Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Havanese

(Bichon Havanais)

Havanese


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Western Mediterranean basin.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
FCI.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
31.10.2016.
KC
January 1997

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Companion and toy dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.1Bichons and related breeds, Bichons
Without working trial

KC
Toy

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis, revised by R. Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region. It would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba by ocean navigating Italian captains. Erroneously, the most frequent brown colour of these dogs (tobacco) gave birth to the legend which would mean it to be a breed originating from Havana, capital of Cuba. The political events however have led to the total disappearance of the old blood lines of the Havanese in Cuba; apparently a few dogs could be successfully smuggled out from Cuba; their descendants have survived in the U.S.A.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The Havanese is a sturdy little dog, low on his legs, with long abundant hair, soft and preferably wavy. His movement is lively and elastic.
KC
Small, sturdy, slightly longer in body than height at withers. Profusely coated, tail carried in plume over back.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the muzzle (tip of nose to stop) is equal to the distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance. The relation between the length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) and the height at the withers is of 4/3.
KC
Lively, affectionate and intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Exceptionally bright he is easy to train as alarm dog. Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is amiable, a charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. He loves children and plays endlessly with them.
KC
Friendly, outgoing.

HEAD

:
FCI
Of medium length, the relation between the length of the head and that of the trunk (measured from the withers to the base of the tail) is of 3/7.
KC
Nose to stop and stop to occiput to be equal in length, skull broad, slightly rounded, moderate stop. Muzzle not snipey or blunt, cheeks flat. Nose and lips solid black, although for brown shades the pigment may be brown.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat to very slightly rounded, broad; forehead hardly rising; seen from above it is rounded at the back and almost straight and square on the other three sides.

Stop

:
FCI
Moderately marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black or brown.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Narrowing progressively and slightly towards the nose but neither snipey nor truncated.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Fine, lean, tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. A complete dentition is desirable. The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3 (M3) is tolerated.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Very flat, not prominent.

Eyes

:
FCI
Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as dark as possible. Kind expression. The eyes rims must be dark brown to black.
KC
Dark, large, almond shaped, gently expression, eyerims black. In brown shades eyes can be a slightly lighter colour, eyerims brown.

Ears

:
FCI
Set relatively high; they fall along the cheeks forming a discreet fold which raises them slightly. Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Neither propeller ears (sticking sideways), nor stuck to the cheeks.
KC
Moderately pointed and dropped, set on just above eye level, slightly raised, neither fly away nor framing the cheeks.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length.
KC
Medium length.

BODY

:
FCI
The length of the body is slightly superior to that of the height at the withers.
KC
Equal in height from withers to elbow as from elbow to ground. Slightly longer from point of shoulder to point of buttock than height at withers, level topline, slight rise over loin, well sprung ribs, with good tuck-up.

Back

:
FCI
Topline straight, slightly arched over the loin.

Croup

:
FCI
Noticeably inclined.

Chest

:
FCI
Well sprung.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Carried high, either in shape of a crozier or preferably rolled over the back; it is furnished with feathering of long silky hair.
KC
Set high, carried over the back; profusely feathered with long silky hair.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Forelegs straight and parallel, lean; good bone structure. The distance from the ground to the elbow must not be greater than that between the elbow and the withers.
KC
Legs straight, medium bone. Shoulders well laid.

FORELEGS

:

FEET

:
KC
Small, tight, hare foot.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight toes.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Good bone structure; moderate angulations.
KC
Medium boned, moderate angulation.

HIND LEGS

:

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
According to his happy nature, the Havanese has a strikingly light-footed and elastic gait; forelegs with free stride and pointing straight forward, the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and moving in a straight line.
KC
Free with a springy step, legs moving parallel along the line of travel.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Undercoat woolly and not very developed; it is often totally absent. The topcoat is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and may form curly strands. All grooming, the usage of scissors to even out the length of the coat and all trimming is forbidden. Exception tidying up the hair on the feet is permitted, the hair on the forehead may be slightly shortened so that it does not cover the eyes and the hair on the muzzle may be slightly tidied up, but it is preferable to leave it in natural length.
KC
Soft, silky, wavy or slightly curled, full coated with an undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Rarely completely pure white, fawn in its different shades (slight blackened overlay admitted), black, havana-brown, tobacco colour, reddish-brown. Patches in mentioned colours allowed.
Tan markings in all nuances permitted.
KC
Any colour or combination of colours permissible.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height 23-28cm (9-11 inches).

Height at withers

:
FCI

From 23 to 27 cm.
Tolerance from 21 to 29 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • General appearance lacking in type.
  • Truncated or snipey muzzle, length not identical to that of the skull.
  • Bird of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent; rims of eyelids partially depigmented.
  • Body too long or too short.
  • Straight tail, not carried high.
  • « French » front (pasterns too close, feet turned outwards).
  • Deformed hind feet.
  • Coat harsh, not abundant; hair short except on puppies; groomed coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Depigmented nose.
  • Upper or lower prognathism.
  • Ectropion, entropion; rim of eyelids of one or both eyes depigmented.
  • Size over or under the indicated norms of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.