Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Great Swiss Mountain Dog

(Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund)

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Switzerland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.03.2003.
KC
April 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Originally watch- and draught dog. Nowadays also companion, guard- and family dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 3Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C.Seidler, revised by Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In 1908, at Langenthal, on the occasion of the jubilee show to mark 25 years of existence of the “Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft” (Swiss Kennel Club) SKG, two short-haired Bernese Mountain Dogs were presented to the great promotor of the Swiss Mountain Dogs, Prof. Albert Heim. He recognized them to be representatives of the old, vanishing, large Mountain Dog or butcher’s dog, whose ancestors had in the past been widely spread across Europe, bred as guard-, draught- or droving-cattle dogs. In 1909 they were recognized by the SKG as a separate breed being registered in volume 12 of the Swiss Stud Book. In 1912, the club for “Grosse Schweizer Sennenhunde” was founded in order to promote this breed and keep it purebred. The first standard was published by the FCI not before February 5th, 1939. Today these dogs are also bred in other European countries, they are especially appreciated as family dogs due to their calm, reliable temperament.
UKC
The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a very ancient breed, tracing its time of origin to approximately 2,000 years ago as a direct result of the Roman invasion and conquest of Europe. As a result of the crossing of the Roman Mastiffs with the local Swiss working dogs came the four Sennenhund breeds: Greater Swiss Mountain Dog, Appenzeller, Entlebucher and the Bernese Mountain Dog. It is generally accepted that the GSMD was the first of these breeds, and the other three developed from it. The "Swissy" is also thought to have been a major influence on the Rottweiler. The Greater Swiss Mountain Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1992.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A tricolour, sturdy, heavy boned and well muscled dog. In spite of his size and weight, he presents endurance and agility. The difference between the sexes is distinctly obvious.
KC
Distinctively marked, tri-colour dog. Sturdy, agile, well-muscled with heavy bone. Marked difference between the sexes.
UKC
Primarily a draft breed, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a large, powerful, alert, striking, short-coated, tri-colored dog of sturdy appearance.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Body length (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) to height at withers = 10 9.
Depth of chest to height at withers = 1 2.
Length of skull to length of muzzle = 1 1.
Width of skull to width of muzzle = 2 1.
KC
Multi-purpose working dog capable of draught duties; devoted to those around him.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Self-confident, alert, watchful and fearless in everyday situations. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him. Self-assured with strangers. Medium temperament.
KC
Self-assured, alert and watchful. Even natured. Confident with strangers.
UKC
Self confident, watchful and fearless. Agreeable and devoted to his family, good with strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong corresponding to the body, but not heavy. Dogs stronger in head than bitches.
KC
Skull strong, broad and flat without coarseness. Skull and muzzle of approximately equal length. Width of skull approximately twice that of muzzle. Moderate stop, slight furrow. Strong, square muzzle, greater in length than depth. Lips well fitting, not pendulous. Full black pigmentation.
UKC
Strong in proportion to the body, but not heavy. Males have more distinct head development than females.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat and broad. The frontal furrow beginning at the stop gradually runs out towards the top.
UKC
The skull is flat and broad; strong, not clumsy. The stop is slight. The skull and muzzle are of equal length, and the skull is twice the width of the muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Hardly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.
UKC
The nose is always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, longer than its depth. Must not be pointed, seen either from above or in profile. Nasal bridge straight, without furrow.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite.
UKC
The strong, straight muzzle is blunt, not pointed and never snipey. The lips are black and clean, as in a dry-mouthed breed. The flews are only slightly developed.

Lips

:
FCI
Barely developed, well fitting. Black pigmentation. Not pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws; complete, strong and regular scissor bite. The absence of two teeth (premolar 1 and/or premolar 2) is tolerated. Absence of the molars 3 (M3) is not taken into account.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond-shaped, of medium size, neither deep set nor protruding. Hazel to chestnut brown, with alert, friendly expression. Lids close fitting. Eye rims dark.
KC
Hazel to dark brown, almond shaped, of medium size. Well-fitting eyelids. Eye rims black. Alert expression.
UKC
Almond shaped and medium in size, neither deep set nor protruding. They are hazel to chestnut brown in color and have an alert, friendly expression. Rims are dark and close fitting.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, triangular and set on fairly high. In repose hanging flat and close to the cheeks, but raised forward when attentive. Well covered with hair, both inside and outside.
KC
Medium sized, set on fairly high. Triangular in shape, lying flat in repose. When alert, brought slightly forward and raised at the base. Well covered with hair.
UKC
The medium-size, triangular-shaped ears are gently rounded at the tip. They are set on fairly high, the top of the ear being level with the top of the skull, and hang close to the head when in repose. They are raised at the base and carried forward when the dog is at attention.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, rather thick-set. Without dewlap.
KC
Strong, muscular, of moderate length. Without dewlap.
UKC
The strong, muscular, rather thick neck is of moderate length. There should be no dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Slightly longer than its height at the withers.
KC
Slightly longer than height at withers. Forechest well developed. Broad, oval chest, ribs slightly rounded with depth of brisket reaching at least to the elbow. Back strong and level with broad, well muscled loins.
UKC
The proportion of body length to height is 10 to 9. The chest is deep and broad, and the ribs are well sprung. The back is fairly long, strong and straight. The loin is broad and well muscled and the croup is long, broad and slightly sloping. There is very little tuck up.

Back

:
FCI
Moderately long, strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Long and broad. Gently sloping. Never higher than the withers or abruptly slanting.

Chest

:
FCI
Strong, broad, reaching to the elbows. Seen in cross section, the ribcage is roundish oval shaped, neither flat nor barrel-shaped. Forechest well developed.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly and flanks barely tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set-on harmoniously following the croup, fairly heavy and reaching to the hocks. Pendulous in repose; when alert and in movement carried higher and slightly curved upwards, but never curled or tilted over the back.
KC
Set on follows the line of the croup. Heavy, pendulous in repose, reaching to the hock. Raised when alert or moving but never curled or carried over the back.
UKC
Set on the natural line of the croup, fairly heavy and reaching to the hock in length, the tail is pendulous when the dog is in repose. When the dog is alert or moving, the tail is carried higher and with a slight curve, but never curled or raised over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and parallel when seen from the front, set rather broad.
KC
Shoulders long, strong and sloping. Well muscled, close fitting to the body and forming a distinct angle with the upper arm. Forearms well boned and straight when viewed from all sides. Slight slope to the pastern.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long and well laid back, forming a moderate angle with the upper arm. They are well muscled and fit closely to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, strong, well laid back, close-fitting to the body and well muscled, forming a not too obtuse angle with the upper arm.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Set rather well apart, straight, with heavy bone. Pasterns are nearly vertical.

Forearm

:
FCI
Heavy boned and straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Firm, seen from the front in straight line with the forearm; seen from the side almost vertical.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, round and compact. Strong nails.
UKC
Tightly knit, with well arched toes and strong nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong, pointing straight ahead, with well-knit, well arched toes and strong nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and not too close when seen from the back. Metatarsus and feet turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by law.
KC
Croup long, broad and gently sloping. Well developed first and second thigh with moderate bend of stifle. Hocks broad, strong and distinctly angulated. Viewed from behind, hocks turning neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Fairly long, broad, strong and well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Forming a distinctly obtuse angle.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The muscular thighs are strong and broad. The moderately bent stifles taper smoothly into the hocks. The hocks are well let down. The rear pasterns are straight when viewed from the rear. Dewclaws must be removed from the hind legs except in countries where it is forbidden.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Fairly long.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong and well angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
In all gaits, balanced movement with good reach. Free stride reaching well out in front with good drive from the hindquarters. At the trot, coming and going, legs moving forward in a straight line.
KC
Reaching out well in front with good drive from the hindquarters. Balanced stride in all gaits.
UKC
Balanced and free, with a good stride and strong drive from the rear. The legs move forward in a straight line.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat consisting of thick, outer coat of medium length and dense undercoat. The latter as dark grey or black as possible. Short outer coat permissible if there is undercoat.
KC
Dense, close lying double coat. Outer coat of medium length with grey or black undercoat.
UKC
Double, consisting of a medium length outer coat and a dense, short undercoat. The undercoat should be as dark in color as possible. A shorter outer coat is permissible as long as there is undercoat present.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Typically tricolour. Main colour black with symmetrical, reddish-brown (tan) markings and clean white markings. The reddish-brown colour is situated between the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on the head (blaze and muzzle), running down unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on the feet and the tip of the tail. Between the blaze and the reddish-brown markings above the eyes, a band of black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar around the neck are tolerated.
KC
Tricolour. Main colour black with symmetrical tan markings and clean white markings. The tan colour is situated between the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on the head (blaze and muzzle), running down unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on the feet and the tip of the tail. Between the blaze and the tan markings above the eyes, a band of black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar around the neck is tolerated.
UKC
The ground color is jet black. All markings are rich and symmetrical. Glossy rust-red markings are found on the cheeks, over each eye, on each side of the chest, under the tail, and on all four legs. There is a white blaze and muzzle. White markings include: a symmetrical white marking in the form of an inverted cross on the chest, white feet, and tail tip. A small white patch on the back of the neck or a collar are permitted. Rust is found between the white and the black on each leg.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: Dogs 65-72cm (25 ½ -28 ¼ ins), bitches 60-68 cms (23 ½ - 26 ¾ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
For males 65 – 72 cm, for bitches 60 – 68 cm.
UKC
Height is measured at the highest point of the shoulders. Height ranges are: males, 25½ to 28½ inches; females, 23½ to 27 inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Unreliable behaviour.
Absence of any teeth other than 2 PM1 and /or PM2 (Premolar 1 or 2). The M3 are not taken into account. Level bite.
Light eyes. Lids not close fitting.
Coat Visible yellow-brownish or light grey undercoat.
Colour and markings not clear.
Mismarking.
  • Absence of white markings on the head; blaze too wide.
  • White marking on muzzle reaching distinctly beyond the corners of the mouth.
  • White pasterns or hocks (“boots”) reaching beyond the pastern joints or hock joints.
  • Noticeably asymmetrical markings.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Serious faults in temperament (fear, aggressiveness).
Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
Entropion, ectropion.
One or two blue eyes (Wall eye).
Short coat without undercoat.
Long coat.
Other than tricolour coat.
Main colour other than black.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Entropion or ectropion. Blue eye color. Any ground color other than black. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bites. Distinctly long coat. Short coat without undercoat.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bites.
Eyes: Entropion or ectropion. Blue eyes.
Coat: Distinctly long coat. Short coat without undercoat.
Color: Any ground color other than black. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.