Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

German Wire-haired Pointer

(Deutsch Drahthaar)

German Wirehaired Pointer

German Wirehaired Pointer


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
25.10.2000.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
According to his purpose of a versatile working gundog the German Wirehaired Pointer must possess all the dispositions asked for the breed. He must be usable for all the work in the field, in the woods and in water before and after the shot.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.1Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type
With working trial

KC
Gundog
UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Elke Peper.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The Deutsch Drahthaar is a rough coated pointing dog whose initial breeding started at the end of the 19th century (Griffon Korthals), and that has been systematically bred from the beginning of this century based on the ideas of „Hegewald“ (Sigismund Freiherr von Zedlitz and Neukirch) with the sealed aim of creating an assertive, efficient wirehaired German gundog. In accordance with the principle of „by working ability to type“ and with consequent regard to freedom of breeding, within a short time a gundog has been developed from the best of the rough coated types (Pudelpointer, Griffon Korthals, German Broken Coated Pointing Dog) and by using the German Shorthaired Pointer, that excels through his useful weatherproof coat and his versatility in all fields of practical hunting. Due to these characteristics, the Deutsch Drahthaar within a few decades has developed to become the most popular and well-tried among the large gundog breeds in Germany as well as in many countries of the world.
UKC
The translation of "Deutsch Drahthaar" is “German Wirehair.” The foundation stock for the breed is the Pointer (probably black), the Griffon, Stichelhaar and Pudelpointer. He was developed as a dual-purpose hunter. He is expected to point his game on land, retrieve from water or retrieve a rabbit if shot. The German Wirehaired Pointer has been a recognized breed in its native country since 1870. The breed was introduced to America about 1920. The German Wirehaired Pointer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
A pointing dog of noble appearance, with harsh coat completely protecting the skin, with an attentive expression full of energy. The movement should be powerful, ground covering, flowing and harmonious.
KC
Medium-sized hunting dog, with wire hair completely covering skin. Overall should be slightly longer in body, compared to shoulder height.
UKC
The breed is medium in size; about 25 inches at the shoulders and 65 pounds for males; females slightly smaller. It is nearly square in proportion. It has a straight topline, with a slight slope from the withers to the croup. Its coat should be wiry and dense, but lay flat. It should have whiskers on the face and eyebrows. The coat color can vary from solid liver to liver roan. The tail is docked to 2/5 of its original length.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body and the height at the withers should be as equal as possible. The length of the body may exceed the height at the withers by up to 3 cm.
KC
Powerful, strong, versatile hunting dog, excels in both field and water. Loyal, intelligent, sound temperament and alert.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Firm, self-controlled, well-balanced, without shyness of game, neither sensitive when shots are fired nor shy or aggressive.
KC
Gentle, affectionate and even tempered. Alert, biddable and very loyal.
UKC
Friendly and intelligent, but can be aloof. Hardy, sturdy and energetic, he is a dual purpose hunter.

HEAD

:
FCI
In proportion to the size and the sex of the dog. Lines of head slightly diverging.
KC
Balanced in proportion to body. Skull sufficiently broad and slightly rounded. Moderate stop, skull and muzzle of equal length with no overhanging lips. Nose liver or black.
UKC
The head is moderately long and in proportion to the size and sex of the dog.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Flat, slightly rounded at the sides only, moderately broad, pronounced superciliary ridges.
UKC
Long, fairly broad and flat on top. Stop is medium, clearly defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly visibly pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Strongly pigmented corresponding to the colour of the coat. Nostrils well opened.
UKC
Well-pigmented, corresponding to color of coat. (Dark brown in brown dogs; black in black dogs.). The nostrils are wide open.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Long, broad, strong, deep. Slight roman nose.
KC
Teeth and jaws strong, with perfect regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws, with full dentition.
UKC
Long, with nasal bones straight and broad. The lips are thick, close and bearded.

Lips

:
FCI
Thick, close-fitting, not overhanging. Well pigmented corresponding to the colour of the coat.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Large teeth. Powerful jaws with a regular, complete scissor bite with the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. 42 teeth according to the dentition formula.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth meet in a scissors bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
As dark as possible, neither too deep-set nor protruding, with an alert, lively expression. Eyerims well pigmented and close-fitting.
KC
Medium-sized oval, hazel or darker, with eyelids closing properly, not protruding nor too deep-set.
UKC
Medium size, oval in shape, as dark as possible with close fitting rims. Expression is bright and intelligent.

Ears

:
FCI
Of medium size, set on high and wide, not twisted.
KC
Medium-sized in relation to head, set high, when brought forward should reach corner of lips.
UKC
Set on high, rounded and not too broad. Hang close to sides of head; medium in size.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, strongly muscled; slightly arched napeline, clean cut throat, no dewlap.
KC
Strong and of adequate length, skin tightly fitting.
UKC
Strong and of medium length. Slightly arched and devoid of dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Chest must appear deep rather than wide but not out of proportion to the rest of the body; ribs deep and well sprung, never barrel-shaped nor flat, back rib reaching well down to tucked-up loins. Chest measurement immediately behind elbows smaller than that of about a hand’s breadth behind elbows so that upper arm has freedom of movement. Firm back, not arched, with slightly falling back line.
UKC
The chest is broad and deep, with well-defined forechest. Withers are high, back is strong and straight, and the topline slopes from withers to set on of tail. Ribs are well sprung; loin is short and strong with graceful tuck-up. Croup slopes slightly. Skin on the body is close-fitting.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from the withers in a straight line.

Withers

:
FCI
Pronounced.

Back

:
FCI
Firm, well muscled.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, broad, muscular loin region.

Croup

:
FCI
Long and broad, slightly sloping and well muscled. Broad pelvis.

Chest

:
FCI
Broad and deep with well developed forechest, the breastbone reaching as far back as possible. Ribs well arched.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slight tuck-up towards the rear in an elegant curve.

TAIL

:
FCI
Following the topline, carried as horizontally as possible or slightly raised, but not steep. Neither too thick nor too thin. Docked for the hunting purposes. (In countries where docking is prohibited by law, the tail may be left natural. It should reach to the hocks and should be carried straight or slightly sabre-like.)
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Approximately two fifths of original length docked. Continuing the line of back, carried horizontally or slightly upward. Neither too thick nor too thin. Undocked: Continuing the line of back, carried horizontally or slightly upward. Neither too thick nor too thin. Reaching to the hocks and carried straight or slightly sabre-fashion.
UKC
Set high, carried at or slightly above the horizontal. Docked to 2/5 original length. Note: UKC acknowledges that the practice of tail-docking is forbidden in some countries, and therefore feels that no dog shall be penalized for a full tail. A natural tail is acceptable. It should reach to the hocks, and should be carried straight or slightly saber-like.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from the front, straight and parallel, viewed from the side, legs set well under the body. The distance from the elbows to the ground to be approximately equal to the distance from the elbows to the withers.
KC
Shoulders sloping and very muscular with top of shoulder blades not too close; upper arm bones between shoulder and elbow long. Elbows close to body, neither pointing outwards nor inwards. Forelegs straight and lean, sufficiently muscular and strong but not coarse-boned. Pasterns slightly sloping, almost straight but not quite.
UKC
Shoulders sloping and very muscular, with top of shoulder blades close; upper arm long and well covered with lean muscles, angled to set elbows well under the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well laid-back, sloping shoulder blade, strongly muscled. Forming a good angle together with the upper arm.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
As long as possible, with well developed, lean muscles.

Elbow

:
FCI
Close to the body, neither turning in nor out. Good angulation between upper arm and forearm.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
Parallel, straight and lean with strong, flattened bone. Pasterns strong and very slightly sloping. Length of leg from elbow to ground is half the height at the withers. Dewclaws may be removed.

Forearm

:
FCI
Lean, set perpendicular, strong bones.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly sloping.

FEET

:
KC
Compact, close-knit, round to oval-shaped, well padded, should turn neither in nor out. Toes well arched, heavily nailed.
UKC
Compact, close knit, round-to-spoon shaped, well padded; should turn neither in nor out. Toes well arched with strong nails.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval-round with well-knit toes and sufficiently thick, tough, robust and well-pigmented pads. They are set parallel, neither turning in nor out in stance or when moving.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval-round with well-knit toes and sufficiently thick, tough, robust and well-pigmented pads. They are set parallel in stance and when moving, turning neither in nor out.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Viewed from behind, straight and parallel. Well angulated at the stifles and the hocks. Strong bones.
KC
Hips broad and wide, croup falling slightly towards tail. Thighs strong and well muscled. Stifles well bent. Hocks square with body, turning neither in nor out. Pasterns nearly upright. Bone strong but not coarse.
UKC
The hips are broad and wide, falling slightly towards the tail. Thighs strong and well muscled. Good angulation between the pelvis and the upper thigh.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long, broad, muscular, with good angulation between pelvis and upper thigh.

Stifle

:
FCI
Strong, with good angulation between upper and lower thigh.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
Long and muscular, with good angulation at the stifle and hock. Rear pasterns short and perpendicular to the ground. Dewclaws may be removed.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long, muscular and sinewy.

Hock

:
FCI
Short, perpendicular to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Covering lots of ground, with good reach and drive, parallel coming and going; with upstanding posture.
KC
Smooth, covering plenty of ground with each stride, driving hind action, elbows turning neither in nor out. Definitely not a hackney action.
UKC
Smooth, covering plenty of ground with each stride; driving hind action, elbows neither turning in nor out. Definitely not a hackney action.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight, close-fitting, without folds.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Wirehaired harsh, flat lying and dense. Outer coat approximately 2 to 4 cm long; dense, waterresistant undercoat. The outlines of the body may not be obscured by longer coat. Through its harshness and density it should provide as good protection against weather and injuries as possible. The lower parts of the legs, as well as the lower region of the brisket and the belly, should be shorter but densely coated, the head and the ears to be shorter and at the same time denser but never softer coated. Pronounced eyebrows and a well developed not too long, as harsh as possible beard emphasise the determined expression.
KC
Outer coat thicker and harsh, no longer than 4 cms (11/2 ins) long with a dense undercoat, (undercoat more prevalent in winter than summer). It should not hide body shape but it should be long enough to give good protection. Coat should lie close to the body. Hair on head and ears thick and short, but not too soft. Bushy eyebrows, full but not overlong beard.
UKC
Coat is a defining characteristic of the breed. It is wiry and very harsh, of medium length, and thick, with a close fitting undercoat. It should not hide the body shape, but it should be long enough to give good protection from the weather and cover in which the dog is hunted. The coat should lie close to the body. The hair on the lower parts of the legs should be shorter. Also short, but very thick, on the head and ears. Eyebrows and beard harsh and full but not overly long.

COLOUR

:
FCI

Brown roan with or without patches.
Black roan, with or without patches.
Brown with or without white chest patch.
Light roan.
No other colour is permitted.
KC
Liver and white, solid liver, black and white. Solid black and tricoloured highly undesirable.
UKC
Solid liver, liver and white spotted, liver and white spotted and ticked, liver and white ticked. Black ticking/roan, with or without patches.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at shoulder: dogs: 60-67 cms (23½-26½ ins); bitches: 56-62 cms (22-24½ ins). Weight: dogs: 25-34 kgs (55-75 lbs); bitches: 20.5-29 kgs (45-64 lbs).
UKC
Males from 24 to 26 inches, and 55 to 70 pounds. Females smaller, but not less than 22 inches, and 45 to 60 pounds.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Height at withers Dogs 61 to 68 cm.
Bitches 57 to 64 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC
Coat: Coats that are too short and smooth, too soft, or excessively long.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Short or narrow or pointed muzzle.
  • Weak dentition.
  • Very loose eyelids.
  • Swayback or roach back.
  • Heavily overbuilt.
  • Elbows heavily turning in or out.
  • Bandy-legged, cow hocked or close behind, in stance as well as in movement.
Pacing permanently when stepping or trotting, stiff or mincing gait.
Sparce coat, lacking undercoat.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

Any kind of weak temperament, especially gun or game shyness, aggressiveness, nervousness; fear biter.
  • Over- or undershot bite, wry mouth, missing teeth other than P1, the canines being set too narrow.
Entropion, ectropion, differently coloured eyes.
Innate kinky or stumpy tail.
Faulty pigment.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.