Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Griffon Nivernais

Griffon Nivernais


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.03.2004.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Scent hound used mainly for shooting of wild boar, generally in a pack but also individually.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
John Miller and Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Griffon Nivernais may have descended from Gallic hounds (Canis Segusius) used by the Gauls, and from the grey Saint Louis dogs. This breed was much appreciated for 200 years, up to Louis XI’s reign, then was abandoned in the royal packs by Francis I who preferred white hounds. Nevertheless, certain Nivernais region noblemen conserved it up to the time of the French Revolution (1789) when the breed seemed to have disappeared. A century later, the Griffon Nivernais, often called “dog of the region”, was recreated from subjects nevertheless conserved in that cradle of origin of the breed. At the end of the XIXe century and the beginning of the XXe, these dogs received new blood from the Griffon Vendeen, the Fox Hound and then from the Otterhound, establishing the hound breed unchanged ever since then. The club was founded in 1925.
UKC
Rough-coated hounds, used by farmers and shepherds to control wolves and wild boars, have been bred in the highlands of Central France for many centuries. After the French Revolution, a renewed interest in this type of dog precipitated the development of the Griffon Nivernais, originally known as the Griffon-Vendeen-Nivernais. They are known as wild boar hunters without compare. The Griffon Nivernais was recognized by the United Kennel Club on January 1, 1995.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
With a hard and tousled coat (Barbouillaud in French), very well typed, robust, very hardy and shaggy. Dry in limbs and muscles, destined to provide length of work rather than speed; slightly sad in aspect but in no way nervous.
UKC
The Griffon Nivernais is very typey in a rustic sense; shaggy and unkempt looking due to its hard, tousled coat. It is robust and dry muscled, built for endurance instead of speed. It has a sorrowful expression, but is not timorous.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
Body length (point of shoulder to point of buttocks) is slightly greater than height at shoulder. Skull and muzzle are of the same length.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Behaviour: Very good nose, piercing, and particularly enjoying difficult terrains and thickets.
Temperament: Excellent at approaching and very good hunter, it’s courageous when holding firm without being reckless. Its courage and initiative allow it to be used successfully in small packs for hunting wild boar. Although it can easily be taught hunting that game, it shows itself occasionally to be obstinate and independent, and its master should know how to make it obey starting at its youngest age.
UKC
A very good hunter, the breed is courageous but not reckless, and is well suited to hunt wild boar in small packs. Though easily taught to hunt, the Griffon Nivernais can be stubborn and independent and should be taught to obey at an early age.

HEAD

:
UKC
The moderately long head is clean and light, but not small.

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Very dry, light without being small, somewhat long without excess. The lines of the skull and muzzle are parallel.

Skull

:
FCI
Nearly flat, of medium width, sides defined by the only slightly pronounced zygomatic arches. Occipital peak only perceptible when touched.
UKC
The skull is almost flat. The stop is slight, but is accentuated by the eyebrows.

Stop

:
FCI
Only slightly marked, appearing however increasingly accentuated when the coat springs up more, but without exaggeration.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, quite visible.
UKC
The prominent nose is black in color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Same length as the skull, it’s not overly broad at the end with the sides converging slightly, but not so much as to become pointed. A slight beard on the chin.
UKC
The muzzle is the same length as the skull. It tapers slightly in width from the eyes to the nose, but is never pointed. The lips just cover the lower jaw.

Lips

:
FCI
Only slightly developed, just covering the lower jaw, hidden by good moustaches, with good pigmentation.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws of robust aspect, normally developed. A scissors bite, sometimes a level bite, with the incisors set square to the jaws. Complete set of teeth (absence of first premolars (PM1) is not penalized).
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark colour preferred. Gaze lively and penetrating. Important eyebrow but which doesn’t cover the eye. The conjunctiva is not visible. The eyelids are well pigmented.
UKC
The eyes are very expressive, with a lively, penetrating gaze. A dark eye is preferred, but a light eye is acceptable. The eyelids are tight and well pigmented.

Ears

:
FCI
Averagely attached (at little over an inch wide – ca.3 cm) in line with the upper level of the eye, hanging, supple, rather fine, of medium width, turned slightly inward at the end, half-long, reaching the root of the nose.
UKC
The ears are supple and fine, attached at the level of the eye, and hanging with a slight inward turn at the end. They are long enough to reach the nose.

NECK

:
FCI
Rather light, dry and without dewlap.
UKC
The neck is rather light and dry.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the body is slightly longer than it is tall. The deep chest extends well down, nearly to the level of the elbows. The brisket, from the prosternum to the end of the breastbone, is moderate, not too wide nor too prominent. The rib cage is deep and carried well back. The first ribs are a little flat; the rear ribs are more rounded. The topline is level from the withers to the loin, which is very slightly arched. The croup is bony and a little slanting. There is a moderate tuck-up, but it is not exaggerated.

Topline

:
FCI
Level, from the withers to the loin.

Withers

:
FCI
Very slightly prominent above the back line and narrowed due to close shoulder blade summits.

Back

:
FCI
Solid and long enough, rather narrow and sustained, with good muscles, even if they are only slightly apparent.

Loin

:
FCI
Solid and very slightly arched.

Croup

:
FCI
Bony, a little slanting, with dry muscles.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest: Descending as much as possible to the elbow. Breast only slightly developed in width. Long thorax, becoming wider towards the last ribs.
Ribs: The first are somewhat flat, the last more rounded.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
The underline rises slightly towards the rear without being whippety.

Flank

:
FCI
Full, without excess.

TAIL

:
FCI
Attached somewhat high, not very long. It has more coat in the middle. When still, it is carried slightly under the horizontal. When in movement, it is carried upwards sickle-fashion and can even have the end bent over the back.
UKC
The tail is set fairly high, and is not too long. It is carried saber fashion and may be bent somewhat forward over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Good poise. Generally, and at rest, the forelegs seen in profile appear a little to the rear of the vertical (under him in front).
UKC
The shoulders are slightly sloping, and the upper arms incline to set the forelegs well under the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slightly inclined, dry, well set on the chest.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set well to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs appear very strong because of the hair covering. In reality they are clean and dry rather than thick. The elbows are close to the body, and the pasterns are short and slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Appears rather plentiful because of the coat but in reality it is drier than thick and quite straight.

Pastern

:
FCI
Somewhat short and slightly sloping.

FEET

:
UKC
Oval in shape, and rather long, like a hare foot. The toes are solid and close together, and the pads and nails are well pigmented.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of oval shape, slightly lengthened, with toes solid and tight together, reminding one of a hare foot, and with nails and pads of good pigmentation.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
In profile, slightly under him. Seen from behind, the vertical line starting from the point of the buttock should pass through the point of the hock and equally divide the metatarsus.
UKC
The slope of the pelvis sets the hindquarters slightly under the dog.

Thigh

:
FCI
Rather flat.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are clean and rather flat. The low-set hocks are well angulated.

Hock

:
FCI
Let down. Seen in profile, the hock angle is slightly closed.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Set a little forward (slightly under him behind).

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Supple and easy (neither uneven nor bouncy).
UKC
Movement is supple and easy.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and rather tight, close fitting on all the body, rather thick, pigmented. Black spots on the body, lips well pigmented. Absence of dewlap.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long, shaggy and bushy, strong enough and rough (in any case neither woolly nor curly). The belly and the inside of the thighs shouldn’t be hairless. The well pronounced eyebrows shouldn’t cover the eye. A slight beard on the chin and the ear covered enough in hair.
UKC
Long, shaggy, bushy and rough, never woolly or curly. The eyebrows are well marked with hair. The muzzle has a slight moustache. The ears are hairy. The skin is supple, close fitting and rather thick. There are black spots on the body and the lips are well pigmented.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Always darkened, i.e., the hair always has the ends darker than the base (black overlay). Fawn colouring can be more or less darkened but never orange. The darkened end can take on a blue aspect. According to the amount of darkening of the extremity of the hair, the coat is darker or lighter.
The presence of white hair scattered in more or less great proportion in the coat is tolerated and gives rise to shades going from light grey, including wild boar grey.
The coat is most often marked with tan in the eyebrows, the cheeks, breast, the ends of the limbs, and under the tail. That characteristic, very visible on the pup, often diminishes with age.
The coat is characterised by the basic colour, the spreading of black-overlaid hair, and possible association with sparse white hair. One hence describes for example the “fawn very slightly overlaid with black” (hare coat), the “sand overlaid with black” (wolf grey), and the “fawn overlaid with blue” (blue grey). A white spot is tolerated on the chest.
UKC
Preferred colors include wolf gray, blue gray, and wild boar gray (gray grizzle), with tan on the heads and legs, and fawn, with white and black hairs mixed in, giving a dark look. The coat is most often marked with tan points, which are prominent in young dogs and diminish with maturity.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Male from 55 to 62 cm.
Female from 53 to 60 cm.
With a tolerance of 1 cm more or less.
UKC
The preferred height range for males is from 21½ to 24½ inches, and for females, from 20½ to 23½ inches. A ¾-inch leeway on either end is permitted for hounds of quality.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Behaviour: Timid subject.
UKC

Skull: Rounded skull. Short skull.
Nose: Brown nose. Pink nose.
Eyes: Too light eye. Wall eye.
Forelegs: Dewclaws.
Hind Legs: Dewclaws.
Coat: Lack of skin pigmentation such as on the nose, lips, eyerims or scrotum.
Color: Black, wheaten, or orange coat. Tri-colored, with the colors too well defined. White feet.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Temperament Aggressive or overly shy.
Lack of type Insufficient breed characteristics, which means the animal on the whole doesn’t resemble other samples of the breed.
Jaws/teeth Overshot or undershot.
Eyes Wall-eyed or variegated.
Feet Dewclaws, except in countries where their removal is outlawed.
Tail Kinked.
Pigmentation Coat solid black (absence of black-overlaid fawn hair), golden wheat coloured or orange, or tricoloured with clearly outlined lively colours.
White feet. Important depigmentation (nose, eyelids, lips, round the anus or vulva, scrotum).
Height Outside the limits defined by the standard.
Defects Noticeable invalidating defect. Anatomical malformation.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot bite.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.