Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Giant Schnauzer

(Riesenschnauzer)

Giant Schnauzer

Giant Schnauzer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Utility and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.2Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Schnauzer
With working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Guardian Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs. C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
Originally the Giant Schnauzer was used in the region of Southern Germany to drive cattle. Around the turn of the century, determined breeders realised that he had outstanding working capabilities and particularly valuable traits in character. Since 1913 the breed has been registered in a stud book, and in 1925 already the Giant Schnauzer has officially been recognised as a working dog.
UKC
The Giant Schnauzer is a separate breed from the Miniature and Standard. Their country of origin is Germany. Breeds were developed for specific work in the 1600's; this breed was developed to be used as drovers of sheep and cattle and as a guard dog. Its coat was also influenced by weather and living conditions. Some of the breeds which were used in the development were the Standard Schnauzer, Great Dane, rough-haired sheep dogs and possibly the Bouvier des Flandres. The breed was not that well known until World War I when it was used for police training. The Giant Schnauzer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Large, powerful, stocky rather than slim. An enlarged, powerful image of the Schnauzer. An imperturbable dog, prepared for defense, whose appearance fills with respect.
KC
Powerfully built, robust, sinewy, appearing almost square. Imposing, with keen expression and alert attitude. Correct conformation of the utmost importance.
UKC
The Giant Schnauzer is a larger more powerful version of the smaller Standard Schnauzer. The breed is square in proportion, with the length from the point of shoulder to the point of buttocks equal to the height at the withers. He is ruggedly built with a dense, weather-resistant coat that is black or salt and pepper in color.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

Square build in which height at the withers is nearly equal to the body length.
The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Versatile, strong, hardy, intelligent and vigorous. Adaptable, capable of great speed and endurance and resistant to weather.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Typical characteristics of this dog are his good natured, even temperament and his incorruptible loyalty towards his master. He has highly developed sense organs, intelligence, trainability, strength, endurance, speed, resistance to weather and diseases. His inborn ability to bear strain and his self assurance make him best suited for being a companion, sporting, utility and working dog.
KC
Bold, reliable, good-natured and composed.
UKC
The Giant Schnauzer is good natured, even tempered and very loyal to his family. His intelligence, trainability, strength, endurance and natural resistance to disease make him ideally suited to be a companion, utility and working dog.

HEAD

:
KC
Head strong, of good length, narrowing from ears to eyes and then gradually toward end of nose. The overall length (from nose to occiput) is in proportion to the back (from withers to set on of tail) approximately 1 : 2. Upper part of head (occiput to base of forehead) moderately broad between ears – with flat creaseless forehead. Well muscled but not over-developed cheeks. Medium stop accentuated by bushy eyebrows. Powerful muzzle ending in a moderately blunt wedge, with bristly stubby moustache and chin whiskers. Ridge of nose straight, running parallel to extension of forehead. Nose black with wide nostrils.
UKC
The head is long and rectangular. Measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput, its length is equal to half the length of the topline from the withers to the set on of the tail.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, long without markedly protudring occiput. The head should be in keeping with the dog’s force. The forehead is flat, without wrinkling and parallel to the bridge of nose.
UKC
Long, strong and flat, without a protruding occiput. The topline of the skull lies in a parallel plane to the topline of the muzzle. The stop appears well-defined due to the eyebrows.

Stop

:
FCI
Appears well defined due to the brows.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed nose leather with large nostrils, always black.
UKC
The nose is large, full and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Lips black, closing tightly but not overlapping.
UKC
Muzzle is long and deep, ending in a blunt wedge. The bridge of the nose is straight. The lips are black, smooth and tight-fitting.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws. Corners of lips closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth, according to the dentition fromula), is strongly developed and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed but the cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular shape of the head (with the beard).
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite. The upper and lower jaws are powerful and well formed, but the cheeks must not interfere with the rectangular shape of the head.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium sized, oval, facing forward, dark with lively expression. Eyelids close fitting.
KC
Medium-sized, dark, oval, set forward, with lower lid fitting closely.
UKC
Medium size and oval in shape, placed to look straight forward. Eye color is dark and the expression is lively. Eyelids are close fitting. Eyebrows slightly shade the eyes.

Ears

:
FCI
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, evenly carried, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
KC
Neat, V-shaped, set high and dropping forward to temple.
UKC
When uncropped, the ears are V-shaped, drop ears of medium length and thickness. Set high and carried with the inner edge close to the cheeks. The fold should not be above the top of the skull. When cropped, they are identical in shape and length to uncropped ears, but with pointed tips. They are in balance with the head and not exaggerated in length.

NECK

:
FCI
The strong, muscular neck is nobly arched, blending smoothly into the withers. Strongly set on, slim, noble curved, corresponding to the dog’s force. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
KC
Moderately long, strong and slightly arched, skin close to throat, neck set cleanly on shoulders.
UKC
Well arched and strong, of moderate length; blending cleanly into the shoulders and with skin fitting tight at the throat; in harmony with the dog's build and weight.

BODY

:
KC
Chest moderately broad and deep, reaching at least to height of elbow rising slightly backward to loins. Breast bone clearly extends to beyond joint of shoulder and upper arm forming the conspicuous forechest. Back strong and straight, slightly higher at shoulder than at hindquarters, with short, well developed loins. Slightly sloping croup. Ribs well sprung. Length of body equal to height at top of withers to ground.
UKC
The withers form the highest point of the topline, which slopes slightly downward from the withers. The chest is moderately broad, and the ribs are oval in shape. The forechest is distinctly marked by the prosternum. The back is short, strong and taut to a short, strong, deep loin. The croup is slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into the set on of the tail. The underline is well curved to the flank, which is not too tucked up.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, strong and deep. The distance from the last rib to the hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a well curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Set on high and carried at an angle slightly above topline. Customarily docked to two joints. Undocked: Set on high and carried at an angle slightly above topline. In balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail is set moderately high. Docked to the second or third joint, or natural. If natural, a sickle or saber carriage is preferred.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front, the front legs are strong, straight and not close together. Seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Shoulders flat, well laid back. Forelegs straight viewed from any angle. Muscles smooth and lithe rather than prominent, bone strong, carried straight to feet. Elbows set close to body and pointing directly backward.
UKC
The shoulder blades lie close against the ribcage and are well-muscled. They are long and sloping, laid back at an angle of approximately 50 degrees to the horizontal. The upper arms lie close to the body and form an angle with the shoulder blade of 95 to 105 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of shoulder bone, protruding over the points of thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back, forming an angle of appr.50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well musculed, forming an angle of 95° to 105° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close fitting, turning neither in nor out.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Forelegs are straight and vertical when viewed from all sides with strong, slightly sloping pasterns and good bone. The elbows are set close to the body and point directly backwards.

Forearm

:
FCI
Viewed from all sides completely straight, strongly developed and well muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong, firm, barely standing out against the structure of the fore arm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Seen from the front, vertical. Seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground, strong and slightly springy.

FEET

:
KC
Pointing directly forward, short, round, compact with closely arched toes. Deep, dark and firm pads. Dark nails.
UKC
Well arched, compact and catlike; turning neither in nor out; with thick, tough pads and dark nails. Dewclaws, if any, on hind legs should be removed; on the front legs, may be removed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat foot) with short dark nails and resistant pads.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Toes short, arched and well-knit. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel but not close together when seen from the rear.
KC
Strongly muscled. Stifles forming a well defined angle. Upper thighs vertical to stifle, from stifle to hock in line with extension of upper neck line, from hock vertical to ground. When viewed from rear, hindlegs parallel.
UKC
In balance with the forequarters and strongly muscled. HIND LEGS - Upper thighs are moderately long and broad, with strong muscling. The lower thigh is long, strong and sinewy. Hocks are very well angulated and firm. Rear pasterns are short and vertical.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Very well angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Short, vertical to ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Flexible, elegant, agile, free and ground covering. The front legs swinging as far forward as possible, the hind legs, ground covering and springy, provide the necessary drive. The front leg of one side and the hind leg on the other side move forward at the same time. The back, the ligaments and the joints are firm.
KC
Free, balanced and vigorous, with good reach of forequarters and good driving power from hindquarters. Topline remains level in action.
UKC
Free, agile and ground-covering, showing flexibility and elegance. The action is somewhat springy and the back remains firm.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI

The coat should be wiry, harsh and dense. It consists of a dense undercoat and a not too short top coat, lying close to the body.
The top coat is rough and sufficiently long to allow the checking of its texture ; it is neither bristly nor wavy. Hair on the limbs tends to be less harsh. Coat short on forehead and ears. Typical characteristics are the not too soft beard on the muzzle and the bushy eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.
KC
Top coat harsh and wiry, just short enough for smartness on body. Slightly shorter on neck and shoulders, but blending smoothly into body coat. Clean on throat, skull, ears and under tail. Good undercoat. Harsh hair on legs.
UKC
Wiry, hard and dense, with good undercoat and a not too short outer coat that lies close to the body. The outer coat is rough and long enough to be checked for texture. Hair on the legs tends to be less coarse. The hair is short on the forehead and the ears. Typical characteristics are the beard (which should not be too soft) and the eyebrows which slightly shade the eyes.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Pure black with black undercoat.
  • Pepper and Salt.
When breeding Pepper and Salt, the aim is a medium shading with evenly distributed, well pigmented, pepper colouring and grey undercoat. The shades from dark iron grey to silver grey are all permitted. In all colour variations there must be a dark mask, which should adapt harmoniously to the respective colour, emphasizing the expression. Distinct light markings on head, chest and limbs are undesirable.
KC
(a) Pure black (b) Pepper and salt: Shades range from dark iron grey to light grey; hairs banded black/light/black. Dark facial mask essential, harmonising with corresponding body colour. On both colours white markings on head, chest and legs undesirable. Good pigmentation essential.
UKC
Pure black (with black undercoat), or salt and pepper. In salt and pepper, the shades from dark iron gray to silver gray are all permitted, but there must be a dark mask to emphasize expression. Distinct light markings on the head, chest and legs are undesirable.

SIZE

:
KC
Height: dogs: 65-70 cms (251/2-271/2 ins); bitches: 60-65 cms (231/2-251/2 ins). Variations outside these limits undesirable.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 60 to 70 cm.
UKC
Height at the withers is 23½ inches to 27½ inches for males and females. Weight is approximately 75 to 100 pounds.

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 35 to 47 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Head altogether too small or too short.
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Strongly protuding cheeks or cheekbones.
  • Light, too large or round eyes.
  • Low set, too long or unevenly carried ears.
  • Throatiness.
  • Dewlap, narrow crest of neck.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Tail set inclined towards head.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Too short, too long, soft, wavy, shaggy, silky, white or spotted coat or other mixed colours.
  • Brown undercoat.
  • In Pepper and Salt a black trace on the back or black saddle.
  • Over- or undersize up to 2 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Clumsy or light build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Inverse sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Hocks turned inwards.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 2 cm but less than 4 cm.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, exaggeratedly suspicious or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Lack of breed type.
  • Faulty mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat and colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 4 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Overshot or undershot bites. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.