Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Hovawart

Hovawart

Hovawart


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
12.01.1998.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Working Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 2.2Molossoid breeds, Mountain type
With working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. R. Binder-Gresly.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Hovawart is a very old German working dog breed. The name’s origin stems from Middle High German (an old form of German); Hova = Hof (= yard, farm) and wart = Wächter (= watchman). Since 1922 the breeding of this breed, by using dogs similar in type still found on farms, has been restored. Apart from this, in the early years of breeding, crosses with German Shepherd Dogs, Newfoundlands, Leonbergers and other breeds were admitted. Due to the strict measurements taken in selecting the breeding stock, the original working type was attained again.
In the country of origin very great importance is attached to the health of the Hovawart. Especially the presence of hip dysplasia has been reduced to a small percentage by selecting, for decades, breeding stock free from dysplasia. It is to be expected: that all other Hovawart breed clubs will aim for this exemplary goal.
UKC
The Hovawart is a very old German working breed. It is a yard and farm watchdog. The breed was nearly lost in the early 20th Century. Breeding was restored by using dogs of the old type that were found on farms, and crossing them with German Shepherds, Newfoundlands and Leonbergers, among others, and selecting for dogs that were of the original working type. The Hovawart was recognized by the United Kennel Club July 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Hovawart is a powerful, medium size, slightly elongated, long-haired working dog. Difference between sexes is clearly recognizable, specially in shape of head and build of body.
KC
Powerful, medium size dog, slightly longer than high. Long-haired with weather resistant coat. Free from exaggeration. Noticeable difference between dogs and bitches.
UKC
The Hovawart is a medium sized, powerful, long coated working dog. The breed is very versatile, being useful as a watch, guard, tracking and rescue dog, as well as making an excellent companion. The males are larger and more massive than the females.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Length of body comprises at least 110 to 115 % of height at withers.
KC
Versatile, companion and working dog. Adaptable, devoted, self-confident, agile and resilient.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Recognized working dog with versatile usage. Kind and even disposition. Has protective instinct, self-confidence and ability to take stress; of medium temperament; combined with a very good nose. His balanced body proportions and special devotion to his family make him an outstanding companion, watch, guard, tracking and rescue-dog.
KC
Kind and even temperament, loyal, self-assured, courageous, tolerant and composed, without nervousness or aggression.
UKC
Kind and even in disposition, the Hovawart is devoted to its family and has a natural protective instinct.

HEAD

:
FCI
The nasal bridge is straight and parallel to the skull. Muzzle and skull are of about the same length. The skin of the head fits tightly.
KC
Clean head with moderately broad skull. Length from occiput to stop equal to length from stop to nose. Width and length of skull approximately equal. Viewed in profile, foreface straight and parallel to skull. Stop moderate though clearly defined. Strong, deep muzzle, tapering slightly. Well developed nostrils.
UKC
The head is powerful, with the skull and muzzle of approximately the same length and tight fitting skin.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The powerful head has a broad, rounded forehead.
UKC
Broad, with a rounded forehead. There is a marked stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Well visible.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nostrils well developed. In black/gold and black: dogs pigmentation is black; in blond dogs it is black; « snow nose » (temporary loss of pigmentation) accepted.
UKC
The nose has well developed nostrils. It is black in color, though a snow nose is acceptable.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, tapering only slightly when seen from above and in profile.
KC
Tight lips. Full dentition with scissor bite i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Pincer bite tolerated.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and tapers only slightly to the tip when viewed from the top or the side. The nasal bone is straight and the lips are tight fitting.

Lips

:
FCI
Fit tightly.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong complete scissor bite with 42 teeth according to tooth formula. Teeth set square to the jaws. Pincer bite accepted.
UKC
The Hovawart has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval, neither protruding nor deep set. Colour dark to medium brown. Eyelids fit tightly.
KC
Oval, medium sized. Dark to medium brown, toning with pigmentation. Alert and intelligent expression.
UKC
Oval in shape, with tight-fitting rims. Varying shades of brown in color.

Ears

:
FCI
The loosely fitting triangular drop ears are set on high and wide apart, thus giving the optical illusion of broadening the skull. They reach in length to the corners of the mouth (labial commisure). Their tip is slightly rounded. When the dog is at ease they are kept hanging flat, when alert they may be carried directed slightly forward. Their front edge lies approximately halfway between eye and occiput.
KC
Triangular, with gently rounded tips and hanging loosely. Set medium to high, increasing apparent breadth of skull. Length reaching to the corner of the mouth, front edges positioned approximately midway between eye and occiput tip. Carried slightly forward when alert.
UKC
The triangular, drop ears are loose fitting and set on high, giving the impression of broadening the skull. In length, they reach to the corners of the mouth. When the dog is alert, they may be carried slightly forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, of medium length. Skin tightly fitting.
KC
Strong, medium length, no dewlap.
UKC
Medium length, strong, without dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Well balanced. Slightly longer from point of shoulder to point of buttocks than height at withers. Strong topline, level from withers to croup. Slightly sloping croup of moderate length. Chest strong, deep and broad. Foreribs relatively flat, allowing elbows freedom of movement, but ribs increasingly well sprung from behind the elbows. Deep brisket. Strong loin. Moderate tuck up.
UKC
In proportion, the Hovawart is longer than tall by 10-15 percent. The chest is broad and deep. The back is straight and firm. The loin is strong and fairly long, and the croup is medium long and slightly sloping.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and firm.

Loin

:
FCI
Strong, slightly longer than rump.

Croup

:
FCI
Medium long and slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad, deep and strong.

TAIL

:
FCI
Bushy, reaching to below the hocks, but not to the ground. According to the dog’s mood it is carried high and curved over the back or hanging down.
KC
Bushy, reaching below the hocks but not to ground. When standing, hangs down. Raised over the back when alert or moving.
UKC
The tail is long, reaching to below the hock joint, but not all the way to the ground. It is well covered in bushy hair. It is carried low in repose and high and curved over the back when the dog is alert.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs strong, straight and vertical, seen from the front and side.
KC
Strong, well-muscled. Shoulders long and well laid-back. Upper arms long and lying close to the body, elbows fitting close to the chest. Forearms straight, viewed from any angle. Pasterns moderately sloping when viewed from the side.
UKC
The shoulder blade and upper arm are long and well laid back. The upper arm fits closely to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Very well muscled. Shoulder-blade long and well laid back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Long, closely fitting to body.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting well to chest.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Strong, straight and vertical, with elbows fitting close to the chest. The pastern is moderately sloping.

Pastern

:
FCI
Pastern joint: Strong.
Pastern: Moderately sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Roundish, strong, compact with well arched toes. Pads thick and strong.
UKC
Fairly round and compact, with well arched toes. Dewclaws should be removed except in those countries where it is prohibited by law.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Roundish, strong and compact. Toes arched and tight. Dewclaws to be removed except in those countries where this is prohibited by law. Nails with black pigmentation in black/gold and black dogs; in blond dogs there may be less pigmentation.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Hindlegs strong and vertical when seen from behind. Hindquarters are well angulated.
Upper and lower thigh: Very well muscled.
KC
Wide, powerful and well muscled. Well angulated without exaggeration. Second thigh wide and very well muscled. Legs straight when viewed from behind. Hocks strong and well let down.
UKC
The hindquarters are well angulated.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper and lower thighs are very well muscled and the hocks are well let down.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Strong, well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
In all gaits the movement of the Hovawart is on a straight line and covering the ground well. The trot is very extended, with powerful drive from the hindquarters.
KC
Effortless, ground covering gait, straight and true. Good reach and drive.
UKC
The Hovawart moves in a straight line in a very extended, ground covering trot. There is powerful drive from the hindquarters.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tightly fitting all over. With a bluish sheen in black/gold and black dogs, with a mostly pink sheen in blond dogs.
UKC
The skin is tight fitting and has a bluish sheen in the black and black/gold dogs and a mostly pink sheen in blond dogs.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
The strong long-haired coat is lightly waved and lying close, with only little undercoat. It is longer on chest, belly, rearside of forelegs, rearside of thighs and tail. It is short on head and at the front side of the fore- and hindlegs. The coat is dense.
KC
On the body the coat is long but not excessively so. Dense, straight or slightly waved and close lying, with sparse undercoat. Short on head and front of legs, longer on the chest, belly, the rear of forelegs, back of thighs and tail.
UKC
Long, dense, close and slightly wavy. There is not much undercoat. The coat is short on the face and the fronts of the legs, longer on the chest, belly, back of legs and tail. The skin is tight fitting and has a bluish sheen in the black and black/gold dogs and a mostly pink sheen in blond dogs.

COLOUR

:
FCI

There are 3 colour varieties black/gold, black, blond.
Black/gold: The coat is black and shiny, the colour of the markings medium blond. On the head the markings begin below the nasal bridge and extend round the corners of the mouth into the marking of the throat. The point-shaped markings above the eyes are clearly visible. The chest markings consist of two adjacent patches which may be connected. On the forelegs, the marking, seen from the side, extends from the toes to about the pastern and tapers off on the rearside at about elbow level. On the hindlegs, seen from the side, the marking below the hock is seen as a broad stripe, above the hock only as a narrow stripe which extends on the front side of the hindleg up to the level of the belly. A marking is also present beneath the set on of the tail. The markings are distinct in outline everywhere. Single small white spots on the chest as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads.
Black: The coat is black and shiny. Some single white spots on the chest as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads.
Blond: The coat is medium blond, shiny and becomes lighter towards legs and belly. Single small white spots on the chest as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads.
KC
Black: Deep, shining black without rustiness. A few white spots on chest and a few white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eye rims, lips and pads. Blonde: Medium shade of blonde, shiny and becoming lighter towards the legs and belly. A few white spots on chest and a few white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eye rims, lips and pads. Snow nose acceptable. Black/gold: Deep, shining black, without rustiness, with medium blonde markings clearly defined as follows: 1. A spot over each eye. 2. On cheeks. 3. As a strip around each side of muzzle but not on bridge of nose. 4. On throat. 5. Two clear patches on either side of breastbone which may be joined. 6. On forelegs the colour runs from toes to wrists with colour up the backs of the forearms extending to the elbows. 7. On the hindlegs the colour runs from toes to hocks extending up the inside of the legs, seen from the side as a narrow stripe up the front of the leg reaching to stifle and belly. 8. Under tail. A few white spots on chest and a few white hairs on toes and tip of tail are permissible. Black pigmentation on eye rims, lips and pads.
UKC
There are three acceptable colors: ● Black/gold. The coat is black and shiny, the colour of the markings medium blond. On the head, the markings begin below the nasal bridge and extend round the corners of the mouth into the marking of the throat. The point-shaped markings above the eyes are clearly visible. The chest markings consist of two adjacent patches which may be connected. On the forelegs, the marking, seen from the side, extends from the toes to about the pastern and tapers off on the rear side at about elbow level. On the hind legs, seen from the side, the marking below the hock is seen as a broad stripe, above the hock only as a narrow stripe which extends on the front side of the hind leg up to the level of the belly. A marking is also present beneath the set on of the tail. The markings are distinct in outline everywhere. Single small white spots on the chest, as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail, are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads. ● Black. The coat is black and shiny. Some single white spots on the chest, as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail, are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads. ● Blond. The coat is medium blond, shiny and becomes lighter towards legs and belly. Single small white spots on the chest, as well as some single white hairs on toes and tip of tail, are permissible. Black pigmentation on eyelids, lips and pads.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 63-70 cms (25-271/2 ins); bitches: 58-65 cms (23-251/2 ins). Weight: dogs: 30-40 kgs (66-88 lbs); bitches: 25-35 kgs (55-77 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

For dogs 63 - 70 cm.
For bitches 58 - 65 cm.
UKC
Height for males ranges from 25-27½ inches. For females, 23-25½ inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • General Appearance: Dogs which do not conform: to the impression of original breed type. Distinctly « doggy » bitches.Distinctly « bitchy » dogs.
  • Important Proportions: Distinctly differing body proportions than those quoted in the standard.
  • Behaviour/Temperament: Aggressive, anxious, gunshy or lethargic dogs.
  • Head: Lacking stop. Blue eye or wall eye. Erect, tipped ears, rose ear; off-standing ears. Undershot, overshot or wry mouth. Absence of more than 2 of the 4 PM1 or the 2 M3, or absence of any other tooth.
  • Neck: Distinct dewlap or very throaty.
  • Body: Pronounced sway or roach back. Narrow or barrel shaped chest. Abnormal tail; tail much too short; pronounced ring tail.
  • Limbs: Much too high in hindquarters (overbuilt).
  • Hair: Predominantly curly coat (ring curls).
  • Colour: All colours not conforming to the standard, e.g. blue-grey, deer colour, brown, white, patched, blond with smutty touch or predominantly banded hair. White patches: Single white hairs on the inside of the upper thighs are not a disqualifying fault.
  • Black/Gold dogs: Grey or brown patches other than the correct markings. Undercoat predominantly of another colour than black. Predominantly grey or whitish markings.
  • Black dogs: Grey or brown patches. Undercoat predominantly of another colour than black.
  • Blond dogs: Some single white hairs on the nasal bridge are not a disqualifying fault. Red-blond colour throughout without getting lighter. Whitish-blond colour, also on ears. Distinctly white markings. Dark patches or dark mask.
  • Undersize.
  • Oversize by more than 3 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Under the acceptable height range. More than one inch over the acceptable height range.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot, overshot, or wry mouth. Wall eyes. Distinctly curled (ringed) coat. Any color or combination of colors other than those described.
Teeth: Undershot, overshot, or wry mouth.
Eyes: Wall eyes.
Coat: Distinctly curled (ringed) coat.
Color: Any color or combination of colors other than those described.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.