Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Karelian Bear Dog

(Karjalankarhukoira)

Karelian Bear Dog

These illustrations do not necessarily show the ideal example of the breed.

ORIGIN

:
FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A dog mainly for elk and bear hunting, holds the game at bay. Eager hunter; very independent, yet works cooperatively to game, marking game by barking. The senses, especially of scent, are keen, thus the breed is suitable for big game hunting. Very good sense of direction.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
Working trial only for the nordic countries (Sweden, No

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Finnish Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Komi dog, also called the dog of Zyrians, is considered to be the origin of the breed. However, the basic stock dogs originated from the Ladoga’s Karelia, Olonets and Russian Karelia , where they were used for all different types of game hunting. The breeding was started in 1936 with the goal to create a sturdy dog which barks at big game. The first standard was established in 1945. The first dogs were registred in 1946. Today the breed is common in Finland.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog originated in northwestern Europe. It was originally a hunting dog used by Russian and Finnish peasants. The Komi dog is considered to be the ancestor of the breed, and the original dogs were red, red-gray or black and white in color. The breed was further developed in Finland, and the black and white dogs were preferred for breeding. It was bred to be a silent hunter of large game, barking only when the game was stopped or treed. The first standard was established in 1945, and today the Karelian Bear Dog is one of the most common dog breeds in Finland. The Karelian Bear Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium sized, robust conformation, strong, only slightly longer than the height at the withers, with dense coat and pricked ears.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog is a medium-sized, sturdily-built, Spitz-type dog, with a triangular-shaped head, prick ears, and a harsh, straight, black or black and white coat that is of medium length. The length of body, from point of buttocks to point of sternum, is just slightly longer than the height, measured at the withers. Slightly longer coat on the thighs may make the length of body appear greater. The tail is carried in a loose curl over the back, although a natural bob or stub tail is acceptable. Honorable scars or other evidences of injury resulting from working in the field are not to be penalized.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body is only slightly longer than the height at the withers. The depth of the body is about the half of the height at the withers. The ratio between muzzle and skull is approximately 2 3. The length of the skull is about the same as its breadth and depth.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Balanced, slightly reserved, courageous and persistent. Very self-confident, may be aggressive towards other dogs, but never towards people. Highly developed fighting spirit.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog has a reserved but stable temperament and is very devoted to its master. Karelians have strong hunting instincts. They are normally aggressive with other dogs, particularly in their own territory, so they do not work well in a pack. They are fearless and self confident, and will attack bear and other large game without hesitation. Their senses, particularly the sense of smell, are very keen. They are never aggressive towards people.

HEAD

:
FCI
Viewed from the front triangular in shape.
UKC
The head is triangular in shape when viewed from the front.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad; viewed from the front and in profile slightly convex. Broadest between the ears. The frontal furrow is barely visible. The superciliary ridges are only slightly developed.
UKC
The skull is broadest between the ears, tapering in width towards the eyes. In profile, it is slightly rounded. In length and depth, the skull measures approximately the same as its width between the ears. The frontal furrow is barely visible and the superciliary ridges are only slightly developed. The stop is not pronounced; rather it is long and gradually sloping.

Stop

:
FCI
Not very pronounced, rather long, arched gradually towards the skull.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Large, black in colour.
UKC
The nose is large and solid black. In profile, the nose is on the same line as the top of the muzzle and extends just slightly beyond the forepart of the muzzle.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Deep, tapering only slightly towards the nose. The nasal bridge is straight.
UKC
The muzzle is deep, and tapers in width only slightly from the eyes to the nose. It is about two-thirds the length of the skull. The nasal bridge is straight and the lips are rather thin and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Rather thin and tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are very strong. The teeth are well developed and symmetrical; normal dentition. Tight scissor bite.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog has a complete set of good-sized, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite. Broken teeth resulting from field work are not to be penalized.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The zygomatic arches are strong.

Eyes

:
FCI
Rathers small, slightly oval. Brown of different shades, never yellow. The expression is alert and fiery.
UKC
The eyes are relatively small and oval in shape with an alert, sometimes fiery expression. Color is brown of varying shades. Eye rims are dark.

Ears

:
FCI
Erect, set rather high, medium sized with slightly rounded tips.
UKC
The ears are strongly erect, of medium size, triangular in shape, and set rather high at the outer edge of the skull. The ears are slightly rounded at the tips and wide at the base.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular; of medium length, arched and covered with profuse hair. Without dewlap.
UKC
The neck is of moderate length, muscular, arched and covered with thick hair.

BODY

:
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog is just slightly longer, measured from prosternum to point of buttocks, than tall, measured from the withers to the ground. The line of the back inclines very slightly downward from well-developed withers and then becomes level. The back is well-muscled, with a short, muscular loin, and a broad, strong, slightly sloping croup. The ribs are moderately sprung out from the spine, forming a strong back. The chest is moderately wide and the brisket extends to the elbow. The forechest should extend in a shallow oval shape in front of the forelegs, but the sternum should not be excessively pointed. There is a slight but noticeable tuck-up.

Withers

:
FCI
Clearly defined, especially in males, less defined in bitches.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, strong and slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Spacious, not very broad, rather long, reaching approximately to the elbows. The ribs are slightly arched; the forechest clearly visible, yet not very broad.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
High set, of medium length, curved over the back, the tip of the tail touching the body on either side or on the back. A natural bobtail is permitted.
UKC
The medium length, high set tail is carried curved over the back, with the tip touching the back or either side of the body. A natural bob tail is permitted.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong with strong bone. Viewed from the front straight and parallel. The upper arm and the shoulder blade are equal in length, the forearm is slightly longer.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back, with good angulation and well-developed muscles. The shoulder blade and the upper arm are roughly equal in length. The upper arm lies close to the ribs with the elbow close to the body and placed on a vertical line drawn from the highest point of the shoulder blade.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Relatively oblique, muscular.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Slightly oblique and strong.

Elbow

:
FCI
Pointing straight backwards, placed on the vertical line drawn from the highest point of the shoulder blade.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and muscular, with strong bone and medium length, slightly sloping pasterns. The length of the foreleg from elbow to ground is approximately one-half the height at the withers.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong and vertical.

Pastern

:
FCI
Of medium length, slightly oblique.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are of medium size, round in shape, well-knuckled up, with thick strong pads that are well covered with dense hair on the sides. The hind feet are somewhat longer and flatter than the front feet. Nails should be hard. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Tight, well arched, roundish and pointing forward. Pads springy, the sides covered with dense hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Tight, slightly longer and less arched than the front feet. Pads springy, the sides covered with dense hair.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and muscular, viewed from behind straight and parallel. The front line of the hind limb is evenly arched.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular, with the legs straight and parallel when viewed from behind.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad and long with strong muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointing forward, medium angulation.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is broad, long and well muscled. There is moderate angulation at the stifle. The lower thigh is long and muscular. The hock joint is low, with clearly visible angulation. Rear pasterns are short, strong and vertical.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and muscular.

Hock

:
FCI
Low; angulation clearly visible.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, strong and vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Light, ground covering and effortless. Changes easily from trot to gallop, which is the most natural style of movement. The legs move parallel.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog moves with strides of moderate length with a gait that conveys stamina and agility rather than power and strength. It is a quick, agile trot that enables the dog to switch effortlessly to a gallop, which is the breed’s more natural gait. Correct movement is essential in this breed.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight. On the neck, back and backside of the upper thighs longer than elsewhere. The undercoat is soft and dense.
UKC
The Karelian Bear Dog has a double coat of medium length, with the hair on the neck, back and buttocks slightly longer, and the hair on the head, legs, and ears slightly shorter. The outer coat is coarse, straight, and stands somewhat away from the body. The undercoat is thick, soft, and dense.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Black, may be dull or shaded with brown. Most individuals have clearly defined white markings on the head, neck, chest, belly and the legs.
UKC
Black, usually with sharp-edged white patches or marks on the head, neck, chest, belly, and legs. Brownish-black, matte black, and shiny black are all acceptable.

SIZE

:
UKC
Desirable height, measured at the withers, ranges from 21¼ to 23½ inches for males, and 19¼ to 21¼ inches for females. The Karelian Bear Dog should be presented in hard, muscular condition.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal height for males 57 cm,
Ideal height for females 52 cm.
With a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

Weight

:
FCI

Males 25 - 28 kg,
Bitches 17 - 20 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Light in bone.
  • Narrow skull.
  • Strongly bulging forehead.
  • Snipey muzzle.
  • Yellow eyes.
  • Soft or bat ears.
  • Dewlap.
  • Too deep or barrel shaped ribcage.
  • Straight or insufficiently curved tail.
  • Straight shoulders.
  • Straight hocks and flat feet.
  • Dewclaws on hindlegs.
  • Wavy coat.
  • Predominantly white colour with black markings or some so called wolf hair.
UKC

Coat: Curly or wavy coat; lack of undercoat.
Color: White with black patches or wolf colored patches or spots.
Size: Obese, soft condition.
Teeth: Level bite.
Ears: Long, narrow ear; pointed tips; ears placed too high or too far apart; soft ears that fail to remain completely erect when the dog is moving.
Neck: Loose skin; insufficient coat on the neck.
Forelegs: Straight shoulders; elbows out; legs too short; fine bone; down in pasterns.
Body: Chest too deep or too narrow; barrel-shaped body; pronounced tuck-up.
Hind Legs: Insufficient angulation at stifle or hock; cow hocks.
Feet: Splayed toes; thin pads.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Eyes: Yellow eyes.
Size: Dogs over or under standard height should be severely penalized.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressiveness towards people.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Wall eye.
  • Ears hanging or with drooping tips.
  • Other colours than allowed in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or marked shyness. Any color other than those allowed in the standard. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Wall eye. Drop ears or ears with bent tips.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot.
Eyes: Wall eye.
Ears: Drop ear, ears with bent tips.
Color: Any colors other than those allowed in the standard.
Note: Note: Karelian Bear Dogs are not to be penalized for dog aggression as it is a normal characteristic of this breed. Handlers, however, may be penalized for failure to properly control their dogs.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.