Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

King Charles Spaniel

King Charles Spaniel

English Toy Spaniel


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Great Britain.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.10.2010.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion and Toy Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 7English Toy Spaniels
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
An obvious relative of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, this dog is known in some countries as the English Toy Spaniel, and derives his name from a dog which was a great favourite of King Charles II. Toy spaniels have long been treasured as pets both in England and on the Continent and were bred to a smaller and smaller size from setter dogs which established the type for spaniels. Basically these were little gun dogs, but pampered by wealthy owners, admired for their companionship and crossed with toy dogs from the East, giving rise to their facial appearance.
UKC
The English Toy Spaniel was developed as a result of crossing local English spaniels with smaller toy dogs from the Orient. This resulted in a small dog with a round head and short foreface. The English Toy Spaniel was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Refined, compact and cobby.
KC
Refined, compact and cobby.
UKC
Cobby, compact and essentially square in shape, the English Toy Spaniel is sturdy of frame and solidly constructed, with a silky, flowing coat. Its rounded head, lustrous dark eyes and well-cushioned, short-nosed face exemplify the important characteristics of the English Toy Spaniel.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Happy, intelligent, toy spaniel, with distinctive domed head.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Happy, intelligent, toy spaniel, with distinctive domed head. Reserved, gentle and affectionate.
KC
Reserved, gentle and affectionate.
UKC
The breed has a soft and appealing expression, indicating an intelligent nature and a merry and affectionate demeanor. They are bright and interested, affectionate and willing to please.

HEAD

:
KC
Skull moderately large in comparison to size, well domed, full over eyes. Nose black with large, wide-open nostrils, short and turned up. Stop between skull and nose well defined. Muzzle square, wide and deep, well turned up, lower jaw wide, lips exactly meeting, giving nice finish. Cheeks not falling away under eyes, but well cushioned.
UKC
The head is large in comparison to the overall size of the dog. It has a plush, chubby look, yet with a degree of refinement that prevents coarseness.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Moderately large in comparison to size, well domed, full over eyes.
UKC
The skull is high and well domed, full over the eyes. The deep stop is well defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Between skull and nose well defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, with large, wide-open nostrils, short and turned-up.
UKC
The nose has large, wide-open nostrils. It is jet black in color and turned up to meet the skull.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Square, wide and deep, well turned up.
KC
Bite should be slightly undershot. Protruding tongue highly undesirable.
UKC
The muzzle is very short. The nose is well laid back. Cushioning under the eyes is well developed. The square, broad, deep jaw is well turned up. The lips meet properly to give a finished appearance.

Lips

:
FCI
Exactly meeting, giving nice finish.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Lower jaw wide. Bite should be slightly undershot. Protruding tongue highly undesirable.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a slightly undershot bite. The teeth are not to show.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not falling away under eyes, but well cushioned.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively large and dark, set wide apart, eyelids block square to face line, pleasing expression.
KC
Relatively large and dark, set wide apart, eyelids block square to face line, pleasing expression.
UKC
The large eyes are set squarely on a line with the nose. They are very dark brown or black, with little or no white showing. Eye rims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on low, hanging quite flat to cheeks, very long and well feathered.
KC
Set on low, hanging quite flat to cheeks, very long and well feathered.
UKC
The very long ears are set low and close to the head. They are fringed with heavy feathering.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length; arched giving proud carriage of head.
KC
Of medium length; arched giving proud carriage of head.
UKC
The nicely-arched neck is moderate in length.

BODY

:
KC
Chest wide and deep, back short and level.
UKC
The short, square, cobby body is deep and compact, with a sturdy frame. The chest is deep and broad and the topline is level.

Back

:
FCI
Short and level.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Docking previously optional.
Docked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back.
Undocked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
KC
Docking previously optional. Docked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. Undocked: Well feathered, not carried over or above level of back. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail and its carriage serve as an index of the breed's attitude and character. The tail is set at back level and is carried at or just slightly above the level of the back. Docking is optional. If docked, it is 2 to 4 inches in length and well feathered with a silky flag. If undocked, the tail is well feathered and not carried over or much above the level of the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Legs short, straight. Shoulders well laid back, elbows close to rib cage, turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to rib cage, neither turning in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The strong, well-boned legs drop straight down from the elbow. The pasterns are strong.

Forearm

:
FCI
Legs short and straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Firm.

FEET

:
KC
Compact, well padded and feathered, toes well knuckled, round cat-shaped foot, well cushioned, pasterns firm.
UKC
Neat and compact. Fused toes, which are often seen, are acceptable.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Compact, well padded and feathered, toes well knuckled, round cat-shaped foot, well cushioned.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Sufficient muscle to give positive driving movement.
KC
Sufficient muscle to give positive driving movement, stifles well bent, hocks well let down and defined. Straight when viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.
UKC
Strong and properly muscled to give driving movement.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are well muscled and nicely angulated at the stifle and hock joints. The rear pasterns are short and straight when viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Hocks well let down and defined. Straight viewed from behind, turning neither in nor out.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Free, active and elegant, driving from behind. Sound movement highly desirable.
KC
Free, active and elegant, driving from behind. Sound movement highly desirable.
UKC
Free, lively, elegant. Good reach in front; sound driving action from the rear. Indicative of stable character and correct structure. Good length of stride when viewed from the side. Straight and true when viewed from both front and rear.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long, silky and straight, slight wave allowed, never curly. Legs, ears and tail profusely feathered.
KC
Long, silky and straight, slight wave allowed, never curly. Legs, ears and tail profusely feathered.
UKC
The coat is long and silky, straight or slightly wavy, never curly. There is profuse feathering on the ears, legs and tail. The feet are well feathered. The Blenheim and Ruby rarely attain the length of coat and ears of the Prince Charles and King Charles, but good coats and long ear fringes are desired and prized attributes. Over trimming of the body, feet and tail fringes is to be penalized.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Black and Tan: Rich glossy black, with bright mahogany-tan markings on muzzle, legs, chest, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. White patch on chest undesirable.
  • Tricolour: Ground pearly white, with well distributed black patches, brilliant tan markings on cheeks, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. Wide white blaze between eyes and up forehead.
  • Blenheim: Ground pearly white, with well distributed chestnut-red patches. Wide, clear blaze with the “spot” in centre of skull should be a clear chestnut red mark about the size of a penny.
  • Ruby: Whole coloured, rich chestnut red. White patch on chest highly undesirable.
KC
Black and Tan: rich glossy black, with bright mahogany-tan markings on muzzle, legs, chest, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. White patch on chest undesirable. Tricolour: ground pearly white, with well distributed black patches, brilliant tan markings on cheeks, linings of ears, under tail and spots over eyes. Wide white blaze between eyes and up forehead. Blenheim: ground pearly white, with well distributed chestnut-red patches. Wide, clear blaze with the ’spot‘ in centre of skull, should be a clear chestnut ed mark about the size of a penny. Ruby: whole coloured, rich chestnut red. White patch on chest highly undesirable.
UKC
The following colors are acceptable: The Blenheim (red and white). Consists of a pearly-white ground with deep red or chestnut markings evenly distributed in large patches. Ears and cheeks are red. A white blaze extends from the nose, up the forehead, ending between the ears in a crescent-shaped curve. Red markings around both eyes are preferred. This variety often has a thumb mark, referred to as the "Blenheim Spot" on the top and center of the skull inside the blaze. The Prince Charles (tri-color). Consists of a pearly-white ground with evenly distributed black patches, solid black ears and black face markings. Black markings around both eyes are preferred. Rich tan markings are found on the face, over the eyes, in the ear linings and under the tail. The King Charles (black and tan). A rich, glossy black with bright mahogany tan markings found on the cheeks, in the ear linings, over the eyes, on the legs and under the tail. A small white chest patch, approximately quarter sized, or a few white chest hairs are acceptable but not desirable. The Ruby (self-colored). Rich mahogany red. A small, white chest patch, approximately quarter sized, or a few white chest hairs are acceptable but highly undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Weight: 3.6-6.3 kgs (8-14 lbs).

Weight

:
FCI
3.6-6.3 kgs.
UKC
The weight range for adults is from 8 to 14 pounds.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Teeth: Wry mouth. Hanging tongue.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness Albinism.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.