|Fédération Cynologique Internationale|
|United Kennel Club|
Istrian Wire-haired Scent Hound(Istarski Ostrodlaki Gonic)
Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound
A scent hound par excellence, particularly fitted for hare and fox hunting. It can also be used as a leash hound. Its constitution is ideally suited to the vast open terrain in Istria.
|Group 6||Scent hounds and related breeds|
|Section 1.2||Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds|
|With working trial|
Mrs Pamela Jeans-Brown.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
Its history runs parallel to that of the short-haired Istrian Hound, but pictoral representations and written descriptions are rare, since dogs with tousled hair were less appreciated by artists on account of their untidy outline. However, the wire-haired Istrian hound was described extensively by B.Laska in 1896 and in 1905 these dogs were sold in the Istrian regions of Buzet and Pazin under the name of “barbini”. The breed almost disappeared during the first world war. From 1924 on, these dogs were registered in the Croatian stud-book. FCI recognized the breed in 1948 and the first standard was published in 1969.
The history of the Coarse-Haired Hound in Croatia parallels that of the Smooth-Haired one, though pictorial representations and written descriptions are rare because artists did not favor the tousled outline of the Coarse-Haired breed. They are as equally well suited to fox and hare hunting as their smooth coated cousins. The Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 2006.
The coat colour is snow white with lemon-orange markings. The hair is long and bristly. Oblong head with bushy eyebrows. Strong body, solid bone. Powerful tail, somewhat sabre-like. Dog’s expression is stern, gloomy and sometimes even sombre. Sonorous tongue of medium to deep tone.
A rough coated, long tailed dog with a snow white ground color and lemon-orange markings.
Body length should be no more than 10% greater than height at withers.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Gentle, docile, calm and very attached to its owner. Although of fairly even temperament, it is nevertheless a very enthusiastic hunter.
Gentle, docile, calm and very attached to its owner, the Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound is nevertheless a very enthusiastic hunter.
The head is well-proportioned in relation to the body. Its length is 20-24 cm; it must not be too light, lips and eyerims should be darkly pigmented.
Slightly rounded. Occipital protuberance clearly visible as is the frontal furrow which is often covered by a lock of long supple hair. The frontal bone is quite broad. Skull narrows towards the eyes.
The skull is slightly rounded. The occiput is well developed, and the frontal bone is quite broad. There is a frontal furrow that is often covered by a lock of long hair. The skull narrows in width from the ears to the eyes. The stop is not pronounced.
Not very pronounced.
Broad with well-developed nostrils, black or dark pigmentation.
Broad and well developed, with black or dark brown pigment.
Strong, rectangular, broad bridge of the nose covered with shaggy moustache. Seen from the front, the lower jaw gives the muzzle a certain roundness.
The muzzle is strong and rectangular. The bridge is covered by a shaggy mustache. Seen from the front, the lower jaw gives the muzzle a certain roundness.
Close-fitting, not too thick.
Strong, scissor bite complete dentition.
The Istrian Coarse-Haired Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.
Dark iris pigmentation; the eyes are large but not bulging. The expression is serious. Given that their hair is coarse and longer, the eyebrows are bushy and thick.
The eyes are large but not bulging. They are dark in color. The expression is serious.
Not very thick, covered with shorter hair. Set on not far from the eyes but not high, near the topline of the skull. The ears widen towards their middle and are carried close to the cheeks. They are reasonably long, thinner and rounded at the tips. When drawn forward they are considered very long if they reach to the tip of the nose, and long if they reach the canine teeth. They should be at least semi-long reaching to the superciliary arches.
The ears are not very thick. They are covered with shorter hair. They are set on at about the topline of the skull. They widen towards the middle, and are carried close to the cheeks. They should be semi-long, reaching at least to the superciliary arches.
Seen in profile the junction of the head and neck is visible at the back of the occipital protuberance. Length is 12-15 cm. The skin is taut, without dewlap.
The neck is arched, with taut skin and no dewlap.
The topline slopes gently towards the croup.
The body is approximately 10 percent longer than tall. The chest is broad and well let down, at least to the elbows. The forechest is rounded, with no prominence of the point of the sternum. The ribs are well sprung. The withers are only slightly pronounced, and the topline slopes gently from the withers to the tail. The back is level and broad, and the loin is short and arched. The croup is broad, rounded and slightly sloping.
Only slightly pronounced.
Level and broad. Length is proportion to height at withers.
Short, muscled and rounded.
Broad, especially in females. Slightly sloping, rounded, hips clearly visible.
Broad and deep, let down at least to the elbow. Usually circumference is about 12-15 cm more than height at withers. Well-sprung ribs. Point of sternum scarcely visible, rounded forechest.
Underline and belly:
The underline rises progressively from the xiphoid process to the groin. Belly slightly tucked up, flanks not very pronounced, should not be whippety.
Not set on too high, stronger at root and tapering towards tip, carried low with slight upward curve, reaching hock or just below.
Set not too high, strong at the root and tapering to the end, which reaches to the hock or just below. Carried somewhat low, in saber fashion.
The shoulder blades and upper arms are long and sloping, forming an angle of nearly 90 degrees.
Shoulder-blades sloping, long, muscled and well-attached to the thorax. Angle of scapulo-humeral joint is about 90 degrees.
Not turning in.
The legs are upright and well muscled. The pasterns are short and slope no more than 10 percent off the vertical.
Upright and well-muscled.
Short, almost upright, but with a slight slope forming angle of 10 degrees with the vertical.
Cat feet, but narrow, with tight toes.
Cat feet but narrow, with tight toes; pads well-developed and resistant; strong nails.
Similar to front feet, often a little longer.
Short, broad and muscled.
The upper thigh is short and muscular. The lower thigh is sloping, and is longer than the upper thigh. The hock is broad and strong. The rear pasterns are short and upright.
Longer than thigh, sloping and well-muscled.
Strong and broad.
Short and upright, dewclaws, if any, should be removed.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Very smooth at walk; lively gait.
Lively and smooth.
Elastic and taut over whole body, without wrinkle. Pinkish in colour.
The outer coat, also called top coat, is harsh, about 5-10 cm long, dull, bristly, never curly or wavy. Beneath this coarse coat, especially in winter, one can find a thick short undercoat. The outer coat does not lie close to the skin but is bristly it should not tangle or form felted locks. Length and thickness of coat will vary according to position on body.
The outer coat is harsh, fairly long, dull and bristly. It is never curly or wavy. There is a short, thick undercoat which is dependant on climate and season. The length of the outer coat will vary on different parts of the body.
Snow white is the ground colour. Ears are always orangey. On the forehead there is often a similarly coloured star-shaped mark. The ears can also be orange speckled, which is an indication of pure-breeding. Orange spots more or less widespread or flecks of the same colour can be present over the whole body but most usually at the root of the tail. These marks must not be numerous nor spread out in such a way as to overwhelm the snow white ground colour. These spots should be bright in colour, not pale nor dark nor brown, any of which would indicate cross-breeding. A third colour, even if only a few hairs, is unacceptable.
Snow white ground color, with bright lemon-orange markings on the ears and body. The markings must not overwhelm the white ground color.
Ideal height for males is 20.5 inches at the withers. For females, it is 19.5 inches. Ideal average weight is about 44 pounds.
Height at withers:
Ideal height for males 52 cm. For females 50 cm.
The weight of an adult dog fed normally is 16-24 kg. An ideal average weight would be about 20 kg.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Seen from the front, square mandible.
- Drooping loose lips.
- Third eyelids visible (nictitating membrane).
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Disproportion between height at withers and length of body.
- Nose too pink, lacking in pigmentation.
- Muzzle too blunt, too pointed or even upturned.
- Incorrect bites, obvious prognathism.
- Pink eyelids.
- China eye.
- Ears too short or carried too far away from the head, set too high or too low, with hair covering excessively long, silky, wavy, curly or even felted.
- Tail crooked or too short (docked).
- Elbows too slack.
- Forearm bowed.
- Metacarpus sloping too much.
- Any colour other than lemon-orange; never greyish spots and especially never blackish ones.
- Size above or below the limits indicated in the standard.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite. Blue eyes. Any color other than white and lemon-orange.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Eyes: Blue eyes.
Color: Any color other than white and lemon-orange.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.