Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Great Swiss Mountain Dog

(Grosser Schweizer Sennenhund)

Greater Swiss Mountain Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Switzerland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.03.2003.
KC
April 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Originally watch- and draught dog. Nowadays also companion, guard- and family dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 3Swiss Mountain and Cattle Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C.Seidler, revised by Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In 1908, at Langenthal, on the occasion of the jubilee show to mark 25 years of existence of the “Schweizerische Kynologische Gesellschaft” (Swiss Kennel Club) SKG, two short-haired Bernese Mountain Dogs were presented to the great promotor of the Swiss Mountain Dogs, Prof. Albert Heim. He recognized them to be representatives of the old, vanishing, large Mountain Dog or butcher’s dog, whose ancestors had in the past been widely spread across Europe, bred as guard-, draught- or droving-cattle dogs. In 1909 they were recognized by the SKG as a separate breed being registered in volume 12 of the Swiss Stud Book. In 1912, the club for “Grosse Schweizer Sennenhunde” was founded in order to promote this breed and keep it purebred. The first standard was published by the FCI not before February 5th, 1939. Today these dogs are also bred in other European countries, they are especially appreciated as family dogs due to their calm, reliable temperament.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A tricolour, sturdy, heavy boned and well muscled dog. In spite of his size and weight, he presents endurance and agility. The difference between the sexes is distinctly obvious.
KC
Distinctively marked, tri-colour dog. Sturdy, agile, well-muscled with heavy bone. Marked difference between the sexes.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Body length (measured from the point of the shoulder to the point of the buttock) to height at withers = 10 9.
Depth of chest to height at withers = 1 2.
Length of skull to length of muzzle = 1 1.
Width of skull to width of muzzle = 2 1.
KC
Multi-purpose working dog capable of draught duties; devoted to those around him.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Self-confident, alert, watchful and fearless in everyday situations. Good-natured and devoted towards people familiar to him. Self-assured with strangers. Medium temperament.
KC
Self-assured, alert and watchful. Even natured. Confident with strangers.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong corresponding to the body, but not heavy. Dogs stronger in head than bitches.
KC
Skull strong, broad and flat without coarseness. Skull and muzzle of approximately equal length. Width of skull approximately twice that of muzzle. Moderate stop, slight furrow. Strong, square muzzle, greater in length than depth. Lips well fitting, not pendulous. Full black pigmentation.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat and broad. The frontal furrow beginning at the stop gradually runs out towards the top.

Stop

:
FCI
Hardly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, longer than its depth. Must not be pointed, seen either from above or in profile. Nasal bridge straight, without furrow.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite.

Lips

:
FCI
Barely developed, well fitting. Black pigmentation. Not pendulous.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong jaws; complete, strong and regular scissor bite. The absence of two teeth (premolar 1 and/or premolar 2) is tolerated. Absence of the molars 3 (M3) is not taken into account.

Eyes

:
FCI
Almond-shaped, of medium size, neither deep set nor protruding. Hazel to chestnut brown, with alert, friendly expression. Lids close fitting. Eye rims dark.
KC
Hazel to dark brown, almond shaped, of medium size. Well-fitting eyelids. Eye rims black. Alert expression.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, triangular and set on fairly high. In repose hanging flat and close to the cheeks, but raised forward when attentive. Well covered with hair, both inside and outside.
KC
Medium sized, set on fairly high. Triangular in shape, lying flat in repose. When alert, brought slightly forward and raised at the base. Well covered with hair.

NECK

:
FCI
Strong, muscular, rather thick-set. Without dewlap.
KC
Strong, muscular, of moderate length. Without dewlap.

BODY

:
FCI
Slightly longer than its height at the withers.
KC
Slightly longer than height at withers. Forechest well developed. Broad, oval chest, ribs slightly rounded with depth of brisket reaching at least to the elbow. Back strong and level with broad, well muscled loins.

Back

:
FCI
Moderately long, strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad and well muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Long and broad. Gently sloping. Never higher than the withers or abruptly slanting.

Chest

:
FCI
Strong, broad, reaching to the elbows. Seen in cross section, the ribcage is roundish oval shaped, neither flat nor barrel-shaped. Forechest well developed.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Belly and flanks barely tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set-on harmoniously following the croup, fairly heavy and reaching to the hocks. Pendulous in repose; when alert and in movement carried higher and slightly curved upwards, but never curled or tilted over the back.
KC
Set on follows the line of the croup. Heavy, pendulous in repose, reaching to the hock. Raised when alert or moving but never curled or carried over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and parallel when seen from the front, set rather broad.
KC
Shoulders long, strong and sloping. Well muscled, close fitting to the body and forming a distinct angle with the upper arm. Forearms well boned and straight when viewed from all sides. Slight slope to the pastern.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Shoulder blade long, strong, well laid back, close-fitting to the body and well muscled, forming a not too obtuse angle with the upper arm.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

:
FCI
Heavy boned and straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Firm, seen from the front in straight line with the forearm; seen from the side almost vertical.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, round and compact. Strong nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Strong, pointing straight ahead, with well-knit, well arched toes and strong nails.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Straight and not too close when seen from the back. Metatarsus and feet turning neither in nor out. Dewclaws must be removed except in countries where their removal is forbidden by law.
KC
Croup long, broad and gently sloping. Well developed first and second thigh with moderate bend of stifle. Hocks broad, strong and distinctly angulated. Viewed from behind, hocks turning neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Fairly long, broad, strong and well muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Forming a distinctly obtuse angle.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Fairly long.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong and well angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
In all gaits, balanced movement with good reach. Free stride reaching well out in front with good drive from the hindquarters. At the trot, coming and going, legs moving forward in a straight line.
KC
Reaching out well in front with good drive from the hindquarters. Balanced stride in all gaits.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat consisting of thick, outer coat of medium length and dense undercoat. The latter as dark grey or black as possible. Short outer coat permissible if there is undercoat.
KC
Dense, close lying double coat. Outer coat of medium length with grey or black undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Typically tricolour. Main colour black with symmetrical, reddish-brown (tan) markings and clean white markings. The reddish-brown colour is situated between the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on the head (blaze and muzzle), running down unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on the feet and the tip of the tail. Between the blaze and the reddish-brown markings above the eyes, a band of black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar around the neck are tolerated.
KC
Tricolour. Main colour black with symmetrical tan markings and clean white markings. The tan colour is situated between the black and the white markings on the cheeks, above the eyes, on the inside of the ears, on both sides of the forechest, on all four legs and underneath the tail. The white markings are on the head (blaze and muzzle), running down unbroken from the throat to the chest, also on the feet and the tip of the tail. Between the blaze and the tan markings above the eyes, a band of black should remain. A white patch on the neck or a white collar around the neck is tolerated.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: Dogs 65-72cm (25 ½ -28 ¼ ins), bitches 60-68 cms (23 ½ - 26 ¾ ins).

Height at withers

:
FCI
For males 65 – 72 cm, for bitches 60 – 68 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Unreliable behaviour.
Absence of any teeth other than 2 PM1 and /or PM2 (Premolar 1 or 2). The M3 are not taken into account. Level bite.
Light eyes. Lids not close fitting.
Coat Visible yellow-brownish or light grey undercoat.
Colour and markings not clear.
Mismarking.
  • Absence of white markings on the head; blaze too wide.
  • White marking on muzzle reaching distinctly beyond the corners of the mouth.
  • White pasterns or hocks (“boots”) reaching beyond the pastern joints or hock joints.
  • Noticeably asymmetrical markings.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Serious faults in temperament (fear, aggressiveness).
Over- or undershot mouth, wry mouth.
Entropion, ectropion.
One or two blue eyes (Wall eye).
Short coat without undercoat.
Long coat.
Other than tricolour coat.
Main colour other than black.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.