Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

German Spaniel

(Deutscher Wachtelhund)

German Spaniel

(Deutscher Wachtelhund)


ORIGIN

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FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
24.07.1996.

UTILISATION

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FCI
Flushing Dog, versatile hunting dog.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 8Retrievers - Flushing Dogs - Water Dogs
Section 2Flushing Dogs
With working trial

UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
From hunting literature, it can be proved that hunting dogs resembling the present day Wachtelhund have existed for centuries and have been used for flushing game. The term « Wachtelhund » also has historic origins.
Breeding of the German Spaniel, according to a stud book, began at the turn of the century. The progenitor of the breed was « Lord Augusta 1834 L », who came from Staufenberg (Upper Bavaria). Pure breeding began with a few suitable bitches. At first only brown dogs (sometimes with white markings), and white-brown dogs were bred, the latter occasionally with small tan (red) markings on head and legs, the so-called « Brand ». Through the bitch, « Baby auf der Schanze 1838 L », the brown roan colour occurred in the breed. Rudolf Friess (R.F.), who influenced the breeding of the German Spaniel for decades, introduced the separate colour breeding for browns and roans. By carefully planned matings within both colour strains he succeded to establish the important precondition - in spite of the small gene pool - to keep away from the damages through inbreeding. The separation of the colour strains seemed also sensible in view of the somewhat different dispositions of the dogs. The browns as short distance hunters, easier to make them hunt the game towards the guns, the brown roan colour as long distance hunters, specially willing to follow a trail.
The difference in disposition can nowadays no longer be regarded as a valid distinction between the two strains, as in the meantime, for various reasons, numerous matings between the two strains had taken place. Generally, however, the separation still counts today as a preservation of an unrelated reservoir of blood within the breed. The German Spaniel was and is still bred exclusively by hunters for hunters as a flushing and versatile hunting dog.
UKC
In the 1880s a group of German hunters decided to recreate the Stober, a versatile breed mentioned as far back in German history as 1719. The Stober was known to have the scent following ability similar to that of a bloodhound. The Germans obtained remnants of that breed found in Bavaria and bred them with other sporting spaniels that had a proven passion for hunting. They produced the Wachtelhund (pronounced Valk-tel-hund and means “quail dog”) and the breed was officially recognized in 1903. The German Wachtelhund club is called the Verein fur Deutsche Wachtelhund (VDW). In Germany, only gamekeepers and hunters own this breed. They are not sold to the non-hunting public. Several Wachtelhunds were brought to United States in the late 1960s and early 1970s, but were only bred once or twice, producing a total of 17 dogs. Several Canadian guides and hunting outfitters have owned Wachtelhunds for the past twenty years and used them as flushers, retrievers and to track and hold wounded black bear at bay. In 1994 another pair of Wachtelhunds were brought to the United States. Today there are approximately 100 dogs in the U.S. and Canada. The Deutscher Wachtelhund was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The German Spaniel is a medium sized, long-haired, very muscular flushing dog with noble head and strong bone. Altogether longer than high, but never looking high on leg.
UKC
The Deutscher Wachtelhund is a strong boned, muscular, medium sized gundog with long thick wavy hair. It is solidly-built which allows it to retrieve heavy game such as hares and foxes. The ears are fairly long and should reach to the tip of the nose. The size is approximately 18 to 21 inches. Body length, nose to base of tail is twice the height. It is slightly larger than the Springer Spaniel.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI

Relation to body length to height at withers 1,2 to 1.
Relation to depth of chest to height at withers 0,5 to 1.
Relation of muzzle to cranial region 1 to 1.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Lively, passionate hunter, friendly, assured, very docile and adaptable, neither nervous nor aggressive.
Characteristics of the German Spaniel are: Possessed of a strong desire to find. Able to pick up scent, firm in tracking. Reliable at giving tongue. A fine nose. Likes retrieving and work in water. Sharp with game and vermin. Working independently but still in a controlled manner when appropriately trained and guided; reliable for tracking wounded game, retrieving lost game and flushing; a versatile gundog especially for woodland with heavy cover and water. The trait to point was not given attention since breeding began.
UKC
The Wachtelhund has a vibrant, affectionate and friendly personality and is a willing worker and excellent companion. The Wachtelhund is easily trained to hunt all types of game and is an obsessive scent follower with bloodhound-like persistence. The Germans bred it to do many hunting tasks including finding game, retrieving and recovering game, and blood trailing wounded deer, red stag (elk), and boar. The Wachtelhund is used to hunt waterfowl and upland game and all fur and cloven hoof game from hare, fox, and wild boar. This versatile breed can follow air scents when game is far away, hunting with a high nose like a Pointer, and can follow ground scents like a hound when game is closer. Unlike a hound, however, a Wachtelhund can be called off a trail and will return to its master. This breed naturally hunts in an arc pattern before the hunter, bringing the game back before the hunter. While aggressive in the hunt, the Wachtelhund is a loyal and great family dog. Wachtelhunds prefer to hunt alone and will hold a wounded boar or bear at bay, if necessary. They do best living in the home.

HEAD

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UKC
The head appears strong and free from coarseness, and softly contoured, without sharp angles. As a whole, the parts that make up the head combine to produce the distinctive expression of the breed, that being soft and melting, yet dignified, alert and intelligent.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Flat, moderately broad, no marked occiput.
UKC
When viewed from either the front or the side, the skull is arched and slightly flattened at the top. When viewed in profile, the brow appears to be not appreciably higher than the backskull without a prominent stop at the eye junction between muzzle and head. When viewed from above, the sides of the skull maintain the approximate planes of the muzzle.

Stop

:
FCI
Only moderately developed.

FACIAL REGION

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Nose

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FCI
Nose leather large and dark with wide open nostrils. Depigmented patches are a fault. Roman nose embellishes the dog.
UKC
The nostrils are wide, large and flexible, indicative of room for the proper development of olfactory nerve to ensure good scenting ability. Color is brown.

Muzzle

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FCI
Strong with nasal bridge remaining evenly broad, slightly rounded towards the end. On no account pointed, not shorter than cranial region.
UKC
The length of the muzzle is equal to the length of the skull, but is narrower, as is consistent with a full eye placement. The head is in proportion to the body, and the muzzle is in proportion to the head. The jaws are strong, indicative that the dog is capable of carrying game.

Lips

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FCI
Straight, dry, taut. Pigment according to coat colour.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
Incisors in upper jaw close in incisor bite in front of those in lower jaw. Pincer bite will be tolerated. Teeth well developed, strong.
UKC
A full complement of strong, white teeth which meet in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
Dry, skin taut, cheek bones not protruding.

Eyes

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FCI
Medium brown, as dark as possible. Medium size, set in slightly oblique, neither protruding nor deep set with tight fitting lids, not showing any haw. Hair on rims of eyelids.
UKC
The eyes are essential to the overall characteristics of the head. The full, slightly oval-shaped eyes are of medium size and set well apart. The eyelids are tight. The haws are inconspicuous; may be pigmented or not pigmented. The eye color is brown to hazel.

Ears

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UKC
The ears are high and wide, flat and lie close to the head, without outward turns. The ear leather is fine and ranges in length from half way between the eye and nose to the nose. The ears are covered with long, silky, straight or slightly wavy hair. The hair makes the ear appear large than it is.

Leathers

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FCI
Set on high and broad, flat without any twist, hanging directly behind eye. Not thick, fleshy or flabby. Evenly furnished with hair reaching over inner edge. Laid forward, leathers reach nose leather.

NECK

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FCI
Strong, nape of neck specially well muscled. Merging with withers in a blunt angle. No visible throatiness at beginning and widening towards chest without dewlap.
UKC
The neck is graceful and muscular. It arches toward the head and blends cleanly into sloping shoulders. It is moderate in length and is in balance with the length and height of the dog.

BODY

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UKC
The compact, well-knit body gives the impression of strength. The neckline blends into the shoulder and backline in a smooth curve. The backline slopes very slightly toward the gently rounded croup. The middle back is short and strong, without swayback. The loin is short, wide and deep with slightly bulging muscles to give strength to the hind legs. The loin is very slightly arched, not enough to significantly affect the topline. The croup is gently rounded, without the tendency to fall away sharply. The chest is deep and oval in appearance from the front view. From the side view, the brisket reaches below the elbow. The forechest is well developed and muscular. The ribs are well sprung and rounded, extending gradually to mid-body tapering to the back ribs, which are of good depth and extend well back. Stomach is flat and level extending from the end of the rib cage to the pelvic area.

Topline

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FCI
Straight in the different parts of the body, merging well into each other. Croup slightly sloping, tail in continuation with topline or carried slightly downwards.

Withers

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FCI
Strong and well defined.

Back

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FCI
Short and firm, without any dip behind withers.

Loin

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FCI
Strongly muscled, therefore broad in appearance.

Croup

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FCI
Slightly sloping, never overbuilt. Slightly below height of withers.

Chest

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FCI
Oval, seen from front. Seen from side, reaching to below elbow joint. Ribcage long, well sprung, neither barrel shaped nor flat.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Tucked up moderately from last (false) rib to rear. Underside also covered as much as possible by protective hair and undercoat.

TAIL

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FCI
In repose, carried straight in continuation of topline or downwards. When alert or excited, carried slightly upwards and wagging vividly. To avoid injury, the tail should be shortened (docked) by not more than a third during the first three days after birth. In countries where docking is not permitted, the tail can be left natural.
UKC
The tail is set high on the croup and normally docked to between 1/5th and 1/3rd of its length. While the dog is in motion, the tail is carried horizontally, an extension of the croup, and is in constant motion. When the dog is excited or working game, the tail may be carried higher, and wags rapidly. The tail has good feathering.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Seen from front, straight and parallel, seen from side, legs well under body, standing vertical to ground. Good angulations.
UKC
The shoulders are sloping, with the blades flat and smoothly fitting. The shoulder blade and upper arm are approximately equal in length and form an angle of about 90 degrees. The forelegs are strong and straight, with bone that is nearly uniform in size from the elbow to the heel. The elbows are set close to the body. The upper arm is set well back and joins the shoulder with sufficient angulation so that the elbow is placed beneath the highest point of the shoulder blade when the dog is in a natural stance. The pasterns are nearly straight, with some flexibility. From the front view, the legs and feet must be vertical and straight to the ground. From the side view, the pasterns should be slightly angled forward. Bones at the foot and lower leg must have clean joints without protruding bones. Legs should have good feathering from the elbow to the foot.

Shoulder

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FCI
Strongly muscled. Shoulder blade well laid back.

Upper Arm

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FCI
In movement, sliding along close to chest.

Elbow

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FCI
Close to body, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm

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FCI
Straight, connection with joints not rickety.

Pastern

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FCI
Pastern joint: Strong.
Pastern: Set slightly oblique.

FEET

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UKC
The feet are proportionate in size to the legs. They are strong and oval shaped. The toes are arched and tight with thick hair between the toes. The pads are round, thick and course.

Forefeet

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FCI
Spoon shaped. Toes close to each other, cat-or harefoot undesirable. Coarse, resistant, well pigmented pads and strong nails which get well worn down.

Hind feet

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FCI
As front feet.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Seen from side, good angulation in stifle and hock joints. Seen from rear, straight and parallel, neither bow-legged nor cow hocked; strong bone.
UKC
The angulation of the hindquarters is in balance with that of the forequarters. The hips are relatively broad and well rounded. The muscular upper thigh is broad and well rounded, providing adequate propelling power. The muscular lower thigh is broad and thick, approximately equal in length to the upper thigh. The stifle is strong and well bent. From the back view, the legs are parallel and straight to the ground, not bowed. The hindquarters have long thick feathering.

Thigh

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FCI
Broad and very muscular, good angulation between pelvis and upper thigh.

Stifle

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FCI
Strong with good angulation between upper and lower thigh.

Lower thigh

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FCI
Long, muscular, sinewy.

Hock joint

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FCI
Strong.

Hock

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FCI
Short. Vertical stance.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Fluent and ground covering. Legs straight and parallel sliding closely along the body.
UKC
The Deutscher Wachtelhund's gait is characterized by drive and the appearance of power, rather than speed, indicative of the breed's use as a hunter in dense cover and upland terrain. Correct angulation enables the dog to cover the ground effortlessly with extension in the front and rear. The head is carried proudly while in motion. The topline remains much the same whether in motion or standing still. They move in a straight line with width between the front and rear appropriate to build and gait.

SKIN

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FCI
Coarse and close fitting, no folds and pigmentation.

COAT

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HAIR

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FCI

Strong, close fitting, mostly wavy, sometimes curly (astrakhan) or smooth long coat, with thick undercoat. Hair not too long, much less thin or even silky. On nape, leathers and croup, often curly. Rearside of legs and tail, well feathered. Frequently frill on neck (jabot). Also well coated on belly.
Muzzle and cranial region Hair short but dense. The leathers are covered by curls or dense wavy hair which also reaches beyond their inner edge. Interdigital gaps have dense but not too long hair.
UKC
The coat is short and fine on the head, and longer on the body, where it is strong, thick, wavy or curly, with enough undercoat to provide protection. It is well feathered.

COLOUR

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FCI

The German Spaniel is bred in two colour varieties
  • Solid brown, and more seldom also red*, including all occurring reddish shades (like fox or deer red). Also often with white or ticked markings on chest and toes.
  • Brown roan, more seldom red* roan. As basic colour, brown or red* hair is closely mixed with white hair. Often with the head brown or red*, as well as with patches or a saddle over the whole back. To this colour variety also belong the pied colour patterns with white as basic colour and large brown or red* patches as well as « tiger » pattern where the white basic colour is in addition sprinkled or ticked with clusters of brown or red* hair, even when bred from solid colour parents. In both colours, red* markings (« Brand ») over eyes, on muzzle, legs and round vent can occur.
* Red = all existing reddish shades (fox, roedeer or deer red).
UKC
The Deutscher Wachtelhund may be solid brown and brown schimmel (brown ticked with white or roaned). Brown Wachtelhunds include shades of orange, blond, red, and dark brown; however, brown is the predominant color. Brownschimmel Wachtelhunds shades from red to dark brown. The following patterns are acceptable: Brown with white ticking or roaning; White, with or without ticking with brown patches; small brown and white patches called “leopard”.

SIZE

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UKC
Height, at the withers, for males: 18 7/8 to 21¼ inches. Height, at the withers, for females: 17¾ to 20½ inches. Desirable weight: 44 to 66 pounds.

Height at withers

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FCI

Dogs 48 to 54 cm,
Bitches 45 to 52 cm.

Weight

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FCI
Varying, according to size, between 18 to 25 kg. Bitches are slightly lighter than dogs.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Marked stop.
Missing of a first premolar (PM1).
  • Too deep flews, lips not enough taut.
  • Eyelids not close fitting.
  • Too narrow ear channels (disposition for ear trouble).
  • Barrel chest.
  • High on leg or fine bone.
  • Thin, sparse or silky coat; sparsely coated belly. Ear ends leathery.
  • Slightly over or under in size or weight.
UKC

Muzzle: Loose drooling lips that do not close.
Ears: Insufficient feathering.
Neck: Short, thick, with dewlap.
Forequarters: Loose shoulders. Elbows turned in or out. Knees knuckled over. Bowed legs. Light bones.
Body: Insufficient spring of rib. Withers too low. Flat or narrow loin. Exaggerated tuck-up. Fine bone.
Hindquarters: Bowed legs. Excessive angulation. Short stifle. Hocks too long. Cowhocks. Weak hocks.
Feet: Feet too large or too small. Splayed feet.
Tail: Tail set too low.
Coat: Coat too soft. Thin silky hair. Lack of coat.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Skins problems Dermatitis, atopy.
  • Missing teeth, apart from the lack of one PM1.
UKC

Characteristics: Water and gun shyness.
Head: A prominent stop at the eye junction between muzzle and head.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bites.
Eyes: Loose eye lids.
Body: Short back.
Body: Swayback. Roach back. Loose shoulder muscles.
Size: Any Wachtelhund under 16½ inches.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Weak temperament, gun-or game-shy.
  • Serious mouth faults (over-or undershot, wry mouth).
  • Entropion, ectropion.
  • Black coat colour.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Black hair color.

other

:
FCI
Teeth (details): Complete set of 42 teeth in the following order seen diagramatically from the front
/tr>
Right M P C I I C P M Left;
Upper jaw 2 4 1 3 3 1 4 2 Upper jaw;
Lower jaw 3 4 1 3 3 1 4 3 Lower jaw.

Definition of above tooth formation I = Incisor, C = Canine, P = Premolar, M = Molar.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.