Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Japanese Chin

(Chin)

Japanese Chin

Japanese Chin


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.04.2016.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 8Japan Chin and Pekingese
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
According to ancient documents it is assumed that the ancestors of the Chin were presented as a gift from the rulers of Korea (during the Silla Dynasty age 377-935) to the Japanese court in 732. For a successive 100 years, there appears to have been a large number of Chins coming into Japan. Historical records also indicate that envoys sent to China (during the Tung Dynasty age 618-910) and North Korea (during the Po H’ai Dynasty age 698-926) brought back dogs of this breed directly. During the reign of the Shogunate Tsunayoshi Tokugawa (1680-1709) the breed was raised as an indoor toy dog in the Castle of Edo.
In 1613 a Britisher, Captain Searles, brought a Chin to England and in 1853 Commodore Perry from the U.S. brought several to the U.S. of which two were presented to Queen Victoria of England.
Since 1868, the Chin has been favored as a lapdog by ladies of the upper classes, and currently is being widely spread as a companion dog.
UKC
The Japanese Chin is a very ancient breed, believed to date back to at least 520 A.D. Held in high esteem and originally owned by only the Japanese nobility, they were introduced to the world by Commander Perry in the mid-1800s.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small sized dog with broad face, covered with profuse coat, with elegant and graceful figure.
KC
Elegant and aristocratic, smart, compact with profuse coat.
UKC
The Japanese Chin is a small toy-type dog with a broad face and a profuse coat. It is square in outline and presents an elegant and graceful figure.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of the body is equal. The body of bitches slightly longer.
KC
Intelligent, happy, lively little dog who has look of astonishment, peculiar to this breed.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Clever, mild and lovely.
KC
Gay, happy, gentle and good natured.
UKC
Its expression is bright, inquisitive, alert and intelligent. It is a sensitive and intelligent dog, whose only purpose is to serve man as a companion. Responsive and affectionate with those it knows and loves, it is reserved with strangers or in new situations.

HEAD

:
KC
Fairly large in proportion to size of dog, moderately broad skull, rounded in front, and between ears, but never domed. Nose large with open nostrils, black, except in red and whites where the colour can be appropriate to markings. Muzzle short, wide, well cushioned, i.e. upper lips rounded on each side of nostrils, jaws level.
UKC
The head is short, broad and round, with a deeply indented stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad and rounded.
UKC
The large, broad skull is slightly rounded between the ears, but is not domed. The forehead is prominent, rounding toward the nose, and wide across the level of the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Deep and indented.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nasal bridge very short and wide, the nose on a straight line with the eyes; the nose colour black or deep flesh colour, according to dog’s markings. Well opened nostrils.
UKC
The nose is very short and has wide, open nostrils. It is set on a level with the middle of the eyes and is upturned.\ In a black and white dog, nose pigment is black. In a black and white dog with tan points, nose pigment is black. In a red and white dog, nose pigment is self-colored or black.

Muzzle

:
KC
Bite preferably level or slightly undershot; wry mouth or tongue showing highly undesirable.
UKC
The nasal bridge is very short and wide, with the nose set on a line with the eyes. The cheeks are well cushioned and the lips fully cover the teeth.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth white and strong; level bite desirable, but scissor bite or undershot mouth permitted.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet ideally in a level bite. Scissors or slightly undershot bites are acceptable. A dog with one or two missing or slightly misaligned teeth should not be severely penalized.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, round, set wide apart and lustrous black in colour.
KC
Moderately large, dark, set far apart. Size should be in proportion to size of skull. Small amount of white shows in the inner corners, giving characteristic look of astonishment. Eyes should be forward facing, not set on side of head.
UKC
The large, round, eyes are set wide apart. They are lustrous, and dark in color. A small amount of white showing in the inner comers of the eyes is a breed characteristic, giving the dog a look of astonishment.

Ears

:
FCI
Long, triangular, hanging, covered with long hair; set wide apart.
KC
Small, set wide apart, high on head, carried slightly forward, V-shaped, well feathered.
UKC
The small, hanging, v-shaped ears are set wide apart slightly below the crown of the skull. When the dog is alert, the ears are carried forward and downward. They are well feathered and fit into the rounded contour of the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather short, and held high.
KC
Moderate length, carried proudly.
UKC
Rather short and upright, carrying the head high.

BODY

:
KC
Square and compactly built, wide in chest, ‘cobby’. Length of body equal to height at withers.
UKC
The body is square. The chest is moderately wide. Ribs are somewhat rounded. The depth of the ribs extends to the elbow. The back is straight and the loin is broad and slightly rounded.

Back

:
FCI
Short and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and slightly round.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad and deep, with ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Covered with beautiful, profuse and long hair, being carried up over back.
KC
Set high on level back, profusely feathered, closely curved or plumed over back.
UKC
The tail is set on high. It is carried arched up over the back and flowing to either side of the body.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forearms straight, fine boned; backside of forearms below the elbows feathered.
KC
Legs straight with strong fine bone, giving slender appearance, well feathered down to the feet.
UKC
The elbows are set close to the body

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are straight and fine boned. Removal of dewclaws from the forelegs is optional.

FEET

:
KC
Slender, hare-footed, feathered at tips, pointing neither in nor out.
UKC
The feet are hare shaped. Forefeet point straight ahead or very slightly outward. Hind feet point straight ahead. In a mature dog, there is feathering on the ends of the toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small and hare-shaped, covered with tufts desirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs moderately angulated, rear of the rump covered with feather.
KC
Straight, viewed from behind, good turn of stifle, profusely feathered from the back of thighs.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The rear legs are fine-boned and straight when viewed from the rear. There is a moderate bend to the stifle. Removal of dewclaws from the hind legs is optional.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Elegant, light and proud.
KC
Stylish, straight in movement, with good reach and elevation when in motion, no plaiting, and showing no weakness in hind movement.
UKC
The Japanese Chin’s gait is elegant, light and proud.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Silky, straight and long. Whole body except face covered with profuse hair. The ears, neck, thighs and tail have profuse feather.
KC
Profuse, long, soft, straight, of silky texture. Absolutely free from curl or wave, not too flat, having a tendency to stand out especially at frill of neck.
UKC
The breed is single coated. The abundant coat is silky and straight. It has resilient texture and a tendency to stand out from the body, especially on the neck, shoulders, and chest areas, where the hair forms a thick mane or ruff. The head and muzzle are covered with short hair, except for the heavily feathered ears. The forelegs have short hair blending into profuse feathering on the back of the legs. The rump area is heavily coated, and forms culottes or pants. The rear legs have the culottes and, in mature dogs, light feathering from the hock joint to the foot. The tail is profusely coated and forms a plume.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White with markings of black or red. Markings symmetrically distributed from around eyes over ears as on whole body desirable. Especially white and wide blaze from muzzle to crown desirable.
KC
Black and white or red and white. Never tricolour. Red includes all shades of sable, lemon or orange. The brighter and clearer the red the better. Colour evenly distributed on cheeks and ears and as patches on body. White should be clear, not flecked.
UKC
Acceptable colors include: black and white; red and white; and black and white with tan points. All are equally acceptable, and no preference is to be made in judging. Red includes all shades of red (orange, lemon, and sable). Sable includes any of the shades of red intermingled, or overlaid, with black. Tan points include tan or red spots over each eye, inside the ears, on both cheeks, and at the anal vent area if displaying any black. A clearly-defined white muzzle and blaze are preferable to a solidly marked head. Symmetry of facial markings is preferable. Size, shape, placement, or number of body patches is not of great importance. The white is to be clear of excessive ticking.

SIZE

:
KC
Daintier the better, providing type, quality and soundness are not sacrificed. Ideal weight 1.8-3.2 kgs (4-7 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height at withers Dogs approximately 25 cm.
Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.
UKC
The ideal height for males is ten inches; slightly less for females.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Nose Any colour other than black for white dogs with black markings.
  • Overshot mouth, wry underjaw.
  • Solid white coat with no markings; single marking on face.
  • Shyness.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Teeth: Overshot or wry mouths.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.