Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Istrian Short-haired Scent Hound

(Istarski Kratkodlaki Gonic)

Istrian Short-Haired Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Croatia.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A scent hound par excellence, particularly fitted for hare and fox hunting. It can also be used as a leash hound. Its constitution is ideally suited to the vast open terrain in Istria.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The origin of this breed of hound, native to Istria, is ancient beyond memory, Frescoes (1474, chapel dedicated to St.Mary at Beram, near Pazin), paintings (e.g. Titian, early 18th century) and chronicles (1719, Bishop Bakic of Djakovo) bear witness to the smooth-haired Istrian Hound’s antiquity. Owing to its excellent hunting qualities, it was exported from Istria to neighbouring regions. The first entries in the stud-book date from 1924. FCI accepted the breed in 1949, but it was not until 1973 that the first standard for the breed was published. Today, the short-haired Istrian Hound is frequently encountered in Istria and neighbouring regions, where hunters still appreciate it highly on account of its outstanding qualities.
UKC
An ancient breed that originated in Croatia, the Istrian Short-Haired Hound is frequently encountered in Istria and neighboring regions, where it is highly prized for fox and hare hunting. The Istrian Short-Haired Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Noble appearance with its snow-white coat broken by lemon markings. Short fine coat. Long narrow clean head. Supple body. Thin tail carried slightly curved like a sabre. Scent hound with a persistent baying, sharp, sonorous tongue.
UKC
The Istrian Short-Haired Hound has a noble appearance. It is a short coated, white hound with lemon markings, a long head and a supple body.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Body length should be more than 10% greater than height at withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Gentle, docile, calm and very attached to its owner. Lively and enthusiastic when hunting.
UKC
Gentle, docile, calm and attached to its owner, the breed is lively and enthusiastic when hunting.

HEAD

:
FCI
Length of head varies from 20 to 24 cm.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen in profile, the occipital protuberance is pronounced and the frontal bone is slightly rounded. Seen from above, the frontal bone is elongated and rather narrow with an obvious frontal furrow.
UKC
In profile, the frontal bone is slightly rounded, and the occiput is pronounced. From above, the skull is rather narrow, and there is a distinct frontal furrow. The stop is slight, with no abrupt break.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight, with no abrupt break.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black or at least dark brown. Wide-open nostrils.
UKC
Black or dark brown, with wide open nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Long, broad at its base, tapering progressively towards the nose. Nasal bridge is straight.
UKC
The muzzle is long, broad at the base, and tapers progressively towards the nose. The nasal bridge is straight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, regular and complete scissor bite.
UKC
The Istrian Short-Haired Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval, neither sunken into sockets nor prominent. Iris colour as dark as possible. Lids black or brown. Bright eyes, full of expression.
UKC
Oval in shape, and as dark brown in color as possible. The eyelids are black or brown. The expression is bright.

Ears

:
FCI
Thin, broad set-on, a little above the level of the eyes, narrowing towards the tips. They are considered long if, when drawn forward along the muzzle, they reach the canine teeth. They should be at least semi-long, reaching to the superciliary arches.
UKC
The ears are thin, broad at the set on, and taper towards the tips. They are set a little above the line of the eyes. They should not reach to the canine teeth when pulled forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, slightly arched at the nape. The junction with the head is noticeable at the rear of the occipital protuberance. The neck is powerful and set obliquely into the body.
Length: From the occipital protuberance to the withers, the neck measures between 15 and 20 cm.
Skin: Taut, without dewlap or wrinkles.
UKC
Strong, slightly arched, and set obliquely into the body.

BODY

:
FCI
The topline slopes gently from the withers to the croup.
UKC
The body is approximately 10 percent longer than tall. The chest is well developed, deep and broad, but the point of the sternum is hardly visible. The ribs are well sprung. The topline slopes gently from the withers to the croup. The back is level, broad and muscular. The loin is short and broad. The croup is long and broad, flat or very slightly sloping. The underline rises gently from the sternum to the groin.

Back

:
FCI
Level, broad and muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and broad.

Croup

:
FCI
Long and broad, horizontal or very slightly sloping, longer in females than in males. The hips are hardly perceptible. At the top of the croup the height should be about one finger’s breadth less than at the point of the withers.

Chest

:
FCI
Well let-down, it reaches at least to the elbows. Usually its circumference is about 12 cm more than the height at the withers. The ribs are well sprung. The chest is well-developed but the point of the sternum is hardly visible.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The underline rises gently from the sternum to the groin and so the belly has a slight upsweep.

TAIL

:
FCI
Strong at the root, tapering towards the tip. The more slender the tail, the more noble the dog appears. Set on high, of medium length and rarely reaching below the hock joint. The tail is slightly curved upwards.
UKC
Strong at the root, tapering towards the tip. The more slender the tail, the more noble the dog appears. The tail is set on high and barely reaches below the hock joint. It is slightly curved upwards.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and sloping, well attached to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Long, sloping, muscled and well-attached to the chest.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The elbows are close to the body, and the legs are perfectly straight. The pasterns are short and very slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Perfectly upright, well-muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Difficult to distinguish from the forearm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Straight, short. It can be slightly sloping but the angle with the vertical is never more than 10%.

FEET

:
UKC
More cat than hare, with tight toes, and round pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
More like cat feet than hare feet, light with tight toes, pads rounded and firm, solid nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Similar to front feet but slightly longer.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind, the thigh, the leg, the hock tendon and the metatarsus are all on the same vertical axis.
UKC
Seen from behind, the thigh, leg, hock and rear pastern are all on the same vertical axis.

Thigh

:
FCI
Short, broad and muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Patella broad and high set.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are short, broad and muscular. The stifle is broad and high set. The lower thigh is long and sloping. The rear pasterns are short.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, sloping and well-muscled.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, upright or very slightly sloping, forming an angle of 10-12 degrees with the vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Very smooth, even and free.
UKC
Very smooth, even and free.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple, close-fitting over all the body, with no folds and no wrinkles on forehead. Pinkish in colour.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, fine, dense and glossy. Sometimes longer on the back of the thighs and on the underside of the tail but this is not sought after.
UKC
Short, fine, dense, and glossy.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Ground colour snow white. Ears are usually orange, colour which goes beyond the base of the ears and reaches over both sides of the frontal bone as far as the eyes, giving the head its typical mask. A star is mentioned if there is a small or large mark of the same orange colour on the top of the forehead. The ears can also be speckled with orange marks, something which is particularly prized and is seen as an indication of pure breeding. Spots of lemon/orange more or less widespread, in fleckings or in ribbons can be found anywhere on the body but most often in the area at the root of the tail. These spots must never be so numerous as to impinge on the white ground coat. The actual tint of the spots must be pronounced, neither pale nor dark nor even brown, any of which would indicate cross-breeding. The presence of a third colour is unacceptable even if there are only a few hairs of this colour. The coat can also be totally white with no spots at all.
UKC
Solid white, or white with lemon patches or ticking.

SIZE

:
UKC
Ideal height at the withers for males is 19.5 inches. For females, it is 18.5 inches. An adult male will weigh about 40 pounds, a female slightly less.

Height at withers

:
FCI

44-56 cm.
Ideal height for males 50 cm. For females 48 cm.

Weight

:
FCI
Ca. 18 kg for an adult male.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.

MINOR FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Partly pink nose or eyelid, nose with too pale a pigmentation.
  • Back arched or slightly swayed.
  • Croup too sloping.
  • Belly too whippety or too full.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Disproportion between body length and height at withers.
  • Head too short.
  • Extensive unpigmented areas or total pink on nose and eyelids.
  • Muzzle too short, too pointed or with twisted jaws.
  • Undershot or overshot mouth.
  • Incorrect bite.
  • China eye.
  • Very high ear set.
  • Tail curled, carried to one side or corkscrew tail; tail too short or docked.
  • Out at below.
  • Crooked forelegs.
  • Metacarpus very oblique.
  • Coat too long.
  • Any colours present except lemon-orange. Greyish or blackish markings highly undesirable.
  • Size above or below the limits indicated in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite. Blue eyes. Long coat.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Eyes: Blue eyes.
Coat: Long coat.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.