Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Irish Terrier

Irish Terrier

Irish Terrier


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Ireland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
13.03.2001.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Versatile farmyard dog, family pet, guard dog with utter contempt for danger or hurt, hunter and gundog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 3Terriers
Section 1Large and medium-sized Terriers
Without working trial

KC
Terrier
UKC
Terrier

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Ireland has produced four Terrier breeds, all of which are markedly different from terriers on the continent and in England. The dog now officially called Irish Terrier is possibly the oldest of the Irish terrier breeds but records are so scarce that it would be difficult to prove this conclusively. Before the 1880s the colour of the Irish Terrier had not been settled. Apart from red they were sometimes black and tan and sometimes brindle. At the end of the 19th century efforts were made to breed out the black and tan and the brindles so that by the 20th century all Irish Terriers showed the red coat. The red coated Irish Terrier soon made its appearance on show benches in England and in the United States where it was enthusiastically received. The Irish Terrier’s reputation was enhanced during the First World War when they were used as messenger dogs in the terrifying noise and confusion of trench warfare, thus proving both their intelligence and their fearlessness. The first breed club was set up in Dublin on March 31st 1879 and the Irish Terrier was the first member of the terrier group to be recognised by the English Kennel Club in the late 19th century as a native Irish Breed.
UKC
The Irish Terrier is one of four terrier breeds developed in Ireland, and it may be the oldest. He was a dog of the common, used as an all around farm dog and hunter. Originally, there were black and tan and brindle, as well as red, Irish Terriers, but by the 20th Century, the breed was only red in color. The Irish Terrier was the first breed to be recognized by the English Kennel Club as a native Irish breed. During the First World War, they were used as messenger dogs during trench warfare, proving their intelligence and usefulness. The Irish Terrier was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1932.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The dog must present an active, lively, lithe and wiry appearance; lots of substance, at the same time free of clumsiness, as speed and endurance as well as power is very essential. The Irish Terrier must be neither “cloddy nor cobby” but should be framed on the “lines of speed” showing a graceful racy outline.
KC
An active, lively and wiry appearance; plenty of substance but free of clumsiness. Neither cloddy nor cobby but showing a graceful racy outline.
UKC
The Irish Terrier combines speed and endurance with power. He must be strong, yet lithe and graceful, and present a rather racy outline. He is neither cobby nor cloddy in build.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
There is a heedless, reckless pluck about the Irish Terrier which is characteristic. They develop a great devotion for their masters.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The Irish Terrier, while being game and capable of holding his own with other dogs, is remarkably loyal, good tempered and affectionate with mankind, but once he is attacked, he has the courage of a lion and will fight to the bitter end.
The dog’s reputation for getting into scraps with others, sometimes even in the showring, is undeserved. Though the terrier may be fierce when the circumstances call for it, the Irish Terrier is easily trained and a gentle pet, living up to his early description as “the poor man’s sentinel, the farmer’s friend and the gentleman’s favourite”.
KC
Good-tempered, notably with humans, it being admitted, however, that he is perhaps a little too ready to resent interference on the part of other dogs.
UKC
The breed is extremely loyal and affectionate with people. He will fight with great courage when attacked, but is easily trained, even tempered and a gentle pet.

HEAD

:
FCI
Long, free from wrinkles.
KC
Head long; skull flat, and rather narrow between ears, narrowing towards eye; free from wrinkles; stop hardly visible except in profile. Jaw strong and muscular, but not too full in cheek, and of good length. Foreface not dished or falling away quickly between eyes, delicately chiselled. Lips well fitting and externally almost black in colour. Nose black.
UKC
The head is long and clean, with a barely perceptible stop.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat and rather narrow between the ears, getting slightly narrower towards the eyes.
UKC
Flat and fairly narrow between the ears, tapering slightly towards the eyes.

Stop

:
FCI
Hardly visible except in profile.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Must be black.
UKC
The nose must be black.

Muzzle

:
KC
Teeth even, strong and free from discoloration. Jaws strong, with perfect, regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Long, strong and muscular, without fullness of cheek.

Lips

:
FCI
Should be well fitting and externally almost black in colour.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Jaws: Jaw must be strong and muscular, of good punishing length.
Teeth: Should be strong, level, free from canker and the top incisors slightly overlapping the lower.
UKC
A full complement of strong, even, white teeth meet in a close scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Not too full. There should be a slight falling away below the eye so as not to have a Greyhound appearance.

Eyes

:
FCI
Should be dark in colour, small, not prominent and full of life, fire and intelligence. A yellow or light eye is most objectionable.
KC
Dark, relatively small, not prominent. A light or yellow eye highly undesirable.
UKC
Small and not prominent, dark brown in color. They show an intense expression full of life, fire and intelligence.

Ears

:
FCI
Small and V-shaped, of moderate thickness, set well on the head and dropping forward closely to the cheek. The top line of the folded ear should be well above the level of the head.
An ear hanging by the side of the head, like a hound’s, is not characteristic of the Terrier, while an ear which is semi-erect, is even more undesirable. The hair on the ear should be short and darker in colour than that on the body.
KC
Small and V-shaped, of moderate thickness, set well on head, and dropping forward closely to cheek. Top of folded ear well above level of skull. Ear must be free of fringe, and hair thereon shorter and darker in colour than body.
UKC
The small, V-shaped ears are of moderate thickness. They are set well on the head, dropping forward closely toward the cheek. The top of the folded ear is well above the level of the skull. The hair on the ears is shorter and somewhat darker in color than the hair on the body.

NECK

:
FCI
Should be of a fair length and gradually widening towards the shoulders, well carried and free from throatiness. There is generally a slight sort of frill visible at each side of the neck, running nearly to the ear.
KC
Fair length and gradually widening towards shoulders, well carried and free of throatiness. Generally a slight fringe at each side of neck, running nearly to corner of ear.
UKC
The neck is of fair length, gradually widening toward the shoulders. It is well and proudly carried. Free from throatiness. There is usually a slight frill in the hair at each side of the neck, extending almost to the corner of the ear.

BODY

:
FCI
Should be symmetrical, neither too long nor too short.
KC
Chest deep and muscular, neither full nor wide. Body moderately long; back strong and straight, with no appearance of slackness behind shoulders; loin muscular and slightly arched; ribs fairly sprung, rather deep than round, and well ribbed back.
UKC
Chest is deep rather than wide, extending to the elbows. The body is moderately long. The straight, strong back is free from any appearance of slackness. Ribs are deep and only fairly sprung, but carry well back. The strong, muscular loin is slightly arched. Females may be longer in loin than males.

Back

:
FCI
Should be strong and straight, with no appearance of slackness behind the shoulders.

Loin

:
FCI
Muscular and very slightly arched. A bitch may be slightly longer in couplings than a dog.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and muscular but neither full nor wide. Ribs fairly sprung, rather deep than round and well-ribbed back.

TAIL

:
FCI
Should be set on rather high, carried gaily but not over the back or curled. It should be of good strength and substance and fairly long. Customarily the tail is docked so that two-thirds of its original length remains. The tail should be well covered with rough hair and free from fringe or feather. Only a natural tail (undocked) is allowed in countries where docking is banned by law.
KC
Customarily docked. Docked: Customarily docked to about three quarters. Free of fringe or feather, but well covered with rough hair. Set on pretty high, carried gaily but not over back or curled. Undocked: Set on pretty high, carried gaily but not over back or curled. Free of fringe or feather but well covered with rough hair. In overall balance with the rest of the dog. Carriage is such that the tail is not liable to damage during working.
UKC
The tail is of fair length; it is customarily docked with about one-third being taken off. It is set on rather high and is of good strength and substance.

LIMBS

:
FCI
Both fore and hind legs should be moved straight forward.

FOREQUARTERS

:
KC
Shoulders fine, long and well laid back. Legs moderately long, well set from shoulders, perfectly straight, with plenty of bone and muscle; elbows working freely clear of sides; pasterns short and straight, hardly noticeable, the forelegs moved straightforward when travelling.
UKC
Shoulders are long, clean and sloping. Elbows have free action.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Must be fine, long and sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Working freely clear of the sides.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Moderately long and perfectly straight, with good bone. Pasterns are short and nearly upright.

Forearm

:
FCI
Moderately long perfectly straight with plenty of bone and muscle.

Pastern

:
FCI
Short and straight, hardly noticeable.

FEET

:
KC
Strong, tolerably round, moderately small, toes arched, neither turned out nor in; black toe nails most desirable. Pads sound and free from cracks or horny excrescences.
UKC
Moderately small and rounded, with well-arched toes and black toenails. Free from cracks or corny excrescence.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Should be strong, tolerably round and moderately small, toes arched and neither turned out nor in, black toenails most desirable. Pads sound and free from cracks or corny excrescence.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Should be strong and muscular.
KC
Strong and muscular, thighs powerful, hocks well let down, stifles moderately bent. Hindlegs move straight forward when travelling, hocks not turned outwards. Hair on legs dense and crisp.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Powerful.

Stifle

:
FCI
Moderately bent.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Moderately bent at the stifle, with hocks close to the ground.

Hock

:
FCI
Near ground

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Fore and hindlegs carried straight forward and parallel, elbows move parallel to the axis of the body, working free of sides, stifles neither turning in nor out.
KC
Fore- and hindlegs carried straight forward and parallel. Elbows move perpendicular to body, working free of sides, stifles neither turning in nor out.
UKC
Front and rear legs move straight forward when traveling. Stifles turn neither in nor out.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Should be dense and wiry in texture, having a broken appearance but still lying flat, the hairs growing so closely and strongly together that when parted with the fingers, the skin cannot be seen, free of softness and silkiness and not so long as to hide the outlines of the body, particularly in the hindquarters and free of lock or curl. Hair on face of same description as on body but short (about three-quarters of a centimetre long), almost smooth and straight, a slight beard is the only long hair (and it is only long in comparison with the rest) that is permissible and is characteristic. A “goats” beard is suggestive of there being silky and bad hair running through the coat generally.
Legs: Free of feather and covered, like the head, with as hard a texture of coat as body but not so long.
KC
Harsh and wiry, having broken appearance, free of softness or silkiness, not so long as to hide the outline of body particularly in hindquarters, straight and flat, no shagginess and free of lock or curl. At base of these stiff hairs is growth of finer and softer hair, usually termed the undercoat. Hair on foreface crisp and only sufficiently long to impart appearance of additional strength. Hair on legs dense and crisp.
UKC
The coat is dense and wiry in texture. It has a broken appearance, but still lies close to the body. The hairs grow so closely and strongly together that, when parted with the fingers, the skin is hardly visible. The coat is free of softness or silkiness; it is not so long as to alter the outline of the body, particularly on the hindquarters. The hair on the sides of the body is not as harsh as the hair on the back and quarters, but is plentiful and of good texture. At the base of the stiff outer coat there is an undercoat; a growth of fine, soft hair which is lighter in color. The hair on the upper and lower jaws is similar in quality and texture to that on the body. It is of sufficient length to present an appearance of additional strength and finish to the foreface. The legs are free from feathering and are covered with hair of a similar texture to that on the body. The tail is well covered with harsh, rough hair.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Should be “whole coloured” being red, red-wheaten or yellow-red. White sometimes on the chest. A small amount of white is frequently to be seen in all self coloured breeds.
KC
‘Whole-coloured’, most preferable colours being red, red/wheaten, or yellow/red. Small amount of white on chest acceptable, white on feet highly undesirable. Black shading highly undesirable.
UKC
The Irish Terrier is whole-colored (of one color); Red, red wheaten or yellow-red. A small patch of white on the chest is permissible but not desirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height: dogs: 48 cms (19 ins); bitches: 46 cms (18 ins).
UKC
Ideal height for both males and females is approximately 18 inches. Ideal weight for males is 27 pounds, for females 25 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Approximately 18 inches (45.5cm).

Weight

:
FCI

Dogs 27lbs (12.25kg).
Bitches 25lbs (11.4kg).

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC

Teeth: Undershot bite. Overshot bite.
Eyes: Light or yellow eyes.
Ears: Hound-like or semi-erect ears.
Coat: Single coats, without undercoat. Wavy coats. Curly and kinky coats are the most objectionable. A profuse, goat-like beard.
Color: White on any other part of the body other than a small patch of white on the chest.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Nose: Any colour other than black.
  • Jaws: Decidedly undershot or overshot.
  • Colour: Any other than red, yellow red or red wheaten. A small patch of white on chest is permissible as in other whole-coloured breeds.
  • Feet: Corny excrescence or cracks on pads.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.