Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Nederlandse Kooikerhondje

Kooikerhondje

Kooikerhondje

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
The Netherlands.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
January 2014

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sporting and Companion Dog used for duck decoy.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Lydia K. M. Erhart. Revised by Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In 1942, during the Second World War, the Baroness Van Hardenbroek van Ammerstol began to recreate the Kooikerhondje. She gave a picture of the type of dog she was looking for to a pedlar and asked him to look out for such dogs. At a farm in the province of Friesland he found the bitch now well known as Tommy. She became the founding bitch of the Kooikerhondje. In 1966 the Raad van Beheer adopted the interim breed and in 1971 the breed was officially recognized.
The Kooikerhondje was and still is used in the duck decoys. His task is still to lure the ducks into the decoy with his gaily waving tail; he does not hunt the ducks. He calmly moves between the decoy-screens in order to provoke the ducks curiosity and lure them further down the decoy pipe where the ducks are captured in a trap. They are either killed for the table or ringed for ornithological research.
UKC
The Kooikerhondje was widely used in the 17th and 18th century by Dutch hunters to lure ducks into traps. Thereafter, however, the breed declined until Baroness van Hardenbroek van Ammerstol single-handedly rescued the breed. In the middle of World War II and during the occupation of her country by the enemy, she gave a photo of a Kooikerhondje and a lock of Kooiker hair to a peddler and instructed him to tell her when he saw any dogs that resembled the photo. The female he found for her became the foundation for the revived breed. The Kooikerhondje was recognized by the Dutch Kennel Club in 1971. The Kooikerhondje was recognized by United Kennel Club in 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Kooikerhondje is a harmoniously built orange-red parti-coloured small sporting dog of almost square body proportions. He moves with his head held high; in action the well-feathered waving tail is carried level with, or above the topline. The ears have black hair at the tip, the so-called earrings. The dog is presented with a natural, untrimmed coat.
KC
Orange-red parti-coloured dog with a nearly square body with length slightly more than height at shoulders. High head carriage. An untrimmed coat with well feathered tail.
UKC
The Kooikerhondje is a medium-sized dog, just slightly longer than tall, resembling a small setter or spaniel. Ears are high set and drop with a distinctive black fringe at the tips. The coat is of medium length and slightly wavy, white in color with bright orange to deep red patches. The tail is predominantly white and well feathered. Exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to the degree of deviation from the standard.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body from the point of the shoulder (at the scapula/humerus) to the point of the buttocks may be slightly longer than the height at the withers. Skull and muzzle are of about equal length.
KC
Temperament friendly, good natured and alert. A sporting and companion dog whose purpose is to work as a duck decoy and control vermin. Self-confident, keen, swift and tough.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively and agile, self-confident and with sufficient perseverance and stamina, good natured and alert, however not noisy. The breed is faithful, easy-going and friendly.
Outside the hunting season the dog is expected to find and kill vermin, hence he needs to be keen, swift and tough. He is a true sporting dog, being attentive and energetic and having a zest for working and with a cheerful character.
UKC
The Kooikerhondje is a lively, affectionate dog equally at home as a hunting dog or a family companion. Kooikers are confident and outgoing with people they know but slightly wary with strange people and dogs. They do well with children who are brought up with them. Because of their intelligence and sensitivity, Kooikers require a firm but not domineering style of training.

HEAD

:
FCI
The head is of moderate length, fitting in with the general appearance, clean-cut, with flowing lines.
KC
Skull moderately curved. Length of skull and muzzle approximately equal. Stop clearly visible in profile but not too deep. Muzzle slightly wedge shaped, not too deep. Well filled under the eye. Lips close-fitting and well pigmented. Nose black.
UKC
Head is in proportion to the size of the body and slightly wedge-shaped. Viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are of equal length. Stop is distinct but not too deep. SKULL - The skull is broad and slightly rounded. The cheeks are flat and the occiput is not prominent.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Sufficiently broad, moderately rounded.

Stop

:
FCI
Seen in profile clearly visible but not too deep.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black and well developed.
UKC
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Seen from the side not too deep and slightly wedge-shaped; seen from above not tapering too much and well-filled under the eyes.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.
UKC
The muzzle tapers gently from stop to nose. Not too deep in profile.

Lips

:
FCI
Preferably well-pigmented, close-fitting and not overhanging.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite; complete dentition is desirable. Pincer bite is accepted but less desirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth. A scissors bite is preferred but a level bite is acceptable.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond-shaped, dark brown with a friendly, alert expression.
KC
Deep brown, almond-shaped, surrounded by orange-red hair. Black eye rims. Friendly and alert expression.
UKC
Almond-shaped, deep brown with a friendly, alert expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Moderately large, set on just above the line from the point of the nose to the corner of the eye.
The ears are carried close to the cheeks without a fold. Well feathered; black hair tips (“earrings”) are highly desirable.
KC
Medium sized, set just above eye level; pendant, carried close to the cheeks without fold, never flying. Well feathered, black tips (‘ear rings’) which develop with age, highly desirable.
UKC
Ears are drop, hanging closed to the cheeks, of medium size and set on just above the line from the point of the nose to the outer corner of the eye. Coat on the ears should be long and feathered, red in color, with black tips preferred.

NECK

:
FCI
Strongly muscled, of sufficient length and clean-cut.
KC
Well muscled, of moderate length. A slightly heavier coat around the neck is highly desirable.
UKC
Well muscled and well set on, of medium length, with no indication of throatiness.

BODY

:
KC
Length of body from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly longer than height at withers. Strong, level back. Chest reaching to the elbows with well sprung ribs. Sufficiently developed forechest. Slight tuck up.
UKC
A properly proportioned Kooikerhondje is just slightly longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the ground), and length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) should approximately equal one-half of the dog's height. Whether the dog is standing or moving, the line of the back is strong and level from the withers to the slightly sloping croup. The loin is moderately short, muscular and deep, with moderate tuck-up. The ribs extend well back and are well sprung out from the spine, forming a broad, strong back, then curving down and inward to form a deep body. The brisket extends to the elbow. Viewed from the front, the chest between the forelegs is well filled.

Topline

:
FCI
Smooth line from the withers to the tail.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and straight, rather short.

Loin

:
FCI
Of sufficient length and width, strongly muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping and sufficiently broad; the length of the croup should be 1.5 times the width.

Chest

:
FCI
Reaching to the elbows with sufficient spring of ribs. Sufficiently developed forechest.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slight tuck-up towards the loin.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on so as to follow the topline of the body, carried level with the topline or almost straight up (gaily). Well-feathered with a white plume. The last vertebra should reach the hock joint.
KC
Tail set follows line of croup, reaching to the hock. Carried at or above the level of the back. Never curled. Well feathered with white plume.
UKC
The tail is a natural extension of the very slight slope of the croup. It is thick and muscular at the base and tapers to the tip. It is white in color and well feathered. A tail of the correct length extends to the hock. When the dog is relaxed, the tail hangs down naturally. When the dog is moving or alert, the tail is carried level with the back or only slightly above level. The tail should never curl over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Well laid shoulder with upper arm well angulated and of approximately equal length. Elbow lies close to the body. Strong, slightly sloping pasterns. Forelegs straight, of sufficient bone, moderately feathered.
UKC
Shoulders are smoothly muscled. The shoulder blades are long and well laid back. The upper arm appears to be equal in length to the shoulder blade and joins it at an apparent right angle. The elbows are close to the body. The forelegs are straight, with strong, short, slightly sloping pasterns.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder sufficiently sloping in order to create a flowing line from neck to back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Well-angulated towards shoulder blade that is of equal length.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and parallel, strong bone of sufficient density and length.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and slightly oblique.

FEET

:
KC
Small, compact and slightly oval.
UKC
Feet are small with tight toes and covered with short hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small, slightly oval, compact with well-knit toes pointing forward.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well angulated, straight and parallel seen from the rear. Strong bone.
KC
Strong and well muscled, moderately well angulated and hind legs parallel when viewed from the rear. Slightly sloping croup. Hocks well let down. Well feathered to mid-thigh.
UKC
The hindquarters are well muscled. In profile, the croup slopes slightly. The angulation of the hindquarters is in balance with the angulation of the forequarters. The stifles are well-bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Thigh

:
FCI
Well muscled.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Length equal to thigh.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Should be flowing and springy, well extended, with good drive. Limbs parallel.
KC
Flowing and springy with good extension and rear drive.
UKC
The Kooiker gait is flowing and springy, showing good reach in front and a strong driving rear. Feet should turn neither in nor out and legs travel in a straight line. As speed increases, the dog should single track, with the topline remaining level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Of medium length, slightly wavy or straight and close lying. Soft hair. Well-developed undercoat.
Front legs should have moderate feathering reaching to the pastern joints. Hind legs should have fairly long feathered breeches; no feathering below the hock joints. The coat on the head, the front part of the legs and the feet should be short. Sufficiently feathered on the underside of the tail. Longer hair on throat and forechest. Earrings (long feathered black hairtips) are highly desirable.
KC
Medium long, slightly waved or straight; not curled, close fitting. Hair texture not too fine, well developed undercoat. The coat on the head, front part of the legs and the feet should be short. Well feathered tail, moderate feathering to underline and back of legs; never below the hocks.
UKC
The Kooikerhondje has a water repellant double coat of medium length, with softer, dense undercoat. The coat may have a slight wave but is otherwise straight. Featherings are soft at the throat, behind the ears, and at the back of the thighs. Ears are feathered, preferably with black fringe. Forelegs are moderately feathered but no feathering below the hocks.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Distinct patches of clear orange-red colour on pure white although a few small spots on the legs are accepted. The orange-red colour should be predominant. Some black hair intermingling with the orange-red colour and a slight form of ticking are accepted but less desirable.
Colouring on the head A clearly visible blaze running down to the nose. There should be colouring on the cheeks and around the eyes. A blaze that is too narrow or too wide or only partly coloured cheeks is less desirable. A black tail ring where the colour changes from orange-red to white is permitted.
KC
Patches of clear orange-red on white with orange-red predominating on body. White blaze preferred. A few black hairs intermingling with the orange-red colour and slight ticking are acceptable but less desirable. A black tail ring, where the colour changes to white, is permitted.
UKC
Distinct patches of clear orange-red color on a white background. It is preferable for red to be the predominant color. On the head, a white blaze with red cheeks and ears and black ear fringe is preferred. A white tail is preferred. Disqualifications: Patches of black on a white background; black, white, tan tri-color; albinism.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: Dogs 37 - 42 cms (14 ½ - 16 ½ ins); Bitches 35 - 40 cms (14 - 16 ins).
UKC
Height: 14-16 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 40 cms.
Females 38 cms.
Tolerance 2 cms over or 3 cms under the ideal heights are permitted.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
  • Ears too small.
  • Ears half-erect, “flying ears”.
  • Tail that is curled.
  • Hackney gait.
  • Curly or silky hair.
  • Colour that is heavily interspersed with black hairs in the orange-red patches.
  • Too much ticking.
  • Over maximum size or under minimum size.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Ears: White color on ears.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Anxious behaviour.
  • Distinctly low on legs, out of proportion.
  • Wall eye.
  • Undershot or overshot bite.
  • Tail too short, not reaching hock-joint.
  • White colour on ears, partly or completely.
  • White hair around eyes, one or both.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Colour that is black and white or tricolour.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Extreme viciousness or shyness. Patches of black on a white background. Black, white, tan tri-color. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.