Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Korea Jindo Dog

Korean Jindo

Jindo


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Korea.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.11.2004.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
There is no written record about the origin of the Korea Jindo Dog, but many authorities agree that this breed has existed for several thousands of years in the Island of Jindo, which is located at the South-West end of the Korean peninsula. About the ancient origin, however, among different theories, the main accepted is, that the Jindo Dog is indigenous to Korea; the breed has been well preserved in this island due to the transportation difficulties in those days. In Korea, Korea Jindo Dogs are called Jindo-kae or Jindo-kyon. Kae or Kyon are Korean words for dog.
UKC
It is believed that the Jindo resulted from crosses between indigenous Korean dogs and dogs brought by the Mongols during their 13th century invasion of Korea. The Korean King surrendered, but some of his armies withdrew to Jindo Island, off the southern coast of Korea, where they continued to fight. The soldiers’ dogs ended up isolated on Jindo Island, where they developed a very pure strain. Jindos served both as hunting and guard dogs in Korea. In 1938, the Korean government designated the Jindo as a National Treasure. Jindos marched in the opening ceremonies of the 1988 Olympic Games in Seoul, Korea. The United Kennel Club recognized the Jindo on January 1, 1998.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Korea Jindo Dog is a well-proportioned medium-sized dog used for hunting and guarding. With erect ears and a rolled or sickle-shaped tail it should be a vivid expression of agility, strength, alertness and dignity.
KC
Medium size, balanced, well muscled and agile, with erect ears and a curled or sickle tail.
UKC
The Jindo is a medium-sized, sturdily-built, Spitz-type dog with a triangular shaped head, prick ears, and a harsh, straight coat of medium length. The body is either square or slightly longer than tall. The tail is thick and may be loosely rolled over the back or carried over the back in a sickle position. Gender differences in this breed are very apparent. Typically, males are larger with heavier heads while females have more fox-like heads. The appearance of the Jindo gives the impression of intelligence, strength, and agility. The breed is presented in a completely natural condition. Honorable scars or other evidences of injury resulting from hunting are not to be penalized.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Ratio between height at withers length of body = 10 10,5.
KC
Keen expression, showing strength and alertness, yet dignified. Originally used for hunting and guarding.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Korea Jindo Dog has a very strong instinct for hunting and is bold, brave, alert and careful, not tempted easily and impetuous. But most of all he is extremely faithful to his master. On the whole he is not fond of other animals, especially males. He also has a good sense of direction.
A one-man dog, he readily accepts a new master, but never forgets his attachment towards the former master who raised him from puppyhood. He keeps himself clean and eats sparingly.
KC
Spirited, brave, with strong hunting instinct. Loyal to their owner.
UKC
The Jindo is an enthusiastic hunter, able to follow cold trails of rabbit, raccoon, and badger. In packs, Jindo can hunt even wild boars and roe deer. Jindos are renowned for their loyalty to family members and their attachment to their home. Jindos have often been known to travel long distances to return to their original owner. The Jindo has a fastidious nature and puppies are housebroken with little training. Jindos also keep their coats extremely clean. Jindos are, by nature, watchful of other dogs and may, on their own territory, react aggressively to intruding dogs. Jindos are highly intelligent but because of their independent nature, respond best to positive reinforcement training, and preferably from their owner. While the Jindo is devoted to its owner, they are aloof and suspicious toward strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
In general, the head forms a blunt triangle when viewed from above and does not make the dog appear clumsy or coarse.
KC
Of medium size and in proportion to the body. When viewed from above, head forms a blunt triangle without coarseness. Free of wrinkle. Definite stop, which should not be abrupt, and a slight furrow extending over the forehead. Cheeks moderately developed but without loose skin. Muzzle straight, of moderate depth. Ratio of nose to stop and stop to occiput is 2 to 3. Lips tight and black. In white dogs, flesh colour is permissible on nose and lips.
UKC
When viewed from above, the head is shaped like a blunt triangle. It should never appear clumsy or coarse.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
The skull is of medium size in proportion to the body. The top is slightly rounded and tapering down gradually to the eyes. The width between the ears is moderate in proportion to the size of the head.

Skull

:
UKC
The skull is moderately broad between the ears, tapering in width towards the eyes. It is slightly domed when viewed in profile. There is a slight median furrow. The stop is well defined but not abrupt. The cheeks are well developed, dry and moderately round. Faults: Skull too flat; skull too narrow; short hair on the cheeks.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined, but not too abrupt. There is a slight furrow extending up towards forehead.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black. In case of white dog, flesh colour is permitted.
UKC
Nose color is black except that a pink nose is acceptable on a white dog. Nostrils are large and open.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The muzzle should not be bulky nor turned upward.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Viewed from the side, the muzzle is shorter than the skull. The topline of the muzzle is straight and roughly parallel to the top of the skull. Viewed from the front, the muzzle looks more round than angular and tapers smoothly to a point from the stop to the nose. Lips are black and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, closing tightly, thin and not pendulous; upper lip slightly covers the lower lip.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Very strong; scissors bite.
UKC
The Jindo has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth with a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed, dry and moderately round when viewed from side and front; narrowing to the end of the nose.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown in colour, rather small in proportion to the size of the head, almond in shape and very lively; the outer corner of both eyes is slanted towards the ears.
KC
Relatively small, almond shaped, obliquely set and placed well apart. Dark brown, clear and bright.
UKC
Shape of the eyes is very important to establish correct Jindo expression. The eyes are small, almond-shaped, and set obliquely. Eye color may range from dark reddish brown to dark brown. Expression is intelligent and keen. Eye rims are tight and solidly colored black.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, triangular in shape, thick and perfectly erect; ears, set neither high nor low, point slightly forward in line with the back of the neck. Inside of ears, a fine and dense texture of coat is desirable.
KC
Medium size, triangular in shape, thick and perfectly erect. Set neither high nor low, inclining slightly forward in line with the back of the neck.
UKC
Ears are strongly erect, small, triangular in shape, and set at the outer edge of the skull, but not too low. The ears are slightly rounded at the tips. Viewed from the side, the back line of the ear inclines slightly forward from the base to the tip in line with the back of the neck. Fine hair inside the ears is preferred.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather well-balanced and thick without dewlap, well muscled and strong. The Korea Jindo Dog carries his neck proudly and well arched when excited.
KC
Slightly arched, medium length, thick and muscular, without dewlap.
UKC
The neck is thick, well muscled and strong, with no dewlap. When the dog is excited, the neck is carried proudly and well arched.

BODY

:
KC
Slightly longer, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, than height at withers. Level back, ribs well sprung with well developed brisket. Firmly muscled loin. Moderate tuck up.
UKC
The squarely built Jindo has a chest that is moderately deep but not too broad. At its deepest point the chest reaches to, or just above, the elbow. The brisket is well developed and the ribs are well sprung. The back is strong and straight and the loin is well muscled, taut, lean and narrower than the ribcage. There is considerable tuck up.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Well muscled, taut, lean and narrower than the rib cage.

Chest

:
FCI
Strong and moderately deep, but not too broad. The deepest point of chest reaches just above the elbow, but same level with the elbow is also acceptable. Ribs well sprung. Brisket well developed.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
When let down, the tip of the tail should reach the hock. Root rather set high, stands straight firmly and should not sway when the dog moves. Sickle-shaped or rolled, the end of the tail touching the back or the flank. Should not be too curled. The tail is profusely feathered.
KC
In balance with the body. Set on high, thick and carried curled or curved as a sickle. Profusely feathered.
UKC
The tail is thick and strong and set on at the end of the topline. The tail should be at least long enough to reach to the hock joint. The tail may be loosely rolled over the back with the tip touching the back or flank, or carried over the back in a sickle position. The tail is profusely feathered.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from front.
KC
Shoulders strong, powerful, moderately laid back. Elbows set close to the body. Forelegs straight and parallel when viewed from the front. Pasterns slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulders are strong, powerful and well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Strong and powerful and well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body, turned neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and parallel when viewed from the front, with the elbows held close to the body. The pasterns are slightly sloping.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly slanting forward when viewed from side.

FEET

:
KC
Cat like, very tight. Pads thick and well cushioned, turning neither in nor out. Nails strong, preferably black.
UKC
The feet are of medium size, round in shape, with thick, strong pads. Nails are hard, and black color is preferred.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Cat feet. Toes rather short, roundish, compact and tight.
Nails strong; black colour is preferred. Pads thick and well-cushioned.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Identical with forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
When viewed from side, the hindlegs are moderately angulated; when viewed from the rear, hindlegs stand straight, parallel and neither too wide nor too close.
Dewclaws should be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by law.
KC
Strong and muscular, well developed thighs with moderate turn of stifle. Hocks strong and well let down, but with only moderate angulation, turning neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well-developed.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are well developed and muscular. Viewed from the side, the hind legs are moderately angulated at the stifle and hock. The rear pasterns are short. Viewed from the rear, the hind legs stand straight, parallel and not too wide or too close together. Dewclaws on the rear legs should be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Well let down, not straight, moderately angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The gait of Korea Jindo Dog is powerful and steady. The back should remain firm and level. He trots carrying his head high, but when speed increases, the head is carried rather low, almost at the level of the shoulders. The upper part of the tail moves slightly according to the change of direction of the dog.
KC
Resilient and vigorous with strides of moderate length. At the trot, the back remains firm and level. Head carried high, but as pace increases the head is sometimes carried lower, almost at the level of the shoulders.
UKC
The gait is powerful and steady, with the dog carrying a firm, level back. The dog trots with its head held high, but as speed increases the head is carried lower, almost at the level of the shoulders.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The Korea Jindo Dog has a double coat. Undercoat is soft, dense, light in colour, but sufficient to support the outercoat. Outercoat is stiff and stands somewhat off body. Comparing with the hair of the body, the hair on head, legs and ears is shorter and the hair on the neck, withers, back and rump is longer. The hair on tail and back of thighs is longer than on the rest of the body.
KC
Outer coat coarse, straight and standing off the body with soft, dense undercoat. Coat at neck, withers and rump slightly longer than on the rest of the body. Hair on tail and thighs more profuse.
UKC
The Jindo has a double coat of medium length. The outer coat is harsh, straight, and stands somewhat away from the body, particularly in the neck and shoulder area. The undercoat is soft, very dense, and shorter than the outer coat. The outer coat is short on the head, legs and ears, longer on the neck, withers back and rump, and longest on the tail and back of the thighs.

COLOUR

:
FCI
The colours of the Korea Jindo Dog are red fawn, white, black, black and tan, wolf grey and brindle.
KC
Red in various shades from deepest red to pale fawn; may have fainter markings on muzzle, cheeks, chest, belly and back. White: may have gold tinges on ears and legs. Black and tan: tan markings restricted to spot over each eye, cheeks, inside of ears, legs and tail.
UKC
The Jindo comes in red fawn, white, black, black and tan, wolf grey and brindle. The undercoat is light in color.

SIZE

:
KC
Dogs 48-53 cms (19-20 ¾ ins). Ideally 51 cms (20 ins). Bitches 46-51 cms (18-20 ins). Ideally 48 cms (19 ins).
UKC
Desirable height at maturity, measured at the withers, ranges from 19½ to 21½ inches for males, and 17½ to 19½ inches for females. Weight should be in proportion to the height, giving a well muscled, lean appearance without being too light or too heavy. The average weight for a male Jindo in good condition is 40 to 50 pounds; for a female, 33 to 42 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males: 50-55cm, ideal 53-54 cm.
Bitches: 45-50 cm, ideal 48-49 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males: 18 - 23 kg.
Bitches: 15 - 19 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Not enough muscled.
Bones too thick or too fine.
Level bite.
Non-erect ears.
Dropping tail, short tail.
Overangulation.
Straight hock, cow hock, barrel hock.
Long coat or short coat.
Choppy gait, stilted gait.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Muzzle: Muzzle too long or too angular.
Teeth: Level bite.
Ears: Lack of hair inside the ears; long, narrow ears; big ears. Ears that are not erect.
Hind Legs: Overangulation.
Gait: Choppy or stilted gait.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Tail: Tail too short. A dropped tail that is not carried over the back.
Coat: Short outer coat; soft outer coat; absence of undercoat. Excessively long coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Oversize, undersize.
Undershot, overshot.
Doggy bitch, bitchy dog.
More than 3 missing teeth.
Lack of pigment, albinism.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Over or under the heights specified in the standard.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Overshot or undershot bite. More than three missing teeth. Complete lack of pigmentation. Albinism.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot. More than three missing teeth.
Nose: Complete lack of pigmentation.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.