Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Kishu

Kishu


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
20.12.1994.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog, companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This breed originated from medium-sized dogs that existed in Japan in ancient times. It became established as a breed in the mountainous districts in Kishu (Wakayama and Mie Prefecture). Initially, these dogs’coats were often marked with conspicuous colours such as red, sesame or brindle. From 1934, however, only solid colours were accepted for this breed; conspicuously marked coats had disappeared by 1945, never to reappear. Currently, white coats may be found in this breed.
These dogs are used for hunting, now mainly wild boar, but at one time also deer. The breed took on the name of the region where it was bred. It was designated as a « natural monument » in 1934.
UKC
The Kishu is descended from the medium sized dogs that existed in Japan in ancient times. It became established as an individual breed in the mountainous regions of Kishu, and takes its name from the region in which it was developed. Originally, the breed was found in varying colorations, but after 1934 only solid colors were accepted. The Kishu is a hunting dog, used mainly on wild boar. The Kishu was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium-sized dog, well balanced and muscles well developed. The dog has pricked ears and a curled or sickle tail. The conformation is strong, well boned and compact.
UKC
The Kishu is a medium sized, well-balanced, compact and muscular breed with prick ears and a curled or sickle tail. The breed gives the appearance of being capable of great endurance. Males are distinctly masculine and females feminine.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Dog of noteworthy endurance, showing nobility, dignity and naive feeling. The temperament is faithful, docile and very alert.
UKC
A noble and dignified breed, the Kishu is faithful, docile and alert.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead broad.
UKC
The forehead is broad. There is an abrupt stop, with a slight furrow. The cheeks are relatively well developed.

Stop

:
FCI
Rather abrupt, with a slight furrow.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, flesh colour permitted with a white coat. Nasal bridge straight.
UKC
Generally black, but flesh colored is accepted in white dogs.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Fairly thick, wedge-shaped and tapering.
UKC
The muzzle is wedge shaped, fairly thick, tapering but not pointed. The nasal bridge is straight and the lips are tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, with a scissor bite.
UKC
The Kishu has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Relatively well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, nearly triangular, set well apart and dark brown in colour.
UKC
Fairly small and nearly triangular in shape, the eyes are set well apart and are dark in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
UKC
Small, triangular in shape, firmly pricked, and inclined slightly forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Thick and muscular.
UKC
Thick and muscular.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the Kishu is slightly longer than tall, measured from the breastbone to the point of buttocks and the withers to the ground. The chest is deep, and the ribs are moderately sprung. The withers are high, and the back is short and straight. The loin is broad and muscular, and the belly is well tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
High.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and short.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and muscular.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick, carried vigorously curled or curved like a sickle over the back, the tip nearly reaching to the hocks when let down.
UKC
The tail is thick, set on high, and carried curled or curved like a sickle over the back. Pulled down, the tail is nearly long enough to reach to the hock joint.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The shoulders are moderately sloping and well muscled. Angulation between the shoulder blade and upper arm is moderate.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately sloping with well developed muscles. Shoulder joints moderately angulated.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight, with the elbows held close to the body, and the pasterns slightly inclined. Bone is strong.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly inclining.

FEET

:
UKC
The toes are close and well arched. The pads are thick and elastic. The nails are hard, and preferably dark in color.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Toes well arched and tightly closed. Pads thick and elastic. Nails hard and preferably dark in colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are long, and the lower thighs are short. The hocks are tough and strong.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Short.

Hock

:
FCI
Tough and strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light and resilient.
UKC
Light and resilient.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight, undercoat soft and dense. The hair on cheeks and tail fairly long.
UKC
Double, with a harsh, straight outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. The hair on the cheeks and the tail is fairly long.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White, red and sesame (red fawn hair with black tips).
UKC
Red, white and sesame (red hairs with black tips).

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 52 cm.
Bitches 46 cm.
There is a tolerance of + 3 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 20.5 inches. For females, it is 18 inches. There is a tolerance of one inch in either direction in both sexes.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Bitchy dogs/doggy bitches.
  • Long hair.
UKC

Appearance: Lack of secondary sex characteristics.
Coat: Distinctly long coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Ears not pricked.
  • Hanging tail, short tail.
  • Shyness.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Extremely overshot or undershot bite. Ears not pricked. Short or hanging tail.
Teeth: Extremely overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Ears not pricked.
Tail: Short or hanging tail.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.