Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Japanese Chin

(Chin)

Japanese Chin


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.04.2016.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 8Japan Chin and Pekingese
Without working trial

KC
Toy

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
According to ancient documents it is assumed that the ancestors of the Chin were presented as a gift from the rulers of Korea (during the Silla Dynasty age 377-935) to the Japanese court in 732. For a successive 100 years, there appears to have been a large number of Chins coming into Japan. Historical records also indicate that envoys sent to China (during the Tung Dynasty age 618-910) and North Korea (during the Po H’ai Dynasty age 698-926) brought back dogs of this breed directly. During the reign of the Shogunate Tsunayoshi Tokugawa (1680-1709) the breed was raised as an indoor toy dog in the Castle of Edo.
In 1613 a Britisher, Captain Searles, brought a Chin to England and in 1853 Commodore Perry from the U.S. brought several to the U.S. of which two were presented to Queen Victoria of England.
Since 1868, the Chin has been favored as a lapdog by ladies of the upper classes, and currently is being widely spread as a companion dog.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Small sized dog with broad face, covered with profuse coat, with elegant and graceful figure.
KC
Elegant and aristocratic, smart, compact with profuse coat.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The ratio of height at withers to length of the body is equal. The body of bitches slightly longer.
KC
Intelligent, happy, lively little dog who has look of astonishment, peculiar to this breed.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Clever, mild and lovely.
KC
Gay, happy, gentle and good natured.

HEAD

:
KC
Fairly large in proportion to size of dog, moderately broad skull, rounded in front, and between ears, but never domed. Nose large with open nostrils, black, except in red and whites where the colour can be appropriate to markings. Muzzle short, wide, well cushioned, i.e. upper lips rounded on each side of nostrils, jaws level.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad and rounded.

Stop

:
FCI
Deep and indented.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nasal bridge very short and wide, the nose on a straight line with the eyes; the nose colour black or deep flesh colour, according to dog’s markings. Well opened nostrils.

Muzzle

:
KC
Bite preferably level or slightly undershot; wry mouth or tongue showing highly undesirable.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Teeth white and strong; level bite desirable, but scissor bite or undershot mouth permitted.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, round, set wide apart and lustrous black in colour.
KC
Moderately large, dark, set far apart. Size should be in proportion to size of skull. Small amount of white shows in the inner corners, giving characteristic look of astonishment. Eyes should be forward facing, not set on side of head.

Ears

:
FCI
Long, triangular, hanging, covered with long hair; set wide apart.
KC
Small, set wide apart, high on head, carried slightly forward, V-shaped, well feathered.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather short, and held high.
KC
Moderate length, carried proudly.

BODY

:
KC
Square and compactly built, wide in chest, ‘cobby’. Length of body equal to height at withers.

Back

:
FCI
Short and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and slightly round.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad and deep, with ribs moderately sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well drawn up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Covered with beautiful, profuse and long hair, being carried up over back.
KC
Set high on level back, profusely feathered, closely curved or plumed over back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forearms straight, fine boned; backside of forearms below the elbows feathered.
KC
Legs straight with strong fine bone, giving slender appearance, well feathered down to the feet.

FORELEGS

:

FEET

:
KC
Slender, hare-footed, feathered at tips, pointing neither in nor out.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Small and hare-shaped, covered with tufts desirable.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs moderately angulated, rear of the rump covered with feather.
KC
Straight, viewed from behind, good turn of stifle, profusely feathered from the back of thighs.

HIND LEGS

:

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Elegant, light and proud.
KC
Stylish, straight in movement, with good reach and elevation when in motion, no plaiting, and showing no weakness in hind movement.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Silky, straight and long. Whole body except face covered with profuse hair. The ears, neck, thighs and tail have profuse feather.
KC
Profuse, long, soft, straight, of silky texture. Absolutely free from curl or wave, not too flat, having a tendency to stand out especially at frill of neck.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White with markings of black or red. Markings symmetrically distributed from around eyes over ears as on whole body desirable. Especially white and wide blaze from muzzle to crown desirable.
KC
Black and white or red and white. Never tricolour. Red includes all shades of sable, lemon or orange. The brighter and clearer the red the better. Colour evenly distributed on cheeks and ears and as patches on body. White should be clear, not flecked.

SIZE

:
KC
Daintier the better, providing type, quality and soundness are not sacrificed. Ideal weight 1.8-3.2 kgs (4-7 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height at withers Dogs approximately 25 cm.
Bitches slightly smaller than dogs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Nose Any colour other than black for white dogs with black markings.
  • Overshot mouth, wry underjaw.
  • Solid white coat with no markings; single marking on face.
  • Shyness.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.