Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion and Toy Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 7English Toy Spaniels
Without working trial

KC
Toy

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
An obvious relative of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, this dog is known in some countries as the English Toy Spaniel, and derives his name from a dog which was a great favourite of King Charles II. Toy spaniels have long been treasured as pets both in England and on the Continent and were bred to a smaller and smaller size from setter dogs which established the type for spaniels. Basically these were little gun dogs, but pampered by wealthy owners, admired for their companionship and crossed with toy dogs from the East, giving rise to their facial appearance.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Refined, compact and cobby.
KC
Refined, compact and cobby.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Happy, intelligent, toy spaniel, with distinctive domed head.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Happy, intelligent, toy spaniel, with distinctive domed head. Reserved, gentle and affectionate.
KC
Reserved, gentle and affectionate.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull moderately large in comparison to size, well domed, full over eyes. Nose black with large, wide-open nostrils, short and turned up. Stop between skull and nose well defined. Muzzle square, wide and deep, well turned up, lower jaw wide, lips exactly meeting, giving nice finish. Cheeks not falling away under eyes, but well cushioned.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately large in comparison to size, well domed, full over eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Between skull and nose well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, with large, wide-open nostrils, short and turned-up.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Square, wide and deep, well turned up.
KC
Bite should be slightly undershot. Protruding tongue highly undesirable.

Lips

:
FCI
Exactly meeting, giving nice finish.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Lower jaw wide. Bite should be slightly undershot. Protruding tongue highly undesirable.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not falling away under eyes, but well cushioned.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively large and dark, set wide apart, eyelids block square to face line, pleasing expression.
KC
Relatively large and dark, set wide apart, eyelids block square to face line, pleasing expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on low, hanging quite flat to cheeks, very long and well feathered.
KC
Set on low, hanging quite flat to cheeks, very long and well feathered.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length; arched giving proud carriage of head.
KC
Of medium length; arched giving proud carriage of head.

BODY

:
KC
Chest wide and deep, back short and level.

Back

:
FCI
Short and level.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Docking previously optional.
Docked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back.
Undocked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
KC
Docking previously optional. Docked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. Undocked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Legs short, straight. Shoulders well laid back, elbows close to rib cage, turning neither in nor out.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to rib cage, neither turning in nor out.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs short and straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Firm.

FEET

:
KC
Compact, well padded and feathered, toes well knuckled, round cat-shaped foot, well cushioned, pasterns firm.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact, well padded and feathered, toes well knuckled, round cat-shaped foot, well cushioned.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Sufficient muscle to give positive driving movement.
KC
Sufficient muscle to give positive driving movement, stifles well bent, hocks well let down and defined. Straight when viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down and defined. Straight viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, active and elegant, driving from behind. Sound movement highly desirable.
KC
Free, active and elegant, driving from behind. Sound movement highly desirable.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long, silky and straight, slight wave allowed, never curly. Legs, ears and tail profusely feathered.
KC
Long, silky and straight, slight wave allowed, never curly. Legs, ears and tail profusely feathered.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Black and Tan: Rich glossy black, with bright mahogany-tan markings on muzzle, legs, chest, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. White patch on chest undesirable.
  • Tricolour: Ground pearly white, with well distributed black patches, brilliant tan markings on cheeks, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. Wide white blaze between eyes and up forehead.
  • Blenheim: Ground pearly white, with well distributed chestnut-red patches. Wide, clear blaze with the “spot” in centre of skull should be a clear chestnut red mark about the size of a penny.
  • Ruby: Whole coloured, rich chestnut red. White patch on chest highly undesirable.
KC
Black and Tan: rich glossy black, with bright mahogany-tan markings on muzzle, legs, chest, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. White patch on chest undesirable. Tricolour: ground pearly white, with well distributed black patches, brilliant tan markings on cheeks, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. Wide white blaze between eyes and up forehead. Blenheim: ground pearly white, with well distributed chestnut-red patches. Wide, clear blaze with the ’spot‘ in centre of skull, should be a clear chestnut ed mark about the size of a penny. Ruby: whole coloured, rich chestnut red. White patch on chest highly undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Weight: 3.6-6.3 kgs (8-14 lbs).

Weight

:
FCI
3.6-6.3 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.