Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Jämthund

Swedish Elkhound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Sweden.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.03.2003.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
Working trial only for the nordic countries (Sweden, No

UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Renée Sporre-Willes.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Jämthund was only recognised in 1946, although it is a very ancient type of dog that has been known since the North of Sweden was populated. The reason for the late recognition is that the smaller Norwegian Elkhound and the Jämthund were judged as the same breed. This situation eventually turned out to be impossible. The Jämthund is mainly used for hunting elk but it has also been used for bear and lynx, particularly in earlier times. Hence it has to be very strong and of great endurance.
UKC
The Swedish Elkhound is a breed with ancient origins, though it was only recognized as a separate breed in 1946, because it used to be shown together with the smaller Norwegian Elkhound. The breed was mainly used for hunting Elk, though it was sometimes used on bear and lynx as well. The Swedish Elkhound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Large, rectangular spitz, clean-cut, strong, substantial but also agile and with a good stature. Body must not give the impression of being long, nor be too heavy.
UKC
The Swedish Elkhound is a large, rectangular spitz breed, clean cut, strong, substantial and agile. It must not give the impression of having a long body or of being overly heavy in body, as it is a breed known for great endurance.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Courageous and energetic but also stoically calm.
UKC
Courageous and energetic, but also stoically calm.

HEAD

:
FCI
Clean-cut and longish, proportionally broad between the ears.
UKC
The head is clean cut, and rather long.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Slightly arched.
UKC
Broad between the ears, slightly arched. The stop is well defined but not too deep.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined but not too deep.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
UKC
Wide.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Muzzle, measured from stop to nose, slightly shorter than from stop to occiput. Evenly tapering towards tip of nose. Muzzle must not be snipy, neither when viewed from above or from the side. Nasal bridge straight, broad and strong, nose wide.
UKC
The muzzle is slightly shorter in length than the skull. It tapers in width from the stop to the nose. It must not be snipy. The nasal bridge is straight, strong and broad. The lips are tight fitting and the cheeks are clean.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissors bite.
UKC
The Swedish Elkhound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Clean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Slightly oval in shape, brown with keen but calm expression.
UKC
Slightly oval in shape, brown in color, with a keen, yet calm, expression.

Ears

:
FCI
High set, perfectly erect, pointed and sensitive in use, slightly longer than width at base. Inside of ears well covered with hair.
UKC
High set, perfectly erect, pointed and mobile. Slightly longer than the width at the base. The inside of the ears are well covered with hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Long, clean-cut, powerful with good reach.
UKC
Long, clean cut and powerful.

BODY

:
FCI
Powerful and clean-cut, slightly longer than height at withers.
UKC
The body is powerful and slightly longer than tall. The chest is deep and the ribs are well sprung. The topline is straight, and slopes slightly from withers to croup. The loin is broad and well developed, and the croup is broad and only slightly sloping. There is a slight tuck up.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight and slightly sloping from withers to croup.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and well developed.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad and only slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
With good depth and well sprung ribs.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set high, of medium length and even thickness. Carried curled, but not tightly twisted over or close on the back. Dense coat, but without fringe.
UKC
The tail is set high. It is of medium length and even thickness. It is carried curled, but not tightly twisted over or close on the back. The coat on the tail is dense but without fringe.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and well laid back.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, well laid back.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to chest.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Straight and clean cut, with strong bone. The elbows are close to the chest.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, clean-cut and with strong bone.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are somewhat oval in shape, with tightly knit toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong, somewhat oval, pointing straight forward with tightly knit toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hind legs are parallel when viewed from behind. There is good angulation at the stifle and hock joints.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well angulated.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Well angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Powerful, free, with good reach. On the trot « single tracking ».
UKC
Powerful and free, with good reach. At a brisk trot, the breed single tracks.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Topcoat rather close lying but not flat. Undercoat short, soft, light, preferably cream coloured. Coat smooth on head and front of legs, longer on neck, chest, tail and backside of legs and thighs.
UKC
The outer coat is rather close lying, but not flat. The undercoat is short, soft and light in color, preferably cream. The coat is smooth on the head and the front of the legs, longer on the neck, chest, tail and back of legs and thighs.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Lighter and darker grey. Characteristic markings light grey or cream coloured on sides of muzzle, cheeks, throat, chest, belly, legs and under the tail.
UKC
Light or dark grey, with characteristic light grey or cream markings on the sides of the muzzle, cheeks, throat, chest, belly, legs and under the tail.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Size for dogs 57-65 cm. Ideal 61 cm.
Size for bitches 52-60 cm. Ideal 56 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males ranges from 22.5 to 25.5, with 24 inches being ideal. For females, the range is 20.5 to 23.5, with 22 inches being ideal.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Yellow eyes.
  • Twisted tail.
  • Cream markings overlaid with black.
  • Coat too short.
  • Thin bone.
  • Short tail.
  • Straight tail.
UKC

Appearance: Fine bone.
Eyes: Yellow eyes.
Tail: Twisted tail. Short tail or straight tail.
Coat: Coat too short.
Color: Cream markings overlaid with black.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Domed forehead and bulging cheeks.
  • Snipy muzzle
  • Missing teeth, other than P1.
  • Square body shape.
  • Thin built.
  • Heavy, lymphatic built.
  • Flat feet.
  • Unbroken, well defined white stripe on throat down to point of sternum, so called « tie ».
  • Insufficient rear angulation.
  • Thin, whip-like tail.
UKC

Skull: Domed forehead, and bulging cheeks.
Muzzle: Snipy muzzle.
Teeth: Missing teeth other than P1.
Body: Square body.
Hindquarters: lack of rear angulation.
Feet: Flat feet.
Tail: thin, whip-like tail.
Color: Unbroken, well-defined white stripe on the throat down to the sternum.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Height at withers other than stated in the standard.
  • Over-or undershot bite.
  • Hanging ears.
  • Lack of characteristic cream coloured markings.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Over or under the allowed height.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite. Hanging ears. Lack of characteristic cream colored markings.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Hanging ears.
Color: Lack of characteristic cream colored markings.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.