Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

Finnish Lapphund

(Suomenlapinkoira)

Finnish Lapphund


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
30.09.2016.
KC
January 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Originally a herder and watch dog used in work of keeping reindeer. Today also popular as a companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 3Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Finnish Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
For hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of the same type as Finnish Lapphund as reindeer herders and watchdogs in Fennoscandia and in the northern parts of Russia. Due to these dogs the first standard of the Lapponian Herder was established by the Finnish Kennel Club in 1945. The breed’s name was changed into Lapphund in 1967. In the 1970s the type and picture of the breed became fixed and the standard has been specified several times. The breed name was again changed into Finnish Lapphund in 1993. The breed type has become stable in a short time and today the breed is very popular mainly as a house and hobby dog in the whole of Finland.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Smaller than medium sized, the conformation is strong for the size, slightly longer than the height at the withers. Long and thick coated dog with pricked ears.
KC
Strongly built dog, smaller than medium size. Body slightly longer than height at withers. Coat long and profuse.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull. The skull is slightly longer than broad, the depth is the same as the breadth.
KC
Tendency to herd.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Keen, courageous, calm and willing to learn. Friendly and faithful.
KC
Intelligent, brave, calm, faithful. Suitable as companion and watch dog.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong in outline, rather broad.
KC
Strong featured, comparatively broad, bitches more refined, forehead slightly rounded; stop clearly defined. Muzzle shorter than skull, straight and slightly tapering when viewed from both above and side. Nose and eye rims as dark as compatible with coat colour.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, slightly convex. The forehead is rather domed. The frontal furrow is clearly defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, broad and straight; viewed from above and in profile evenly, but only slightly tapering.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw. Lips tight.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are strong. Scissor bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour; oval shaped. The expression is soft and friendly.
KC
Oval shaped, dark brown or harmonising with coat colour. Expression soft and friendly.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium sized, carried erect or semi-erect, set rather apart, rather broad at the base, triangular in shape and very mobile.
KC
Erect or semi-erect. Medium size, set well apart, broad at base and very mobile.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium in length, strong and covered with profuse hair.
KC
Medium long, strong, covered with thick hair.

BODY

:
KC
Firm. Back strong, straight and broad. Moderate spring of rib. Brisket deep and long almost reaching the level of the elbow. Depth of body slightly less than half the height at withers. Forechest clearly defined, of moderate width. Loin short and muscular. Slight tuck up. Croup medium length, well defined and slightly sloping. The body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, slightly longer than height at withers.

Withers

:
FCI
Muscular and broad, slightly marked.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Of medium length, well developed, only slightly oblique.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, rather long, reaching almost to the elbows, not very broad. The ribs are slightly arched; the forechest clearly visible, not very strong.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set rather high, medium in length, covered with profuse and long hair. The tip of the tail may have a J-formed hook. In movement the tail is curved over the back or side, in rest it may hang.
KC
Medium length, high set, covered with profuse, long hair. Carried curved over the back or side when the dog is moving. May hang when the dog is at rest. Tip of tail may have a ‘J’ formed hook.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
KC
Shoulder and upper arm of approximately equal length. Shoulder moderately laid back and forming a rather open angle with upper arm. Legs well boned, strong, straight and parallel. Elbow placed slightly lower than the lower edge of brisket. Pasterns of medium length, flexible and slightly sloping.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slightly oblique.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
As long as the shoulder blade. The angle between shoulder and upper arm is rather open.

Elbow

:
FCI
Placed slightly lower than the lower edge of the ribcage, pointing straight backwards.

FORELEGS

:

Forearm

:
FCI
Rather strong, vertical.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Of medium length, slightly oblique.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, oval, covered with thick hair.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Well arched, oval rather than round, covered with dense hair. The pads are elastic with the sides covered with dense hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As front feet. Dewclaws are not desirable.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong boned, powerful, viewed from behind straight and parallel. The angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.
KC
Strong boned, powerful, straight and parallel when viewed from behind. Moderate angulation. Muscular thighs. Hocks relatively low set.

Thigh

:
FCI
Of medium length, rather broad with well developed muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointed forward, the angulation is rather clearly marked.

HIND LEGS

:

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Relatively long and sinewy.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderately low set; the angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Rather short, strong and vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Effortless. Changes easily from trot to gallop, which is the most natural style of movement. The legs move parallel. When working agile and fast.
KC
Effortless, brisk, agile and straight. Medium length of stride, changing easily from trot to gallop.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Profuse, especially the males have an abundant mane. The outer coat is long, straight and harsh. On the head and on the frontside of the legs the coat is shorter. There has to be an undercoat that is soft and dense.
KC
Profuse. Outer coat long, coarse and straight. Shorter on the head and front of legs. Undercoat soft and dense. Males should have a more abundant mane.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on head, neck, chest, underside of the body, on legs and tail.
KC
All colours allowed but main colour must dominate. Markings differing from the main colour are permitted on head, neck, chest, legs, tail and underside of body.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers, dogs 49cm (19.25 ins); bitches 44cm (17½ ins), with an allowance of 3cm (1¼ ins) either way. Type is more important than size.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal height for males 49 cm,
Ideal height for females 44 cm.
With a tolerance of ± 3 cm.
The type is more important than the size.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Males not masculine and females not feminine.
  • Light head.
  • Insufficient stop.
  • Drop-ears.
  • Tail carriage continuously lower than the topline.
  • Over angulated or too straight rear angulation.
  • Lack of under coat.
  • Flat coat.
  • Curly outer coat.
  • Basic colour indistinct.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Kinky tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.