 71-75 cms (28-29½ ins); bitches: 66-70 cms (26-271/2 ins). Weight: dogs: 40-52 kgs (88-115 lbs); bitches: 30-42 kgs (66-93 lbs).
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. Preferred height ranges are: dogs, 28 to 30 inches; bitches 26 to 28 inches. Weight ranges are: dogs, approximately 90 to 115 pounds; bitches, approximately 70 to 90 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 71 – 76 cm
Bitches 66 – 70 cm

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 48 – 62 kg
Bitches 37 – 50 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Pronounced Stop.
Lack of pigment on noseleather, lips, rims of eyelids.
One or more teeth missing (Incisors, Canines, Premolars 2-4, Molars 1-2). More than 2 PM1 missing. The M3 are disregarded.
Under- or overshot, wry mouth. Gap between upper and lower incisors of more than 2 mm.
Entropion, Ectropion.
Prick ears.
Tail which is raised above topline even in repose or curled towards rear.
Coat tending to be shaggy, curly or not wavy or wiry.
Legs covered by long hair.
Any departure from the permitted colour.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any color other than white or ivory. Overshot bite. Undershot bite. Prick ears.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Prick ears.
Color: Any color other than white or ivory.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.