Fédération Cynologique Internationale

The Kennel Club

United Kennel Club

Finnish Lapphund

(Suomenlapinkoira)

Finnish Lapphund

Finnish Lapphund


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
30.09.2016.
KC
January 2010

UTILISATION

:
FCI
Originally a herder and watch dog used in work of keeping reindeer. Today also popular as a companion dog.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 5Spitz and primitive types
Section 3Nordic Watchdogs and Herders
Without working trial

KC
Pastoral
UKC
Northern Breed

TRANSLATION

:
FCI
Finnish Kennel Club.

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
For hundreds of years the Lapps have used dogs of the same type as Finnish Lapphund as reindeer herders and watchdogs in Fennoscandia and in the northern parts of Russia. Due to these dogs the first standard of the Lapponian Herder was established by the Finnish Kennel Club in 1945. The breed’s name was changed into Lapphund in 1967. In the 1970s the type and picture of the breed became fixed and the standard has been specified several times. The breed name was again changed into Finnish Lapphund in 1993. The breed type has become stable in a short time and today the breed is very popular mainly as a house and hobby dog in the whole of Finland.
UKC
The region extending across northern Norway, Sweden and Finland is sometimes called Lapland, and it is home of the Sami people. For centuries, the Sami depended on the reindeer for food. Life in this harsh environment would not have been possible without the Spitz dogs which helped the Sami hunt, and later herd, the reindeer. Eventually, these herding Spitz type dogs developed into three breeds, the Swedish Lapphund, the Lapponian Herder, and the Finnish Lapphund. The Finnish Lapphund is the original native breed, and is still used today as a herding dog. The breed first came to the United States in 1987. The Finnish Lapphund was recognized by the United Kennel Club in 1994.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Smaller than medium sized, the conformation is strong for the size, slightly longer than the height at the withers. Long and thick coated dog with pricked ears.
KC
Strongly built dog, smaller than medium size. Body slightly longer than height at withers. Coat long and profuse.
UKC
The Finnish Lapphund is a medium-sized, sturdily-built, Spitz-type dog with a profuse double coat and a nearly-square body. The high set tail is of medium length, covered with long hair, and carried in a curl over the back when the dog is moving. The Finnish Lapphund comes in all colors, but a single color must predominate. The breed is presented in a completely natural condition except for trimming around the feet and hocks to neaten the appearance. The Finnish Lapphund is a working dog, capable of herding reindeer all day. Deviations from the standard are to be penalized to the degree they affect the dog’s ability to work.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI
The depth of the body is slightly less than the half of the height at the withers. The muzzle is slightly shorter than the skull. The skull is slightly longer than broad, the depth is the same as the breadth.
KC
Tendency to herd.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Keen, courageous, calm and willing to learn. Friendly and faithful.
KC
Intelligent, brave, calm, faithful. Suitable as companion and watch dog.
UKC
The Finnish Lapphund is intelligent, willing, affectionate and adaptable. They have natural herding instincts and a tendency to bark which can be diminished with training. They make excellent watchdogs that will bark at strangers, but lack any tendency toward aggression. Finnish Lapphunds live very easily with children and other dogs.

HEAD

:
FCI
Strong in outline, rather broad.
KC
Strong featured, comparatively broad, bitches more refined, forehead slightly rounded; stop clearly defined. Muzzle shorter than skull, straight and slightly tapering when viewed from both above and side. Nose and eye rims as dark as compatible with coat colour.
UKC
The head is wedge shaped, rather broad, and strong in outline.

CRANIAL REGION

:

Skull

:
FCI
Broad, slightly convex. The forehead is rather domed. The frontal furrow is clearly defined.
UKC
The skull is slightly longer than it is broad, and as deep as it is wide. It is arched, with a rather domed forehead and a well defined frontal furrow. There is a well defined stop.

Stop

:
FCI
Clearly defined.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat colour.
UKC
Preferably black, yet harmonizing with the coat color.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Strong, broad and straight; viewed from above and in profile evenly, but only slightly tapering.
KC
Jaws strong with perfect, regular and complete scissor bite, i.e. upper teeth closely overlapping lower teeth and set square to the jaw. Lips tight.
UKC
The muzzle is strong and broad, with a straight nasal bone. It tapers slightly, but evenly, from the stop to the tip when viewed either from the front or from the side. The lips are tight and the cheeks are clearly defined.

Lips

:
FCI
Tight.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are strong. Scissor bite.
UKC
The Finnish Lapphund has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
The zygomatic arches are clearly marked.

Eyes

:
FCI
Dark brown in colour, yet harmonizing with the coat colour; oval shaped. The expression is soft and friendly.
KC
Oval shaped, dark brown or harmonising with coat colour. Expression soft and friendly.
UKC
The eyes are rather large and oval-shaped. Dark brown in color, but harmonizing with the color of the coat. Expression is intelligent and kindly.

Ears

:
FCI
Medium sized, carried erect or semi-erect, set rather apart, rather broad at the base, triangular in shape and very mobile.
KC
Erect or semi-erect. Medium size, set well apart, broad at base and very mobile.
UKC
The ears are medium sized, broad at the base, set rather well apart, and triangular in shape. They are very mobile. The ears are carried either erect or semi-erect.

NECK

:
FCI
Medium in length, strong and covered with profuse hair.
KC
Medium long, strong, covered with thick hair.
UKC
The neck is of medium length, giving a sturdy, muscular appearance. The neck is free of throatiness and covered with a thick ruff of hair.

BODY

:
KC
Firm. Back strong, straight and broad. Moderate spring of rib. Brisket deep and long almost reaching the level of the elbow. Depth of body slightly less than half the height at withers. Forechest clearly defined, of moderate width. Loin short and muscular. Slight tuck up. Croup medium length, well defined and slightly sloping. The body, measured from point of shoulder to point of buttock, slightly longer than height at withers.
UKC
The length of body, measured from prosternum to point of buttocks, is only slightly longer than the height, measured from withers to ground. The body is compact, deep, and flexible. The topline is moderately short and level. The ribs extend well back and are moderately sprung out from the spine, then curve down and inward to form a deep body. The forechest is well developed. The brisket extends nearly to the elbow. The loin is short, well muscled, and broad. The croup is proportionately long and broad, slightly sloping, and muscular. Belly is slightly tucked up.

Withers

:
FCI
Muscular and broad, slightly marked.

Back

:
FCI
Strong and straight.

Loin

:
FCI
Short and muscular.

Croup

:
FCI
Of medium length, well developed, only slightly oblique.

Chest

:
FCI
Deep, rather long, reaching almost to the elbows, not very broad. The ribs are slightly arched; the forechest clearly visible, not very strong.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly tucked up.

TAIL

:
FCI
Set rather high, medium in length, covered with profuse and long hair. The tip of the tail may have a J-formed hook. In movement the tail is curved over the back or side, in rest it may hang.
KC
Medium length, high set, covered with profuse, long hair. Carried curved over the back or side when the dog is moving. May hang when the dog is at rest. Tip of tail may have a ‘J’ formed hook.
UKC
The tail is set rather high, and of moderate length. When the dog is alert or moving, the tail is carried curled over the back or to the side. When the dog is relaxed, it may hang down between the legs. The tail is covered with long dense hair giving it a bushy appearance. The tip of the tail may have a J-formed hook.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Powerful with strong bones. Viewed from the front straight and parallel.
KC
Shoulder and upper arm of approximately equal length. Shoulder moderately laid back and forming a rather open angle with upper arm. Legs well boned, strong, straight and parallel. Elbow placed slightly lower than the lower edge of brisket. Pasterns of medium length, flexible and slightly sloping.
UKC
The shoulders are slightly oblique, and form a moderate angle with the upper arm, which is equal in length to the shoulder blade. The upper arm lies close to the ribs, with the elbow placed just below the bottom of the ribcage.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Slightly oblique.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
As long as the shoulder blade. The angle between shoulder and upper arm is rather open.

Elbow

:
FCI
Placed slightly lower than the lower edge of the ribcage, pointing straight backwards.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The forelegs are well-boned, straight and muscular, with medium length, slightly sloping and flexible pasterns.

Forearm

:
FCI
Rather strong, vertical.

Carpus (wrist)

:
FCI
Flexible.

Pastern

:
FCI
Of medium length, slightly oblique.

FEET

:
KC
Well arched, oval, covered with thick hair.
UKC
The feet are of oval shape and compact, with well-arched toes and thick, elastic pads. Feet should be covered with thick hair. Dewclaws may be removed. Excess hair around the feet may be trimmed.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Well arched, oval rather than round, covered with dense hair. The pads are elastic with the sides covered with dense hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
As front feet. Dewclaws are not desirable.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong boned, powerful, viewed from behind straight and parallel. The angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.
KC
Strong boned, powerful, straight and parallel when viewed from behind. Moderate angulation. Muscular thighs. Hocks relatively low set.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and muscular, the upper thigh broad, and the second thigh long and sinewy.

Thigh

:
FCI
Of medium length, rather broad with well developed muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointed forward, the angulation is rather clearly marked.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The rear legs are well boned and moderately angulated at stifle and hock joints. The hocks are well let down. Viewed from the rear, the rear pasterns should be parallel to each other; from the side, they should be perpendicular to the ground.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Relatively long and sinewy.

Hock joint

:
FCI
Moderately low set; the angulation is clearly marked but not too strongly.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Rather short, strong and vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Effortless. Changes easily from trot to gallop, which is the most natural style of movement. The legs move parallel. When working agile and fast.
KC
Effortless, brisk, agile and straight. Medium length of stride, changing easily from trot to gallop.
UKC
The Finnish Lapphund moves freely with strides of moderate length, conveying stamina and agility. It is a quick, agile trot, which enables the dog to switch effortlessly to a gallop, which is the breed’s more natural gait. Correct movement is essential in this breed.

SKIN

:
FCI
Tight overall without wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Profuse, especially the males have an abundant mane. The outer coat is long, straight and harsh. On the head and on the frontside of the legs the coat is shorter. There has to be an undercoat that is soft and dense.
KC
Profuse. Outer coat long, coarse and straight. Shorter on the head and front of legs. Undercoat soft and dense. Males should have a more abundant mane.
UKC
The profuse, dense, double coat of the Finnish Lapphund is essential to this breed’s ability to live and work in the harshest Arctic environment. The outer coat is long and coarse while the undercoat is short, dense, and soft. Hair on the skull and the front parts of the legs is shorter than the body coat. Hair on the brisket, backs of thighs and tail is longer. The hair on the cheeks, neck, and throat forms a protective ruff.

COLOUR

:
FCI
All colours are permitted. The basic colour must be dominant. Colours other than the basic colour can occur on head, neck, chest, underside of the body, on legs and tail.
KC
All colours allowed but main colour must dominate. Markings differing from the main colour are permitted on head, neck, chest, legs, tail and underside of body.
UKC
All colors are allowed but one color must predominate. Markings of colors other than the main color are allowed on the head, neck, chest, legs, and the tip of the tail.

SIZE

:
KC
Ideal height at withers, dogs 49cm (19.25 ins); bitches 44cm (17½ ins), with an allowance of 3cm (1¼ ins) either way. Type is more important than size.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Ideal height for males 49 cm,
Ideal height for females 44 cm.
With a tolerance of ± 3 cm.
The type is more important than the size.
UKC
A mature Finnish Lapphund male ranges in height from 18 to 20½ inches, measured at the withers. A mature female ranges in height from 16 to 18½ inches.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Males not masculine and females not feminine.
  • Light head.
  • Insufficient stop.
  • Drop-ears.
  • Tail carriage continuously lower than the topline.
  • Over angulated or too straight rear angulation.
  • Lack of under coat.
  • Flat coat.
  • Curly outer coat.
  • Basic colour indistinct.
KC
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog and on the dog’s ability to perform its traditional work.

SERIOUS FAULTS

:
UKC
Ears: Drop ears.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Aggressive or overly shy.
  • Overshot or undershot mouth.
  • Kinky tail.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite. Kinked tail.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Tail: Kinked tail.
Color: Albinism.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.