Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Podenco Ibicenco

Ibizan Hound

Ibizan Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Spain (Balearic Islands).

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
26.05.1982.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
The Podenco Ibicenco is mainly used for hunting rabbits without guns, by day and at night. Thanks to his particularly good scenting ability, which, coupled with hearing, he uses more than sight, he scents and hunts out rabbits with ease, even in dense cover. Nimble and bright, he catches his prey quickly, specially when hunting together with other dogs. The Podenco Ibicenco is also used for hunting hare and large game. He is a good retriever.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 7Primitive type - Hunting Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Sighthound/Pariah

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
C.Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This breed originates in the Balearic Islands of Majorca, Ibiza, Minorca and Formentera, where it is known by the original name of « Ca Eivissec ». It is also widely found in Catalonia, round Valencia, in the Roussillon and in the Provence, where it is known by the names Mallorquí, Xarnelo, Mayorquais, Charnegue, Charnegui and Balearic Dog. Probably these dogs were brought to the islands by the Phoenecians, Carthaginians and eventually also the Romans.
This dog is a typical primitive and robust representative of one of the oldest still existing breeds. Illustrations of these dogs are found in the graves of the Pharaohs and on objects in museums, so that the existence of the breed can already be proved in the year 3400 BC.
UKC
The lbizan Hound is considered to be one of the most ancient breeds of hounds and bears a striking resemblance to the Egyptian god, Anubis. Their name is taken from the island of Ibiza, which is off the coast of Spain. It is believed they were taken there by the Phoenicians around the eighth century. Another theory is that they were brought there by the invading Carthaginians in the sixth century. Regardless, the Ibizan Hound has been bred for thousands of years as a hunting dog, its primary quarry being rabbits. Although a Sighthound, they use sight, scent and sound while hunting. Function was, and still is, of prime importance. The lbizan Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1979.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
KC
Tall, narrow, finely built, large erect ears.
UKC
The Ibizan Hound is slightly longer than tall. They possess clean, fine bones and strong, flat muscling with no sign of heaviness. They present a unique appearance with their clean-cut lines, large prick ears and light-colored pigment. They are a breed that is free from exaggeration, with the exception of their characteristic large ears. The Ibizan possesses a deer-like elegance that is combined with the power of a hunter. They are as fast as the top coursing breeds, and without equal in agility and high jumping and broad jumping ability. The lbizan Hound is very flexible, being able to spring to great heights from a standstill and turn abruptly without losing speed.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The distance from the tip of the muzzle to the eyes is equal to that from the eyes to the occiput.
KC
Agile, tireless, controlled hunter. Retrieves to hand, has ability to jump great heights without take-off run.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
KC
Reserved with strangers, not nervous or aggressive. Dignified, intelligent and independent.
UKC
The breed is characteristically even tempered, affectionate and loyal. Being extremely versatile and trainable, they make an excellent family pet as well as show dog and are well suited for tracking, obedience and lure coursing. Being a Sighthound, they exhibit a keen natural hunting instinct, coupled with much determination and stamina.

HEAD

:
FCI
Seen as a whole, the long, fine head has the appearance of a cone cut off near its base ; completely dry, rather small in relation to body.
KC
Fine, long, flat skull with prominent occipital bone. Stop not well defined, slightly convex muzzle, length of which from eyes to tip of nose equals length from eyes to occiput. Nose flesh coloured, should protrude beyond teeth, jaws very strong and lean.
UKC
The long, narrow head is in the form of a cone truncated at its base. It is finely chiseled and dry fleshed, and rather small for the size of the body.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Long and flat (dolichocephalic). Occipital bone protruding. Forehead fine and flat.
UKC
The long, flat skull has a prominent occiput. The forehead is fine and flat and the stop is only slightly defined. The skull and the muzzle are equal in length.

Stop

:
FCI
Barely pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nose leather flesh colour. Nostrils open. Nasal bridge slightly arched.
UKC
The prominent nose extends beyond the lower jaw. The nostrils are open. Pigment is a rosy flesh color, tending to harmonize with coat color and may be solid or butterfly. It is never dark brown or liver in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Nasal bridge and nose protrude over lower jaw ; fine, long and according to colour of coat, flesh colour.
KC
Perfectly even white teeth; scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Thin lips with no dewlap.
UKC
Long and fine, with a slightly arched nasal bridge. The nasal bridge and the nose protrude over the lower jaw. The lips are thin and close fitting and flesh colored.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin,close fitting, flesh colour.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Perfect fitting bite, scissor bite, white and regular.
UKC
A full complement of strong, well set, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Slanting, small, light amber colour, reminiscent of caramel colour. The amber colour can be more or less intensive according to coat colour. Without seeming very noble, the expression shows intelligence but also fear and mistrust.
KC
Clear amber, expressive. Almond-shaped; not prominent, large or round.
UKC
The small, oblique eyes range in color from clear amber to caramel. Their appearance is intelligent, alert and inquisitive. The fully or partially pigmented eye rims are the same color as that of the nose.

Ears

:
FCI
Always stiff, very mobile. Pointing forward or sideways in a horizontal plane or held backwards. Upright when dog is animated. The center of the ear set on is level with the eyes . The shape is that of an elongated rhomboid, which has been cut off by a third of its long diagonal. They are fine without hair on the inside of the ear opening ; of medium, not exaggerated size.
KC
Large, thin, stiff, highly mobile, erect when dog is alert, in a continuous line with arch of neck when viewed in profile; base set on level with eyes. Drop ears unacceptable.
UKC
The large, pointed, natural ears are highly mobile; they can point forward and sideways or be folded backward, according to the dog's mood. When the dog is alert, the ears never droop, bend or crease; the lowest point is at the level of the eye. When viewed from the front, ear height is approximately 2½ times that of the widest point of the base.

NECK

:
FCI
Very dry, both in its upper and lower part. Its length is a quarter the length of the body, slightly arched and muscular. Skin is taut, smooth, without dewlap. Normally, the coat is longer and denser in the region of the set on to the body, especially in the smooth variety.
KC
Very lean, long, muscular and slightly arched.
UKC
The long, slender, slightly-arched neck is strong yet flat muscled. The skin is taut and smooth, without dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Regarded as a whole, the body is symmetric, slightly convex and of medium, even proportions, compact and slightly longer than heigh, without the differences being laid down exactly.
KC
Level back sloping slightly from the pin bones to rump. Long, flat ribcage. Short coupled with well tucked-up waist, breast bone very prominent. Depth measured between bottom of ribcage and elbow 7-8 cms (21/2-3 ins).
UKC
In proportion, the body is slightly longer than tall. The withers are high, dry and well defined. The back is long, straight and flexible, with strong but flat muscles. The slightly arched, well-muscled loin is of medium breadth. The croup is sloping with visible bone structure and hard muscles. The chest is deep and long but not broad, the brisket being approximately 2½ inches above the elbow. The deepest part of the chest is behind the elbow. The forechest is pointed and strongly protruding. The ribs are flat. The abdomen is well tucked up but not exaggerated.

Withers

:
FCI
Well defined, high, dry and long.

Back

:
FCI
Long, straight and pliable. Muscles strong, yet flat.

Loin

:
FCI
Arched, of medium breadth, strong and firm.

Croup

:
FCI
Strongly sloping with bone structure visible ; it shows very strong, hard muscles.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, narrow and long, but not reaching to the elbows. Forechest pointed and strongly protruding. Ribs flat.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Tucked up, but not too much.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on low ; there should be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain) towards the tip ; long. When the tail is pulled through between the legs, it should reach the spine. Slightly thicker at set on, gradually tapering towards the tip. Hanging naturally in repose ; in movement carried in sickle shape more or less tightly curved. Preferably not carried upright or too much curled over back.
KC
Long, thin, low set, reaching well below the hock; when passed between legs and round flank reaches spine; may be carried high when excited, but not curled within itself or low over back.
UKC
The tail is set on low and is long enough to reach to the spine when it is pulled forward between the legs. Thicker at the set on, it tapers gradually to the tip, which should be covered with some longer, coarser, slightly off standing hairs. The tail hangs naturally in repose, and in motion is carried in a sickle or tightly curved shape, but preferably not upright nor curled too tightly over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Vertical, symmetric. Seen from front, the position of the front legs is very close together ; altogether sturdy, with long limbs which give the impression of a slim, fast, yet strong animal.
KC
Rather steep, short shoulder blades, long straight legs, erect pasterns of good length.
UKC
Forequarter angulation is moderate. The elastic shoulders are of moderate breadth at the withers; they are never loose. The shoulder blades are well laid back and at the point of the shoulder they join to a long, rather upright upper arm.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blades slanting, strong and freely mobile.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Very long, straight, strong and very close in position.

Elbow

:
FCI
Broad, set well apart from the body, parallel to the median plane of the body, but never loose.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The elbows are positioned in front of the deepest part of the chest, and are well held in but not so much as to restrict movement. The long, strong, straight forelegs are close together and give the impression of a slim, fast animal. The pasterns are firm, broad and fairly upright. Removal of dewclaws from the forelegs is optional.

Forearm

:
FCI
Broadening towards front pastern.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong, firm, broad and well upright.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched toes, thick pads, light coloured claws. Front feet may turn slightly outwards.
UKC
Nearly a hare foot, with long, close toes and hard pads. There is profuse hair between the toes. The nails are generally white, but sometimes the same color as the coat. The front feet may toe out slightly.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Almost harefoot. Toes long and close together. Profuse hair in space between toes ; nails very strong and normally white, occasionally according to coat colour. Pads very hard.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Vertical with long, strong, flat muscles.
KC
Long, strong, straight and lean, no great angulation, long second thigh, turning neither in nor out.
UKC
The hindquarters are vertical, with long, strong, flat muscles.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Long, with clean, fine bone. The hock is well angulated and broad. When viewed from behind, the hocks and rear pasterns are straight. Dewclaws may be removed.

Hock

:
FCI
Well angulated, broad, set low, vertical, turning neither out nor in.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The preferred movement is a suspended trot. Gallop is very fast and gives the impression of great agility.
KC
A suspended trot, which is a long far-reaching stride, with a slight hover before placing foot to ground.
UKC
The preferred movement is a suspended, single tracking trot, light and graceful with joint flexion.

SKIN

:
FCI
Taut, close fitting to body ; reddish pigment, but may be a different colour where coat colour differs.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

Smooth rough or long hair.
The smooth: should not be silky, but strong and shiny.
The rough: should be hard and very dense, somewhat shorter on head and ears and somewhat longer on rear of thighs and underside of tail. A beard is highly valued. The longhair is softer and should have at least a length of 5 cm. The head is very densely coated.
KC
Smooth or rough always hard, close, dense. Longer under tail and at back of legs. Hunting scars should not be penalised.
UKC
Two coat types are breed typical: Smooth rough, or long haired, and neither is preferred. Both types are left untrimmed. SMOOTH ROUGH – The smooth coat should not be silky, but rough and shiny. LONG HAIRED - The long haired coat should be hard, wiry and very dense, shorter on the head and ears and somewhat longer on the rear of the thighs and the underside of the tail. The head is densely coated and a beard is highly valued. The longest hair should be at least two inches in length.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Preferred are white and red, or entirely white or red. Fawn dogs are permitted, provided it is an exceptionally good specimen ; in smooth coats, however, this colour is not permitted.
KC
White, chestnut or lion solid colour, or any combination of these.
UKC
Acceptable colors include white or red, solid or in any combination. The red may be from a light yellowish-red (called "lion") to a deep red. No color or pattern is to be preferred over any other.

SIZE

:
KC
In country of origin varies between 56 and 74 cms (22-29 ins), but balance is overriding factor.
UKC
Height is measured at the withers. Height ranges are as follows: dogs, 23½ to 27½ inches; bitches, 22½ to 26 inches. No size is preferred within these ranges. If an individual dog's height is slightly over or under the stated range, they are not to be faulted if all other characteristics are good. The average weight for dogs is 50 pounds, the range being 46 to 55 pounds; for bitches is 45 pounds, the range being 40 to 50 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 66 to 72 cm.
Bitches 60 to 67 cm.
Without undue strictness, dogs which are close to the required measurements can be accepted, provided they are well proportioned and aesthetic.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Head short and broad.
  • Stop markedly pronounced.
  • Missing of a premolar.
  • Drop ears.
  • Barrel ribs.
  • Elbows turned outwards.
  • Cow hocks.
  • Feet turned out.
  • Crossing of feet and hocks in movement.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Skull in the shape of a stair( plane of skull too high in relation to nasal bridge).
  • Brown pigment or black spots on nose leather.
  • Any form of prognathism.
  • Eyelids and lips Reddish brown.
  • Evidence of crossing with a « Galgo » or other form of sighthound
  • Folded ears.
  • Dark eyes.
  • Croup broad.
  • Barely defined forechest.
  • Front legs wide apart.
  • Thighs rounded and broad with visible veins.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Any color other than white or red. Dark brown pigment or black spots on the nose leather.
Nose: Dark brown pigment or black spots on the nose leather.
Color: Any color other that white or red.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.