Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Italian Greyhound

(Piccolo Levriero Italiano)

Italian Greyhound

Italian Greyhound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Italy.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.11.2015.
KC
September 2000

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Racing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 10Sighthounds
Section 3Short-haired Sighthounds
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis. Revised by ENCI and Renée Sporre-Willes / Original version (EN).

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The little Italian Greyhound descends from small-sized sighthounds which already existed in ancient Egypt at the court of the Pharaohs. Passing through Laconie (Greece), where numerous representations on vases and bowls confirm this, the breed arrived in Italy at the outset of the 5th century BC. Its greatest development occurred during the era of the Renaissance at the court of the nobles. It is not rare to find the Italian Greyhound represented in the paintings of the greatest Italian and foreign masters
UKC
The Italian Greyhound descends from the small sighthounds of ancient Egypt. The Romans further developed the breed after its arrival on the Italian peninsula around the 5th century BCE. Its great popularity in Italy and other Mediterranean countries during the Middle Ages and the Renaissance gave the breed its current name. The Italian Greyhound has been prized by nobility throughout history. Today, the Italian Greyhound is a small sighthound that is mostly valued as a loving companion. The Italian Greyhound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Of slender appearance, its body fits into a square. Although of a small size, it fully characterises a miniature sighthound; the prototype of refinement and elegance. May be considered as a model of grace and distinction.
KC
A greyhound in miniature, more slender in all proportions.
UKC
As suggested by its name, the Italian Greyhound is very similar to the much larger Greyhound, although they are much smaller and more slender in all proportions. The Italian Greyhound is a breed of supreme elegance and grace.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Its length is equal to or only just inferior to the height at the withers. Length of skull is equal to half the length of the head. Length of head can reach 40% of the height at the withers.
KC
Elegant, graceful and quick moving.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Lively, affectionate, docile.
KC
Intelligent, affectionate and vivacious; may appear aloof.
UKC
Intelligent and affectionate, but sensitive and may be reserved with strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
Of elongated shape and narrow.
KC
Skull long, flat and narrow, slight stop. Muzzle fine and long. Nose dark in colour.
UKC
Long and narrow. The stop is slight. The distance from the occiput to the stop is equal to the distance from the stop to the tip of the nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat with the superior axes of the skull and muzzle parallel. Length of the skull is equal to half the length of the head, which has slightly rounded sides. Lower orbital region well chiselled. Muscles of the head must not show any heavy appearance. Marked eyebrow bones. Not prominent occiput. Only slightly marked median depression.
UKC
Narrow and almost flat.

Stop

:
FCI
Frontal nasal depression only very slightly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Of a dark colour, preferably black with well opened nostrils.
UKC
Dark, preferably black, but may be brown or blue in harmony with the color of the coat.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Tapered.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Teeth even.
UKC
The same length as the skull and tapering. The lips are thin and tight, with darkly pigmented edges.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin and tight, with edges of lips very darkly pigmented.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws elongated with well aligned incisors crown shape, strong in relation to size of dog. Teeth sound and complete, set square to the jaws; scissor bite.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Large, roundish, and expressive, sub-frontally positioned, neither deep-set nor protruding. Iris of dark colour, eyerims pigmented.
KC
Rather large, bright; full of expression.
UKC
Expressive, medium size eyes are dark in color and have pigmented eye rims. However, pied, white, white-face or split-face dogs are not to be faulted for lack of full eye rim pigmentation.

Ears

:
FCI
Set very high, small, with fine cartilage, folded in itself and carried well back on the nape and upper part of the neck. When the dog is attentive, the base of the ear is erected and the lobe tends to stand out laterally on the horizontal, position commonly known as “flying ears” or “propeller ears”.
KC
Rose-shaped, placed well back, soft and fine, not pricked.
UKC
The small, delicate, rose ears are fine in texture. They are thrown back and folded, except when the dog is alert, when they are carried at right angles to the head.

NECK

:
FCI
The nape is slightly arched and broken at its base towards the withers. The throat line is slightly convex. Neck length equal to that of the head. Shaped like a truncated cone, well muscled. Skin lean without dewlap.
KC
Long, gracefully arched.
UKC
Long, slender and slightly arched. No dewlap. Ewe-neck is undesirable.

BODY

:
FCI
Its length is equal to, or barely inferior to the height at the withers.
KC
Chest deep and narrow. Good length of rib and brisket. Back slightly arched over loin.
UKC
The medium length body is short coupled, with the extra length being in the rib cage. The chest is narrow, deep and let down as close to the elbows as possible. The withers are high. The topline shows a slight rise, with the highest point at the start of the loin, dropping harmoniously into the sloping croup, creating a definite tuck-up at the flanks.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight profile with slightly arched dorsal-lumbar region. The lumbar curve merging harmoniously into the line of the rump.

Withers

:
FCI
Quite well defined with closely placed top of shoulders.

Back

:
FCI
Straight, well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Very sloping, wide and muscled.

Chest

:
FCI
Narrow, solid but elegantly modelled with slight spring of ribs. Deep, let down to the elbows.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The rather short sternal arch is accentuated and rises without abruptness to the belly.

TAIL

:
FCI
Low set, fine even at base, tapering progressively to its tip. It is carried low and straight in its first half, the 2nd half curved. Stretched it should reach the top of the hock. Covered with short hair.
KC
Low-set, long, fine, carried low.
UKC
The slender tail tapers to a curved end; it is long enough to reach the hock. It is set and carried low.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
On the whole straight and vertical with lean muscles.
KC
Shoulders long and sloping. Legs straight; well set under shoulders; fine, strong bone and pasterns.
UKC
The shoulder blades are slightly sloping and form an open angle with the upper arm. The muscles are lean.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Very slightly sloping with well developed, long lean and salient muscles.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
With a very open scapular-humeral angle parallel to the median plane of the body. The upper arm is slightly longer than the shoulderblade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Neither out nor tied-in at elbows.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are long, straight and lightly boned. The distance from the ground to the elbow is slightly greater than the distance from the elbow to the withers. The pasterns are slightly sloping. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight. Refined bone structure, flat and lean; in perfect vertical position as much from the front as in profile. Well evident furrow from the carpus to the elbow. Length from ground to elbow, just slightly more than the length from elbow to the withers.

Pastern

:
FCI
Dry. Seen in profile it is slightly bent.

FEET

:
KC
Hare feet.
UKC
Hare shaped, with well arched toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of almost oval shape, small, with arched and closely knit toes. Not voluminous pads, pigmented. Nails black or dark according to coat colour or that of the feet, where white is tolerated.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Less oval than the forefeet, with arched and closely knit toes; not voluminous pads and nails pigmented like forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well angulated. Seen from behind on the whole straight and parallel.
KC
Long, well muscled thigh: hind legs parallel when viewed from behind; well bent stifle, hocks well let down.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, lean, not voluminous, with very distinct muscles.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The hind legs are long and parallel when viewed from behind. The thighs are long and lean with distinct muscling. The stifle is well bent. The hocks are well let down.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Very sloping, with refined bone structure and well apparent groove in leg muscle. They are a little longer than upper thighs.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Seen from behind, must be parallel.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Springy, harmonious, slightly raised trot, covering the ground. This means that the front legs must be moved forward with good reach and with slightly lifted and bent pasterns. Gallop fast with sharp spring.
KC
High-stepping and free action. Front and hindlegs to move forward in a straight line with propulsion from behind.
UKC
Distinctive action is high stepping and free, the foreleg is lifted with a slight bend at the wrist rather than a goose step. Both front and rear legs move forward in a straight line with reach in front and drive from the rear. Both front and rear legs may converge slightly as speed increases but should not cross. Movement is sound, elegant and smooth, not choppy or hackney-like.

SKIN

:
FCI
Fine and tight on all parts of the body except for the elbows where it is slightly less tight.
UKC
The skin is fine and supple.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The hair is short, silky and fine all over the body without the slightest trace of fringes.
KC
Skin fine and supple. Hair, short, fine and glossy.
UKC
The short, glossy, satin-like hair is fine in texture and soft to the touch.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Self-coloured in black, grey, and isabella (pale yellowish/beige) in all possible shades. White is tolerated only on the chest and feet.
KC
Black, blue, cream, fawn, red, white, or any of these colours broken with white. White dogs may be broken with one of these colours. Black or blue with tan markings, or brindle not acceptable.
UKC
All colors and markings are acceptable except for the following (which are disqualifications): brindle markings; tan markings, such as those usually found on black and tan dogs of other breeds.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal Height: 32-38cms (12½-15 ins) at withers. Ideal Weight 3.6-4.5 kgs (8-10 lbs). Overall type and elegance essential.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Males and females from 32 to 38 cms.
UKC
The ideal height at the withers measures from 13 to 15 inches.

Weight

:
FCI
Males and females maximum 5 kgs.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Continuous ambling.
  • Hackney movement.
  • Movement close to the ground with short steps.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Eyes: Very light eyes.
Gait: Hackney action. Crossing front or rear.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Nose: Dudley or butterfly nose.
Ears: Erect ears. Button ears.
Tail: Short tail. Gay tail. Ring tail.
Height: Any deviation above or below the height range.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
  • Accentuated convergence or divergence of the facial-cranial axes.
  • Nose totally or half de-pigmented.
  • Nasal bridge concave or convex.
  • Overshot or undershot bite.
  • Wall eye; total de-pigmentation of eyerims.
  • Tail carried over the back; anury or short tail, whether congenital or artificial.
  • Dewclaws.
  • Multicoloured coat; white except in chest and feet as mentioned above.
  • Size below 32 cms or over 38 cms, as well in males as in females.
  • Overshot bite.
  • Chryptorchidism; unilateral
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Brindle markings. Tan marking, such as those found on black and tan dogs of other breeds.
Color: Albinism. Brindle markings. Tan marking, such as those found on black and tan dogs of other breeds.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.