Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Japanese Spitz

(Nihon Supittsu)

Japanese Spitz


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
01.01.1987.
KC
April 2008

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The origin of the Japanese Spitz is said to be the large-sized white German Spitz brought to Japan around 1920 via the continent of Siberia and northeast part of China. Around the year 1921 the breed was first exhibited at a dog show in Tokyo.
Subsequently, in 1925, two pairs of white Spitz were imported from Canada, and until around 1936, imports came from Canada, the U.S., Australia and China. Eventually their offspring were crossbred to produce a better breed. After the 2nd World War, the unified breed standard was established by the Japan Kennel Club in 1948 to be valid to the present.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Covered with profuse pure white coat, with pointed muzzle, triangular pricked ears, and feathering tail over back. The constitution tough and the whole well balanced, its harmonious beauty causing spirit and dignity peculiar to this breed, and expressing elegance.
KC
Profuse, pure white, stand-off coat. Overall quality of body firm and strong. Pointed muzzle, triangular shaped ears standing erect. Well plumed tail carried over back. Ratio of height to length 10:11.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.
KC
Affectionate, companionable. Slightly chary at first meeting with strangers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Intelligent, cheerful, keen in sense. Noisy not permitted.
KC
Alert, intelligent, bold and lively.

HEAD

:
FCI
Size in balance to body, moderately broad and rounded.
KC
Head medium size without coarseness. Wedge shaped when viewed from above. Moderately broad. Slightly rounded skull, broadest at occiput. Well defined stop, forehead not protruding. Muzzle in proportion to the head, tapering to a small, black, round nose. Lips black, firm and tight.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead moderately developed. Rear part of skull broadest.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Small, round and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Pointed, the tip slightly round, and well balanced. Lips tight and preferably black.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth white and strong with scissor bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Moderately large, almond-shaped, set slightly oblique, dark in colour. Black eyerims.
KC
Dark, moderate size, oval-shaped, set rather obliquely and not too wide apart; black eye rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high, small, triangular, pricked, facing forward, and not too far apart.
KC
Small, triangular, standing erect. Set high, facing forward, not too wide apart.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderately long, muscles well developed.
KC
Strong, arched and of moderate length.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers. Chest broad and deep. Ribs well sprung, belly firm with moderate tuck-up. Back straight and short, full of flexibility. Loins broad and firm, with a slight rise. Level croup with high set tail.

Withers

:
FCI
High.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and short.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep, ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, moderately long, carried over back.
KC
Moderate length, well plumed, high set, carried curved over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Shoulders well sloping, forearms straight, elbows tight.
KC
Moderately sloping shoulder; upper arm of sufficient length to ensure elbow is vertically below point of withers. Forelegs straight, elbow firm and tight; pasterns slightly sloping.

FORELEGS

:

FEET

:
KC
Small round, cat-like and well cushioned. Pads black, nails preferably dark.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Cat-feet. Pads thick, and desirably black as well as the nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscular, stifle and hock moderately bent.
KC
Well proportioned and balanced. Muscular, moderately angulated. Hindlegs parallel to each other when viewed from rear.

HIND LEGS

:

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Quick and active.
KC
Light, nimble, active, energetic and very smooth.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat straight and stand-off. Undercoat short, soft and dense. The foreface, ears, front of forearms and part below hocks are short haired, and the rest covered with abundant long coat, especially from neck to shoulders and forechest covered with beautiful frill, and the tail also has long profuse feathering.
KC
Outer coat straight and stand-off. Profuse, short, dense undercoat, soft in texture. Shorter on face, ears, front of fore and hindlegs and below hocks. Remainder of body covered with long coat. Mane on neck and shoulders reaching down to brisket. Tail profusely covered with long hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white.
KC
Pure white.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at shoulders: dogs: 34-37 cms (13½-14½ ins); bitches 30-34 cms (12 - 13½ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 30-38 cm.
Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Overshot or undershot mouth.
Strongly curled tail.
Shyness; noisiness.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Drop ears.
Tail not carried on back.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.