Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Jack Russell Terrier

Jack Russell Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
England.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Australia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
08.10.2012.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A good working Terrier with ability to go to ground. An excellent companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 2Small-sized Terriers
Working trial optional

UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Jack Russell Terrier originated in England in the 1800’s due to the efforts of the Reverend John Russell. He developed a strain of Fox Terriers to suit his needs for a dog to run with his foxhounds and go to ground to bolt the fox and other quarry from their dens. Two varieties evolved with basically similar Standards except for differences, mainly in height and proportions. The taller, more squarely built dog is now known as the Parson Russell Terrier and the shorter, slightly longer proportioned do, is known as the Jack Russell Terrier.
UKC
The Reverend John Russell was a 19th century parson with a passion for fox hunting, for which he developed a well-known strain of fox hunting terriers. From this strain was developed the Parson Russell Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier. The Jack Russell Terrier was a smaller, longer-bodied, shorter-legged dog that was used almost exclusively to hunt vermin and bolt rabbits. For years, Jack Russell Terrier breeders referred to these dogs as “puddin’ dogs” or “puds,” and some-times just “shorties.” In England, Ireland, and Australia, the longer-legged square dog is known as the Parson Russell Terrier while the lower, longer dog is called the Jack Russell Terrier. UKC recognized the short-legged dogs as Russell Terriers on January 1, 2001; and on January 1, 2009 revised the breed name to Jack Russell Terrier.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A strong, active, lithe working Terrier of great character with flexible body of medium length. His smart movement matches his keen expression. Tail docking is optional and the coat may be smooth, rough or broken.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier is a small, agile, active hunting terrier, built to go to ground. The length of back from withers to set-on of tail is slightly longer than the dog’s height at the withers. The length of the front leg (measured from point of elbow to the ground) is approximately equal to one-half of the dog’s height at the withers. The body is capable of being spanned by an average man’s hands placed behind the front legs. The head is moderately broad, with a flat skull, a well-defined stop, and a powerful muzzle that is slightly shorter than the skull. Ears are button or drop, and very mobile. The tail is straight, set high, and, if docked, is normally docked to a length where the tip is level with the top of the ears. The skin is thick, and the coat, whether wiry or smooth, is always dense. The Jack Russell Terrier is solid white, or predominately white with black, tan or brown markings. The Jack Russell Terrier should be evaluated as a working terrier, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work. Scars should neither be penalized nor regarded as proof of a terrier’s working abilities.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The overall dog is longer than high, i.e. rectangular. The depth of the body from the withers to the brisket should equal the length of foreleg from elbows to the ground. The girth behind the elbows should be about 40 to 43 cms.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
A lively, alert and active Terrier with a keen, intelligent expression. Bold and fearless, friendly but quietly confident.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier is a bold, friendly, active and alert hunting terrier, built for work underground. This breed is notoriously fearless and requires little encouragement to go to ground. Aggression towards anything other than legitimate quarry detracts from the dog’s ability as a working terrier, and should be discouraged as much as possible. This is a high-energy breed and is happiest in an environment where there is lots of regular activity.

HEAD

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UKC
The head is proportionate to the size of the body. When viewed from the front, it should resemble a triangle. When viewed from the side, the muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull and joined by a defined stop. The planes of the skull and muzzle are parallel.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The skull should be flat and of moderate width gradually decreasing in width to the eyes and tapering to a wide muzzle.
UKC
The skull is flat and moderately broad, tapering slightly toward the muzzle. Cheeks are well developed.

Stop

:
FCI
Well defined but not over pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is black and fully pigmented.

Muzzle

:
FCI
The length from the stop to the nose should be slightly shorter than from the stop to the occiput.
UKC
The muzzle is strong, with powerful, muscular jaws. There is a minimum of falling away under the eye, giving a moderately chiseled look. Lips are tight and darkly pigmented.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight-fitting and pigmented black.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Very strong, deep, wide and powerful. Strong teeth closing to a scissor bite.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier has a complete set of comparatively large, evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The cheek muscles should be well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Small dark and with keen expression. Must not be prominent and eyelids should fit closely. The eyelid rims should be pigmented black. Almond shaped.
UKC
Eyes are deep set, almond shaped, dark in color, with a mischievous, intelligent expression. Eyelids are tight. Eyerims are black.

Ears

:
FCI
Button or dropped of good texture and great mobility.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier has small, V-shaped button or drop ears of great mobility. Ear leather is soft and fine. Dogs with button or drop ears may occasionally hold an ear erect. This shall be severely penalized in the show ring but does not disqualify the dog for registration purposes.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong and clean allowing head to be carried with poise.
UKC
The neck is clean, muscular, and of sufficient length to enable the dog’s mouth to extend beyond its forepaws when working underground. The neck gradually widens from the nape and blends smoothly into the shoulders.

BODY

:
UKC
A properly proportioned Jack Russell Terrier is slightly longer than tall. The length of back from withers to set-on of tail is slightly longer than the height, measured from withers to ground. The Jack Russell Terrier is perfectly designed to go to ground. This requires a chest of sufficient depth to give good heart and lung room, but without so much depth and width that the dog is encumbered underground. The well-sprung ribs extend well back, but must be capable of being spanned behind the shoulder by an average man’s hand. The chest must be capable of being compressed so that the dog is unhindered when working underground. The back is of moderate length, and level, blending into a muscular, slightly arched loin with slight to moderate tuck-up. Skin is thick.

Back

:
FCI
Level. The length from the withers to the root of tail slightly greater than the height from the withers to the ground.

Loin

:
FCI
The loins should be short, strong and deeply muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest deep rather than wide, with good clearance from the ground, enabling the brisket to be located at the height mid-way between the ground and the withers. Ribs should be well sprung from the spine, flattening on the sides so that the girth behind the elbows can be spanned by two hands - about 40 cm to 43 cm. Point of sternum clearly in front of the point of shoulder.

TAIL

:
FCI
May droop at rest. When moving should be erect and if docked the tip should be on the same level as ears.
UKC
The tail is set on high and, if docked, is customarily docked to a length so that the tip of the tail is level with the top of the ears. When moving or alert, the tail may be straight or with a slight curve forward and carried erect or gaily. When the dog is at rest, the tail may drop.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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UKC
Shoulders are long, sloping, smoothly muscled, and well laid back. The upper arm is sufficiently long to ensure that the elbows are set well under the body, and forms an apparent 90-degree angle with the shoulder blade. The forelegs are strong, straight, and moderately well boned. The elbows are set close to the body, but able to move freely in action. The pasterns are short, powerful, straight, and flexible. When viewed in profile, the pasterns are nearly erect.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well sloped back and not heavily loaded with muscle.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Of sufficient length and angulation to ensure elbows are set under the body.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight in bone from the elbows to the toes whether viewed from the front or the side.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet are fairly round, moderately small, well arched, and tight. Pads are hard, tough, and well cushioned. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Round, hard, padded, not large, toes moderately arched, turned neither in nor out.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong and muscular, balanced in proportion to the shoulder.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular. The bone, angulation, and musculature of the hindquarters are in balance with the forequarters. The stifles are well bent, and the hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the short, strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground, and viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.

Stifle

:
FCI
Well angulated.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Low set.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Parallel when viewed from behind while in free standing position.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
True, free and springy.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier moves with a jaunty, confident attitude, conveying the character of the breed. When trotting, the gait is effortless, smooth, powerful, and well coordinated, showing good, but not exaggerated, reach in front and drive behind. The backline remains level with only a slight flexing to indicate suppleness. Viewed from any position, legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. As speed increases, feet tend to converge toward centerline of balance. Poor movement should be penalized to the degree to which it reduces the Jack Russell Terrier’s ability to perform the variety of tasks it was bred to do.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
May be smooth, broken or rough. Must be weatherproof. Coats should not be altered (stripped out) to appear smooth or broken.
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier comes in three coat types. All are dense, hard, and weather resistant, and cover the entire dog, including the belly and underside of the thighs. ROUGH: A double coat consisting of a short, dense undercoat, and very dense, wiry outer coat. Hair over the eyes and on the muzzle will form eyebrows and a beard. The outer coat should not be so long as to obscure the outline of the dog. BROKEN: Any intermediate coat between a rough and smooth coat. The broken coat lies closer to the body than a rough coat and has longer guard hairs than a smooth coat. A broken-coated dog may or may not have face furnishings. SMOOTH: A short, flat coat. Rough- and broken-coated dogs may be stripped to preserve the quality of the coat, but the artfulness of the trimming is not a factor to consider in judging this breed.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White must predominate with black and/or tan markings. The tan markings can be from the lightest tan to the richest tan (chestnut).
UKC
Solid white or predominantly white with any combination of black, tan, or brown markings are preferred, but an otherwise good specimen of the breed must not be penalized for heavy body color. Legs, chest and belly must be white. The back and sides of a dog with heavy body coloring must have a minimal amount of white. Any white area may be ticked providing that white predominates.

SIZE

:
UKC
The Jack Russell Terrier is of a size to go to ground. Mature Jack Russell Terriers range in height from 10 to 12 inches, and from about 11 to 13 pounds in weight. Jack Russell Terriers should always be presented in hard, working condition. Dogs outside the approved range of height shall be penalized only to the degree that their size affects their ability to work.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Ideal Height at the withers 25 cms to 30 cms.

Weight

:
FCI
Weight Being the equivalent of 1 kg to each 5 cms in height, i.e. a 25 cms high dog should weigh approximately 5 kgs and a 30 cms high dog should weigh 6 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on its ability to perform its traditional work.
  • Lack of true terrier characteristics.
  • Lack of balance, i.e. exaggeration of any points.
  • Sluggish or unsound movement.
  • Faulty mouth.
UKC

Muzzle: Weak jaw.
Eyes: Light eyes; full, round eyes; triangular eyes.
Forequarters: Bowed legs; fiddle front; down in pasterns; toes turned out; knuckling over or any other misalignment of joints; out at elbow.
Hindquarters: Cow hocks; straight stifles.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Skull: Apple or domed skull.
Ears: Heavy, hound-like ears.
Body: Barrel ribs; chest too deep or too broad.
Feet: Thin feet; splayed feet.
Coat: Silky or woolly coat.
Size: Dogs over 12 inches in height.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy dogs.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Undershot or overshot bite. Blue eye. Brown or liver nose. Absence of pigment in nose. Permanently erect ear. This disqualification shall not apply when the erect ear is the result of accident or injury. Any color, pattern, or markings other than listed. Albinism.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Nose: Brown or liver nose; absence of pigment.
Eyes: Blue eye.
Ears: Permanently erect ear. This disqualification shall not apply when the erect ear is the result of accident or injury.
Color: Any color, pattern, or markings other than listed above; albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.