Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Havanese

(Bichon Havanais)

Havanese

Havanese


ORIGIN

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FCI
Western Mediterranean basin.

PATRONAGE

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FCI
FCI.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
31.10.2016.
KC
January 1997

UTILISATION

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FCI
Companion and toy dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 9Companion and Toy Dogs
Section 1.1Bichons and related breeds, Bichons
Without working trial

KC
Toy
UKC
Companion Dog

TRANSLATION

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FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis, revised by R. Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
The breed comes from the Western Mediterranean region and has developed along the Spanish and Italian coastal region. It would seem that these dogs were imported early in Cuba by ocean navigating Italian captains. Erroneously, the most frequent brown colour of these dogs (tobacco) gave birth to the legend which would mean it to be a breed originating from Havana, capital of Cuba. The political events however have led to the total disappearance of the old blood lines of the Havanese in Cuba; apparently a few dogs could be successfully smuggled out from Cuba; their descendants have survived in the U.S.A.
UKC
Also known as the "Bichon Havanais" (or 'Habanero'), and the "Havana Silk Dog", the Havanese breed is thought to be descended from the Old World Bichon types of small companion dogs, such as the often-painted Italian Bichon of Bologna (the Bolognese) or the Maltese. Over the centuries, interesting variations developed into separate breeds around major port cities of the Spanish Empire. The Havanese breed is the Bichon of Cuba. All published theories of their origin and development seem based on speculation, but it is certain that they were always a small breed which was exclusively owned by the higher social classes. The Havanese was recognized by the United Kennel Club in July 1991.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

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FCI
The Havanese is a sturdy little dog, low on his legs, with long abundant hair, soft and preferably wavy. His movement is lively and elastic.
KC
Small, sturdy, slightly longer in body than height at withers. Profusely coated, tail carried in plume over back.
UKC
Havanese are the Cuban representatives of the Bichon family of breeds, (all small, long coated and drop eared), which are prized as devoted companion dogs. Havanese coat colors are extremely varied. Havanese appear rectangular from the side, being much longer from front to rear than they are tall. Havanese are light framed but sturdy dogs that convey a sense of refinement without appearing fragile. Males are slightly more muscular than females.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI
The length of the muzzle (tip of nose to stop) is equal to the distance between the stop and the occipital protuberance. The relation between the length of the body (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) and the height at the withers is of 4/3.
KC
Lively, affectionate and intelligent.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Exceptionally bright he is easy to train as alarm dog. Affectionate, of a happy nature, he is amiable, a charmer, playful and even a bit of a clown. He loves children and plays endlessly with them.
KC
Friendly, outgoing.
UKC
Havanese have a quiet and gentle disposition, but enjoy rowdy play sessions. They are affectionate, preferring to be at their owner's side or in the same room, and will alert their owner to approaching strangers. They enjoy the company of other Havanese. They are intelligent, easy to train and attentive to their handler. Havanese have an alert, gentle expression produced by the combination of large dark eyes, dropped ears, long fur and an endearing habit of tilting their head when listening.

HEAD

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FCI
Of medium length, the relation between the length of the head and that of the trunk (measured from the withers to the base of the tail) is of 3/7.
KC
Nose to stop and stop to occiput to be equal in length, skull broad, slightly rounded, moderate stop. Muzzle not snipey or blunt, cheeks flat. Nose and lips solid black, although for brown shades the pigment may be brown.
UKC
It is a balanced wedge shape of moderate size, slightly broad but always refined looking. The skull is a slightly rounded, slightly broad intermediate (mesaticephalic) type with a moderate stop. The muzzle is balanced above and below the stop; tapering, with flat cheeks. The length of the muzzle is equal to the distance from the stop to the occiput. The lips are clean, tight and fully pigmented (except for the two small areas on the lower lip normally lightened by abrasion from the upper canine teeth).

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Flat to very slightly rounded, broad; forehead hardly rising; seen from above it is rounded at the back and almost straight and square on the other three sides.

Stop

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FCI
Moderately marked.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Black or brown.
UKC
Dark and fully pigmented.

Muzzle

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FCI
Narrowing progressively and slightly towards the nose but neither snipey nor truncated.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

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FCI
Fine, lean, tight.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Scissor bite. A complete dentition is desirable. The absence of premolars 1 (PM1) and molars 3 (M3) is tolerated.
UKC
A scissors bite and normal jaw formation are expected. Preference is to be given to a healthy, clean mouth with reasonably uncrowded, untwisted, strong, white teeth.

Cheeks

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FCI
Very flat, not prominent.

Eyes

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FCI
Quite big, almond shape, of brown colour as dark as possible. Kind expression. The eyes rims must be dark brown to black.
KC
Dark, large, almond shaped, gently expression, eyerims black. In brown shades eyes can be a slightly lighter colour, eyerims brown.
UKC
Rather large and oval shaped, deep set and dark. Eye rims must be fully pigmented.

Ears

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FCI
Set relatively high; they fall along the cheeks forming a discreet fold which raises them slightly. Their extremity is in a lightly rounded point. They are covered with hair in long fringes. Neither propeller ears (sticking sideways), nor stuck to the cheeks.
KC
Moderately pointed and dropped, set on just above eye level, slightly raised, neither fly away nor framing the cheeks.
UKC
They are set slightly raised on the skull, and have dropped leathers of moderate size, which form a gentle fold.

NECK

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FCI
Of medium length.
KC
Medium length.
UKC
The neck is sturdy, of moderate length and is well set into the shoulder region.

BODY

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FCI
The length of the body is slightly superior to that of the height at the withers.
KC
Equal in height from withers to elbow as from elbow to ground. Slightly longer from point of shoulder to point of buttock than height at withers, level topline, slight rise over loin, well sprung ribs, with good tuck-up.
UKC
The straight topline is not level, but rises gradually to the rear. The body, from the prosternum on the forechest to the point of the rump, is about two-thirds longer than the height at the withers. The ribs are well sprung, deep and carried well back. The flanks are tucked up. The loin is strong; the rounded croup is well dropped.

Back

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FCI
Topline straight, slightly arched over the loin.

Croup

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FCI
Noticeably inclined.

Chest

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FCI
Well sprung.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Well tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Carried high, either in shape of a crozier or preferably rolled over the back; it is furnished with feathering of long silky hair.
KC
Set high, carried over the back; profusely feathered with long silky hair.
UKC
The tail is set smoothly on the body in a moderate position, and carried over the back.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Forelegs straight and parallel, lean; good bone structure. The distance from the ground to the elbow must not be greater than that between the elbow and the withers.
KC
Legs straight, medium bone. Shoulders well laid.

FORELEGS

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UKC
The front legs are relatively short and light boned, but not fragile. They provide a straight column of support when viewed from the front, are moderately angulated and have good reach. The length of the leg from the foot to the elbow is no longer than the distance from the elbow to the withers, and when standing naturally, the elbow is positioned at the lower edge of the rib cage. The front dewclaws may be removed.

FEET

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KC
Small, tight, hare foot.
UKC
The feet are small, compact and well cushioned, with toes a little elongated. The rear feet are smaller than the front pair. Nails should be kept reasonably short.

Forefeet

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FCI
Of slightly elongated shape; small; tight toes.

Hind feet

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FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Good bone structure; moderate angulations.
KC
Medium boned, moderate angulation.

HIND LEGS

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UKC
The back legs provide a straight column of support when viewed from the rear, are moderately angulated, normally flexible and deliver strong drive.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
According to his happy nature, the Havanese has a strikingly light-footed and elastic gait; forelegs with free stride and pointing straight forward, the hindlegs giving them the impulsion and moving in a straight line.
KC
Free with a springy step, legs moving parallel along the line of travel.
UKC
Havanese have a lively, springy trot. They love fast sprints in a rotary gallop, even using a half-bound to gain a burst of speed; yet they enjoy long, easy walks. They are excellent broad and high jumpers. As speed increases, the dog single tracks.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI
Undercoat woolly and not very developed; it is often totally absent. The topcoat is very long (12-18 cm in an adult dog), soft, flat or wavy and may form curly strands. All grooming, the usage of scissors to even out the length of the coat and all trimming is forbidden. Exception tidying up the hair on the feet is permitted, the hair on the forehead may be slightly shortened so that it does not cover the eyes and the hair on the muzzle may be slightly tidied up, but it is preferable to leave it in natural length.
KC
Soft, silky, wavy or slightly curled, full coated with an undercoat.
UKC
The breed’s profuse double coat is very soft. The hair on the head blends the face and ears together, forming a hood onto the shoulders and chest. The hair on the forehead may form a curtain in front of the eyes, depending on the texture and length. For safety reasons, this hair may be held away from the face by unadorned rubber bands. In Conformation events, Judges can require the removal of bands which impede evaluation of the dog. The long adult coat, which may take two or four years to develop fully, must not touch the ground. The tail is covered with a long, silky plume which blends into the body coat when resting. The coat tends to form narrow sections, or "locks", which show the unique "lacey" or ric-rac braid effect of hair sectioned and braided when wet. This distinctive wave-style has a wide range of expression, from "quite relaxed" (but not very straight), to a very "tight", which can be corded. The correct "lacey" effect is most evident on the ears, legs, rump and tail, but if straightened by grooming will take hours to return unless wetted. (The degree of "tightness" in a lacey coat is not to be considered until definitive historical research verifies what was correct, but straight coats are clearly incorrect.) GROOMING - None of the hair is to be scissored, except: for neatening around the edge of the feet. The tiniest possible trimming is permitted for good hygiene at the inner corner of the eyes, at the vent, and as needed on the belly. The hair between the foot pads must be trimmed to allow safe movement. The hair is not to be parted along the spine. The hair on the forehead may form a curtain in front of the eyes, depending on its texture and length. For safety reasons, this hair may be held away from the face by unadorned rubber bands. In Conformation events, Judges can require removal of bands which impede evaluation of the dog. A small braid starting above each eye and hanging down to the side is a permitted ring alternative. The Stud Dog or Brood Bitch class entries may have simple, shortened coats.

COLOUR

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FCI

Rarely completely pure white, fawn in its different shades (slight blackened overlay admitted), black, havana-brown, tobacco colour, reddish-brown. Patches in mentioned colours allowed.
Tan markings in all nuances permitted.
KC
Any colour or combination of colours permissible.
UKC
All colors are acceptable; singly or in any combination. In fact, great diversity of coloring is this breed's heritage. Many colors lighten or darken with age or whelping; residual dark tipping may remain. All colors develop a matte appearance. All pigment on eye rims, nose and lips must be complete and dark. Except for the true chocolate-coated dogs, which have dark brown/liver colored pigment, all other coat colors require jet black pigment.

SIZE

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KC
Ideal height 23-28cm (9-11 inches).
UKC
Havanese stand between 8½ inches and 10½ inches in height, and weigh from 7 to 14 pounds (with mid-size much preferred). Height limits are more important than weight.

Height at withers

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FCI

From 23 to 27 cm.
Tolerance from 21 to 29 cm.

FAULTS

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FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Appearance: Fat or otherwise poorly conditioned dogs.
Teeth: Level bite.
Gait: Hackney gait in front. Padding. Moving too close behind.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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FCI

  • General appearance lacking in type.
  • Truncated or snipey muzzle, length not identical to that of the skull.
  • Bird of prey eyes; eyes too deep set or prominent; rims of eyelids partially depigmented.
  • Body too long or too short.
  • Straight tail, not carried high.
  • « French » front (pasterns too close, feet turned outwards).
  • Deformed hind feet.
  • Coat harsh, not abundant; hair short except on puppies; groomed coat.
UKC

Appearance: Square appearance.
Tail: Straight or dropped tail.
Gait: Tail not carried over the back when gaiting.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

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FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Depigmented nose.
  • Upper or lower prognathism.
  • Ectropion, entropion; rim of eyelids of one or both eyes depigmented.
  • Size over or under the indicated norms of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC



Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite; wry mouth; severely crowded or twisted teeth.
Eyes: Less than full, dark pigment on eye rims, nose or lips of dogs over 12 weeks of age.
Coat: A coarse or wiry coat texture. In adults, the complete absence of guard hairs or undercoat.
Color: Albinism.
Weight: Weight under 7 or over 14 pounds.
Size: Height under 8½ inches or over 10½ inches.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Teeth: Overshot bite.
Teeth: Undershot bite.
Note: Albinism.
Teeth: Wry mouth.
Teeth: Severely crowded or twisted teeth.
Coat: A coarse or wiry coat texture.
Coat: In adults, the complete absence of guard hairs or undercoat.
Weight: Weight under 7 or over 14 pounds.
Eyes: Less than full, dark pigment on eye rims, nose or lips of dogs over 12 weeks of age.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.