Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Hokkaïdo

Hokkaido


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Japan.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
20.12.1994.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Hunting dog, companion.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 5Asian Spitz and related breeds
Without working trial

UKC
Northern Breed

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
This breed is said to have originated from medium-sized Japanese dogs that accompanied migrants from Honshu (the main island of Japan) to Hokkaido during the Kamakura era (in the 1140s), when exchanges were developing between Hokkaido and the Tohoku District. When the breed was designated as a « natural monument » in 1937, it took an the name of the area. It also came to be known as the « Ainu-ken », since the Ainu-the former inhabitants of Hokkaido-used to breed these dogs for hunting bears and other animals. The physique of the Hokkaido enables it to withstand severe cold and heavy snowfalls. It also shows accurate judgement and great stamina.
UKC
The Hokkaido is said to have originated from medium sized Japanese dogs that accompanied migrants from the main island of Japan to Hokkaido during the Kamakura era, which was in the 1140’s. When the breed was designated as a National Monument in 1937, it took the name of the region. It also became known as the Ainu-ken because the Ainu people, who were the former residents of Hokkaido, were said to have bred the dogs to hunt bear and other animals. The Hokkaido was recognized by the United Kennel Club as the Ainu January 1, 1996, and the breed name was changed to Hokkaido in 2008.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium-sized dog with secondary sex characteristics strongly marked, well balanced, sturdily built and well boned. Muscles tough and clean cut.
UKC
The Hokkaido is a medium sized, spitz type breed that has strongly developed secondary sex characteristics. It is well balanced, sturdily built and strongly boned. The breed is capable of withstanding severe cold and heavy snowfall. Its tough, clean cut muscles give it great stamina.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The ratio of height at withers to length of body is 10 : 11
The ratio of skull to length of nasal bridge is 3 2.
Length of skull equal to width of cheeks, being about one fourth of height at withers.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Dog of noteworthy endurance, showing dignity and naive feeling. The temperament is faithful, docile, very alert and bold.
UKC
The Hokkaido is a dog with great dignity. It has a faithful, docile, alert and bold temperament.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Skull and forehead, broad and slightly flat.
UKC
The skull is broad and slightly flat. It is approximately the same length as the width of the head at the cheeks. There is a shallow, but defined, stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Shallow, but defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, flesh colour permitted with a white coat.
UKC
The nose is black, except in white colored dogs, where a flesh colored nose is allowed.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Wedge-shaped. Nasal bridge straight.
UKC
The muzzle is wedge shaped, with a straight nasal bridge. It is about two-thirds the length of the skull. The lips are tight and have black edges.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight, with black edges.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong, with a scissor bite.
UKC
The Hokkaido has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Well developed.

Eyes

:
FCI
Relatively small, nearly triangular, set well apart and dark brown in colour.
UKC
The eyes are relatively small, nearly triangular in shape, set well apart, and dark brown in color.

Ears

:
FCI
Small, triangular, slightly inclining forward and firmly pricked.
UKC
The small, erect ears are triangular in shape and inclined slightly forward.

NECK

:
FCI
Powerful and muscular, free from dewlap.
UKC
Powerful and muscular, with no dewlap.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the Hokkaido is slightly longer than tall in a ratio of 11:10. The chest is deep and moderately broad, with a well developed forechest. The ribs are well sprung. The withers are high and the back is straight and strong. The loin is moderately broad and muscular and the croup is slightly sloping. There is a good amount of tuck up.

Withers

:
FCI
High.

Back

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Loin

:
FCI
Moderately broad and muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Properly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Forechest well developed. Chest deep and moderately broad; ribs well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick and carried over the back vigorously curled or curved like a sickle, the tip nearly reaching hocks when let down.
UKC
The tail is set on high. It is thick and carried over the back in a curl or in sickle shape. The tip nearly reaches the hocks when the tail is let down.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
UKC
The shoulders are moderately sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately sloping.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight and clean cut, with good bone and slightly sloping pasterns.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight, clean cut.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly inclining.

FEET

:
UKC
The feet have close, well arched toes and hard, elastic pads. The nails are hard and dark in color.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Toes well arched and tightly closed; pads hard and elastic; nails hard and black or dark colour.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful.
UKC
The hindquarters are powerful, with strong hocks.

Hock

:
FCI
Tough, sufficiently strong.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Active, quick, light and resilient.
UKC
At a trot, the gait is active, light and quick.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Outer coat harsh and straight; undercoat soft and dense. The hair on the tail fairly long and off-standing.
UKC
Double, with a harsh, straight outer coat and a soft, dense undercoat. The hair on the tail is fairly long and stands off in a brush.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle, red, black, black and tan, white.
UKC
Sesame (red fawn hairs with black tips), brindle, red, black, black and tan or white.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Dogs 48,5 - 51,5 cm.
Bitches 45,5 - 48, 5 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 19 to 20.5 inches. For females, it is 18 to 19 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Bitchy dog/doggy bitches.
Slightly overshot or undershot mouth.
UKC

Appearance: Secondary sex characteristics not well defined.
Teeth: Slightly overshot or undershot bite.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Aggressive or overly shy.
Extremely overshot or undershot mouth.
Ears not pricked.
Hanging or short tail.
Shyness.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Extremely overshot or undershot bite. Ears not prick. Hanging or short tail.
Teeth: Extremely overshot or undershot bite.
Ears: Ears not prick.
Tail: Hanging or short tail.

other

:
FCI
Blue-Black colour in tongue is not a fault.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.