Fédération Cynologique Internationale

United Kennel Club

Finnish Hound

(Suomenajokoira)

Finnish Hound


ORIGIN

:
FCI
Finland.

PUBLISHED

:
FCI
17.07.1997.

UTILISATION

:
FCI
A hound for hunting hare and fox by following the scent. Eager to hunt also in difficult circumstances. He works independently, he is a versatile tracker and pursues the quarry with resonant barking.

CLASSIFICATION

:
FCI
Group 6Scent hounds and related breeds
Section 1.2Scenthounds, Medium-sized Hounds
With working trial

UKC
Scenthound

BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY

:
FCI
In Finland in the beginning of 19th century there were in addition to the finnish country dogs also many dogs resembling the European hound breeds. After the establishment of the Finnish Kennel Club in 1889 the development of the Finnish Hound began. The first standard was written in 1932. The breeding associations in different parts of the country were very important to the development of the breed. The crosses made in the beginning of the 20Th century have also helped to create the stock from which the Finnish Hound descends.
UKC
At the beginning of the 19th Century, there were many dogs in Finland that resembled the European hounds. Those dogs were crossed with the Finnish country dogs, and the resultant dogs were the beginning of the Finnish Hound. The first standard was written in 1932. They are used as a fox and hare hunter. The Finnish Hound was recognized by the United Kennel Club January 1, 1996.

GENERAL APPEARANCE

:
FCI
Tricoloured, medium in size, evenly high ; clearly longer in body than the height at the withers, strongly built but not heavy. The supporting area of standing is as long as the body or slightly longer, in front it is as broad as the chest and in rear at least as broad as in the front. The sex should be clearly stamped.
UKC
The Finnish Hound is a tri colored, medium sized, short coated hound that is strongly built but not heavy. Males and females should have distinctly marked sex characteristics.

IMPORTANT PROPORTIONS

:
FCI

The ratio between the length of the body and the height at the withers is of 1,1 to 1.
The depth of the chest is a half of the height at the withers.
The length of the muzzle is equal to the length of the skull. The length of the skull is equal to its width and depth.

BEHAVIOUR / TEMPERAMENT

:
FCI
Calm, energetic and friendly, never aggressive.
UKC
Calm, energetic and friendly.

HEAD

:

CRANIAL REGION

:
FCI
Seen from the front of even breadth, domed at the top of the skull. Forehead slightly convex in profile. The topline of the skull is parallel to the bridge of the nose ; the furrow between the eyes is barely visible ; eyebrows and occiput are clearly visible.

Skull

:
UKC
The skull is even in width from the ears to the eyes. It is slightly domed on top. The forehead is slightly convex. The eyebrows and occiput are clearly visible. The stop is slight but clearly defined.

Stop

:
FCI
Slight but clearly defined, accentuated by the eyebrows.

FACIAL REGION

:

Nose

:
FCI
Well developed, black ; large and mobile nostrils.
UKC
Large and black.

Muzzle

:
FCI
Equal in length to the skull, moderately deep, slightly tapering ; the bridge of the nose is straight. The lower lip forms the lower line which is almost parallel with the topline of the muzzle.
UKC
The muzzle is the same length as the skull. It is moderately deep and slightly tapering, with a straight nasal bridge. The lips are well developed, and the upper lip is beautifully curved.

Lips

:
FCI
Well developed, good pigmentation. The upper lip beautifully curved. The lips and the corners of the mouth are close fitting.

Jaws/Teeth

:
FCI
The jaws are strong. Teeth well developed, symmetrically set in the jaws. Complete normal dentition. Tight and complete scissor bite.
UKC
The Finnish Hound has a complete set of evenly spaced, white teeth meeting in a scissors bite.

Cheeks

:
FCI
Moderately clean.

Eyes

:
FCI
Medium in size, not protruding, slightly oval, of a dark brown colour, looking forward. Expression calm. The eyelids are black.
UKC
Medium size, oval in shape, dark brown in color. The eyes look straight forward. The eyerims are black, and the expression is calm.

Ears

:
FCI
Hanging with the front edge close to the head. Turned so that the back edge points outwards, the tip nearly forwards. Set on the line drawn from the nose to the eyes. Flat, reaching over half of the muzzle when drawn forward.
UKC
Set on a level with the eye, the ears are hanging with the front edge close to the head. When pulled forward they reach halfway to the end of the nose.

NECK

:
FCI
Of medium length, muscular, rather clean, the topline only slightly arched. When standing the tip of the nose is at the level of the topline or slightly higher.
UKC
Medium length, muscular and clean, with a slight arch at the crest.

BODY

:
UKC
In proportion, the body is slightly longer than tall. The chest is long, broad, and deep to the elbow. There is visible forechest. The ribs are well sprung. The back is medium length, straight and muscular. The loin is short and powerful, and the croup is gently sloping. There is a slight tuck up.

Back

:
FCI
Of medium length, straight and muscular.

Loin

:
FCI
Rather short and powerful.

Croup

:
FCI
Well developed, long and strong, slightly oblique. In profile the topline continues to a beautifully arched croup.

Chest

:
FCI
Long and deep, reaching to the elbows. Ribs well sprung ; the forechest clearly visible.

Underline and belly

:
FCI
Slightly rising.

TAIL

:
FCI
Low set, slightly arched, reaching the hocks. Strong at the base, tapering towards the end. In repose hanging close to the hindquarters, in action it may rise but not higher than the level of the topline. The hair on the tail is similar to that on the body.
UKC
Low set, strong at the root, tapering to the hock. The tail is carried low, not above the line of the back.

LIMBS

:

FOREQUARTERS

:
FCI
Well angulated. Straight and parallel when viewed from the front ; the forearms are vertical. The deepest point of the chest is at the level of the elbows. The upper arm and forearm are equal in length.
UKC
The forequarters are well angulated. The shoulder blade and upper arm are equal in length.

Shoulder

:
FCI
Rather long, oblique and powerful ; close to the body but very mobile.

Upper Arm

:
FCI
Equal in length to the shoulders, clearly oblique and powerful.

Elbow

:
FCI
Set well behind parallel to the body ; tightly close to the body.

FORELEGS

:
UKC
The legs are straight and parallel, with strong, oval shaped bone. The elbows set well back under and close to the body. The pasterns are slightly sloping.

Forearm

:
FCI
Powerful and sinewy with strong oval bones.

Pastern

:
FCI
Slightly oblique.

FEET

:
UKC
Oval, with well arched, tight toes and springy pads.

Forefeet

:
FCI
Slightly oval and high, with well arched tight toes. Nails strong, preferably black. Pads springy, preferably black and on the sides covered with dense hair.

Hind feet

:
FCI
Construction equal to the front feet, pointing straight forward.

HINDQUARTERS

:
FCI
Strong, well angulated, straight and parallel when viewed from behind.
UKC
The hindquarters are strong and well angulated.

Thigh

:
FCI
Long and broad with strong muscles.

Stifle

:
FCI
Pointing forward. The front line of the hind leg is smoothly curved.

HIND LEGS

:
UKC
The upper thigh is long and broad. The lower thigh is long, sinewy and sloping. There is good angulation at the stifle. The hock is rather low.

Lower thigh

:
FCI
Moderately long and oblique, sinewy.

Hock

:
FCI
Strong, rather low.

Rear pastern

:
FCI
Rather short and powerful, vertical.

GAIT / MOVEMENT

:
FCI
Trots lightly and effectively with a long-reaching stride. The topline remains level and firm on the move. The legs move parallel.
UKC
Light and long reaching, with a firm level back, and parallel movement of the legs.

SKIN

:
FCI
Thick, close-lying all over the body with no wrinkles.

COAT

:

HAIR

:
FCI
Undercoat short, dense and soft in texture. Outer coat medium in length, close-lying, straight, dense and rather harsh.
UKC
Double, with a medium length, straight, dense and harsh outer coat that is close lying and a short, dense soft undercoat.

COLOUR

:
FCI
Tricoloured. Black mantle, rich tan colour on the head, lower parts of the body, shoulders, upper thighs and also elsewhere on the legs. White markings usually on head, neck, forechest, lower parts of the legs and on the tip of the tail.
UKC
Typical hound tri colored.

SIZE

:
UKC
Height at the withers for males is 21.5 to 24 inches. For females, it is 20.5 to 23 inches.

Height at withers

:
FCI

Males from 55 cm to 61 cm.
Bitches from 52 cm to 58 cm.
Males from 57 cm to 59 cm.
Bitches from 54 cm to 56 cm.

FAULTS

:
FCI

Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog.
  • Too light or too heavy in construction.
  • Wrong sex characteristics.
  • Head shape obviously triangular.
  • Loose skin on the head.
  • Muzzle snipey or short.
  • Level or slightly overshot mouth.
  • Square or too long body.
  • Short and at the same time steep croup.
  • Long, splayed or flat feet.
  • Short and obviously soft hair.
  • Mottled colour.
  • Clearly broken mantle colours.
  • Lot of grey hairs or so called wolf hair.
  • Height at the withers 1 cm more or less than given in the standard.
  • Slightly timid or excessively rough with other dogs.

DISQUALIFYING FAULTS

:
FCI

  • Shyness or aggressiveness.
  • Total lack of pigment in the nose.
  • Undershot or clearly overshot bite.
  • Kinky tail.
  • Height at the withers more than 1 cm more or less than given in the standard.
Any dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
UKC

Unilateral or bilateral cryptorchid. Viciousness or extreme shyness. Albinism. Undershot or overshot bite. Dudley nose. Kinked tail.
Teeth: Undershot or overshot bite.
Nose: Dudley nose.
Tail: Kinked tail.


Anatomical Features of the dog

N.B.:

Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.