Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Greenland Dog

(Grønlandshund)

Greenland Dog

Greenland Dog


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Greenland.

PATRONAGE

:
FCI
Denmark.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
03.11.2014.
KC
February 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Sledge dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 1Nordic Sledge Dogs
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
DKK Standard Committee.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Greenland Dog is one of the world’s oldest breeds and has since ancient times been used for transportation and hunting purposes by the Eskimos. Selection of specimens for breeding has been based mainly upon qualities like sturdy strength, hardiness and endurance, but an attractive appearance has also been kept in view. With its robust nature the Greenland Dog is especially a dog for people enjoying open-air life. He is an excellent companion for people who likes strolling in woods or mountains with their dog pulling or carrying their gear.
UKC
The Greenland Dog is one of the world’s oldest breeds, having been used by the Eskimos since ancient times as both a hunting and a transportation dog. Dogs selected for breeding were always evaluated for their strength, sturdiness and endurance, but an attractive appearance was also kept in mind. The Greenland Dog was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A very strong polar spitz, built for endurance and strenuous work as a sledge dog under arctic conditions. Some variation in size is allowed, assuming working ability and harmony are not affected.
KC
Powerful body and heavy coat, striking appearance. Marked contrast in size between dogs and bitches.
UKC
A very strong, polar type Spitz breed, built for endurance and strenuous work as a sledge dog in difficult Arctic conditions. Some variation in size is allowable as long as working ability and balance are not compromised.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The body is short rectangular with the ratio of height at withers to body length as 10 to 11. Bitches are allowed a slightly longer body.
KC
A working sledge dog, primarily assessed for freighting capacity in Arctic conditions, adaptable, distinctly independent, alert and bold. Bitches more amenable.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
The predominant temperamental qualities of the Greenland Dog are energy, mental strength and boldness. He is a passionate and tireless sledge dog. To people - also strangers - he is friendly, and while acting as sledge dog not closely attached to any particular person and so not suitable as a guard dog. On hunting seal and polar bear he will show a strong hunting instinct.
KC
Sound, dignified, intelligent, good-natured, affectionate.
UKC
The predominant temperament qualities of the Greenland Dog are energy, mental strength and boldness. He is a tireless sled dog and while friendly to people, he is not particularly attached to any one person and not suitable as a guard dog. The breed has a strong instinct for hunting polar bear and seal.

HEAD

:
KC
Head well proportioned, broad and wedge-shaped with moderate stop. Skull strong and flat; powerful jaws. Nose and lips black or brown. Muzzle medium length, gently tapering to nose.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The skull is broad and slightly arched, broadest between the ears.
UKC
The skull is slightly arched and broadest between the ears. The stop is definite, but not abrupt.

Stop

:
FCI
Definite, but not strongly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Big and dark, corresponding to coat colour, often liver in dogs with red-golden coat. May turn pink during winter (« winter-nose »).
UKC
Large and dark, corresponding to the color of the coat. In red or gold dogs, the nose is often liver. Snow nose is not a fault.

Muzzle

:
FCI
In the shape of a wedge, broad at base and tapering towards the nose, but not pointed. The nasal bridge is straight and broad from the stop to the nose.
KC
Teeth large, strong and uncrowded. Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw.
UKC
Wedge shaped, broad at the base and tapering towards the nose, but never pointed. The nasal bridge is straight and broad from the stop to the nose. The lips are thin and tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Thin and tight, lying close to the very powerful teeth.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Powerful jaws with regular, sound and strong teeth. Scissors-bite.
UKC
The Greenland Dog has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark eyes are preferred, but colour according to coat is accepted. They are slightly slanted and not deep set or protruding. Expression is frank and bold. The eye-rims are closely fitting.
KC
Dark brown or tawny. Placed slightly obliquely, neither prominent nor too deep set. Expression alert and fearless.
UKC
Dark eyes are preferred, but eyes that match lighter colored coats are acceptable. The eyes are set obliquely and are neither sunken nor protruding. Lids are tight fitting. The expression is frank and bold.

Ears

:
FCI
Rather small, triangular, with rounded tips, carried firmly erect. The ears are very mobile and expressive through their position.
KC
Short and firm, well set apart. Carried shapely erect and facing forward. Internally protected by fur.
UKC
Rather small and triangular in shape, with rounded tips. The ears are carried firmly erect, and are very mobile and expressive.

NECK

:
FCI
Very powerful and rather short.
KC
Rather short, heavy and muscular, with loose skin.
UKC
Very powerful and rather short.

BODY

:
FCI
Strong and rather compact, just slightly longer than height at withers.
KC
Chest deep and broad with well sprung ribs. Body strong and well muscled, with level back, presenting a well balanced and compact appearance. Length of body slightly greater than height at shoulder.
UKC
The body is strong and rather compact, just slightly longer that the height at the withers. The chest is deep and broad, but the ribs are not barrel shaped. The back is straight, and the topline is level or just slightly sloping. The loin is broad, and the croup is slightly sloping. The belly follows the natural line of the brisket, but a slight tuck up is allowed.

Topline

:
FCI
Level or just slightly sloping.

Back

:
FCI
Straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep and broad, but ribcage not barrel-shaped.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Following the line of the brisket. Slight tuck up accepted.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set on high, thick and bushy. Carried in a curve or lightly curled over back.
KC
Large and bushy. Set high, curled loosely over back and falling either side.
UKC
Set on high, thick and bushy. Carried in a curve or lightly curled over the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front the forelegs are perfectly straight, with powerful muscles and heavy bone.
KC
Shoulders broad, big boned and muscular. Forelegs perfectly straight and vertical in stance, powerful and heavy-boned.
UKC
The shoulder blades are moderately laid back. The upper arm is straight and strong, somewhat longer than the shoulder blade.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Moderately laid back.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Straight and strong, somewhat longer than shoulder-blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Fitting close to the body, but able to move freely.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Perfectly straight, with strong muscles and heavy bone. The elbows fit close to the body, but have free action. The carpal joint is strong and flexible, and the pastern is strong and elastic and only slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Straight and strong.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and elastic, only slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Rather large and strong, with strong nails. Thick pads with protective growth of fur between toes.
UKC
Rather large, powerful and rounded, with strong nails and pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Rather big, powerful and rounded, with strong nails and pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind the hindlegs are perfectly straight. Very muscular hindquarters with powerful bone and moderate angulation.
KC
Thighs broad, strong and heavily muscled. Stifles well bent, hocks well let down. Heavy bone. Legs straight when viewed from rear.
UKC
The hindquarters are moderately angulated and very muscular.

Thigh

:
FCI
Powerful and very muscular.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Perfectly straight when seen from behind. The bone is powerful and the thighs are muscular. The hock is broad and strong with moderate angulation.

Hock

:
FCI
Broad and strong, moderately angulated.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
An efficient, harmonious, fluent and tireless trot is most essential to a sledge dog. In the ring the dog should be shown in a loose lead in a moderate trot to display good reach in front and good drive from behind. Seen from front when walking, a Greenland Dog does not single track, but as the speed increases, the legs will gradually converge inward until the feet follow the center line.
KC
Strong drive, limbs moving parallel, back held level.
UKC
An efficient, harmonious, fluid and tireless trot is essential to a sledge dog. In the ring, the breed should be shown on a loose lead at a moderate trot to display good reach and drive. The breed does not single track, but will tend to converge toward a center line when speed is increased.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Double coat, i.e. a soft, dense undercoat and an outer coat of dense, straight and coarse hair, without curl or wave. On head and legs the hair is rather short, on the body longer and more generous. The coat is long on the underside of the tail, giving it a bushy appearance.
KC
Thick double coat consisting of an impenetrable undercoat 2.5-5 cms (1-2 ins) long, uniform over body, with well protruding outer coat of coarser longer hair, which is quite straight. Outer coat at its longest on neck and withers, breeches and underside of tail. Underbelly also well covered. Hair on head and legs rather short.
UKC
Double, with a dense, straight, coarse outer coat and a soft undercoat. No curl or wave. On the head and legs, the hair is rather short; on the body it is longer and more generous. The coat is long on the tail, giving it a bushy appearance.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Any colour - solid or particolour - permitted, except albinos which should be disqualified.
KC
All known dog colours, or combinations of these colours.
UKC
Any color is permissible.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 58-68 cms (23-27 ins) at shoulder; bitches: 51-61 cms (20-24 ins) at shoulder. Weight: dogs: 34-47.5 kgs (75-105 lbs), bitches: 27-41 kgs (60-90 lbs).

Height at withers

:
FCI

For males 60 cm and upwards,
For bitches 55 cm and upwards.

Weight

:
UKC
Height for males is 23.5 inches and upwards. For females, it is 21.5 inches and upwards.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Light in bone.
  • Short legs, body low set.
  • Timid temperament.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Characteristics: Timid temperament.
Forelegs: Fine in bone.
Body: Low on leg.
Hind Legs: Fine in bone.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Coat long and soft.
  • Ears not carried firmly erect.
UKC

Ears: Ears not carried firmly erect.
Coat: Long, soft coat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Albinism.
  • Eyes of different colour.
  • Blue eyes or wall eyes.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Eyes of different colors. Wall eyes.
Eyes: Eyes of different colors. Wall eyes.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.