Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Japanese Spitz

(Nihon Supittsu)

Japanese Spitz

Japanese Spitz


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
01.01.1987.
KC
April 2008

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

KC
Utility
UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The origin of the Japanese Spitz is said to be the large-sized white German Spitz brought to Japan around 1920 via the continent of Siberia and northeast part of China. Around the year 1921 the breed was first exhibited at a dog show in Tokyo.
Subsequently, in 1925, two pairs of white Spitz were imported from Canada, and until around 1936, imports came from Canada, the U.S., Australia and China. Eventually their offspring were crossbred to produce a better breed. After the 2nd World War, the unified breed standard was established by the Japan Kennel Club in 1948 to be valid to the present.
UKC
The Japanese Spitz is descended from the larger German Spitz dogs that were brought to Japan around 1920 via Siberia and northern China. In 1925, two pairs of white Spitz were imported from Canada, and for the next ten years more imports came from Canada, the U.S., Australia and China. The offspring of all these dogs were crossbred to create the breed that was recognized in 1948 as the Japanese Spitz. The Japanese Spitz was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Covered with profuse pure white coat, with pointed muzzle, triangular pricked ears, and feathering tail over back. The constitution tough and the whole well balanced, its harmonious beauty causing spirit and dignity peculiar to this breed, and expressing elegance.
KC
Profuse, pure white, stand-off coat. Overall quality of body firm and strong. Pointed muzzle, triangular shaped ears standing erect. Well plumed tail carried over back. Ratio of height to length 10:11.
UKC
The Japanese Spitz is an elegant, spirited and dignified breed that has prick ears, a high set tail that is carried curled over the back, and a sparkling white coat that stands off the body.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 11.
KC
Affectionate, companionable. Slightly chary at first meeting with strangers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Intelligent, cheerful, keen in sense. Noisy not permitted.
KC
Alert, intelligent, bold and lively.
UKC
The breed is intelligent, cheerful and keen. They should not be noisy.

HEAD

:
FCI
Size in balance to body, moderately broad and rounded.
KC
Head medium size without coarseness. Wedge shaped when viewed from above. Moderately broad. Slightly rounded skull, broadest at occiput. Well defined stop, forehead not protruding. Muzzle in proportion to the head, tapering to a small, black, round nose. Lips black, firm and tight.
UKC
The size of the head balances in harmony with the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Forehead moderately developed. Rear part of skull broadest.
UKC
Moderately broad and rounded, the skull is widest between the ears. The forehead is moderately developed and the stop is defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Small, round and black.
UKC
Small, round, and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Pointed, the tip slightly round, and well balanced. Lips tight and preferably black.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
The muzzle is pointed, with a slightly rounded tip. The lips are tight and preferably black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth white and strong with scissor bite.
UKC
The Japanese Spitz has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Moderately large, almond-shaped, set slightly oblique, dark in colour. Black eyerims.
KC
Dark, moderate size, oval-shaped, set rather obliquely and not too wide apart; black eye rims.
UKC
The eyes are moderately large, and almond to oval in shape. They are set slightly obliquely, and are dark in color, with black eye rims.

Ears

:
FCI
Set on high, small, triangular, pricked, facing forward, and not too far apart.
KC
Small, triangular, standing erect. Set high, facing forward, not too wide apart.
UKC
The ears are small, set on high, not too far apart and triangular in shape. They are pricked and face forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderately long, muscles well developed.
KC
Strong, arched and of moderate length.
UKC
The neck is moderately long, with well developed muscles.

BODY

:
KC
Length from point of shoulder to point of buttock slightly greater than height at withers. Chest broad and deep. Ribs well sprung, belly firm with moderate tuck-up. Back straight and short, full of flexibility. Loins broad and firm, with a slight rise. Level croup with high set tail.
UKC
In proportion, the body is slightly longer than tall in a ratio of 11:10. The chest is wide and deep and the ribs are well sprung. The withers are high and the back is straight and short. The loin is broad and the belly is well tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
High.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and short.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad.

Chest

:
FCI
Wide and deep, ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, moderately long, carried over back.
KC
Moderate length, well plumed, high set, carried curved over the back.
UKC
The tail is moderately long, set on high and carried curled over the middle of the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Shoulders well sloping, forearms straight, elbows tight.
KC
Moderately sloping shoulder; upper arm of sufficient length to ensure elbow is vertically below point of withers. Forelegs straight, elbow firm and tight; pasterns slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulders are well laid back.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight, with firm, tight elbows, and slightly sloping pasterns. The presence or absence of dewclaws is immaterial.

FEET

:
KC
Small round, cat-like and well cushioned. Pads black, nails preferably dark.
UKC
The feet are cat-like, with thick, black pads, and nails that are preferably black.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Cat-feet. Pads thick, and desirably black as well as the nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Muscular, stifle and hock moderately bent.
KC
Well proportioned and balanced. Muscular, moderately angulated. Hindlegs parallel to each other when viewed from rear.
UKC
The hindquarters are muscular, well proportioned, and balanced.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are parallel when viewed from the rear. There is moderate angulation at the stifle and hock joints.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Quick and active.
KC
Light, nimble, active, energetic and very smooth.
UKC
Light, nimble, active, energetic and very smooth. Head carriage when the dog is in motion should be high and proud.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat straight and stand-off. Undercoat short, soft and dense. The foreface, ears, front of forearms and part below hocks are short haired, and the rest covered with abundant long coat, especially from neck to shoulders and forechest covered with beautiful frill, and the tail also has long profuse feathering.
KC
Outer coat straight and stand-off. Profuse, short, dense undercoat, soft in texture. Shorter on face, ears, front of fore and hindlegs and below hocks. Remainder of body covered with long coat. Mane on neck and shoulders reaching down to brisket. Tail profusely covered with long hair.
UKC
Double, with a short, soft and dense undercoat, and a straight outer coat that stands off the body. The face, ears, front of legs and rear legs below the hocks are short haired. The rest of the body is covered with an abundant long coat, especially on the neck, shoulders, forechest and tail.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Pure white.
KC
Pure white.
UKC
Pure white.

SIZE

:
KC
Height at shoulders: dogs: 34-37 cms (13½-14½ ins); bitches 30-34 cms (12 - 13½ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 30-38 cm.
Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 12 to 15 inches; for females it is 12 to 14 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Overshot or undershot mouth.
Strongly curled tail.
Shyness; noisiness.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Tail: Excessively curled (kinked) tail.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Tail: Tail not carried on the back.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Drop ears.
Tail not carried on back.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Ears not pricked.
Ears: Ears not prick.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.