Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

German Pinscher

(Deutscher Pinscher)

German Pinscher

German Pinscher


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Germany.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
06.03.2007.
KC
September 2007

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Watch and Companion Dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 2Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoid
Section 1.1Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Pinscher
Without working trial

KC
Working
UKC
Terrier

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Mrs C. Seidler.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The smooth haired Pinscher represents a very old breed which was mentioned in the German Stud Book for dogs in 1880 already. He has the same ancestors as the Schnauzer which was also called the rough coated Pinscher. From the beginning the smooth haired Pinschers differed from the rough haired specimen in their colour and their short coat. They were mostly black with light brown markings, self coloured in various shades of brown to red, pepper and salt or simply blue-grey to black.
UKC
The German Pinscher has been recognized in Germany, its country of origin, since 1879. It was brought back from near extinction by Herr Werner Jung after the Second World War. After noting that no litters of the Deutsche Glattharr Pinscher (German Smooth Haired Pinscher) were recorded between 1949 and 1957, he literally started over, redeveloping the breed to standard by using an older purebred bitch, Kitti v. Bodestrand, initially using larger Miniature Pinschers. All present-day German Pinschers stem from this "founding mother". The German Pinscher was recognized by the United Kennel Club in March 1991.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
The German Pinscher is smooth-haired, medium in size with proud carriage, flowing outlines, elegant and square build. He is strong like the Schnauzer. Due to his short smooth coat, his well developed muscles are clearly visible especially when he moves.
KC
Well balanced, smooth coated, medium size with elegant and flowing outlines but strong and well muscled.
UKC
The German Pinscher is well balanced, well muscled, powerful, squarely built, of medium size, and with elegant and flowing lines.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

In relation of length to height, his build should be as square as possible.
The length of the head (measured from the tip of the nose to the occiput) corresponds to half the length of the topline (measured from the withers to the set on of the tail).
KC
Alert, good-natured, playful. Loyal, watchful and fearless.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
His lively, spirited, self assured and evenly tempered nature combined with intelligence and endurance makes him an agreeable family, watch and companion dog.
KC
High-spirited and self-possessed.
UKC
Alert, good-natured, playful, high-spirited, loyal, watchful, fearless, self possessed. Since the German Pinscher is considered a working dog, scars, the result of honorable wounds, shall not be considered faults, nor shall they be penalized by Judges.

HEAD

:
KC
Seen from above and side resembles a blunt wedge. Strong but not heavy, elongated without pronounced occiput. Overall length in proportion to back (from withers to base of tail) is approximately 1:2. Top of muzzle parallel with extended line of unwrinkled flat forehead; slight but distinct stop. Cheek muscles strong but not prominent. Deep muzzle. Nose full and black; in reds, nose of corresponding shade. Lips tight and dark. Snipiness undesirable.
UKC
Seen from above and from the side, the head resembles a blunt wedge. It is strong but not heavy; elongated without a pronounced occiput. The overall length of the head in proportion to the back, from the withers to the base of the tail, is approximately 1:2. The top of the muzzle is parallel with the extended line of the unwrinkled, flat forehead. The muzzle is deep. The lips are tight and dark. The stop is slight but distinct. The cheek muscles are strong but not prominent. The nose is full and black. Dogs which are fawn, blue or red may have a nose of a corresponding shade.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Strong, elongated, without markedly protruding occiput. The forehead is flat and runs parallel to the bridge of nose.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight, yet clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Nose leather well developed and always black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Ending in a blunt wedge. Bridge of nose straight.
KC
Jaws strong with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

:
FCI
Black, smooth and tight-fitting to the jaws; corners of mouth closed.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Strong upper and lower jaw. The complete scissor bite (42 pure white teeth according to the dentition formula) is strong and firmly closing. The chewing muscles are strongly developed without pronounced cheeks interfering with the smooth outline
UKC
The jaws are furnished with forty-two strong, white teeth that meet in a scissors bite. The teeth are composed of the following: incisors-six upper, six lower; canines-two upper, two lower; premolars-eight upper, eight lower; and molars-four upper, six lower.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark, oval, with black pigmented, close fitting eyelids.
KC
Dark, of medium size, oval and directed forward. Eye rims tight.
UKC
The eyes are dark, oval in shape, medium sized, and are directed forward. The eyelids are snug.

Ears

:
FCI
Drop ears, set high, V-shaped,with inner edges lying close to the cheeks, turned forward towards temples. Folds parallel, should not be above the top of the skull.
KC
Set high. V-shaped, folded down close to head.
UKC
The ears may be cropped or left natural (uncropped). Either way, they are high on the head. Cropped - equally cut to two-thirds of their original length, they are upright. Uncropped - V-shaped, folded down close to the head.

NECK

:
FCI
Nobly curved, not too short. Blending smoothly into the withers without any marked set on. Dry,without dewlap or throatiness. Throat skin tight-fitting without folds.
KC
Elegant and strong. Neither short nor stout. Nape well arched. Skin of throat tight without dewlap.
UKC
The neck is elegant and strong. The nape is well arched. The skin of the throat is tight, without dewlap.

BODY

:
KC
Chest moderately wide with flat ribs. Brisket extends below elbow. Body Forechest extends beyond point of shoulder. Compact and short coupled. Length of body approximately equal to height at withers. Back short and slightly sloping. Slightly rounded croup.
UKC
The body is compact and short coupled. The length of the body is approximately equal to the height of the dog, measured at the withers. The chest is moderately wide with flat ribs. The brisket extends below the elbows. The forechest extends beyond the point of the shoulder. The back is short and there is a slight rise over the loins.

Topline

:
FCI
Slightly sloping from withers towards rear.

Withers

:
FCI
Forming the highest point in topline.

Back

:
FCI
Strong, short and taut.

Loin

:
FCI
Short, strong and deep. The distance from last rib to hip is short to make the dog appear compact.

Croup

:
FCI
Slightly rounded, imperceptibly blending into tail set on.

Chest

:
FCI
Moderately broad, oval in diameter, reaching to the elbows. The forechest is distinctly marked by the point of the sternum.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Flanks not too tucked up, forming a nicely curved line with the underside of the ribcage.

TAIL

:
FCI
Natural; a sabre or sickle carriage is sought after.
KC
Previously customarily docked. Docked: Docked to three joints. Set and carried high. Undocked: Set and carried high with an upward sweep. In overall balance with the rest of the dog.
UKC
The tail is set and carried high. It is customarily docked between the second and third joints.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from the front the front legs are strong, straight and not close together; seen from the side, the forearms are straight.
KC
Well laid shoulder with good but flat muscle. Forelegs straight viewed from all sides, parallel elbows are close to body.
UKC
The shoulder is well laid back with good, but flat, muscle. The forelegs are straight when viewed from all sides. Elbows are parallel and close to the body.

Shoulder

:
FCI
The shoulder blade lies close against the rib cage and is well muscled on both sides of the shoulder bone, protruding over the points of the thoracic vertebrae. As sloping as possible and well laid back. forming an angle of appr. 50° to the horizontal.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Lying close to the body, strong and well muscled, forming an angle of 95° to 100° to the shoulder blade.

Elbow

:
FCI
Correctly fitting, turning neither in nor out.

Forearm

:
FCI
Strongly developed and well muscled. Completely straight seen from the front and the side.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Strong and firm.

Pastern

:
FCI
Strong and slightly springy. Seen from the front, vertical, seen from the side, slightly sloping towards the ground.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, compact and cat-like with dark nails. Turning neither in nor out. Tough, hard pads.
UKC
Well arched, compact and cat-like, turning neither in nor out. The nails are dark. The pads are tough, hard and dark.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Short and round, toes well-knit and arched (cat feet), pads resistant, nails short, black and strong.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Somewhat longer than the forefeet. Toes well-knit and arched. Nails short and black.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Standing obliquely when seen from the side, standing parallel, but not close together,when seen from the rear.
KC
Seen from behind parallel, with sufficient width. Upper thigh slanted and strongly muscled. Good length and bend of stifle, hocks turning neither in nor out.
UKC
Seen from behind, the hindquarters are parallel, with sufficient length. The upper thigh is slanted and strongly muscled. The stifle is of good length and bend. The hocks turn neither in nor out.

Thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long, broad, strongly muscled.

Stifle

:
FCI
Turning neither in nor out.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Long and strong, sinewy, running into a strong hock.

Hock

:
FCI
Markedly angulated, strong, firm, turning neither in nor out.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Vertical to the ground.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
The German Pinscher is a trotter. His back remains firm and rather steady in movement. The movement is harmonious, sure, powerful and uninhibited with good length of stride. Typical of the trot is a ground covering, relaxed, fluent movement with strong drive and free front extension.
KC
Free, well balanced and vigorous with good reach in front and strong rotary driving action from rear. Front and hind legs should not be thrown outwards. Topline should remain strong and firm. Hackney movement undesirable.
UKC
Movement is free, well balanced and vigorous, with good reach in front and a strong, rotary driving action from the rear. Gait is diagonally sequenced. The topline should remain strong and firm. Front and hind legs should not be thrown outwards.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight fitting over the whole body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Short and dense, smooth, close and shiny without bald patches.
KC
Short and dense, smoothly fitting, glossy without bald spots.
UKC
Short and dense. Smoothly fitting. Glossy, without bald spots.

COLOUR

:
FCI

  • Self coloured Deer red, reddish-brown to dark red brown.
  • Black and Tan Lacquer black with red or brown markings.
The aim is for markings as dark, as rich and as clearly defined as possible. The markings are distributed as follows above the eyes, at the underside of the throat, on the pastern, on the feet, at the inside of the hind legs and under the root of the tail. Two even, clearly separated triangles on the chest.
KC
All solid colours from fawn (Isabella) to stag red in various shades. Black and blue with reddish/tan markings. In bi-coloured dogs sharply marked red/tan markings desirable. Markings distributed as follows: at cheeks, lips, lower jaw, above eyes, at throat, at forechest as two triangles separated from each other, at metatarsus, forelegs, feet, inner side of hindlegs and vent region.
UKC
Solid colors - All solid colors from fawn (Isabella) to stag red, in various shades. Bi-Colors - Black with reddish/tan markings. Blue with reddish/tan markings. Sharply marked red/tan markings are desirable. Markings are distributed as follows: at cheeks, lips, lower jaw, above eyes, at throat, at forechest as two triangles separated from each other, at metatarsus, forelegs, feet, inner side of hind legs and at vent region

SIZE

:
KC
Height at withers 43-48 cms (17-19 ins).
UKC
Height at withers: 17 to 20 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 45 to 50 cm .

Weight

:
FCI
Dogs and bitches 14 to 20 kg.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
Particularly
  • Clumsy or light in build. Too low or too high on leg.
  • Heavy or round skull.
  • Wrinkles on forehead.
  • Short, pointed or narrow muzzle.
  • Pincer bite.
  • Light, too small or too large eyes.
  • Ears set low or very long, unevenly carried.
  • Strongly protruding cheekbones (cheekiness).
  • Throatiness.
  • Too long, tucked up or soft back.
  • Roach back.
  • Croup falling away.
  • Long feet.
  • Pacing movement.
  • Hackney gait.
  • Thin coat.
  • Black trace on the back, dark saddle and lightened or pale coat.
  • Over- or undersize up to 1 cm.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.
UKC

Any departure from the preceding points should be considered a fault. The seriousness with which the fault should be regarded is in exact proportion to its degree of deviation.
Head: Snipiness.
Teeth: Absence of premolar(s) or molar(s).
Neck: Neck too short or too stout.
Gait: Hackney movement.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Lack of sexual type (i.e. doggy bitch).
  • Light appearance
  • Apple head.
  • Lines of head not parallel.
  • Elbows turning out.
  • Straight or open hocked hindlegs.
  • Hocks turning out.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 1 cm but less than 3 cm.
UKC
Color: Solid white patches/spots anywhere on body.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shy, aggressive, vicious, markedly suspicious, or nervous behaviour.
  • Malformation of any kind.
  • Definitely inverse sexual type.
  • Faults in mouth, such as over- or undershot or wry mouth.
  • Severe faults in individual parts, such as faults in structure, coat or colour.
  • Over- or undersize by more than 3 cm.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC
Viciousness or extreme shyness. Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Undershot bite. Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.