Fédération Cynologique Internationale
The Kennel Club
United Kennel Club
German Short-haired Pointing Dog(Deutsch Kurzhaar)
German Shorthaired Pointer
German Shorthaired Pointer
Versatile hunting dog.
|Group 7||Pointing Dogs|
|Section 1.1||Continental Pointing Dogs, 'Braque' type|
|With working trial|
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY:
The history of the German Shorthaired Pointing Dog starts with the dogs which were used for the hunt with nets on feathered game, especially in the Mediterranean countries, and in combination with falconry. Via France, Spain and Flanders the Pointers came to the German courts. The most important distinctive feature of these dogs was their pointing performance. After the first double-barreled gun was made (1750), a pointing dog was even more required. In full sight of the dog « game birds in flight » were shot. That was the beginning of the transition from a mere pointer to a versatile gundog. As a fundamental basis for the structure and development of the breed the « Zuchtbuch Deutsch-Kurzhaar » (Studbook) has been published since 1897. It was Prince Albrecht zu Solms-Braunfeld who compiled breed characteristics, judging rules for conformation and finally also simple trial regulations for hunting dogs. Today the German Shorthaired Pointing Dog still passes through the filter of elaborated breeding- and trial regulations. The standard stipulates the consitution of the German Shorthaired Pointing Dog, as a versatile hunting dog, which enables him to perform all requirements in connection with hunting activities, even when advanced in age.
The German Shorthaired Pointer was developed by German hunters to be an all-round hunting dog and companion. The development of this breed paralleled the evolution of firearms and the social changes which permitted middle class hunters to lease hunting preserves. While the English developed highly specialized dogs for each type of prey, the practical German hunter wanted a single dog who could scent the wind for birds and trail furred game on the ground; who was fierce with predators yet friendly with the family. The foundation stock for this breed was probably a German descendant of the Old Spanish Pointer. Local scenthounds were crossed because of their powerful tracking ability and their dependability in water. English Pointers were added to the mix for their elegant hunting style. The first German Shorthaired Pointer was entered in the German stud book in 1872, but they did not come to the attention of American hunters until the late 1920s. Since then, the German Shorthaired Pointer has become a popular gun dog and companion. The German Shorthaired Pointer was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1948.
A dog of noble and balanced appearance, the conformation of which ensures strength, endurance and speed. Proud attitude, smooth outlines, lean head, well carried tail, firm shiny coat and well reaching, harmonious strides emphasize its nobility.
Noble, steady dog showing power, endurance and speed, giving the immediate impression of an alert and energetic dog whose movements are well co-ordinated. Of medium size, with a short back standing over plenty of ground. Grace of outline, clean-cut head, long sloping shoulders, deep chest, short back, powerful hindquarters, good bone composition, adequate muscle, well carried tail and taut coat.
The German Shorthaired Pointer is a balanced dog of noble appearance, the conformation of which ensures strength, endurance and speed. Proud attitude, smooth outline, short, shiny coat and well-reaching, harmonious strides emphasize its nobility. The German Shorthaired Pointer should be evaluated as a working gun dog, and exaggerations or faults should be penalized in proportion to how much they interfere with the dog’s ability to work. Working dogs are not to be penalized under any conditions for scars or blemishes that are due to hunting injuries.
Length of body should slightly exceed height at withers.
Dual purpose Pointer/Retriever, very keen nose, perseverance in searching and initiative in game finding, excellence in field, a naturally keen worker, equally good on land and water.
BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT:
Firm, balanced, reliable, restrained temperament, neither nervous nor shy or aggressive.
Gentle, affectionate and even-tempered. Alert, biddable and very loyal.
The key word to describe the German Shorthaired Pointer is versatility. They are willing, enthusiastic workers who thrive in the most rugged country and weather. They retrieve equally well on land and water and can locate dead or wounded game in the heaviest cover. As a companion, the German Shorthaired Pointer is friendly, intelligent, and eager to please.
Lean, well defined, neither too light nor too heavy; as to strength and length it matches the substance and the sex of the dog.
Clean-cut, neither too light nor too heavy, well proportioned to body. Skull sufficiently broad and slightly round. Nasal bone rising gradually from nose to forehead (this more pronounced in dogs) and never possessing a definite stop, but when viewed from side a well defined stop effect due to position of eyebrows. Lips falling away almost vertically from somewhat protruding nose and continuing in a slight curve to corner of mouth. Lips well developed, not over hung. Jaws powerful and sufficiently long to enable the dog to pick up and carry game. Dish-faced and snipy muzzle undesirable. Nose solid brown or black depending on coat colour. Wide nostrils, well opened and soft.
The head is proportionate to the size of the dog, clean-cut without exaggeration. When viewed from the side, the skull and muzzle are approximately equal in length and joined by a gradual stop that appears more abrupt than it is because of the moderately well-defined supraorbital arches over the eyes.
Moderately wide, flatly rounded, scarcely pronounced occipital bone, frontal furrow not too deep, noticeably developed superciliary ridges.
The skull is moderately broad and slightly arched laterally and longitudinally. There is a slight median furrow between the eyes at the forehead, and the occipital bone is not conspicuous. Cheeks are clean with well-developed jaw muscles.
Somewhat protruding. Nostrils sufficiently wide, broad and mobile. Basically brown, however black in black or black roan dogs. A flesh-coloured or spotted nose is only permissible in dogs with white as basic colour.
The nose is large, with well-opened nostrils. It is solid brown in liver-colored dogs, and black in black-colored dogs.
Long, broad, deep and strong in order to enable the dog’s correct carrying of game. Viewed from the side the nasal bridge shows a slight curvature in all transitions from a nobly constructed ram’s nose to a slight rise above the straight line - more prominent in males. A totally straight nasal bridge, although still acceptable, is less attractive; a concave bridge (dish-face) is a serious fault.
Teeth sound and strong. Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.
In profile, the muzzle is long and deep, with sufficient power to seize and carry game. The bridge of the muzzle rises gradually from nose to stop. This rise is more strongly pronounced in males. Viewed from above, the muzzle is wide with very little taper from stop to nose. Lips are slightly pendent but not overly thick. The top lip should fall naturally over the lower without folds or drooping, so that the underline of the jaw is straight and roughly parallel to the bridge of the muzzle when viewed from the side. The nose projects somewhat over the mouth so that a line drawn from the tip of the nose to the end of the lower jaw slopes downward and backward.
Tight fitting, not too pendulous, good pigmentation. The naso-labial line slopes almost vertically and then continues in a flat arch to the moderately pronounced corner of the lips.
Strong jaws with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite. The upper inscisors should reach over the lower incisors without gap and the teeth should be positioned vertically in the jaws. 42 sound teeth, in accordance with the teeth formula.
The German Shorthaired Pointer has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.
Strong, well muscled.
OF medium size, neither protruding nor deep set. The ideal colour is dark brown. Eyelids tight fitting.
Medium size, soft and intelligent, neither protruding nor too deep-set. Varying in shades of brown to tone with coat. Light eye undesirable. Eyelids should close properly.
The eyes are set in to the skull, but not too deep, and wide apart. They are medium sized and almond-shaped. Eye color is brown. Darker brown is preferred. Eyelids are close-fitting. Eye rims are brown in liver-colored dogs, and black in black-colored dogs.
Moderately long, set on high and broad, flat and without twisting hanging down close to the head, bluntly rounded at the tip. Neither too fleshy nor too thin. When brought forward they are supposed to reach more or less the corner of the lips.
Broad and set high; neither too fleshy nor too thin, with a short, soft coat; hung close to head, no pronounced fold, rounded at tip and reaching almost to corner of mouth when brought forward.
The ears are pendent, broad, and rounded at the tips. They are set on just above eye level and are of medium thickness, hanging close to the head with no pronounced fold. When pulled forward, the ear should almost reach the corner of the mouth. When moving, some German Shorthaired Pointers will fold their ears, but when the dog is alert, the ears are as described above.
Length in harmony with general appearance of the dog, progressively thickening towards the body. Very muscular and slightly crested nape. Tight fitting skin of throat.
Moderately long, muscular and slightly arched, thickening towards shoulders. Skin not fitting too loosely.
The neck is moderately long, slightly arched, and sufficiently muscular to carry a grown fox or goose for some distance. The circumference of the neck widens from the nape to where the neck blends smoothly into well laid back shoulders. The skin of the throat fits moderately close.
Chest must appear deep rather than wide but in proportion to rest of body; ribs deep and well sprung, never barrel-shaped nor flat; back ribs reaching well down to tuck-up of loins. Chest measurement immediately behind elbows smaller than about a hand’s breadth behind elbows, so that upper arm has freedom of movement. Firm, short back, not arched. Loin wide and slightly arched; croup wide and sufficiently long, neither too heavy nor too sloping starting on a level with back and sloping gradually towards tail. Bones solid and strong. Skin should not fit loosely or fold.
A properly proportioned German Shorthaired Pointer is slightly longer (measured from prosternum to point of buttocks) than tall (measured from the withers to the ground). The length of the front legs (measured from point of elbow to the ground) is slightly longer than the deepest part of the body. The ribs extend well back and are well sprung out from the spine, forming a broad, strong back, then curving down and inward to form a deep body, extending to the elbow. The circumference of the thorax immediately behind the elbows is smaller than that of the thorax about a hand’s breadth behind the elbows so that the upper arm has room for movement. The forechest extends only slightly in front of the point of shoulder. Should not have an excessively developed prosternum. Viewed from the front, the chest between the forelegs is well filled and is at least as wide as a man’s closed hand. The back is short, muscular, and slightly sloping from withers to set-on of tail. The loin is of moderate length, muscular, and slightly arched with moderate tuck-up. The croup is wide and slightly sloping.
Straight and slightly sloping.
Firm and muscular. Vertebral processes should be covered by muscles.
Short, broad, muscular, straight or slightly arched. Transition from back to loin tight and well knit.
Broad and long enough, not abruptly slanting, but slightly slanting towards the tail, well muscled.
Somewhat deeper than broad with well defined forechest, with the sternum reaching back as far as possible. Sternum and elbow joint ont the same level. Ribs well sprung, neither flat nor barrel-shaped. False ribs well reaching down.
Underline and belly:
With elegant arch, slightly tucked up towards rear, dry.
Set high, strong at the root and then tapering, of medium length. About halfway docked for hunting purposes. At rest hanging down; in movement horizontal, neither carried too high above the backline nor extremely bent. (In countries where tail docking is prohibited by law, the tail can remain in its natural shape. It should reach down as far as the hocks and be carried straight or slightly sabre tail fashion).
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Starts high and thick growing gradually thinner, customarily docked to medium length by two fifths to half its length. When quiet, tail carried down; when moving, horizontally. Never held high over back or bent. Undocked: Moderately long, not reaching below hocks. Strong at root, becoming gradually thinner. Carried horizontally or just below line of back.
The tail is set high and is customarily docked to about halfway of its natural length. The tail is thick and muscular at the base and tapers toward the end. When the dog is relaxed, the tail hangs down naturally. When the dog is moving or alert, the tail is carried level with the back or only slightly above level, but no higher than 45 degrees above the horizontal. When quartering, the tail should wag laterally. The tail should never curve over the back or be carried between the legs. Note: UKC acknowledges that the practice of tail-docking is forbidden in some countries, and therefore feels that no dog shall be penalized for a full tail. A natural tail is acceptable. It should reach to the hocks, and should be carried straight or slightly saber-like.
Viewed from the front, straight and parallel; viewed from the side, the legs are well placed under the body.
Shoulders sloping and very muscular, top of shoulder blades close; upper arm bones, between shoulder and elbow, long. Elbows well laid back, neither pointing outwards nor inwards. Forelegs straight and lean, sufficiently muscular and strong, but not coarse-boned. Pasterns slightly sloping.
The shoulders are smoothly muscled. The shoulder blades are long and well laid back, with the upper tips about two fingers breadth apart at the withers. The upper arm appears to be equal in length to the shoulder blade and joins it at an apparent right angle. The elbows are close to the body. The forelegs are straight, strong and sturdy in bone, but not heavy-boned. Pasterns are strong, short, slightly sloping, and with a slight spring. Viewed from the side, the forelegs are set under the withers.
Shoulder blades well laid back, well attached to chest, and strongly muscled. Shoulder blade and upperarm well angulated.
As long as possible, well muscled and dry.
Close but not too tight to body, neither turned in nor out, well set back.
Straight and sufficiently muscled. Strong bone, not too coarse.
Pastern joint: Strong.
Pastern: Minimal angulation of pastern and forearm, never standing upright.
Pastern: Minimal angulation of pastern and forearm, never standing upright.
Compact, close-knit, round to spoon-shaped, well padded, turning neither in nor out. Toes well arched with strong nails.
Good feet are essential for a working gun dog. The dog should stand and move with its weight distributed over the whole pad. The feet are large, webbed, and round-to-spoon-shaped, with somewhat long, well-arched toes, and thick, hard pads. Dewclaws on forelegs may be removed.
Round to spoon shaped, with well tight and adequately arched toes. Strong toenails. Tough, resistant pads. Feet set parallel, neither turned in nor out, in stance as well as in movement.
Round to spoon shaped, with well tight and adequately arched toes. Strong toenails. Tough, resistant pads. Foot set parallel, neither turned in nor out, in stance as well as in movement.
Viewed from behind straight and parallel. Good angulations in stifles and hocks, strong bone.
Hips broad and wide, falling slightly towards tail. Thighs strong and well muscled. Stifles well bent. Hocks square with body and slightly bent, turning neither in nor out. Pasterns nearly upright.
The hindquarters are moderately angulated, broad, strong, and well-muscled. In profile, the croup is long and slopes slightly. Exaggerated angulation limits endurance and should be penalized accordingly. The hocks are well let down. When the dog is standing, the strong rear pasterns are perpendicular to the ground and, viewed from the rear, parallel to one another.
Long, broad and muscular, with good angulation between pelvis and femur.
Strong, with good angulation of upper- and lower thigh.
Long, muscular with clearly visible tendons. Good angulation between lower thigh and hocks.
GAIT / MOVEMENT:
Well extended strides, with forceful propulsion from the hindquarters and adequate reach of the forelimbs. Front and hind legs moving straight and parallel. The dog is carrying himself in a proud attitude. Pacing gait is not desirable.
Smooth, lithe gait essential. As gait increases from walk to a faster speed, legs converge beneath body (single tracking). Forelegs reach well ahead, effortlessly covering plenty of ground with each stride and followed by hindlegs, which give forceful propulsion.
When trotting, the gait is effortless, smooth, powerful and well coordinated, showing good but not exaggerated reach in front and drive behind. The backline remains level with only a slight flexing to indicate suppleness. Viewed from any position, legs turn neither in nor out, nor do feet cross or interfere with each other. As speed increases, feet tend to converge toward center line of balance. It is recommended that dogs be shown on a loose lead and moved at a moderate speed to reflect true gait. Poor movement should be penalized to the degree to which it reduces the German Shorthaired Pointer’s ability to perform the tasks it was bred to do.
Close and tight, not wrinkly.
Short and dense, rough and hard to the touch. Somewhat thinner and shorter on the head and ears, not remarkably longer at the underside of the tail. Should cover the whole body.
Short, flat and coarse to touch, slightly longer under tail.
Short and dense, and feels rough and hard to the touch. The coat may be somewhat longer on the underside of the tail and the back edges of the haunches. Coat is softer, thinner, and shorter on the ears and head.
- Solid brown, without markings.
- Brown with small white or flecked markings at chest and legs.
- Dark brown roan, with brown head, brown patches or specks. The basic colour of such a dog is not brown mixed with whit or white with brown, but the coat shows such an even intensive mixture of brown and white which results in that kind of inconspicuous exterior of the dog ever so valuable for the practical hunt. At the inner sides of the hindlegs as well as at the tip of the tail the colour is often lighter.
- Light brown roan with brown head, brown patches, specks or without patches. In this colouring the brown hairs are fewer, the white hairs are predominant.
- White with brown head markings, brown patches or specks.
- Black colour in the same nuances as the brown, respectively the brown roan colours.
- Yellow tan markings are permissible.
- Blaze, fleck and speckled flews are permissible.
Solid liver, liver and white spotted, liver and white spotted and ticked, liver and white ticked, solid black or black and white same variations (not tri-colour).
The coat may be of solid liver or any combination of liver and white, including liver and white ticked, liver spotted and white ticked, or liver roan. The coat may be of solid black or any combination of black and white, including black and white ticked, black spotted and white ticked, or black roan. Tan markings are permissible.
Dogs: minimum height 58 cms (23 ins) at withers, maximum height 64 cms (25 ins) at withers. Bitches: minimum height 53 cms (21 ins) at withers, maximum height 59 cms (23 ins) at withers.
Desirable height at maturity for males is from 24 to 26 inches; and for females, 23 to 25 inches. Deviation of one inch above or below the described heights is permissible but not desired. Desirable weight for a male in working condition is between 55 and 70 pounds; and between 45 and 60 pounds for a female.
Height at withers:
Dogs 62 to 66 cm.
Bitches 58 to 63 cm.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
- Faults in attitude, not according or typical to gender.
- Muzzle too short.
- Flews too heavy or too thin.
- From the total of 4 PM 1 and 2 M3 only two teeth may be missing.
- Eyes too light. Yellowish « bird of prey » eyes.
- Ears too long, too short, too heavy, set on too narrow or twisted.
- Loose skin at throat.
- Slight roach back.
- Rump too short.
- Chest too deep.
- Tail strongly bent or carried too high above the topline.
- Elbows turned in or out. Feet turned in or out; forelegs standing close or wide.
- Hindquarters too straight.
- Slightly bow-legged, slightly cow-hocked or close hocks.
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
Muzzle: Concave or dished muzzle; snipey muzzle; heavily wrinkled forehead; lips too large or too small.
Nose: Spotted nose.
Ears: Ears too long; ears too fleshy or too thin; ears to small and pointed; ears permanently folded.
Forequarters: Toeing inward or outward; straight shoulders; short upper arm; knuckling over; down in the pasterns.
Body: Back too long; roached back; swayback; chest too broad; chest too hollow.
Hindquarters: Cow hocks; spread hocks; sickle hocks; over-angulation; short, steep, or flat croup.
Feet: Splay or hare feet; feet pointing in or out.
- Clumsy, lymphatic, coarse conformation.
- Marked stop.
- Flesh-coloured or flecked nose (except when basic colour of coat is white).
- Snipy muzzle, concave bridge of the nose (dish-face).
- Pincer bite or partial pincer bite (For dogs older than 4 years a so-called pincer bite due to age shall not affect evaluation as long as a « Deutsch-Kurzhaar-Club » has certified that at a previous show a correct bite was confirmed).
- Distinct roach back, slight swayback.
- Considerable lack in depth of chest. Poorly developed forechest. Ribs too flat or barrel shaped.
- Distinctly turned in or turned out elbows.
- Weak and down on pasterns.
- Pastern totally vertical.
- Distinctly cow-hocked or bow-legged, in stance as well as in movement.
- Overbuilt hindquarters.
- Flat feet.
- Spread toes.
- Clumsy gait.
- Deviation of more than 2 cm from the given height at the withers.
Head: Pronounced stop.
Teeth: Level bite; slightly overshot or undershot.
Body: Chest too narrow; pigeon chest.
Tail: Tail curved over the back.
Coat: Long coat.
- Aggressive or overly shy.
- Distinctly non-typical gender characteristics.
- Absence of more than 2 teeth from the total of 4 PM 1 and 2 M3. Absence of 1 tooth or more teeth other than PM 1 and M3. Non visible teeth have to be considered as missing except when certified by a « Deutsch-Kurzhaar-Club » that at a previous show or trial their existence was confirmed.
- Overshot and undershot bite, wry mouth as well as all intergrades.
- Any surplus teeth arranged outside the dental arch.
- Cleft palate and hare lip.
- Excessively loose eyelids, ectropion, entropion, distichiasis (double row of eyelashes).
- Excessive swayback, malformation of the spine.
- Any malformation of the chest, e.g. « clipped sternum » (short sternum blending abruptly into the abdominal line).
- Dewclaws with or without bony skeleton.
- Weak character.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Extreme undershot or overshot bite. Flesh-colored nose. Functional abnormality of eyelids or eyelashes. Any area of red, orange, or lemon color anywhere on the dog’s coat.
Appearance: Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid.
Characteristics: Viciousness or extreme shyness.
Teeth: Extreme undershot or overshot bite.
Nose: Flesh-colored nose.
Eyes: Functional abnormality of eyelids or eyelashes.
Color: Albinism. Any red, orange, or lemon color anywhere on the dog’s coat.
Note: The docking of tails and cropping of ears in America is legal and remains a personal choice. However, as an international registry, the United Kennel Club, Inc. is aware that the practices of cropping and docking have been forbidden in some countries. In light of these developments, the United Kennel Club, Inc. feels that no dog in any UKC event, including conformation, shall be penalized for a full tail or natural ears.
Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.