Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Finnish Spitz

(Suomenpystykorva)

Finnish Spitz


ORIGIN

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FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

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FCI
04.04.2016.
KC
October 2009

UTILISATION

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FCI
A hunting dog mainly for forest game birds, also predatory small game, water-fowl and elk. Eager hunter; rather independent, yet works co-operatively to game, marking game by barking.

CLASSIFICATION

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FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 2Nordic Hunting Dogs
Working trial only for the nordic countries (Sweden, No

KC
Hound

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Finnish Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

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FCI
The origin of the Finnish Spitz is unknown. However it is known that hundreds of years ago dogs of the same type as Finnish Spitz were already being used for all game hunting over the whole country. Originally the main goal was to develop a dog which barked well at game up in trees and was also beautiful. When acceptance to the breed register started in the 1890s, individuals similar in type and usage were found mainly in the eastern and northern parts of the country. The first standard was established in 1892. The first speciality show was held the same year and the first bird-hunting trial in 1897. Today the breed is very common in both Finland and Sweden. It has been developed from pure natural stock and is an essential part of the Finnish culture. The Finnish Spitz was named as the National Dog of Finland in 1979.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Smaller than medium-sized, almost square. In conformation lean, firm and carries itself well.
KC
Dog considerably larger and carrying more coat than the bitch. Bearing bold. Whole appearance, particularly eyes, ears and tail indicates liveliness. Compact, hard-conditioned hunting dog with medium bone and no suggestion of coarseness.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

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FCI
The length of the body is the same as the height at the withers. The depth of the chest is slightly less than half of the height at the withers. The ratio between the muzzle and skull is approximately 34. The skull is a little broader than long; its breadth is the same as its depth.
KC
Eagerness to hunt, courage tempered with caution, fidelity and intelligence.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

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FCI
Lively, vigorous, brave and determined. Possibly a little reserved towards strangers, but never vicious.
KC
Alert, lively, friendly but independent.

HEAD

:
KC
Head medium sized and clean cut. Longer than broad. Forehead slightly arched, stop moderate. Muzzle narrow, seen from above and from sides, evenly tapering. Nose pitch black. Lips black, tightly closed and thin.

CRANIAL REGION

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Skull

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FCI
Viewed from above egg-shaped broadening gradually towards the ears, broadest between the ears. Viewed from the front and in profile the skull is slightly convex. The upper axes of the skull and muzzle are almost parallel. The frontal furrow is very shallow. The superciliary ridges and the occiput are slightly visible.

Stop

:
FCI
Not very pronounced, the angle between the nasal bridge and the skull is clearly marked.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

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FCI
Rather small, jet-black.

Muzzle

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FCI
Narrow, clean, viewed from above and in profile evenly tapering. The nasal bridge is straight. The lower jaw is clearly visible.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect regular scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaws.

Lips

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FCI
Tight, rather thin and close fitting. Good pigmentation.

Jaws/Teeth

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FCI
The jaws are strong. The teeth are well developed and symmetrical; normal dentition. Tight scissor bite.

Cheeks

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FCI
The zygomatic arches are slightly emphasized.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium-sized, almond-shaped, slightly oblique and preferably dark. The expression is lively and alert.
KC
Medium sized, lively, preferably dark. Almond shaped with black rims, set slightly aslant, with outer corners tilted upwards.

Ears

:
FCI
Set rather high, always erect. Rather small sized, pointed, very mobile and covered with fine hair.
KC
Small, cocked, sharply pointed. Fine in texture and mobile.

NECK

:
FCI
Muscular; it appears to be rather short in males due to the thick ruff, of medium length in bitches. Throat without dewlap.
KC
Muscular, of medium length, with no excess of skin or fat. In males may appear shorter due to dense ruff.

BODY

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KC
Almost square in outline. Back straight and strong. Chest deep. Belly slightly drawn up.

Withers

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FCI
Clearly defined, especially in males.

Back

:
FCI
Rather short, straight and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and muscular.

Croup

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FCI
Of medium length, well developed and slightly sloping.

Chest

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FCI
Deep, reaching almost the elbows, not very broad. The ribs are slightly arched; the forechest clearly visible, not very broad.

Underline and belly

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FCI
Slightly tucked up.

TAIL

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FCI
Curved vigorously forward from the set-on tightly along the back, down-and slightly backwards pressed against the upper thigh, the tip of the tail reaches to the middle of the upper thigh. When straightened reaches approximately down to the hocks.
KC
Plumed, curves vigorously from its root in an arch, forward downward and backward, then pressing down against thigh, with its tip extending to middle part of thigh. Extended, the bone of tail usually reaches to hock joint.

LIMBS

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FOREQUARTERS

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FCI
Viewed from the front straight and parallel. The bone is of medium strength. The upper arm is a little shorter than the shoulder blade and the forearm.
KC
Strong and straight.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Firm, very mobile and relatively straight.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
A little shorter than the shoulder blade. Slightly sloping and strong.

Elbow

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FCI
Placed in front of a vertical line drawn from the highest point of the shoulder blade; pointing straight backwards.

FORELEGS

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Forearm

:
FCI
Rather strong, vertical.

Pastern

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FCI
Of medium length, slightly sloping.

FEET

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KC
Preferably round.

Forefeet

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FCI
Roundish cat-feet. Toes tight and well arched. Pads elastic, always black, the sides covered with dense hair.

Hind feet

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FCI
A little longer than the front feet, otherwise the same. The dewclaws should be removed.

HINDQUARTERS

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FCI
Strong, viewed from behind straight and parallel, medium angulation. The bone is of medium strength. The upper thigh is slightly longer than the second thigh.
KC
Strong. Moderate turn of stifle. Hock of medium angulation.

Thigh

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FCI
Of medium length, rather broad with well developed muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointed forward, medium angulation.

HIND LEGS

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Lower thigh

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FCI
Muscular.

Hock joint

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FCI
Set moderately low, medium angulation.

Rear pastern

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FCI
Rather short, strong and vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

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FCI
Light, covering the ground effortlessly. Changes easily from trot to gallop, which is the most natural style of movement. The legs move parallel. When rushing after game, he bursts explosively into a fast gallop.
KC
Light and springy, quick and graceful, with drive.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT

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HAIR

:
FCI
Rather long on the body, semi-erect or erect, stiffer on the neck and back. On the head and the legs, except at the back of the hindquarters, short and close-lying. The stiff hair on the shoulders, especially in males, is noticeably longer and coarser. On the back of the thighs (trousers) and on the tail the hair is long and dense. The undercoat is short, soft, dense and light in colour.
KC
On head and front of legs short and close, on body and back of legs longish, semi-erect, stiffer on neck and back. Outer coat on shoulders considerably longer and coarser, particularly in males. On back of thighs and on tail, hair longer and denser. No trimming allowed, not even of whiskers. Undercoat short, soft and dense.

COLOUR

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FCI
The hair on the back is red-or golden brown, preferably bright. A lighter shade inside the ears, on cheeks, throat, chest, belly, inside the legs, back of the thighs and on the tail. A white stripe on the chest and small white markings on the feet are permitted.
KC
On back reddish-brown or red gold, preferably bright. Hairs on inner sides of ears, cheeks, under muzzle, on breast, abdomen, behind shoulders, inside legs, back of thighs, underside of tail, of lighter shades. Undercoat also a lighter colour, making whole coat glow. Narrow white stripe not exceeding one and half centimetres in width on breast permitted. Black hairs on lips and sparse separate black pointed hairs on back and tail permitted. Puppies may have black hairs which decrease with age, black on tail persisting longer.

SIZE

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KC
Height at withers: dogs: 43-50 cms (17-20 ins); bitches: 39-45 cms (151/2-18 ins). Weight: 14-16 kgs (31-35 lbs).

Height at withers

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FCI

Ideal height for males 47 cm,
Ideal height for females 42 cm.
With a tolerance of ± 3 cm.

Weight

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FCI

Males 12 - 13 kg,
Bitches 7 - 10 kg.

FAULTS

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FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Heavy head.
  • Coarse muzzle.
  • Weak underjaw.
  • Ears pointing forward in a sharp angle, leaning sideways or close together at the tips, curving backwards or ears that are long-haired inside.
  • Slack or too tightly curved tail.
  • Too flexible in pasterns.
  • Long, soft, too short or close-lying coat.
  • Clearly defined diversity of colours.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

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DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Flesh-coloured nose.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Eyes bright yellow or wall eye.
  • Ears with drooping tips.
  • Kinky tail.
  • Wavy or curly coat.
  • Colour shades differing clearly from the basic colour.
  • Large white markings on the chest and/or a white sock.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.