Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

French Spaniel

(Epagneul Français)

French Spaniel

(Epagneul Français)


ORIGIN

:
FCI
France.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
04.11.2008.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Pointing dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 7Pointing Dogs
Section 1.2Continental Pointing Dogs, Spaniel type
With working trial

UKC
Gun Dog

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Jennifer Mulholland in collaboration with Raymond Triquet.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
The French Spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs described by Gaston Febus and used in the Middle Ages. Its ancestors are more than likely at the origin of the diverse varieties of sporting Spaniels. Through selection it developed into the elegant and athletic dog, pointing very firmly, which today excels in working trials. The first standard was drawn up in 1891 by James de Connick; it has been revised several times since, and adapted to the diverse evolutions of the breed.
UKC
The French Spaniel is a descendant of the bird dogs used in the Middle Ages. The diverse varieties of hunting spaniels are descended from this breed. Through careful selection, the French Spaniel developed into an elegant and athletic pointing breed. The Epagneul Francais was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Medium size dog, elegant and muscled, of medium proportions, of braccoïd type. Its balanced construction provides the energy and toughness essential for its utilization. The bone structure is strong without being coarse.
UKC
Medium sized, well balanced, elegant and well muscled, with strong but not coarse bone.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The length of the body (from the point of the shoulders to the point of the buttock) is slightly superior (by 2 to 3 cm) to the height at the withers. The length of the chest is equal or superior to 6/10th of the length of the body.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Balanced, frank, gentle, calm and docile, enthusiastic hunter, sociable with other dogs and an ideal companion in all circumstances. Excellent pointing dog, it also has a talent for retrieving.
UKC
Soft, calm and docile, the French Spaniel is an enthusiastic hunter, sociable with other animals and an ideal companion. He is an excellent pointing and retrieving dog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Carried proudly, without heaviness, without excessive leanness and showing well defined outlines. Of medium length and width.
UKC
The head is of medium length and width, not heavy, and is carried proudly.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
The lateral sides are almost parallel. The superciliary arches are marked. In profile, the axes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly divergent.
UKC
The skull is the same width from the ear to the eye. The superciliary arches are marked. In profile, the planes of the skull and the muzzle are slightly divergent.

Stop

:
FCI
Progressive and moderately pronounced.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Brown, well pigmented; with wide open nostrils.
UKC
Well pigmented, with wide open nostrils.

Muzzle

:
FCI
A slightly convex nasal bridge is preferable to a straight one; it is a little shorter than the skull.
UKC
A little shorter than the skull. A slightly convex nasal bridge is preferred to a straight one. The upper lip falls vertically from the nose, and covers the lower jaw but is not pendulant.

Lips

:
FCI
The upper lip fits well. Seen in profile, it falls almost vertically at the front and curves progressively up to the only slightly visible but well closed corner of the lips. The upper lip must not cover the lower lip excessively.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
Complete dentition. Scissors bite or pincer bite (edge to edge). Scissor incisors are preferred to edge to edge incisors.
UKC
The Epagneul Francais has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors or level bite.

Eyes

:
FCI
The eyes of a cinnamon to dark brown colour, as close as possible to that of the patches, express kindness and intelligence. They are quite big, of oval shape. The brown eyelids are well fitted to the eyeball. The upper eyelid is well furnished with eyelashes.
UKC
Quite large and oval in shape, dark amber in color, expressing softness and intelligence. The eyerims fit tightly.

Ears

:
FCI
Well set back at eye level, carried close to the cheeks. Pulled gently towards the front, the end of the cartilage must just reach the base of the nose. The fringes are more or less long and wavy.
UKC
The ears are set well back on the head at eye level. Pulled forward, the tip reaches just to the nose. The ears are well covered with wavy, silky hair down to the rounded tips.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscled, profile slightly arched, oval cross section, without dewlap.
UKC
Oval in shape, slightly arched, and without dewlap.

BODY

:
UKC
The body is longer than tall, fitting into a rectangle. The chest is deep and round, with a well developed forechest. The withers are quite high, lean and broad, and there is a slight downward slope from the withers to the topline, which is straight and firm in action. The loin is broad and powerful, and the croup is rounded and without any bony outline. The underline is slightly tucked up towards the belly.

Topline

:
FCI
Straight, well sustained in both action and standing.

Withers

:
FCI
Lean, well defined and broad.

Loin

:
FCI
Broad, not too long and powerfully muscled.

Croup

:
FCI
Broad, rounded, harmoniously sloping in the extension of the loin and without visible bony structure.

Chest

:
FCI
Chest: Ample, of great capacity, let down to elbow level.
Brisket: Ample and harmoniously rounded.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Harmoniously raised towards the belly, without exaggerated tuck-up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Not docked, reaching the point of the hock, not deviated, set below the topline. Carried obliquely, curving downwards at the root and curving more or less upwards at the tip. Strong at its root, tapering progressively towards the tip. Furnished with long wavy silky fringes starting at a few centimetres from the root, lengthening to the middle part, and then getting progressively shorter towards the tip.
UKC
The tail is set below the topline, falls obliquely, and is curved like a saber. It is strong at the root, tapers toward the tip and reaches to the hock joint. It is furnished with long, wavy, silky fringes that get longer to the center part and then taper in length to the tip.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
The forequarters are upright. The back of the upper arm is furnished with wavy silky feathering of medium length. The feathering is distinctly longer at level of the forearm and falls to the level of the pastern.
UKC
The shoulder blade is well attached and laid back at an angle of about 50 degrees. The upper arm is angled at about 60 degrees.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Well attached to the chest and quite oblique (50° to the horizontal).

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Length is less than one third of the height at the withers; its obliquity on the horizontal is nearly 60°.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight, lean and muscular, and furnished with wavy, silky hair. The pastern joint is well defined and lean, and the pastern is slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Lean and muscled.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Well defined, lean. The pastern is very slightly oblique, seen from the side.

FEET

:
UKC
Oval, with tight, well arched toes and firm pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Oval, with tight, well arched toes and strong, dark coloured nails. Furnished with hair between the toes. The pads are firm and dark.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Oval and slightly longer than the front foot, but otherwise with the same characteristics.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Seen from behind, the hindlegs are vertical; the limbs are powerful and muscled from the upper thigh to the lower thigh. Feathering at back of rear limbs particularly profuse behind the upper thighs.
UKC
Seen from behind, the hindquarters are vertical, with powerful, well muscled limbs.

Thigh

:
FCI
Broad and quite long with powerful and very visible muscles. Its slant on the horizontal is between 65° and 70°.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The thighs are long, broad and well angulated. The hock joint is solid and strong.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Of almost equal length to that of the upper thigh, with visible muscles.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Solid and sinewy

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Easy, supple, even and energetic while remaining elegant. The legs move well in the axis of the body without too much up and down movement of the topline and without rolling.
UKC
Easy, supple, energetic and elegant, with no exaggerated lift of the legs, and no rolling of the body.

SKIN

:
FCI
Supple and well fitting to the body.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Long and wavy on the ears, falling beyond the cartilage, as well as on the back of the legs and the tail. Flat, silky and well furnished on the body with a few waves behind the neck and above the root of the tail. Short and fine on the head.
UKC
The coat is long and wavy on the ears, legs and tail. It is flat and silky on the body and short and fine on the head.

COLOUR

:
FCI
White and brown with medium spotting, sometimes getting predominant, with irregular patches, slightly or moderately flecked and roan without excess. The brown varies from cinnamon to dark liver. A white blaze and white on the head, if the marking is not too wide, are appreciated. The absence of white on the head is perfectly admissible. The edges of the lips, the eyerims and the nose are brown, without any unpigmented areas.
UKC
White and brown in irregular patches, with or without ticking and roaning. The brown varies from cinnamon to dark liver. A white blaze on the head is appreciated but its absence is not a fault. The pigment of all outer mucous membranes is brown.

SIZE

:

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males 56 to 61 cm
Females 55 to 59 cm.
Tolerance + 2cm or -1cm
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 22 to 24 inches. For females, it is 21.5 to 23 inches. There is a tolerance of up to one inch over the recommended size.

FAULTS

:
FCI
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
UKC

Appearance: Fine bone.
Skull: Skull too broad.
Muzzle: Muzzle too short.
Eyes: Light eyes.
Coat: Curly hair on the body. Lack of furnishings.
Color: White surrounding the eyes.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Skull too broad.
  • Teeth badly set.
  • Eye colour too light.
  • Ear partially white, too short or triangular.
  • Lack of bone.
  • Hair curly on the body.
  • Lack of fringes (feathering).

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Lack of type (insufficient ethnical characteristics which means that the animal on the whole does not sufficiently resemble its fellow creatures of the breed).
  • Overshot, undershot (tolerance for reversed bite without loss of contact).
  • Wry mouth
  • Any teeth missing (except PM1).
  • Wall eyes.
  • Vicious stare or hawk eye.
  • White patch surrounding the eye (white eye mark).
  • Presence of dewclaws on the hindlegs.
  • Any other colour than white and brown.
  • Depigmentation (severely flesh coloured nose and/or eyelids).
  • Size outside the limits of the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

(An Eliminating Fault is a Fault serious enough that it eliminates the dog from obtaining any awards in a conformation event.) Size outside the limits of the standard.
Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Overshot or undershot. Any color other than white and brown.
Teeth: Overshot or undershot.
Color: Any color other than white and brown.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.