Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Greenland Dog

(Grønlandshund)

Greenland Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Greenland.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Denmark.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sledge dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 1Nordic Sledge Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
DKK Standard Committee.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Greenland Dog is one of the world’s oldest breeds and has since ancient times been used for transportation and hunting purposes by the Eskimos. Selection of specimens for breeding has been based mainly upon qualities like sturdy strength, hardiness and endurance, but an attractive appearance has also been kept in view. With its robust nature the Greenland Dog is especially a dog for people enjoying open-air life. He is an excellent companion for people who likes strolling in woods or mountains with their dog pulling or carrying their gear.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A very strong polar spitz, built for endurance and strenuous work as a sledge dog under arctic conditions. Some variation in size is allowed, assuming working ability and harmony are not affected.
KC
Powerful body and heavy coat, striking appearance. Marked contrast in size between dogs and bitches.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The body is short rectangular with the ratio of height at withers to body length as 10 to 11. Bitches are allowed a slightly longer body.
KC
A working sledge dog, primarily assessed for freighting capacity in Arctic conditions, adaptable, distinctly independent, alert and bold. Bitches more amenable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The predominant temperamental qualities of the Greenland Dog are energy, mental strength and boldness. He is a passionate and tireless sledge dog. To people - also strangers - he is friendly, and while acting as sledge dog not closely attached to any particular person and so not suitable as a guard dog. On hunting seal and polar bear he will show a strong hunting instinct.
KC
Sound, dignified, intelligent, good-natured, affectionate.

HEAD

:
KC
Head well proportioned, broad and wedge-shaped with moderate stop. Skull strong and flat; powerful jaws. Nose and lips black or brown. Muzzle medium length, gently tapering to nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The skull is broad and slightly arched, broadest between the ears.

Stop

:
FCI
Definite, but not strongly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Big and dark, corresponding to coat colour, often liver in dogs with red-golden coat. May turn pink during winter (« winter-nose »).

Muzzle

:
FCI
In the shape of a wedge, broad at base and tapering towards the nose, but not pointed. The nasal bridge is straight and broad from the stop to the nose.
KC
Teeth large, strong and uncrowded. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin and tight, lying close to the very powerful teeth.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Powerful jaws with regular, sound and strong teeth. Scissors-bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark eyes are preferred, but colour according to coat is accepted. They are slightly slanted and not deep set or protruding. Expression is frank and bold. The eye-rims are closely fitting.
KC
Dark brown or tawny. Placed slightly obliquely, neither prominent nor too deep set. Expression alert and fearless.

Ears

:
FCI
Rather small, triangular, with rounded tips, carried firmly erect. The ears are very mobile and expressive through their position.
KC
Short and firm, well set apart. Carried shapely erect and facing forward. Internally protected by fur.

NECK

:
FCI
Very powerful and rather short.
KC
Rather short, heavy and muscular, with loose skin.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong and rather compact, just slightly longer than height at withers.
KC
Chest deep and broad with well sprung ribs. Body strong and well muscled, with level back, presenting a well balanced and compact appearance. Length of body slightly greater than height at shoulder.

Topline

:
FCI
Level or just slightly sloping.

Back

:
FCI
Straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and broad, but ribcage not barrel-shaped.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Following the line of the brisket. Slight tuck up accepted.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick and bushy. Carried in a curve or lightly curled over back.
KC
Large and bushy. Set high, curled loosely over back and falling either side.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front the forelegs are perfectly straight, with powerful muscles and heavy bone.
KC
Shoulders broad, big boned and muscular. Forelegs perfectly straight and vertical in stance, powerful and heavy-boned.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately laid back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Straight and strong, somewhat longer than shoulder-blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting close to the body, but able to move freely.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and elastic, only slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Rather large and strong, with strong nails. Thick pads with protective growth of fur between toes.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rather big, powerful and rounded, with strong nails and pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind the hindlegs are perfectly straight. Very muscular hindquarters with powerful bone and moderate angulation.
KC
Thighs broad, strong and heavily muscled. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down. Heavy bone. Legs straight when viewed from rear.

Thigh

:
FCI
Powerful and very muscular.

HIND LEGS

:

Hock

:
FCI
Broad and strong, moderately angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
An efficient, harmonious, fluent and tireless trot is most essential to a sledge dog. In the ring the dog should be shown in a loose lead in a moderate trot to display good reach in front and good drive from behind. Seen from front when walking, a Greenland Dog does not single track, but as the speed increases, the legs will gradually converge inward until the feet follow the center line.
KC
Strong drive, limbs moving parallel, back held level.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat, i.e. a soft, dense undercoat and an outer coat of dense, straight and coarse hair, without curl or wave. On head and legs the hair is rather short, on the body longer and more generous. The coat is long on the underside of the tail, giving it a bushy appearance.
KC
Thick double coat consisting of an impenetrable undercoat 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) long, uniform over body, with well protruding outer coat of coarser longer hair, which is quite straight. Outer coat at its longest on neck and withers, breeches and underside of tail. Underbelly also well covered. Hair on head and legs rather short.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any colour - solid or particolour - permitted, except albinos which should be disqualified.
KC
All known dog colours, or combinations of these colours.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 58-68 cms (23-27 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 51-61 cms (20-24 ins) at shoulder. Weight: dogs: 34-47.5 kgs (75-105 lbs), bitches: 27-41 kgs (60-90 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

For males 60 cm and upwards,
For bitches 55 cm and upwards.

Weight

:

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Light in bone.
  • Short legs, body low set.
  • Timid temperament.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Coat long and soft.
  • Ears not carried firmly erect.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Albinism.
  • Eyes of different colour.
  • Blue eyes or wall eyes.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.