Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Kleiner Münsterländer

Small Munsterlander


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
09.11.2004.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Versatile working gundog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.2Continental Pointing Dogs, Spaniel type
With working trial

UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The development of the Small Munsterlander is hidden somewhere in the middle of the 19th century. After the change of the German hunting law, with the increasing number of hunters and hunting enthusiasts and the systematic cultivation of the game stock the breeding of new German Pointing Dogs began. There are reports saying that around 1870 longcoated „Wachtelhunds“ (German Spaniels) were well known in the Munsterland region. These dogs were firm in pointing, they had enormous scenting abilities and were also able to retrieve. On March 17, 1912, the „Verband für Kleine Münsterländer Vorstehhunde“ (Club for Small Munsterlander Pointing Dogs) was finally founded. At that time this Club expressed its aims as follows „ The Club pursues the purpose to promote the purity and the true breeding of the longcoated small pointing dog that has been bred in the Munsterland for many decades.“ The lack of the fixed breed characteristics at that time inhibited the breeding activities as well as the Club activities. From 1921, the breeders finally followed the breed standard that had been drawn up by Mr. Friedrich Jungklaus. Nevertheless, the true origin of the dogs of that time is not exactly proved.
UKC
The Small Munsterlander originated in Germany. It is descended from the long coated German Spaniels and is a spaniel type dog that points game. In 1921, a standard was drawn up in Germany by Mr. Friedrich Jungklaus, and it has been followed since that time, though the true origins of the breed are not clearly known. The Small Munsterlander was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Strong and harmonious build of medium size, showing balanced proportions with a lot of quality and elegance. Distinguished head. In upright posture the dog displays flowing outlines with horizontally carried tail. Its front legs are well feathered, the hind legs with breeches, the tail has a distinct flag. Its glossy coat should be straight or slightly wavy, dense and not too long. Its movement is harmonious and far reaching.
UKC
A medium sized pointing dog of Spaniel type, this breed is elegant and balanced, and has a distinguished air and clean, flowing lines. In proportion it is just slightly longer than tall, and it has a flat glossy coat of good density and medium length.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body from point of shoulders to the buttocks should exceed the height at the withers by not more than 5 cm. The length of the skull from the occiput to the stop is equal to the length of the muzzle from the stop to the nose.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Small Munsterlander is intelligent and capable of learning, full of temperament but even, with steady character; its attitude towards people is alert and friendly (suitable for family life), with good social behaviour and keeps close contact with his master (team spirit); with passionate, persevering predatory instinct, versatile hunting aptitudes and strong nerves and keenness for game.
UKC
Equally adaptable as a hunting dog or family companion, the Small Munsterlander is bright, willing to learn and quick to obey.

HEAD

:
FCI
The expression of the head is part of the type.
UKC
A proper head is vital to correct type in this breed.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Distinguished, lean, flat to slightly arched.
UKC
Long and lean, flat or slightly arched on top. Stop is slight but distinct.

Stop

:
FCI
Only slightly pronounced but distinctly recognizable.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Wholecoloured brown.
UKC
Brown in color, fully pigmented.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Powerful, long, straight.
UKC
Same length as the skull, powerful, with a straight nasal bone and close fitting lips that are fully pigmented, brown in color.

Lips

:
FCI
Short, tight closing, well pigmented – wholecoloured brown.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Large white teeth. Powerful jaws with regular and complete scissor bite with the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. 42 teeth according to the dentition formula.
UKC
Large and white, with full dentition, meeting in a true scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Strong, well muscled.

Eyes

:
FCI
Of medium size, neither protruding nor deep set. As dark brown as possible. Eyelids tight fitting to the eyeballs, covering the haws.
UKC
Of medium size, with tight fitting lids. Dark brown in color, with no haw showing.

Ears

:
FCI
Broad, set on high, lying close to the head, tapering towards the tips, ear leather should not reach beyond the corner of the mouth.
UKC
Broad at the base, tapering to the tips, set on high and carried close to head. Pulled forward the leather does not reach past the corner of the mouth.

NECK

:
FCI
Its length in balance with the general appearance; gradually widening towards the body. Napeline slightly arched, very muscular. Tight fitting throat skin.
UKC
Length in proportion to the rest of the dog. Arched at the crest, widening gradually towards the base. Clean and muscular.

BODY

:
UKC
Deep, rather than broad, in chest. Ribs nicely sprung and reaching well back to a short, broad loin. Withers pronounced, leading into a firm, well muscled back. Topline slopes gently. Croup long, broad and well muscled, sloping very gently to the set on of the tail. Elegantly curved tuck-up.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping in a straight line.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Firm, well muscled. The spinal processes should be covered by the musculature.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Long and broad, not short slanting, only slightly sloping towards the tail; well muscled. Broad pelvis.

Chest

:
FCI
Rather deep than broad, breastbone reaching as far backwards as possible. Ribs well arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slight tuck-up towards the rear in an elegant curve; lean.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, with long flag, strong at the base, then tapering. Of medium length. Carried downwards in repose, horizontally and not too high above the level of the topline with a slight sweep when in action. In the lower third it may be curved slightly upwards.
UKC
Set on high, strong at the base and tapering to the tip. Medium in length, with a long flag. When the dog is in motion, the tail is carried level with the back or slightly elevated, and may be gently curved towards the tip.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Viewed from the front straight and rather parallel, viewed from the side legs set well under the body. The distance from the ground to the elbows should be approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to the withers.
UKC
Shoulder blades fit closely to the body, and meet the upper arms at an angle of nearly 90 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades lying close to the body, strongly muscled. Shoulder and upperarm forming a good angle of approximately 90 °.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
As long as possible, well muscled.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body, neither turning in nor out. The upper arm forming a good angle with the forearm.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and set well back under the body, with the elbows close to the ribs. Strong bone. Pasterns slope slightly. Distance from elbow to ground is equal to the distance from elbow to withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong bones, perpendicular to the ground.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong.

Pastern

:
FCI
Very slightly sloping.

FEET

:
UKC
Round, with tight, well arched toes. Front and rear feet point straight ahead.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round and arched with well knit toes and sufficiently thick, tough, robust pads. Not too heavy coat. Parallel in stance or in movement, neither turning in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Round and arched with well knit toes and sufficiently thick, tough, robust pads; not too heavy coat. Parallel in stance or in movement, neither turning in nor out.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from the rear straight and parallel. Correct angulation in stifles and hocks. Strong bones.
UKC
Musculature, bone and angulation match that of the forequarter.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, broad, muscular; forming a good angle with the pelvis.

Stifle

:
FCI
Strong, upper and lower thigh forming a good angle.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Upper thigh long and broad, lower thigh long, sinewy and muscular. Good angulation at stifle and hock joints. Rear pasterns short and vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, muscular and sinewy.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, perpendicular to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Ground covering, with good drive and appropriate reach, straight forward and parallel coming and going, with well upstanding posture. Pacing gait is undesirable.
UKC
The Small Munsterlander moves with a long, ground covering stride, straight and true, and carries the same profile moving as it has standing.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting, without folds.
UKC
Skin is tight fitting.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Dense, of medium length, not or only slightly wavy, close lying, water-repellent. The outlines of the body may not be hidden by too long coat. By its density it should provide as good a protection against weather, unfavourable terrain conditions and injuries as possible. Short smooth coat on the ears is faulty. Forelegs feathered, hindlegs with breeching down to the hocks, tail with a long flag and white tip, abundant coat on the forechest is undesirable.
UKC
Coat is dense, flat lying, straight or slightly wavy. Water, weather and thorn proof. Nicely feathered on ears, front legs, back legs down to hocks and tail, but excessive feathering on chest is undesirable.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Brown-white or brown roan with brown patches, brown mantle or brown ticking; blaze permitted. Tan coloured markings at the muzzle, the eyes and around the anus are permissible („Jungklaus markings“).
UKC
Brown and white. Brown roan. Brown mantle. Brown ticked. White blaze and tail tip acceptable. Tan points on cheeks, above eyes and around anus acceptable.

SIZE

:
UKC
Ideal size for males is 21½ inches at the withers. For females, 20½ inches. Variations of ½ inch either way are not faulty.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height at withers Dogs 54 cm.
Bitches 52 cm.
A deviation of +/- 2 cm is within the standard.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Deviation of the size limits between +/- 2 cm and +/- 4 cm.
  • Clumsy, big-boned conformation.
  • Serious deviations from the correct proportions of body, neck and height and withers.
  • More than 50 % of the nose flesh-coloured or spotted.
  • Pointed muzzle. Dished nose bridge.
  • Eyes too light. Light yellow hawk eyes.
  • Serious lack of depth of chest or too flat sided brisket. Barrel shaped brisket.
  • Elbows heavily turning out or in.
  • Steep pasterns.
  • Strongly cow hocked or barrel legged, in stance as well as in movement.
  • Splayed toes; flat feet.
  • Clumsy movement.
  • Coat too curled.
  • Smooth hairless ears or too long and curled fringes on the ears.
UKC

Muzzle: Muzzle pointed or dished.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Nose: Butterfly nose.
Forelegs: Large, clumsy bone. Crooked legs.
Body: Shallow chest, narrow or barrel shaped ribs.
Hind Legs: Cow hocked or spread hocked, either standing or moving.
Coat: Smooth, short hair on ears. Curly hair on ears.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Fearfulness, aggressiveness, game or gun shyness.
  • Size deviations of more than +/- 4 cm.
  • Untypical sexual characteristics, sexual malformations.
  • Completely depigmented nose.
  • All deviations from the correct scissor bite except the lack or excess of two P1.
  • Split jaw or split lip.
  • Ektropion, entropion, distichiasis, bird’s eye.
  • Pronounced dewlap.
  • Distinct roach back, swayback; crooked spine.
  • Malformation of the ribcage, such as sternum cut off.
  • Kinky tail, ring tail, other tail abnormalities like too short or too long tail.
  • Wholecoloured dogs.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Fearfulness, or aggressiveness. More than 1½ inches over or under the preferred size.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any deviation from a correct scissors bite and/or full dentition, with the exception of missing first premolars. Entropion, ectropian, distichiasis, bird of prey eyes. Nose completely lacking in pigmentation. Distinct dewlap. Seriously roached or swayed back. Curved spine. Kinked or ringed tail or any other tail deformity such as much too long or too short.
Teeth: Any deviation from a correct scissors bite and/or full dentition, with the exception of missing first premolars.
Eyes: Entropion, ectropian, distichiasis, bird of prey eyes.
Nose: Nose completely lacking in pigmentation.
Neck: distinct dewlap.
Body: Seriously roached or swayed back. Curved spine.
Tail: Kinked or ringed tail or any other tail deformity such as much too long or too short.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.