Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Great Gascony Blue

(Grand Bleu de Gascogne)

Grand Bleu De Gascogne

Grand Bleu De Gascogne


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.01.1996.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Scenthound used for hunting with the gun and sometimes for coursing big game, but also hare hunting, generally in a pack or individually as a tracking hound.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.1Scenthounds, Large-sized Hounds
With working trial

KC
Hound
UKC
Scenthound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. Peggy Davis.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
He is of a very old breed; contemporary of the St.Hubert-Hounds he composed, in the 14th century, the packs of Gaston FEBUS, Comte (count) de Foix who used him to hunt the wolf, the bear or the boar.
Very widespread in the South (midi) and South-West of France, particularly in Gascony, from where he takes his name; he is at the origin of all the scenthounds named « from the South » (du midi).
UKC
The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is a Scenthound of ancient lineage, eminently French. They are descended from the original scenting dogs of Gaul and the Phoenician hound trade, and are one of the two types from which most modern hound breeds developed. The Grand is probably the closest, of the four Blue de Gascogne breeds, to the ancient hounds in size and build. Gascony Province, the specific area of their root-stock and development, is located on the southwestern coast of France. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is first and fundamentally a hunting/working breed, a trail hound "par excellence,” which has retained the extreme physical and hunting characteristics of its ancient stem. Every point of the Grand Bleu de Gascogne is for a purpose relevant to preserving the breed and its uniqueness. Judges are asked by the sponsoring breed club to keep this fact in mind when evaluating the merits of an individual hound. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne was recognized by the United Kennel Club in January 1991.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Ancient breed of dog, of outstanding French type when it comes to the head, the coat and the expression. Imposing, giving an impression of calm strength and of great nobleness.
KC
One of the larger French hunting hounds with aristocratic long head, characteristic head markings and distinctive colour.
UKC
The coat and expression combine to form an incomparable group. Its color, build and head combine to form an impression that is very noble and very French. The first and immediate impression of a Grand Bleu de Gascogne should be that of a hound with substance and staying power. Considering the breed's long hunting history, individual hounds should have moderate bone and ample muscle. Males are heavier than females. Defects such as bull necks, out at the elbow, loaded shoulders, or a "beef steer" profile, should not be confused with masculinity. Likewise, defects such as a shallow muzzle, poorly formed chest, extremely narrow pelvic region and general frailty should not be confused with femininity.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
KC
Highly developed sense of smell and deep bay.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Very fine nose; endowed with a sonorous howling voice, with deep tones. Very intent in his way of hunting. Instinctively a pack hound. Temperament calm; obeys orders easily.
KC
Gentle and kind.
UKC
A trail hound of moderate speed, which at creation was used to hunt wolves but since the demise of the wolf, has since successfully adapted to hunting wild boar, deer, fox and hare. The Grand Bleu de Gascogne hunts in a leisurely, methodical manner and possesses, in the extreme, a great amount of determination, tremendous endurance, desire, self confidence, sagacity, remarkable scenting ability, a deep, powerful melodious voice, a distinct coat color and an aristocratic form. Of even temperament, essentially friendly. Some individuals may be very outgoing, while others are somewhat reserved in nature, but never shy or vicious. As a hunting/working Scenthound breed, and being called upon to work in close proximity with other hounds and their handlers, aggression towards other hounds and people is to be considered a fault. Extreme shyness or viciousness is a disqualification.

HEAD

:
KC
Large, long and distinguished. Occiput pronounced. Slight stop, loose skin covering head and forming one or two wrinkles along cheeks, lips pendulous and well pigmented. Black palate. Excessive loose skin to be penalised.
UKC
Strong and elongated in shape. The skin that covers it is loose and forms one or two wrinkles on the cheeks.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Seen from the front, slightly domed and not too broad; the occipital protuberance is marked. Seen from above, the back of the skull is ogival in shape. The forehead is full.
UKC
Narrow rather than wide, and slightly convex. The occiput is well pronounced. Frontal bones are prominent. The stop is only barely defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Slightly accentuated.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Black, well developed; nostrils well opened.
UKC
Black in color. Well developed.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Of equal length to that of the skull; strong; nasal bridge slightly arched.
KC
Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
UKC
Long, strong and slightly aquiline. The lips are pendulous, well covering the lower jaw. The corners of the lips are well marked.

Lips

:
FCI
Quite drooping, covering well the lower jaw, giving the front part of the muzzle a square profile. The corner of the lips is well marked without being loose.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Scissor bite. Incisors set well square to the jaws.
UKC
Strong teeth, fitting evenly with a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Lean; the skin shows one or two folds.

Eyes

:
FCI
Oval shape; appear slightly sunken beneath thick eyelids; brown. The lower lid sometimes shows a certain looseness. Expression gentle and a little sad.
KC
Dark chestnut colour, not prominent. Sad, trusting expression.
UKC
Have visible eyelids. Somewhat deep and of a dark chestnut brown color. The lower lid is invariably loose, allowing a certain amount of the red mucous membrane area to be seen. The expression is somewhat sad, yet sweet and trusting.

Ears

:
KC
Set below the eyeline, fine, curled in, ending in a point and extending to just beyond the tip of nose when drawn forward.
UKC
The ears constitute one of the identifying features of the breed. They are attached very low, are thin and well twisted inward, tapering to a point. The length must reach at least to the tip of the nose and is often longer.

Leathers

:
FCI
Characteristic of the « blue dog » they are fine, curled in, ending in a point and must reach beyond the extremity of the nose. The leather is narrow at its base which is situated well below the eyeline.

NECK

:
FCI
Moderately long; slightly arched; dewlap developed.
KC
Medium length, rounded, carrying moderate dewlap.
UKC
Moderately long, slightly arched, with a well developed dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Chest well developed, being long, wide and deep. Ribs moderately rounded; back rather long and muscular. Flanks deep and wide.
UKC
The chest is long and broad, and let down to elbow level. The forechest is well developed. The back is rather long but firm. The loin is short and broad, and the croup is sloping, which emphasizes the hipbones. The flanks are deep and flat.

Back

:
FCI
Rather long but well supported (firm).

Loin

:
FCI
Well fused.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly sloping, emphasizing the haunches.

Chest

:
FCI
Long, broad; let down to elbow level. Forechest broad. Ribs moderately rounded and long.

Flank

:
FCI
Flat and well let down.

TAIL

:
FCI
Rather thick, sometimes there may be some longer and coarser, slightly offstanding hairs (like ears of grain) towards the tip; reaching the point of the hock; strong at its root; carried sabre fashion.
KC
(Stern) Well set on, rather thick, fairly long and carried sickle fashion.
UKC
Rather thick, and long enough to reach the hock, with a slight brush towards the tip, the tail is carried in saber fashion.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful forehand.
KC
Strong, straight and well boned. Elbows close to body, shoulders well laid and muscular.
UKC
The shoulder blades are long, well muscled and sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Quite long and muscled, well sloping.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are strongly boned and have prominent tendons. The elbows are close to the body.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strong bone structure; tendons prominent.

FEET

:
KC
Long, oval, deep and well padded.
UKC
A slightly elongated oval, with tight, lean toes and black nails and pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Of a slight elongated oval; toes lean and tight. Pads and nails black.

Hind feet

:
FCI
See Forefeet.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Solidly built.
KC
Broad and well muscled. Hocks low to ground, set wide apart and parallel. Sloping croup. Prominent hip bones.
UKC
The hindquarters are solidly built.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and muscled.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thighs are long and muscular. The hock is broad, slightly bent and well let down.

Hock

:
FCI
Broad, slightly bent, well let down.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Regular and easy.
KC
Loose limbed and long striding.
UKC
Regular and easy.

SKIN

:
FCI
Quite thick, supple. Black or strongly mottled with black patches, never entirely white. Mucous membranes (hairless zones) black.
UKC
Black or white, but never completely white, but strongly speckled with black dots. The palate, lips, soles of the feet and the sex organs are black.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short, quite thick; very dense.
KC
Smooth, weather resistant and not too short.
UKC
Short, thick and very dense.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Entirely mottled (black and white) giving a slate blue colouring effect; either marked or not with more or less extended black patches. Two black patches are generally placed at either side of the head, covering the leathers, surrounding the eyes and stopping at the cheeks. They do not meet up on the top of the skull; they leave a white interval in the middle of which there is often a small black oval spot, typical of the breed.
Two more or less bright tan markings are placed above the superciliary arches giving a « quatreoeillé » appearance to the eyes. There are also traces of tan on the cheeks, lips, inner face of the leathers, on the legs and under the tail.
KC
Black marked on a white base but covered entirely with black mottling which gives a blue appearance. Two black marks are found on head, covering each ear, enveloping eyes and stopping at cheeks. Blaze also mottled, but a small black mark is often found on skull, a characteristic of the breed. Above each eye a spot of tan gives breed ‘four-eyed’ effect. Tan marks also found on cheeks, lips, inside ears, on legs and under tail. Some hounds completely mottled, but always have required tan marks.
UKC
Entirely mottled black and white, which gives a slate blue effect, marked or not with black patches. There are generally two black patches on either side of the head that cover the ears and eyes and stop at the cheeks, not meeting at the top of the skull but leaving a white blaze which often has a small, black oval spot in the center. There are bright tan markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, lips, inside of the ears, legs and under the tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 64-70 cms (25-271/2 ins); bitches: 60-65 cms (231/2-251/2 ins).
UKC
Measured at the point of the withers. Males: 25½ inches to 27½ inches. Females: 23½ inches to 25½ inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 65 to 72 cm.
Females 62 to 68 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head: Too short. Skull too flat or too narrow. Leathers set high, short, insufficiently curled in.
  • Body: Lack of substance. Slack (soft) back. Rump falling away.
  • Tail: Deviated tail.
  • Limbs: Cowhocks seen from behind. Splayed feet. Bone structure insufficiently developed. Straight shoulder. Splayed feet. Cow hocks, seen from behind.
  • Coat (Hair): Too fine and short.
  • Behaviour: Timid subject.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Because the Grand Bleu de Gascogne is first and foremost a hunting hound, scars, the result of honorable wounds, shall not be considered faults, nor shall they be penalized by Judges. This includes cuts, nicks, notches on the ears and/or ears which are frayed at the edges from working in brush, tail grass, etc.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Frightened or aggressive subject.
  • Lack of type.
  • Visible disabling (invalidating) defect.
  • Serious anatomical malformation.
  • Over- or undershot mouth.
  • Light eye.
  • Any coat other than that indicated in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Bilateral or unilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Lack of type. Serious anatomical malformations that cause a disabling effect. Any coat other than described. Undershot or overshot bite. Yellow eyes.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Eyes: Yellow eyes.
Coat: Any coat other than described.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.